EncryptedKey EncryptedKey EncryptedKey EncryptedKey Class

Definition

Represents the <EncryptedKey> element in XML encryption. This class cannot be inherited.

public ref class EncryptedKey sealed : System::Security::Cryptography::Xml::EncryptedType
public sealed class EncryptedKey : System.Security.Cryptography.Xml.EncryptedType
type EncryptedKey = class
    inherit EncryptedType
Public NotInheritable Class EncryptedKey
Inherits EncryptedType
Inheritance

Examples

The following example illustrates how to encrypt and decrypt an XML element by using the EncryptedKey class. This example then displays the values of various properties of the EncryptedKey class to the console.

using System;
using System.Xml;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Security.Cryptography.Xml;

class Program
{
	static void Main(string[] args)
	{

		// Create an XmlDocument object.
		XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();

		// Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
		try
		{
			xmlDoc.PreserveWhitespace = true;
			xmlDoc.Load("test.xml");
		}
		catch (Exception e)
		{
			Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
		}

		// Create a new RSA key.  This key will encrypt a symmetric key,
		// which will then be imbedded in the XML document.  
		RSA rsaKey = new RSACryptoServiceProvider();


		try
		{
			// Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
			Encrypt(xmlDoc, "creditcard", rsaKey, "rsaKey");

			// Inspect the EncryptedKey element.
			InspectElement(xmlDoc);

			// Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
			Decrypt(xmlDoc, rsaKey, "rsaKey");

		}
		catch (Exception e)
		{
			Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
		}
		finally
		{
			// Clear the RSA key.
			rsaKey.Clear();
		}

	}

	public static void Encrypt(XmlDocument Doc, string ElementToEncrypt, RSA Alg, string KeyName)
	{
		// Check the arguments.  
		if (Doc == null)
			throw new ArgumentNullException("Doc");
		if (ElementToEncrypt == null)
			throw new ArgumentNullException("ElementToEncrypt");
		if (Alg == null)
			throw new ArgumentNullException("Alg");

		////////////////////////////////////////////////
		// Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
		// object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
		////////////////////////////////////////////////

		XmlElement elementToEncrypt = Doc.GetElementsByTagName(ElementToEncrypt)[0] as XmlElement;

		// Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
		if (elementToEncrypt == null)
		{
			throw new XmlException("The specified element was not found");

		}

		//////////////////////////////////////////////////
		// Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class 
		// and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the 
		// a new random symmetric key.
		//////////////////////////////////////////////////

		// Create a 256 bit Rijndael key.
		RijndaelManaged sessionKey = new RijndaelManaged();
		sessionKey.KeySize = 256;

		EncryptedXml eXml = new EncryptedXml();

		byte[] encryptedElement = eXml.EncryptData(elementToEncrypt, sessionKey, false);

		////////////////////////////////////////////////
		// Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
		// it with the desired encryption information.
		////////////////////////////////////////////////


		EncryptedData edElement = new EncryptedData();
		edElement.Type = EncryptedXml.XmlEncElementUrl;

		// Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the 
		// receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.

		edElement.EncryptionMethod = new EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES256Url);

		// Encrypt the session key and add it to an EncryptedKey element.
		EncryptedKey ek = new EncryptedKey();

		byte[] encryptedKey = EncryptedXml.EncryptKey(sessionKey.Key, Alg, false);

		ek.CipherData = new CipherData(encryptedKey);

		ek.EncryptionMethod = new EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncRSA15Url);

		// Set the KeyInfo element to specify the
		// name of the RSA key.

		// Create a new KeyInfo element.
		edElement.KeyInfo = new KeyInfo();

		// Create a new KeyInfoName element.
		KeyInfoName kin = new KeyInfoName();

		// Specify a name for the key.
		kin.Value = KeyName;

		// Add the KeyInfoName element to the 
		// EncryptedKey object.
		ek.KeyInfo.AddClause(kin);

		// Add the encrypted key to the 
		// EncryptedData object.

		edElement.KeyInfo.AddClause(new KeyInfoEncryptedKey(ek));

		// Add the encrypted element data to the 
		// EncryptedData object.
		edElement.CipherData.CipherValue = encryptedElement;

		////////////////////////////////////////////////////
		// Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
		// object with the EncryptedData element.
		////////////////////////////////////////////////////

		EncryptedXml.ReplaceElement(elementToEncrypt, edElement, false);

	}

	public static void Decrypt(XmlDocument Doc, RSA Alg, string KeyName)
	{
		// Check the arguments.  
		if (Doc == null)
			throw new ArgumentNullException("Doc");
		if (Alg == null)
			throw new ArgumentNullException("Alg");
		if (KeyName == null)
			throw new ArgumentNullException("KeyName");

		// Create a new EncryptedXml object.
		EncryptedXml exml = new EncryptedXml(Doc);

		// Add a key-name mapping.
		// This method can only decrypt documents
		// that present the specified key name.
		exml.AddKeyNameMapping(KeyName, Alg);

