Type.FullName Property

Definition

Gets the fully qualified name of the type, including its namespace but not its assembly.

public abstract string FullName { get; }
Property Value

The fully qualified name of the type, including its namespace but not its assembly; or null if the current instance represents a generic type parameter, an array type, pointer type, or byref type based on a type parameter, or a generic type that is not a generic type definition but contains unresolved type parameters.

Examples

The following example displays the full name of the specified type.

using namespace System;
int main()
{
   Type^ t = Array::typeid;
   Console::WriteLine( "The full name of the Array type is {0}.", t->FullName );
}

/* This example produces the following output:

The full name of the Array type is System.Array.
 */
using System;
class TestFullName 
{
public static void Main() 
    {
    Type t = typeof(Array);
    Console.WriteLine("The full name of the Array type is {0}.", t.FullName);
    }
} 

/* This example produces the following output:

The full name of the Array type is System.Array.
 */
Imports System

Class TestFullName
   
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim t As Type = GetType(Array)
        Console.WriteLine("The full name of the Array type is {0}.", t.FullName)
    End Sub 'Main
End Class 'TestFullName

' This example produces the following output:
'
'The full name of the Array type is System.Array.
'

The following example compares the strings returned by the ToString method and the Name, FullName, and AssemblyQualifiedName properties.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Globalization;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Type t = typeof(String);
      ShowTypeInfo(t);

      t = typeof(System.Collections.Generic.List<>);
      ShowTypeInfo(t);

      var list = new List<String>();
      t = list.GetType();
      ShowTypeInfo(t);

      Object v = 12;
      t = v.GetType();
      ShowTypeInfo(t);

      t = typeof(IFormatProvider);
      ShowTypeInfo(t);

      IFormatProvider ifmt = NumberFormatInfo.CurrentInfo;
      t = ifmt.GetType();
      ShowTypeInfo(t);
   }

   private static void ShowTypeInfo(Type t)
   {
      Console.WriteLine("Name: {0}", t.Name);
      Console.WriteLine("Full Name: {0}", t.FullName);
      Console.WriteLine("ToString:  {0}", t.ToString());
      Console.WriteLine("Assembly Qualified Name: {0}",
                        t.AssemblyQualifiedName);
      Console.WriteLine();
   }
}
// The example displays output like the following:
//    Name: String
//    Full Name: System.String
//    ToString:  System.String
//    Assembly Qualified Name: System.String, mscorlib, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutr
//    al, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089
//
//    Name: List`1
//    Full Name: System.Collections.Generic.List`1
//    ToString:  System.Collections.Generic.List`1[T]
//    Assembly Qualified Name: System.Collections.Generic.List`1, mscorlib, Version=4.
//    0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089
//
//    Name: List`1
//    Full Name: System.Collections.Generic.List`1[[System.String, mscorlib, Version=4
//    .0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089]]
//    ToString:  System.Collections.Generic.List`1[System.String]
//    Assembly Qualified Name: System.Collections.Generic.List`1[[System.String, mscor
//    lib, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089]], mscorl
//    ib, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089
//
//    Name: Int32
//    Full Name: System.Int32
//    ToString:  System.Int32
//    Assembly Qualified Name: System.Int32, mscorlib, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutra
//    l, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089
//
//    Name: IFormatProvider
//    Full Name: System.IFormatProvider
//    ToString:  System.IFormatProvider
//    Assembly Qualified Name: System.IFormatProvider, mscorlib, Version=4.0.0.0, Cult
//    ure=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089
//
//    Name: NumberFormatInfo
//    Full Name: System.Globalization.NumberFormatInfo
//    ToString:  System.Globalization.NumberFormatInfo
//    Assembly Qualified Name: System.Globalization.NumberFormatInfo, mscorlib, Versio
//    n=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089
Imports System.Collections.Generic
Imports System.Globalization

Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim t As Type = GetType(String)
      ShowTypeInfo(t)

      t = GetType(System.Collections.Generic.List(Of))
      ShowTypeInfo(t)

      Dim list As New List(Of String)()
      t = list.GetType()
      ShowTypeInfo(t)
      
      Dim v As Object = 12
      t = v.GetType()
      ShowTypeInfo(t)
      
      t = GetType(IFormatProvider)
      ShowTypeInfo(t)
      
