ReaderWriterLock.AcquireReaderLock ReaderWriterLock.AcquireReaderLock ReaderWriterLock.AcquireReaderLock ReaderWriterLock.AcquireReaderLock Method

Definition

Acquires a reader lock.

Overloads

AcquireReaderLock(Int32) AcquireReaderLock(Int32) AcquireReaderLock(Int32) AcquireReaderLock(Int32)

Acquires a reader lock, using an Int32 value for the time-out.

AcquireReaderLock(TimeSpan) AcquireReaderLock(TimeSpan) AcquireReaderLock(TimeSpan) AcquireReaderLock(TimeSpan)

Acquires a reader lock, using a TimeSpan value for the time-out.

AcquireReaderLock(Int32) AcquireReaderLock(Int32) AcquireReaderLock(Int32) AcquireReaderLock(Int32)

Acquires a reader lock, using an Int32 value for the time-out.

public:
 void AcquireReaderLock(int millisecondsTimeout);
public void AcquireReaderLock (int millisecondsTimeout);
member this.AcquireReaderLock : int -> unit
Public Sub AcquireReaderLock (millisecondsTimeout As Integer)

Parameters

millisecondsTimeout
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The time-out in milliseconds.

Exceptions

millisecondsTimeout expires before the lock request is granted.

Examples

The following code example shows how to acquire and release a reader lock, and how to handle the exception thrown when a request times out.

This code is part of a larger example provided for the ReaderWriterLock class.

// The complete code is located in the ReaderWriterLock
// class topic.
using namespace System;
using namespace System::Threading;
public ref class Test
{
public:

   // Declaring the ReaderWriterLock at the class level
   // makes it visible to all threads.
   static ReaderWriterLock^ rwl = gcnew ReaderWriterLock;

   // For this example, the shared resource protected by the
   // ReaderWriterLock is just an integer.
   static int resource = 0;

// The complete code is located in the ReaderWriterLock class topic.
using System;
using System.Threading;

public class Example
{
   static ReaderWriterLock rwl = new ReaderWriterLock();
   // Define the shared resource protected by the ReaderWriterLock.
   static int resource = 0;
' The complete code is located in the ReaderWriterLock class topic.
Imports System.Threading

Public Module Example
   Private rwl As New ReaderWriterLock()
   ' Define the shared resource protected by the ReaderWriterLock.
   Private resource As Integer = 0
// Shows how to request and release a reader lock, and
// how to handle time-outs.
static void ReadFromResource( int timeOut )
{
   try
   {
      rwl->AcquireReaderLock( timeOut );
      try
      {
         
         // It is safe for this thread to read from
         // the shared resource.
         Display( String::Format( "reads resource value {0}", resource ) );
         Interlocked::Increment( reads );
      }
      finally
      {
         
         // Ensure that the lock is released.
         rwl->ReleaseReaderLock();
      }

   }
   catch ( ApplicationException^ ) 
   {
      
      // The reader lock request timed out.
      Interlocked::Increment( readerTimeouts );
   }

}


// Request and release a reader lock, and handle time-outs.
static void ReadFromResource(int timeOut)
{
   try {
      rwl.AcquireReaderLock(timeOut);
      try {
         // It is safe for this thread to read from the shared resource.
         Display("reads resource value " + resource);
         Interlocked.Increment(ref reads);
      }
      finally {
         // Ensure that the lock is released.
         rwl.ReleaseReaderLock();
      }
   }
   catch (ApplicationException) {
      // The reader lock request timed out.
      Interlocked.Increment(ref readerTimeouts);
   }
}
' Request and release a reader lock, and handle time-outs.
Sub ReadFromResource(timeOut As Integer)
   Try
      rwl.AcquireReaderLock(timeOut)
      Try
         ' It's safe for this thread to read from the shared resource.
         Display("reads resource value " & resource)
         Interlocked.Increment(reads)
      Finally
         ' Ensure that the lock is released.
         rwl.ReleaseReaderLock()
      End Try
   Catch ex As ApplicationException
      ' The reader lock request timed out.
      Interlocked.Increment(readerTimeouts)
   End Try
End Sub
};


}
End Module

Remarks

AcquireReaderLock blocks if a different thread has the writer lock, or if at least one thread is waiting for the writer lock.

Note

If the current thread already has the writer lock, no reader lock is acquired. Instead, the lock count on the writer lock is incremented. This prevents a thread from blocking on its own writer lock. The result is exactly the same as calling AcquireWriterLock, and an additional call to ReleaseWriterLock is required when releasing the writer lock.

AcquireReaderLock supports recursive reader-lock requests. That is, a thread can call AcquireReaderLock multiple times, which increments the lock count each time. You must call ReleaseReaderLock once for each time you call AcquireReaderLock. Alternatively, you can call ReleaseLock to reduce the lock count to zero immediately.

Recursive lock requests are always granted immediately, without placing the requesting thread in the reader queue. Use recursive locks with caution, to avoid blocking writer-lock requests for long periods.

For valid time-out values, see ReaderWriterLock.

See also

AcquireReaderLock(TimeSpan) AcquireReaderLock(TimeSpan) AcquireReaderLock(TimeSpan) AcquireReaderLock(TimeSpan)

Acquires a reader lock, using a TimeSpan value for the time-out.

public:
 void AcquireReaderLock(TimeSpan timeout);
public void AcquireReaderLock (TimeSpan timeout);
member this.AcquireReaderLock : TimeSpan -> unit
Public Sub AcquireReaderLock (timeout As TimeSpan)

Parameters

timeout
TimeSpan TimeSpan TimeSpan TimeSpan

A TimeSpan specifying the time-out period.

Exceptions

timeout expires before the lock request is granted.

Remarks

AcquireReaderLock blocks if a different thread has the writer lock, or if at least one thread is waiting for the writer lock.

Note

If the current thread already has the writer lock, no reader lock is acquired. Instead, the lock count on the writer lock is incremented. This prevents a thread from blocking on its own writer lock. The result is exactly the same as calling AcquireWriterLock, and an additional call to ReleaseWriterLock is required when releasing the writer lock.

AcquireReaderLock supports recursive reader-lock requests. That is, a thread can call AcquireReaderLock multiple times, which increments the lock count each time. You must call ReleaseReaderLock once for each time you call AcquireReaderLock. Alternatively, you can call ReleaseLock to reduce the lock count to zero immediately.

Recursive lock requests are always granted immediately, without placing the requesting thread in the reader queue. Use recursive locks with caution, to avoid blocking writer-lock requests for long periods.

For valid time-out values, see ReaderWriterLock.

See also

Applies to