		// Decrypt the element.
		exml.DecryptDocument();

	}

	static void InspectElement(XmlDocument Doc)
	{
		// Get the EncryptedKey element from the XMLDocument object.
		XmlElement encryptedKey = Doc.GetElementsByTagName("EncryptedKey")[0] as XmlElement;

		// Create a new EncryptedKey object.
		EncryptedKey k = new EncryptedKey();

		// Load the XML from the document to
		// initialize the EncryptedKey object.
		k.LoadXml(encryptedKey);

		// Display the properties.
		// Most values are Null by default.
		Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.KeyInfo: " + k.KeyInfo.GetXml().InnerXml);
		Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.Id: " + k.Id);
		Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.CarriedKeyName: " + k.CarriedKeyName);
		Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.CipherData: " + k.CipherData.GetXml().InnerXml);
		Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.Encoding: " + k.Encoding);
		Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.EncryptionMethod: " + k.EncryptionMethod.GetXml().InnerXml);
		if (k.EncryptionProperties.Count >= 1)
		{
			Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.EncryptionProperties: " + k.EncryptionProperties[0].GetXml().InnerXml);
		}
		Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.MimeType: " + k.MimeType);
		Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.Recipient: " + k.Recipient);

		if (k.ReferenceList.Count >= 1)
		{
			Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.ReferenceList: " + k.ReferenceList[0].GetXml().InnerXml);
		}
	}

}
Imports System
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Security.Cryptography
Imports System.Security.Cryptography.Xml



Module Program

    Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)

        ' Create an XmlDocument object.
        Dim xmlDoc As New XmlDocument()

        ' Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
        Try
            xmlDoc.PreserveWhitespace = True
            xmlDoc.Load("test.xml")
        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
        End Try

        ' Create a new RSA key.  This key will encrypt a symmetric key,
        ' which will then be imbedded in the XML document.  
        Dim rsaKey As New RSACryptoServiceProvider()


        Try
            ' Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Encrypt(xmlDoc, "creditcard", rsaKey, "rsaKey")

            ' Inspect the EncryptedKey element.
            InspectElement(xmlDoc)

            ' Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Decrypt(xmlDoc, rsaKey, "rsaKey")

        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
        Finally
            ' Clear the RSA key.
            rsaKey.Clear()
        End Try

    End Sub


    Sub Encrypt(ByVal Doc As XmlDocument, ByVal ElementToEncryptParam As String, ByVal Alg As RSA, ByVal KeyName As String)
        ' Check the arguments.  
        If Doc Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Doc")
        End If
        If ElementToEncryptParam Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("ElementToEncrypt")
        End If
        If Alg Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Alg")
        End If
        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
        ' object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        Dim elementToEncrypt As XmlElement = Doc.GetElementsByTagName(ElementToEncryptParam)(0)


        ' Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
        If elementToEncrypt Is Nothing Then
            Throw New XmlException("The specified element was not found")
        End If

        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class 
        ' and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the 
        ' a new random symmetric key.
        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Create a 256 bit Rijndael key.
        Dim sessionKey As New RijndaelManaged()
        sessionKey.KeySize = 256

        Dim eXml As New EncryptedXml()

        Dim encryptedElement As Byte() = eXml.EncryptData(elementToEncrypt, sessionKey, False)

        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
        ' it with the desired encryption information.
        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''

        Dim edElement As New EncryptedData()
        edElement.Type = EncryptedXml.XmlEncElementUrl

        ' Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the 
        ' receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.
        edElement.EncryptionMethod = New EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES256Url)

        ' Encrypt the session key and add it to an EncryptedKey element.
        Dim ek As New EncryptedKey()

        Dim encryptedKey As Byte() = EncryptedXml.EncryptKey(sessionKey.Key, Alg, False)

        ek.CipherData = New CipherData(encryptedKey)

        ek.EncryptionMethod = New EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncRSA15Url)

        ' Set the KeyInfo element to specify the
        ' name of the RSA key.
        ' Create a new KeyInfo element.
        edElement.KeyInfo = New KeyInfo()

        ' Create a new KeyInfoName element.
        Dim kin As New KeyInfoName()

        ' Specify a name for the key.
        kin.Value = KeyName

        ' Add the KeyInfoName element to the 
        ' EncryptedKey object.
        ek.KeyInfo.AddClause(kin)

        ' Add the encrypted key to the 
        ' EncryptedData object.
        edElement.KeyInfo.AddClause(New KeyInfoEncryptedKey(ek))

        ' Add the encrypted element data to the 
        ' EncryptedData object.
        edElement.CipherData.CipherValue = encryptedElement

        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
        ' object with the EncryptedData element.
        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        EncryptedXml.ReplaceElement(elementToEncrypt, edElement, False)

    End Sub


    Sub Decrypt(ByVal Doc As XmlDocument, ByVal Alg As RSA, ByVal KeyName As String)
        ' Check the arguments.  
        If Doc Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Doc")
        End If
        If Alg Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Alg")
        End If
        If KeyName Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("KeyName")
        End If
        ' Create a new EncryptedXml object.
        Dim exml As New EncryptedXml(Doc)