      Dim ifmt As IFormatProvider = NumberFormatInfo.CurrentInfo
      t = ifmt.GetType()
      ShowTypeInfo(t)
   End Sub
   
   Private Sub ShowTypeInfo(t As Type)
      Console.WriteLine("Name: {0}", t.Name)
      Console.WriteLine("Full Name: {0}", t.FullName)
      Console.WriteLine("ToString:  {0}", t.ToString())
      Console.WriteLine("Assembly Qualified Name: {0}", t.AssemblyQualifiedName)
      Console.WriteLine()
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays output like the following:
'    Name: String
'    Full Name: System.String
'    ToString:  System.String
'    Assembly Qualified Name: System.String, mscorlib, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutr
'    al, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089
'
'    Name: List`1
'    Full Name: System.Collections.Generic.List`1
'    ToString:  System.Collections.Generic.List`1[T]
'    Assembly Qualified Name: System.Collections.Generic.List`1, mscorlib, Version=4.
'    0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089
'
'    Name: List`1
'    Full Name: System.Collections.Generic.List`1[[System.String, mscorlib, Version=4
'    .0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089]]
'    ToString:  System.Collections.Generic.List`1[System.String]
'    Assembly Qualified Name: System.Collections.Generic.List`1[[System.String, mscor
'    lib, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089]], mscorl
'    ib, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089
'
'    Name: Int32
'    Full Name: System.Int32
'    ToString:  System.Int32
'    Assembly Qualified Name: System.Int32, mscorlib, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutra
'    l, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089
'
'    Name: IFormatProvider
'    Full Name: System.IFormatProvider
'    ToString:  System.IFormatProvider
'    Assembly Qualified Name: System.IFormatProvider, mscorlib, Version=4.0.0.0, Cult
'    ure=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089
'
'    Name: NumberFormatInfo
'    Full Name: System.Globalization.NumberFormatInfo
'    ToString:  System.Globalization.NumberFormatInfo
'    Assembly Qualified Name: System.Globalization.NumberFormatInfo, mscorlib, Versio
'    n=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089

Remarks

For example, the fully qualified name of the String type is System.String. Contrast this with the assembly-qualified name returned by the AssemblyQualifiedName property, which consists of the full name plus the full assembly name.

If the current type represents a closed generic type, the type arguments in the string returned by the FullName property are qualified by their full assembly name, even though the string representation of the generic type itself is not qualified by its full assembly name. The following example illustrates the difference in the FullName property for a type that represents generic type definition and one that represents a closed generic type.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Type t = typeof(List<>);
      Console.WriteLine(t.FullName);
      Console.WriteLine();

      List<String> list = new List<String>();
      t = list.GetType();
      Console.WriteLine(t.FullName);
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
// System.Collections.Generic.List`1
//
// System.Collections.Generic.List`1[[System.String, mscorlib,
//        Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089]]
Imports System.Collections.Generic

Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim t As Type = GetType(List(Of))
      Console.WriteLine(t.FullName)
      Console.WriteLine()

      Dim list As New List(Of String)()
      t = list.GetType()
      Console.WriteLine(t.FullName)
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'    System.Collections.Generic.List`1
'
'    System.Collections.Generic.List`1[[System.String, mscorlib,
'             Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089]]

This property returns null if:

  • The current Type object represents a type parameter of a generic type.

    The following example retrieves the type parameter of the Nullable<T> type and attempts to display its FullName property.

    using System;
    using System.Reflection;
    
    public class Example
    {
       public static void Main()
       {
          Type t = typeof(Nullable<>); 
          Console.WriteLine(t.FullName);
          if (t.IsGenericType) {
             Console.Write("   Generic Type Parameters: ");
             Type[] gtArgs = t.GetGenericArguments();
             for (int ctr = 0; ctr < gtArgs.Length; ctr++) {
                Console.WriteLine(gtArgs[ctr].FullName ??
                                  "(unassigned) " + gtArgs[ctr].ToString());
              }
             Console.WriteLine();
          }
       }
    }
    // The example displays the following output:
    //       System.Nullable`1
    //          Generic Type Parameters: (unassigned) T
    
