EncryptedKey.CarriedKeyName EncryptedKey.CarriedKeyName EncryptedKey.CarriedKeyName EncryptedKey.CarriedKeyName Property

Definition

Gets or sets the optional <CarriedKeyName> element in XML encryption.

public:
 property System::String ^ CarriedKeyName { System::String ^ get(); void set(System::String ^ value); };
public string CarriedKeyName { get; set; }
member this.CarriedKeyName : string with get, set
Public Property CarriedKeyName As String

Property Value

A string that represents a name for the key value.

Examples

The following example illustrates how to encrypt and decrypt an XML element by using the EncryptedKey class. This example then displays the values of various properties of the EncryptedKey class to the console.

using System;
using System.Xml;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Security.Cryptography.Xml;

class Program
{
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {

        // Create an XmlDocument object.
        XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();

        // Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
        try
        {
            xmlDoc.PreserveWhitespace = true;
            xmlDoc.Load("test.xml");
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        }

        // Create a new RSA key.  This key will encrypt a symmetric key,
        // which will then be imbedded in the XML document.  
        RSA rsaKey = new RSACryptoServiceProvider();


        try
        {
            // Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Encrypt(xmlDoc, "creditcard", rsaKey, "rsaKey");

            // Inspect the EncryptedKey element.
            InspectElement(xmlDoc);

            // Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Decrypt(xmlDoc, rsaKey, "rsaKey");

        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        }
        finally
        {
            // Clear the RSA key.
            rsaKey.Clear();
        }

    }

    public static void Encrypt(XmlDocument Doc, string ElementToEncrypt, RSA Alg, string KeyName)
    {
        // Check the arguments.  
        if (Doc == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Doc");
        if (ElementToEncrypt == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("ElementToEncrypt");
        if (Alg == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Alg");

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
        // object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////

        XmlElement elementToEncrypt = Doc.GetElementsByTagName(ElementToEncrypt)[0] as XmlElement;

        // Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
        if (elementToEncrypt == null)
        {
            throw new XmlException("The specified element was not found");

        }

        //////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class 
        // and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the 
        // a new random symmetric key.
        //////////////////////////////////////////////////

        // Create a 256 bit Rijndael key.
        RijndaelManaged sessionKey = new RijndaelManaged();
        sessionKey.KeySize = 256;

        EncryptedXml eXml = new EncryptedXml();

        byte[] encryptedElement = eXml.EncryptData(elementToEncrypt, sessionKey, false);

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
        // it with the desired encryption information.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////


        EncryptedData edElement = new EncryptedData();
        edElement.Type = EncryptedXml.XmlEncElementUrl;

        // Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the 
        // receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.

        edElement.EncryptionMethod = new EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES256Url);

        // Encrypt the session key and add it to an EncryptedKey element.
        EncryptedKey ek = new EncryptedKey();

        byte[] encryptedKey = EncryptedXml.EncryptKey(sessionKey.Key, Alg, false);

        ek.CipherData = new CipherData(encryptedKey);

        ek.EncryptionMethod = new EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncRSA15Url);

        // Set the KeyInfo element to specify the
        // name of the RSA key.

        // Create a new KeyInfo element.
        edElement.KeyInfo = new KeyInfo();

        // Create a new KeyInfoName element.
        KeyInfoName kin = new KeyInfoName();

        // Specify a name for the key.
        kin.Value = KeyName;

        // Add the KeyInfoName element to the 
        // EncryptedKey object.
        ek.KeyInfo.AddClause(kin);

        // Add the encrypted key to the 
        // EncryptedData object.

        edElement.KeyInfo.AddClause(new KeyInfoEncryptedKey(ek));

        // Add the encrypted element data to the 
        // EncryptedData object.
        edElement.CipherData.CipherValue = encryptedElement;

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
        // object with the EncryptedData element.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////////

        EncryptedXml.ReplaceElement(elementToEncrypt, edElement, false);

    }

    public static void Decrypt(XmlDocument Doc, RSA Alg, string KeyName)
    {
        // Check the arguments.  
        if (Doc == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Doc");
        if (Alg == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Alg");
        if (KeyName == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("KeyName");

        // Create a new EncryptedXml object.
        EncryptedXml exml = new EncryptedXml(Doc);

        // Add a key-name mapping.
        // This method can only decrypt documents
        // that present the specified key name.
        exml.AddKeyNameMapping(KeyName, Alg);

        // Decrypt the element.
        exml.DecryptDocument();

    }

    static void InspectElement(XmlDocument Doc)
    {
        // Get the EncryptedKey element from the XMLDocument object.
        XmlElement encryptedKey = Doc.GetElementsByTagName("EncryptedKey")[0] as XmlElement;

        // Create a new EncryptedKey object.
        EncryptedKey k = new EncryptedKey();

        // Load the XML from the document to
        // initialize the EncryptedKey object.
        k.LoadXml(encryptedKey);

        // Display the properties.
        // Most values are Null by default.
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.KeyInfo: " + k.KeyInfo.GetXml().InnerXml);
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.Id: " + k.Id);
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.CarriedKeyName: " + k.CarriedKeyName);
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.CipherData: " + k.CipherData.GetXml().InnerXml);
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.Encoding: " + k.Encoding);
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.EncryptionMethod: " + k.EncryptionMethod.GetXml().InnerXml);
        if (k.EncryptionProperties.Count >= 1)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.EncryptionProperties: " + k.EncryptionProperties[0].GetXml().InnerXml);
        }
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.MimeType: " + k.MimeType);
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.Recipient: " + k.Recipient);

        if (k.ReferenceList.Count >= 1)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.ReferenceList: " + k.ReferenceList[0].GetXml().InnerXml);
        }
    }

