Single.ToString Single.ToString Single.ToString Single.ToString Method

Definition

Converts the numeric value of this instance to its equivalent string representation.

Overloads

ToString(String, IFormatProvider) ToString(String, IFormatProvider) ToString(String, IFormatProvider) ToString(String, IFormatProvider)

Converts the numeric value of this instance to its equivalent string representation using the specified format and culture-specific format information.

ToString(String) ToString(String) ToString(String) ToString(String)

Converts the numeric value of this instance to its equivalent string representation, using the specified format.

ToString(IFormatProvider) ToString(IFormatProvider) ToString(IFormatProvider) ToString(IFormatProvider)

Converts the numeric value of this instance to its equivalent string representation using the specified culture-specific format information.

ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Converts the numeric value of this instance to its equivalent string representation.

ToString(String, IFormatProvider) ToString(String, IFormatProvider) ToString(String, IFormatProvider) ToString(String, IFormatProvider)

Converts the numeric value of this instance to its equivalent string representation using the specified format and culture-specific format information.

public:
 virtual System::String ^ ToString(System::String ^ format, IFormatProvider ^ provider);
public string ToString (string format, IFormatProvider provider);
override this.ToString : string * IFormatProvider -> string
Public Function ToString (format As String, provider As IFormatProvider) As String

Parameters

format
String String String String

A numeric format string.

provider
IFormatProvider IFormatProvider IFormatProvider IFormatProvider

An object that supplies culture-specific formatting information.

Returns

The string representation of the value of this instance as specified by format and provider.

Implements

Examples

The following example displays a Single value using each of the supported standard numeric format specifiers for several different cultures.

float value = 16325.62901F;
string specifier;
CultureInfo culture;

// Use standard numeric format specifiers.
specifier = "G";
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("eu-ES");
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture));
// Displays:    16325,62901
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, CultureInfo.InvariantCulture));
// Displays:    16325.62901

specifier = "C";
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("en-US");
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture));
// Displays:    $16,325.63
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("en-GB");
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture));
// Displays:    �16,325.63

specifier = "E04";
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("sv-SE");
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture));
// Displays: 1,6326E+004   
 culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("en-NZ");
 Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture));
// Displays:    1.6326E+004   

specifier = "F";
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("fr-FR");
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture));
// Displays:    16325,63
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("en-CA");
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture));
// Displays:    16325.63

specifier = "N";
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("es-ES");
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture));
// Displays:    16.325,63
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("fr-CA");
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture));
// Displays:    16 325,63

specifier = "P";
culture = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;
Console.WriteLine((value/10000).ToString(specifier, culture));
// Displays:    163.26 %
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("ar-EG");
Console.WriteLine((value/10000).ToString(specifier, culture));
// Displays:    163.256 %
Dim value As Single = 16325.62901
Dim specifier As String
Dim culture As CultureInfo

' Use standard numeric format specifiers.
specifier = "G"
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("eu-ES")
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture))
' Displays:    16325,62901
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, CultureInfo.InvariantCulture))
' Displays:    16325.62901

specifier = "C"
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("en-US")
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture))
' Displays:    $16,325.63
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("en-GB")
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture))
' Displays:    �16,325.63

specifier = "E04"
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("sv-SE")
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture))
' Displays: 1,6326E+004   
 culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("en-NZ")
 Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture))
' Displays:    1.6326E+004   

specifier = "F"
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("fr-FR")
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture))
' Displays:    16325,63
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("en-CA")
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture))
' Displays:    16325.63

specifier = "N"
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("es-ES")
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture))
' Displays:    16.325,63
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("fr-CA")
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture))
' Displays:    16 325,63

specifier = "P"
culture = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture
Console.WriteLine((value/10000).ToString(specifier, culture))
' Displays:    163.26 %
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("ar-EG")
Console.WriteLine((value/10000).ToString(specifier, culture))
' Displays:    163.256 %

Remarks

The ToString(String, IFormatProvider) method formats a Single value in a specified format of a specified culture. If you want to use default format or culture settings, use the other overloads of the ToString method, as follows:

To use format For culture Use the overload
Default ("G") format Default (current) culture ToString()
Default ("G") format A specific culture ToString(IFormatProvider)
A specific format Default (current) culture ToString(String)

The return value can be PositiveInfinitySymbol, NegativeInfinitySymbol, NaNSymbol, or the string representation of the value of the current instance, as specified by format.