    Imports System.Reflection
    
    Module Example
       Public Sub Main()
          Dim t As Type = GetType(Nullable(Of )) 
          Console.WriteLine(t.FullName)
          If t.IsGenericType Then
             Console.Write("   Generic Type Parameters: ")
             Dim gtArgs As Type() = t.GetGenericArguments
             For ctr As Integer = 0 To gtArgs.Length - 1
                Console.WriteLine(If(gtArgs(ctr).FullName, 
                                  "(unassigned) " + gtArgs(ctr).ToString()))
                If ctr < gtArgs.Length - 1 Then Console.Write(", ")   
             Next
             Console.WriteLine()
          End If
       End Sub
    End Module
    ' The example displays the following output:
    '       System.Nullable`1
    '          Generic Type Parameters: (unassigned) T
    
  • The current Type object represents an array type, a pointer type, or a byref type that is based on a generic type parameter.

    The following example defines a generic type, Generictype1<T>, with three methods: Display(T[]), which is passed an array of type T; HandleT(T), which is passed a T object; and ChangeValue(ref T), which is passed a T object by reference. Because C# and Visual Basic do not allow us to define T as a pointer in the HandleT method, we have to call the MakePointerType method on the Type object that represents the method's parameter type to create a pointer to a generic type. The output from the example shows that in all three cases, the FullName property is null.

    using System;
    using System.Reflection;
    
    public class GenericType1<T> 
    {
       public void Display(T[] elements)  
       {}
       
       public void HandleT(T obj)
       {}
       
       public bool ChangeValue(ref T arg) 
       {
          return true;
       }
    }
    
    public class Example
    {
       public static void Main()
       {
          Type t = typeof(GenericType1<>);
          Console.WriteLine("Type Name: {0}", t.FullName);
          MethodInfo[] methods = t.GetMethods(BindingFlags.Instance |
                                              BindingFlags.DeclaredOnly |
                                              BindingFlags.Public);
          foreach (var method in methods) { 
             Console.WriteLine("   Method: {0}", method.Name);
             // Get method parameters.
             ParameterInfo param = method.GetParameters()[0];
             Type paramType = param.ParameterType;
             if (method.Name == "HandleT")
                paramType = paramType.MakePointerType();
             Console.WriteLine("      Parameter: {0}", 
                               paramType.FullName ?? 
                               paramType.ToString() + " (unassigned)");
          }
       }
    }
    // The example displays the following output:
    //       Type Name: GenericType1`1
    //          Method: Display
    //             Parameter: T[] (unassigned))
    //          Method: HandleT
    //             Parameter: T* (unassigned)
    //          Method: ChangeValue
    //             Parameter: T& (unassigned)
    
    Imports System.Reflection
    
    Public Class GenericType1(Of T)
       Public Sub Display(elements As T())
       End Sub
       
       ' Visual Basic does not support pointer types.
       Public Sub HandleT(obj As T)
       End Sub
       
       
       Public Function ChangeValue(ByRef arg As T) As Boolean
          Return True
       End Function
    End Class
    
    Module Example
       Public Sub Main()
          Dim t As Type = GetType(GenericType1(Of ))
          Console.WriteLine("Type Name: {0}", t.FullName)
          Dim methods() As MethodInfo = t.GetMethods(BindingFlags.Instance Or
                                                     BindingFlags.DeclaredOnly Or
                                                     BindingFlags.Public)
          For Each method In methods 
             Console.WriteLine("   Method: {0}", method.Name)
             ' Get method parameters.
             Dim param As ParameterInfo = method.GetParameters()(0)
             Dim paramType As Type = param.ParameterType
             If method.Name = "HandleT" Then
                paramType = paramType.MakePointerType()
             End If
             Console.WriteLine("      Parameter: {0}", 
                               If(paramType.FullName, 
                                  paramType.ToString() + " (unassigned)"))
          Next
       End Sub
    End Module
    ' The example displays the following output:
    '       Type Name: GenericType1`1
    '          Method: Display
    '             Parameter: T[] (unassigned)
    '          Method: HandleT
    '             Parameter: T* (unassigned)
    '          Method: ChangeValue
    '             Parameter: T& (unassigned)
    
