FormView.DataKeyNames Property

Definition

Gets or sets an array that contains the names of the key fields for the data source.

public:
 virtual property cli::array <System::String ^> ^ DataKeyNames { cli::array <System::String ^> ^ get(); void set(cli::array <System::String ^> ^ value); };
[System.ComponentModel.TypeConverter(typeof(System.Web.UI.WebControls.StringArrayConverter))]
public virtual string[] DataKeyNames { get; set; }
member this.DataKeyNames : string[] with get, set
Public Overridable Property DataKeyNames As String()

Property Value

String[]

An array that contains the names of the key fields for the data source.

Implements

Attributes

Examples

The following example demonstrates how to use the DataKeyNames property to specify the key field for the data source bound to the FormView control.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>FormView Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>FormView Example</h3>
                       
      <asp:formview id="EmployeeFormView"
        datasourceid="EmployeeSource"
        allowpaging="true"
        datakeynames="EmployeeID"
        emptydatatext="No employees found."  
        runat="server">
        
        <rowstyle backcolor="LightGreen"
          wrap="false"/>
        <editrowstyle backcolor="LightBlue"
          wrap="false"/>

        <itemtemplate>
          <table>
            <tr>
              <td rowspan="4">
                <asp:image id="EmployeeImage"
                  imageurl='<%# Eval("PhotoPath") %>'
                  alternatetext='<%# Eval("LastName") %>' 
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
              <td colspan="2">
                  &nbsp; 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Name:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("FirstName") %> <%# Eval("LastName") %>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Title:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("Title") %>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td colspan="2">
                <asp:linkbutton id="Edit"
                  text="Edit"
                  commandname="Edit"
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
          </table>       
        </itemtemplate>
        <edititemtemplate>
          <table>
            <tr>
              <td rowspan="4">
                <asp:image id="EmployeeEditImage"
                  imageurl='<%# Eval("PhotoPath") %>'
                  alternatetext='<%# Eval("LastName") %>' 
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
              <td colspan="2">
                  &nbsp; 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Name:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="FirstNameUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("FirstName") %>'
                  runat="server"/>
                <asp:textbox id="LastNameUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("LastName") %>'
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Title:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="TitleUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("Title") %>'
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td colspan="2">
                <asp:linkbutton id="UpdateButton"
                  text="Update"
                  commandname="Update"
                  runat="server"/>
                <asp:linkbutton id="CancelButton"
                  text="Cancel"
                  commandname="Cancel"
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
          </table>       
        </edititemtemplate> 
                  
      </asp:formview>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="EmployeeSource"
        selectcommand="Select [EmployeeID], [LastName], [FirstName], [Title], [PhotoPath] From [Employees]"
        updatecommand="Update [Employees] Set [LastName]=@LastName, [FirstName]=@FirstName, [Title]=@Title Where [EmployeeID]=@EmployeeID"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>
            
    </form>
  </body>
</html>


<%@ Page language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>FormView Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>FormView Example</h3>
                       
      <asp:formview id="EmployeeFormView"
        datasourceid="EmployeeSource"
        allowpaging="true"
        datakeynames="EmployeeID"
        emptydatatext="No employees found."  
        runat="server">
        
        <rowstyle backcolor="LightGreen"
          wrap="false"/>
        <editrowstyle backcolor="LightBlue"
          wrap="false"/>

        <itemtemplate>
          <table>
            <tr>
              <td rowspan="4">
                <asp:image id="EmployeeImage"
                  imageurl='<%# Eval("PhotoPath") %>'
                  alternatetext='<%# Eval("LastName") %>' 
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
              <td colspan="2">
                  &nbsp; 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Name:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("FirstName") %> <%# Eval("LastName") %>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Title:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("Title") %>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td colspan="2">
                <asp:linkbutton id="Edit"
                  text="Edit"
                  commandname="Edit"
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
          </table>       
        </itemtemplate>
        <edititemtemplate>
          <table>
            <tr>
              <td rowspan="4">
                <asp:image id="EmployeeEditImage"
                  imageurl='<%# Eval("PhotoPath") %>'
                  alternatetext='<%# Eval("LastName") %>' 
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
              <td colspan="2">
                  &nbsp; 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Name:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="FirstNameUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("FirstName") %>'
                  runat="server"/>
                <asp:textbox id="LastNameUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("LastName") %>'
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Title:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="TitleUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("Title") %>'
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td colspan="2">
                <asp:linkbutton id="UpdateButton"
                  text="Update"
                  commandname="Update"
                  runat="server"/>
                <asp:linkbutton id="CancelButton"
                  text="Cancel"
                  commandname="Cancel"
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
          </table>       
        </edititemtemplate> 
                  
      </asp:formview>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="EmployeeSource"
        selectcommand="Select [EmployeeID], [LastName], [FirstName], [Title], [PhotoPath] From [Employees]"
        updatecommand="Update [Employees] Set [LastName]=@LastName, [FirstName]=@FirstName, [Title]=@Title Where [EmployeeID]=@EmployeeID"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>
            
    </form>
  </body>
</html>

Remarks

Use the DataKeyNames property to specify a comma-separated list of field names that represent the primary key of the data source. When the DataKeyNames property is set, the FormView control automatically creates a DataKey object that contains the key/value pairs of the field or fields listed in the DataKeyNames property for the current record. The DataKey object is then stored in the DataKey property.

Note

You must set the DataKeyNames property for the built-in updating, deleting, and inserting features of the FormView control to work.

Applies to

See also