The format parameter can be any valid standard numeric format specifier except for D and X, as well as any combination of custom numeric format specifiers. If format is null or an empty string, the return value for this instance is formatted with the general numeric format specifier ("G").

The .NET Framework provides extensive formatting support, which is described in greater detail in the following formatting topics:

The provider parameter is an IFormatProvider implementation whose GetFormat method returns a NumberFormatInfo object. Typically, provider is a CultureInfo object or a NumberFormatInfo object. The provider parameter supplies culture-specific information used in formatting. If provider is null, the return value is formatted with the NumberFormatInfo object for the current culture.

By default, the return value only contains 7 digits of precision although a maximum of 9 digits is maintained internally. If the value of this instance has greater than 7 digits, ToString returns PositiveInfinitySymbol or NegativeInfinitySymbol instead of the expected number. If you require more precision, specify format with the "G9" format specification, which always returns 9 digits of precision, or "R", which returns 7 digits if the number can be represented with that precision or 9 digits if the number can only be represented with maximum precision.

See also

ToString(String) ToString(String) ToString(String) ToString(String)

Converts the numeric value of this instance to its equivalent string representation, using the specified format.

public:
 System::String ^ ToString(System::String ^ format);
public string ToString (string format);
override this.ToString : string -> string
Public Function ToString (format As String) As String

Parameters

format
String String String String

A numeric format string.

Returns

The string representation of the value of this instance as specified by format.

Exceptions

Examples

The following example defines a numeric value and formats it as a currency value by using the "C" standard numeric format string and as a numeric value to three decimal places by using the "N" standard numeric format string. The result strings are formatted by using the conventions of the en-US culture. For more information on numeric format strings, see Standard Numeric Format Strings and Custom Numeric Format Strings.

using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Double number = 1764.3789;
      
      // Format as a currency value.
      Console.WriteLine(number.ToString("C"));
      
      // Format as a numeric value with 3 decimal places.
      Console.WriteLine(number.ToString("N3"));
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       $1,764.38
//       1,764.379
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim number As Single = 1764.3789
      
      ' Format as a currency value.
      Console.WriteLine(number.ToString("C"))
      
      ' Format as a numeric value with 3 decimal places.
      Console.WriteLine(number.ToString("N3"))
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       $1,764.38
'       1,764.379

The following example displays several Single values using each of the supported standard numeric format specifiers together with two custom numeric format strings. One of those custom format strings illustrates how to pad a Single value with leading zeros. In converting the numeric values to strings, the example uses the formatting conventions of the en-US culture.

float[] numbers= { 1054.32179F, -195489100.8377F, 1.0437E21F, 
                   -1.0573e-05F };
string[] specifiers = { "C", "E", "e", "F", "G", "N", "P", 
                        "R", "#,000.000", "0.###E-000",
                        "000,000,000,000.00###" };

foreach (float number in numbers)
{
   Console.WriteLine("Formatting of {0}:", number);
   foreach (string specifier in specifiers)
      Console.WriteLine("   {0,5}: {1}", 
                        specifier, number.ToString(specifier));