}
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Security.Cryptography
Imports System.Security.Cryptography.Xml



Module Program

    Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)

        ' Create an XmlDocument object.
        Dim xmlDoc As New XmlDocument()

        ' Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
        Try
            xmlDoc.PreserveWhitespace = True
            xmlDoc.Load("test.xml")
        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
        End Try

        ' Create a new RSA key.  This key will encrypt a symmetric key,
        ' which will then be imbedded in the XML document.  
        Dim rsaKey As New RSACryptoServiceProvider()


        Try
            ' Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Encrypt(xmlDoc, "creditcard", rsaKey, "rsaKey")

            ' Inspect the EncryptedKey element.
            InspectElement(xmlDoc)

            ' Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Decrypt(xmlDoc, rsaKey, "rsaKey")

        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
        Finally
            ' Clear the RSA key.
            rsaKey.Clear()
        End Try

    End Sub


    Sub Encrypt(ByVal Doc As XmlDocument, ByVal ElementToEncryptParam As String, ByVal Alg As RSA, ByVal KeyName As String)
        ' Check the arguments.  
        If Doc Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Doc")
        End If
        If ElementToEncryptParam Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("ElementToEncrypt")
        End If
        If Alg Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Alg")
        End If
        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
        ' object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        Dim elementToEncrypt As XmlElement = Doc.GetElementsByTagName(ElementToEncryptParam)(0)


        ' Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
        If elementToEncrypt Is Nothing Then
            Throw New XmlException("The specified element was not found")
        End If

        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class 
        ' and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the 
        ' a new random symmetric key.
        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Create a 256 bit Rijndael key.
        Dim sessionKey As New RijndaelManaged()
        sessionKey.KeySize = 256

        Dim eXml As New EncryptedXml()

        Dim encryptedElement As Byte() = eXml.EncryptData(elementToEncrypt, sessionKey, False)

        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
        ' it with the desired encryption information.
        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''

        Dim edElement As New EncryptedData()
        edElement.Type = EncryptedXml.XmlEncElementUrl

        ' Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the 
        ' receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.
        edElement.EncryptionMethod = New EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES256Url)

        ' Encrypt the session key and add it to an EncryptedKey element.
        Dim ek As New EncryptedKey()

        Dim encryptedKey As Byte() = EncryptedXml.EncryptKey(sessionKey.Key, Alg, False)

        ek.CipherData = New CipherData(encryptedKey)

        ek.EncryptionMethod = New EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncRSA15Url)

        ' Set the KeyInfo element to specify the
        ' name of the RSA key.
        ' Create a new KeyInfo element.
        edElement.KeyInfo = New KeyInfo()

        ' Create a new KeyInfoName element.
        Dim kin As New KeyInfoName()

        ' Specify a name for the key.
        kin.Value = KeyName

        ' Add the KeyInfoName element to the 
        ' EncryptedKey object.
        ek.KeyInfo.AddClause(kin)

        ' Add the encrypted key to the 
        ' EncryptedData object.
        edElement.KeyInfo.AddClause(New KeyInfoEncryptedKey(ek))

        ' Add the encrypted element data to the 
        ' EncryptedData object.
        edElement.CipherData.CipherValue = encryptedElement

        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
        ' object with the EncryptedData element.
        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        EncryptedXml.ReplaceElement(elementToEncrypt, edElement, False)

    End Sub


    Sub Decrypt(ByVal Doc As XmlDocument, ByVal Alg As RSA, ByVal KeyName As String)
        ' Check the arguments.  
        If Doc Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Doc")
        End If
        If Alg Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Alg")
        End If
        If KeyName Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("KeyName")
        End If
        ' Create a new EncryptedXml object.
        Dim exml As New EncryptedXml(Doc)

        ' Add a key-name mapping.
        ' This method can only decrypt documents
        ' that present the specified key name.
        exml.AddKeyNameMapping(KeyName, Alg)

        ' Decrypt the element.
        exml.DecryptDocument()

    End Sub


    Sub InspectElement(ByVal Doc As XmlDocument)
        ' Get the EncryptedKey element from the XMLDocument object.
        Dim encryptedKey As XmlElement = Doc.GetElementsByTagName("EncryptedKey")(0)

        ' Create a new EncryptedKey object.
        Dim k As New EncryptedKey()

        ' Load the XML from the document to
        ' initialize the EncryptedKey object.
        k.LoadXml(encryptedKey)

        ' Display the properties.
        ' Most values are Null by default.
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.KeyInfo: " + k.KeyInfo.GetXml().InnerXml)
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.Id: " + k.Id)
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.CarriedKeyName: " + k.CarriedKeyName)
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.CipherData: " + k.CipherData.GetXml().InnerXml)
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.Encoding: " + k.Encoding)
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.EncryptionMethod: " + k.EncryptionMethod.GetXml().InnerXml)
        If k.EncryptionProperties.Count >= 1 Then
            Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.EncryptionProperties: " + k.EncryptionProperties(0).GetXml().InnerXml)
        End If
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.MimeType: " + k.MimeType)
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.Recipient: " + k.Recipient)

        If k.ReferenceList.Count >= 1 Then
            Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.ReferenceList: " + k.ReferenceList(0).GetXml().InnerXml)
        End If

    End Sub
End Module

Remarks

The <CarriedKeyName> element is an optional element that associates a user-readable name with a key value. This name can then be used to reference the key using the <KeyName> element within the <KeyInfo> element. The same <CarriedKeyName> element value, unlike an ID value, can occur multiple times within a single document. The value of the key must be the same in all <EncryptedKey> elements identified with the same <CarriedKeyName> name within an XML document. Note that because white space is significant in the value of the <KeyName> element, white space is also significant in the value of the <CarriedKeyName> element.

Applies to