GridView.UpdateRow(Int32, Boolean) Method

Definition

Updates the record at the specified row index using the field values of the row.

public:
 virtual void UpdateRow(int rowIndex, bool causesValidation);
public virtual void UpdateRow (int rowIndex, bool causesValidation);
abstract member UpdateRow : int * bool -> unit
override this.UpdateRow : int * bool -> unit
Public Overridable Sub UpdateRow (rowIndex As Integer, causesValidation As Boolean)

Parameters

rowIndex
Int32

The index of the row to update.

causesValidation
Boolean

true to perform page validation when this method is called; otherwise, false.

Exceptions

The GridView control is bound to a data source control, but the DataSourceView associated with the data source is null.

Examples

The following example demonstrates how to use the UpdateRow method to programmatically update a record in a GridView control.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void UpdateRowButton_Click(Object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    // Programmatically update the current record in edit mode.
    CustomersGridView.UpdateRow(CustomersGridView.EditIndex, true);
  }

  void CustomersGridView_RowCommand(Object sender, GridViewCommandEventArgs e)
  {
    // Enable the UpdateRowButton button only when the GridView control
    // is in edit mode.
    switch (e.CommandName)
    {
      case "Edit":
        UpdateRowButton.Enabled = true;
        break;
      case "Cancel":
        UpdateRowButton.Enabled = false;
        break;
      case "Update":
        UpdateRowButton.Enabled = false;
        break;
      default:
        UpdateRowButton.Enabled = false;
        break;
    }
  }
    
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>GridView UpdateRow Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>GridView UpdateRow Example</h3>
      
      <asp:button id="UpdateRowButton"
        text="Update Record"
        enabled="false"
        onclick="UpdateRowButton_Click" 
        runat="server"/>
        
      <hr/>

      <!-- The GridView control automatically sets the columns     -->
      <!-- specified in the datakeynames property as read-only.    -->
      <!-- No input controls are rendered for these columns in     -->
      <!-- edit mode.                                              -->
      <asp:gridview id="CustomersGridView"
        allowpaging="true" 
        datasourceid="CustomersSqlDataSource" 
        autogeneratecolumns="true"
        autogenerateeditbutton="true"
        datakeynames="CustomerID"
        onrowcommand="CustomersGridView_RowCommand"   
        runat="server">
      </asp:gridview>
            
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="CustomersSqlDataSource"  
        selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
        updatecommand="Update Customers SET CompanyName=@CompanyName, Address=@Address, City=@City, PostalCode=@PostalCode, Country=@Country WHERE (CustomerID = @CustomerID)"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>"
        runat="server">
      </asp:sqldatasource>
            
    </form>
  </body>
</html>


<%@ Page language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  Sub UpdateRowButton_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
      
    ' Programmatically update the current record in edit mode.
    CustomersGridView.UpdateRow(CustomersGridView.EditIndex, True)
    
  End Sub

  Sub CustomersGridView_RowCommand(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As GridViewCommandEventArgs)
  
    ' Enable the UpdateRowButton button only when the GridView control
    ' is in edit mode.
    Select Case e.CommandName
    
      Case "Edit"
        UpdateRowButton.Enabled = True
      Case "Cancel"
        UpdateRowButton.Enabled = False
      Case "Update"
        UpdateRowButton.Enabled = False
      Case Else
        UpdateRowButton.Enabled = False
    
    End Select
    
  End Sub
    
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>GridView UpdateRow Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>GridView UpdateRow Example</h3>
      
      <asp:button id="UpdateRowButton"
        text="Update Record"
        enabled="false"
        onclick="UpdateRowButton_Click" 
        runat="server"/>
        
      <hr/>

      <!-- The GridView control automatically sets the columns     -->
      <!-- specified in the datakeynames property as read-only.    -->
      <!-- No input controls are rendered for these columns in     -->
      <!-- edit mode.                                              -->
      <asp:gridview id="CustomersGridView"
        allowpaging="true" 
        datasourceid="CustomersSqlDataSource" 
        autogeneratecolumns="true"
        autogenerateeditbutton="true"
        datakeynames="CustomerID"
        onrowcommand="CustomersGridView_RowCommand"   
        runat="server">
      </asp:gridview>
            
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="CustomersSqlDataSource"  
        selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
        updatecommand="Update Customers SET CompanyName=@CompanyName, Address=@Address, City=@City, PostalCode=@PostalCode, Country=@Country WHERE (CustomerID = @CustomerID)"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>"
        runat="server">
      </asp:sqldatasource>
            
    </form>
  </body>
</html>

Remarks

Use the UpdateRow method to programmatically update the record at the specified index in the data source. This method is commonly used when you need to update a record from outside of the GridView control, such as from a different control on the page.

Note

This method can be called only for the row that is currently in edit mode, or for a row that contains a two-way data-bound input control. For more information about two-way binding expressions, see Binding to Databases.

To specify whether page validation is performed before the update operation, use the causesValidation parameter. Calling this method also raises the RowUpdated and RowUpdating events.

Applies to

See also