   Console.WriteLine();
}
// The example displays the following output to the console:
//       Formatting of 1054.32179:
//              C: $1,054.32
//              E: 1.054322E+003
//              e: 1.054322e+003
//              F: 1054.32
//              G: 1054.32179
//              N: 1,054.32
//              P: 105,432.18 %
//              R: 1054.32179
//          #,000.000: 1,054.322
//          0.###E-000: 1.054E003
//          000,000,000,000.00###: 000,000,001,054.322
//       
//       Formatting of -195489100.8377:
//              C: ($195,489,100.84)
//              E: -1.954891E+008
//              e: -1.954891e+008
//              F: -195489100.84
//              G: -195489100.8377
//              N: -195,489,100.84
//              P: -19,548,910,083.77 %
//              R: -195489100.8377
//          #,000.000: -195,489,100.838
//          0.###E-000: -1.955E008
//          000,000,000,000.00###: -000,195,489,100.00
//       
//       Formatting of 1.0437E+21:
//              C: $1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.00
//              E: 1.043700E+021
//              e: 1.043700e+021
//              F: 1043700000000000000000.00
//              G: 1.0437E+21
//              N: 1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.00
//              P: 104,370,000,000,000,000,000,000.00 %
//              R: 1.0437E+21
//          #,000.000: 1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.000
//          0.###E-000: 1.044E021
//          000,000,000,000.00###: 1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.00
//       
//       Formatting of -1.0573E-05:
//              C: $0.00
//              E: -1.057300E-005
//              e: -1.057300e-005
//              F: 0.00
//              G: -1.0573E-05
//              N: 0.00
//              P: 0.00 %
//              R: -1.0573E-05
//          #,000.000: 000.000
//          0.###E-000: -1.057E-005
//          000,000,000,000.00###: -000,000,000,000.00001 
Dim numbers() As Single = {1054.32179, -195489100.8377, 1.0437E21, _
                           -1.0573e-05}
Dim specifiers() As String = { "C", "E", "e", "F", "G", "N", "P", _
                               "R", "#,000.000", "0.###E-000", _
                               "000,000,000,000.00###"}
For Each number As Single In numbers
   Console.WriteLine("Formatting of {0}:", number)
   For Each specifier As String In specifiers
      Console.WriteLine("   {0,5}: {1}", _
                        specifier, number.ToString(specifier))
   Next
   Console.WriteLine()
Next
' The example displays the following output to the console:
'       Formatting of 1054.32179:
'              C: $1,054.32
'              E: 1.054322E+003
'              e: 1.054322e+003
'              F: 1054.32
'              G: 1054.32179
'              N: 1,054.32
'              P: 105,432.18 %
'              R: 1054.32179
'          #,000.000: 1,054.322
'          0.###E-000: 1.054E003
'          000,000,000,000.00###: 000,000,001,054.322      
'       
'       Formatting of -195489100.8377:
'              C: ($195,489,100.84)
'              E: -1.954891E+008
'              e: -1.954891e+008
'              F: -195489100.84
'              G: -195489100.8377
'              N: -195,489,100.84
'              P: -19,548,910,083.77 %
'              R: -195489100.8377
'          #,000.000: -195,489,100.838
'          0.###E-000: -1.955E008
'          000,000,000,000.00###: -000,195,489,100.00
'       
'       Formatting of 1.0437E+21:
'              C: $1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.00
'              E: 1.043700E+021
'              e: 1.043700e+021
'              F: 1043700000000000000000.00
'              G: 1.0437E+21
'              N: 1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.00
'              P: 104,370,000,000,000,000,000,000.00 %
'              R: 1.0437E+21
'          #,000.000: 1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.000
'          0.###E-000: 1.044E021
'          000,000,000,000.00###: 1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.00
'       
'       Formatting of -1.0573E-05:
'              C: $0.00
'              E: -1.057300E-005
'              e: -1.057300e-005
'              F: 0.00
'              G: -1.0573E-05
'              N: 0.00
'              P: 0.00 %
'              R: -1.0573E-05
'          #,000.000: 000.000
'          0.###E-000: -1.057E-005
'          000,000,000,000.00###: -000,000,000,000.00001

Remarks

The ToString(String) method formats a Single value in a specified format by using the conventions of the current culture. If you want to use the default ("G", or general) format or specify a different culture, use the other overloads of the ToString method, as follows:

To use format For culture Use the overload
Default ("G") format Default (current) culture ToString()
Default ("G") format A specific culture ToString(IFormatProvider)
A specific format A specific culture ToString(String, IFormatProvider)

The return value can be PositiveInfinitySymbol, NegativeInfinitySymbol, NaNSymbol, or the string representation of the value of the current instance, as specified by format.

The format parameter can be any valid standard numeric format specifier except for D and X, as well as any combination of custom numeric format specifiers. If format is null or an empty string, the return value is formatted with the general numeric format specifier ("G").

The .NET Framework provides extensive formatting support, which is described in greater detail in the following formatting topics:

By default, the return value only contains 7 digits of precision although a maximum of 9 digits is maintained internally. If the value of this instance has greater than 7 digits, ToString(String) returns PositiveInfinitySymbol or NegativeInfinitySymbol instead of the expected number. If you require more precision, specify format with the "G9" format specification, which always returns 9 digits of precision, or "R", which returns 7 digits if the number can be represented with that precision or 9 digits if the number can only be represented with maximum precision.