        ' Add a key-name mapping.
        ' This method can only decrypt documents
        ' that present the specified key name.
        exml.AddKeyNameMapping(KeyName, Alg)

        ' Decrypt the element.
        exml.DecryptDocument()

    End Sub


    Sub InspectElement(ByVal Doc As XmlDocument)
        ' Get the EncryptedKey element from the XMLDocument object.
        Dim encryptedKey As XmlElement = Doc.GetElementsByTagName("EncryptedKey")(0)

        ' Create a new EncryptedKey object.
        Dim k As New EncryptedKey()

        ' Load the XML from the document to
        ' initialize the EncryptedKey object.
        k.LoadXml(encryptedKey)

        ' Display the properties.
        ' Most values are Null by default.
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.KeyInfo: " + k.KeyInfo.GetXml().InnerXml)
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.Id: " + k.Id)
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.CarriedKeyName: " + k.CarriedKeyName)
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.CipherData: " + k.CipherData.GetXml().InnerXml)
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.Encoding: " + k.Encoding)
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.EncryptionMethod: " + k.EncryptionMethod.GetXml().InnerXml)
        If k.EncryptionProperties.Count >= 1 Then
            Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.EncryptionProperties: " + k.EncryptionProperties(0).GetXml().InnerXml)
        End If
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.MimeType: " + k.MimeType)
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.Recipient: " + k.Recipient)

        If k.ReferenceList.Count >= 1 Then
            Console.WriteLine("EncryptedKey.ReferenceList: " + k.ReferenceList(0).GetXml().InnerXml)
        End If

    End Sub
End Module

Remarks

This class represents the <EncryptedKey> element in XML encryption. The <EncryptedKey> element is used to send encryption keys. It can be created in a stand-alone XML document, be placed within an application document, or be inside an <EncryptedData> element as a child of a <KeyInfo> element. The key value is always encrypted to the recipient. When <EncryptedKey> is decrypted, the resulting key is made available to the <EncryptionMethod> algorithm without any additional processing.

The <EncryptedKey> element is similar to the <EncryptedData> element of the EncryptedData class except that the data encrypted is always a key value.

Constructors

EncryptedKey() EncryptedKey() EncryptedKey() EncryptedKey()

Initializes a new instance of the EncryptedKey class.

Properties

CarriedKeyName CarriedKeyName CarriedKeyName CarriedKeyName

Gets or sets the optional <CarriedKeyName> element in XML encryption.

CipherData CipherData CipherData CipherData

Gets or sets the CipherData value for an instance of an EncryptedType class.

(Inherited from EncryptedType)
Encoding Encoding Encoding Encoding

Gets or sets the Encoding attribute of an EncryptedType instance in XML encryption.

(Inherited from EncryptedType)
EncryptionMethod EncryptionMethod EncryptionMethod EncryptionMethod

Gets or sets the <EncryptionMethod> element for XML encryption.

(Inherited from EncryptedType)
EncryptionProperties EncryptionProperties EncryptionProperties EncryptionProperties

Gets or sets the <EncryptionProperties> element in XML encryption.

(Inherited from EncryptedType)
Id Id Id Id

Gets or sets the Id attribute of an EncryptedType instance in XML encryption.

(Inherited from EncryptedType)
KeyInfo KeyInfo KeyInfo KeyInfo

Gets of sets the <KeyInfo> element in XML encryption.

(Inherited from EncryptedType)
MimeType MimeType MimeType MimeType

Gets or sets the MimeType attribute of an EncryptedType instance in XML encryption.

(Inherited from EncryptedType)
Recipient Recipient Recipient Recipient

Gets or sets the optional Recipient attribute in XML encryption.

ReferenceList ReferenceList ReferenceList ReferenceList

Gets or sets the <ReferenceList> element in XML encryption.

Type Type Type Type

Gets or sets the Type attribute of an EncryptedType instance in XML encryption.

(Inherited from EncryptedType)

Methods

AddProperty(EncryptionProperty) AddProperty(EncryptionProperty) AddProperty(EncryptionProperty) AddProperty(EncryptionProperty)

Adds an <EncryptionProperty> child element to the <EncryptedProperties> element in the current EncryptedType object in XML encryption.

(Inherited from EncryptedType)
AddReference(DataReference) AddReference(DataReference) AddReference(DataReference) AddReference(DataReference)

Adds a <DataReference> element to the <ReferenceList> element.

AddReference(KeyReference) AddReference(KeyReference) AddReference(KeyReference) AddReference(KeyReference)

Adds a <KeyReference> element to the <ReferenceList> element.

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
GetXml() GetXml() GetXml() GetXml()

Returns the XML representation of the EncryptedKey object.

LoadXml(XmlElement) LoadXml(XmlElement) LoadXml(XmlElement) LoadXml(XmlElement)

Loads the specified XML information into the <EncryptedKey> element in XML encryption.

MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)

Applies to