  • The current type contains generic type parameters that have not been replaced by specific types (that is, the ContainsGenericParameters property returns true), but the type is not a generic type definition (that is, the IsGenericTypeDefinition property returns false

    In the following example, Derived<T> inherits from Base<T>. The BaseType property obtains the Type object that represents the base type of Derived<T>, and its FullName property returns null.

    using System;
    using System.Reflection;
    
    public class Base<T> { }
    
    public class Derived<T> : Base<T> { }
    
    public class Example
    {
       public static void Main()
       {
          Type t = typeof(Derived<>);
          Console.WriteLine("Generic Class: {0}", t.FullName);
          Console.WriteLine("   Contains Generic Paramters: {0}",
                            t.ContainsGenericParameters);
          Console.WriteLine("   Generic Type Definition: {0}\n",
                            t.IsGenericTypeDefinition);                 
    
          Type baseType = t.BaseType;
          Console.WriteLine("Its Base Class: {0}", 
                            baseType.FullName ?? 
                            "(unassigned) " + baseType.ToString());
          Console.WriteLine("   Contains Generic Paramters: {0}",
                            baseType.ContainsGenericParameters);
          Console.WriteLine("   Generic Type Definition: {0}",
                            baseType.IsGenericTypeDefinition);                 
          Console.WriteLine("   Full Name: {0}\n", 
                            baseType.GetGenericTypeDefinition().FullName);
    
          t = typeof(Base<>);
          Console.WriteLine("Generic Class: {0}", t.FullName);
          Console.WriteLine("   Contains Generic Paramters: {0}",
                            t.ContainsGenericParameters);
          Console.WriteLine("   Generic Type Definition: {0}\n",
                            t.IsGenericTypeDefinition);                 
    
    
       }
    }
    // The example displays the following output:
    //       Generic Class: Derived`1
    //          Contains Generic Paramters: True
    //          Generic Type Definition: True
    //       
    //       Its Base Class: (unassigned) Base`1[T]
    //          Contains Generic Paramters: True
    //          Generic Type Definition: False
    //          Full Name: Base`1
    //       
    //       Generic Class: Base`1
    //          Contains Generic Paramters: True
    //          Generic Type Definition: True
    
    Imports System.Reflection
    
    Public Class Base(Of T)
    End Class
    
    Public Class Derived(Of T) : Inherits Base(Of T)
    End Class
    
    Module Example
       Public Sub Main()
          Dim t As Type = GetType(Derived(Of ))
          Console.WriteLine("Generic Class: {0}", t.FullName)
          Console.WriteLine("   Contains Generic Paramters: {0}",
                            t.ContainsGenericParameters)
          Console.WriteLine("   Generic Type Definition: {0}",
                            t.IsGenericTypeDefinition)                 
          Console.WriteLine()
          
          Dim baseType As Type = t.BaseType
          Console.WriteLine("Its Base Class: {0}", 
                            If(baseType.FullName,  
                            "(unassigned) " + baseType.ToString()))
          Console.WriteLine("   Contains Generic Paramters: {0}",
                            baseType.ContainsGenericParameters)
          Console.WriteLine("   Generic Type Definition: {0}",
                            baseType.IsGenericTypeDefinition)                 
          Console.WriteLine("   Full Name: {0}", 
                            baseType.GetGenericTypeDefinition().FullName)
          Console.WriteLine()
          
          t = GetType(Base(Of ))
          Console.WriteLine("Generic Class: {0}", t.FullName)
          Console.WriteLine("   Contains Generic Paramters: {0}",
                            t.ContainsGenericParameters)
          Console.WriteLine("   Generic Type Definition: {0}",
                            t.IsGenericTypeDefinition)                 
       End Sub
    End Module
    ' The example displays the following output:
    '       Generic Class: Derived`1
    '          Contains Generic Paramters: True
    '          Generic Type Definition: True
    '       
    '       Its Base Class: (unassigned) Base`1[T]
    '          Contains Generic Paramters: True
    '          Generic Type Definition: False
    '          Full Name: Base`1
    '       
    '       Generic Class: Base`1
    '          Contains Generic Paramters: True
    '          Generic Type Definition: True
    

    To get a FullName that is not null, you can use the GetGenericTypeDefinition method to get the generic type definition, as the example illustrates.

This property is read-only.

Applies to

See Also