See also

ToString(IFormatProvider) ToString(IFormatProvider) ToString(IFormatProvider) ToString(IFormatProvider)

Converts the numeric value of this instance to its equivalent string representation using the specified culture-specific format information.

public:
 virtual System::String ^ ToString(IFormatProvider ^ provider);
public string ToString (IFormatProvider provider);
override this.ToString : IFormatProvider -> string
Public Function ToString (provider As IFormatProvider) As String

Parameters

provider
IFormatProvider IFormatProvider IFormatProvider IFormatProvider

An object that supplies culture-specific formatting information.

Returns

The string representation of the value of this instance as specified by provider.

Implements

Examples

The following example displays the string representation of two Single values using CultureInfo objects that represent several different cultures.

float value;

value = -16325.62015F;
// Display value using the invariant culture.
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(CultureInfo.InvariantCulture));
// Display value using the en-GB culture.
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("en-GB")));
// Display value using the de-DE culture.
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("de-DE")));

value = 16034.125E21F;
// Display value using the invariant culture.
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(CultureInfo.InvariantCulture));
// Display value using the en-GB culture.
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("en-GB")));
// Display value using the de-DE culture.
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("de-DE")));
// This example displays the following output to the console:
//       -16325.62015
//       -16325.62015
//       -16325,62015
//       1.6034125E+25
//       1.6034125E+25
//       1,6034125E+25
Dim value As Single 

value = -16325.62015
' Display value using the invariant culture.
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(CultureInfo.InvariantCulture))
' Display value using the en-GB culture.
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("en-GB")))
' Display value using the de-DE culture.
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("de-DE")))

value = 16034.125E21
' Display value using the invariant culture.
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(CultureInfo.InvariantCulture))
' Display value using the en-GB culture.
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("en-GB")))
' Display value using the de-DE culture.
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("de-DE")))
' This example displays the following output to the console:
'       -16325.62015
'       -16325.62015
'       -16325,62015
'       1.6034125E+25
'       1.6034125E+25
'       1,6034125E+25

Remarks

The ToString(IFormatProvider) method formats a Single value in the default ("G", or general) format of a specified culture. If you want to specify a different format or the current culture, use the other overloads of the ToString method, as follows:

To use format For culture Use the overload
Default ("G") format Default (current) culture ToString()
A specific format Default (current) culture ToString(String)
A specific format A specific culture ToString(String, IFormatProvider)

The return value can be PositiveInfinitySymbol, NegativeInfinitySymbol, NaNSymbol, or a string of the form:

[sign]integral-digits[.[fractional-digits]][e[sign]exponential-digits]

Optional elements are framed in square brackets ([ and ]). Elements containing the term "digits" consist of a series of numeric characters ranging from 0 to 9. The following table lists each element.

Element Description
sign A negative sign or positive sign symbol.
integral-digits A series of digits specifying the integral part of the number. Integral-digits can be absent if there are fractional-digits.
'.' A culture-specific decimal point symbol.
fractional-digits A series of digits specifying the fractional part of the number.
'e' A lowercase character 'e', indicating exponential (scientific) notation.
exponential-digits A series of digits specifying an exponent.

Some examples of the return value are "100", "-123,456,789", "123.45e+6", "500", "3.1416", "600", "-0.123", and "-Infinity".

The .NET Framework provides extensive formatting support, which is described in greater detail in the following formatting topics:

The provider parameter is an IFormatProvider implementation whose GetFormat method returns a NumberFormatInfo object. Typically, provider is a CultureInfo object or a NumberFormatInfo object. The provider parameter supplies culture-specific information used in formatting. If provider is null, the return value is formatted using the NumberFormatInfo data for the current culture.

To convert a Single value to its string representation using a specified culture and a specific format string, call the Single.ToString(String, IFormatProvider) method.

See also

ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Converts the numeric value of this instance to its equivalent string representation.

public:
 override System::String ^ ToString();
public override string ToString ();
override this.ToString : unit -> string
Public Overrides Function ToString () As String

Returns

The string representation of the value of this instance.

Examples

The following example uses the default Single.ToString method to display the string representations of a number of Single values.

float number;

number = 1.6E20F;
// Displays 1.6E+20.
Console.WriteLine(number.ToString());

number = 1.6E2F;
// Displays 160.
Console.WriteLine(number.ToString());

number = -3.541F;
// Displays -3.541.
Console.WriteLine(number.ToString());

number = -1502345222199E-07F;
// Displays -150234.5222199.
Console.WriteLine(number.ToString());

number = -15023452221990199574E-09F;
// Displays -15023452221.9902.
Console.WriteLine(number.ToString());

number = .60344F;
// Displays 0.60344.
Console.WriteLine(number.ToString());

number = .000000001F;
// Displays 1E-09.
Console.WriteLine(number.ToString());
Dim number As Single

number = 1.6E20
' Displays 1.6E+20.      
Console.WriteLine(number.ToString())

number = 1.6E2
' Displays 160.
Console.WriteLine(number.ToString())

number = -3.541
' Displays -3.541.
Console.WriteLine(number.ToString())

number = -1502345222199E-07
' Displays -150234.5222199.
Console.WriteLine(number.ToString())

number = -15023452221990199574E-09
' Displays -15023452221.9902.
Console.WriteLine(number.ToString())

number = .60344
' Displays 0.60344.
Console.WriteLine(number.ToString())

number = .000000001
' Displays 1E-09.
Console.WriteLine(number.ToString())

The following code example illustrates the use of the Parse(String) method along with the ToString() method.

bool done = false;
String^ inp;
do
{
   Console::Write( "Enter a real number: " );
   inp = Console::ReadLine();
   try
   {
      s = Single::Parse( inp );
      Console::WriteLine( "You entered {0}.", s );
      done = true;
   }
   catch ( FormatException^ ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "You did not enter a number." );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "An exception occurred while parsing your response: {0}", e );
   }
}
while (  !done );
bool done = false;
string inp;
do
{
    Console.Write("Enter a real number: ");
    inp = Console.ReadLine();
    try
    {
        s = Single.Parse(inp);
        Console.WriteLine("You entered {0}.", s.ToString());
        done = true;
    }
    catch (FormatException)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("You did not enter a number.");
    }
    catch (Exception e)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("An exception occurred while parsing your response: {0}", e.ToString());
    }
} while (!done);
Dim Done As Boolean = False
Dim Inp As String
Do

    Console.Write("Enter a real number: ")
    Inp = Console.ReadLine()
    Try
        S = Single.Parse(Inp)
        Console.WriteLine("You entered " + S.ToString() + ".")
        Done = True
    Catch E As FormatException
        Console.WriteLine("You did not enter a number.")
    Catch E As Exception
        Console.WriteLine("An exception occurred while parsing your response: " + E.ToString())
    End Try
Loop While Not Done

Remarks

The ToString() method formats a Single value in the default ("G", or general) format of the current culture. If you want to specify a different format or culture, use the other overloads of the ToString method, as follows:

To use format For culture Use the overload
Default ("G") format A specific culture ToString(IFormatProvider)
A specific format Default (current) culture ToString(String)
A specific format A specific culture ToString(String, IFormatProvider)

The return value can be PositiveInfinitySymbol, NegativeInfinitySymbol, NaNSymbol, or a string of the form:

[sign]integral-digits[.[fractional-digits]][e[sign]exponential-digits]

Optional elements are framed in square brackets ([ and ]). Elements that contain the term "digits" consist of a series of numeric characters ranging from 0 to 9. The following table lists each element:

Element Description
sign A negative sign or positive sign symbol.
integral-digits A series of digits specifying the integral part of the number. Integral-digits can be absent if there are fractional-digits.
'.' A culture-specific decimal point symbol.
fractional-digits A series of digits specifying the fractional part of the number.
'e' A lowercase character 'e', indicating exponential (scientific) notation.
exponential-digits A series of digits specifying an exponent.

Some examples of the return value are "100", "-123,456,789", "123.45e+6", "500", "3.1416", "600", "-0.123", and "-Infinity".

The .NET Framework provides extensive formatting support, which is described in greater detail in the following formatting topics:

See also

Applies to