TemplateColumn Class

Definition

Represents a column type for the DataGrid control that allows you to customize the layout of controls in the column.

public ref class TemplateColumn : System::Web::UI::WebControls::DataGridColumn
public class TemplateColumn : System.Web.UI.WebControls.DataGridColumn
type TemplateColumn = class
    inherit DataGridColumn
Public Class TemplateColumn
Inherits DataGridColumn
Inheritance
TemplateColumn

Examples

The following code example demonstrates how to use the TemplateColumn class to create a column in the DataGrid control with a custom layout.


<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
   <script runat="server">

      DataTable Store = new DataTable();
      DataView StoreView;  

      void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e) 
      {
         if(Session["StoreData"] == null)
         {
            DataRow dr;
 
            Store = new DataTable();      

            Store.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Tax", typeof(String)));
            Store.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Item", typeof(String)));
            Store.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Price", typeof(String)));

            Session["StoreData"] = Store;
            
            // Create sample data.
            for (int i = 1; i <= 4; i++) 
            {
               dr = Store.NewRow();

               dr[0] = "0.0%";
               dr[1] = "Item " + i.ToString();
               dr[2] = (1.23 * (i + 1)).ToString();
 
               Store.Rows.Add(dr);
            }       

         }
         else
            Store = (DataTable)Session["StoreData"];

         StoreView = new DataView(Store);
         StoreView.Sort="Item";

         if(!IsPostBack)                    
            BindGrid();
                   
      }

      void MyDataGrid_Edit(Object sender, DataGridCommandEventArgs e) 
      {
         MyDataGrid.EditItemIndex = e.Item.ItemIndex;
         BindGrid();
      }

      void MyDataGrid_Cancel(Object sender, DataGridCommandEventArgs e) 
      {
         MyDataGrid.EditItemIndex = -1;
         BindGrid();
      }

      void MyDataGrid_Update(Object sender, DataGridCommandEventArgs e) 
      {
         // Get the text box that contains the price to edit. 
         // For bound columns the edited value is stored in a text box.
         // The text box is the first control in the Controls collection.
         TextBox priceText = (TextBox)e.Item.Cells[3].Controls[0];

         // Get the check box that indicates whether to include tax from the 
         // TemplateColumn. Notice that in this case, the check box control is
         // second control in the Controls collection.
         CheckBox taxCheck = (CheckBox)e.Item.Cells[2].Controls[1];

         String item = e.Item.Cells[1].Text;
         String price = priceText.Text;
       
         DataRow dr;

         // With a database, use an update command.  Since the data source is 
         // an in-memory DataTable, delete the old row and replace it with a new one.

         // Remove old entry.
         StoreView.RowFilter = "Item='" + item + "'";
         if (StoreView.Count > 0)
            StoreView.Delete(0);
         StoreView.RowFilter = "";
 
         // Add new entry.
         dr = Store.NewRow();

         if (taxCheck.Checked)
            dr[0] = "8.6%";
         else 
            dr[0] = "0.0%";
         dr[1] = item;
         dr[2] = price;
         Store.Rows.Add(dr);

         MyDataGrid.EditItemIndex = -1;
         BindGrid();
      }

      void BindGrid() 
      {
         MyDataGrid.DataSource = StoreView;
         MyDataGrid.DataBind();
      }

   </script>

<head runat="server">
    <title>TemplateColumn Example</title>
</head>
<body>

   <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>TemplateColumn Example</h3>

      <asp:DataGrid id="MyDataGrid" runat="server"
           BorderColor="black"
           CellPadding="2"        
           OnEditCommand="MyDataGrid_Edit"
           OnCancelCommand="MyDataGrid_Cancel"
           OnUpdateCommand="MyDataGrid_Update"
           ShowFooter="True"
           AutoGenerateColumns="false">

         <Columns>

            <asp:EditCommandColumn
                 EditText="Edit"
                 CancelText="Cancel"
                 UpdateText="Update"
                 ItemStyle-Wrap="false"
                 HeaderText="Edit Controls"/>

            <asp:BoundColumn HeaderText="Description" 
                 ReadOnly="true" 
                 DataField="Item"/>

            <asp:TemplateColumn>

               <HeaderTemplate>
                  <b> Tax </b>
               </HeaderTemplate>

               <ItemTemplate>
                  <asp:Label
                       Text='<%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "Tax") %>'
                       runat="server"/>
               </ItemTemplate>

               <EditItemTemplate>

                  <asp:CheckBox
                       Text="Taxable" 
                       runat="server"/>

               </EditItemTemplate>

               <FooterTemplate>
                  <asp:HyperLink id="HyperLink1"
                       Text="Microsoft"
                       NavigateUrl="http://www.microsoft.com"
                       runat="server"/>
               </FooterTemplate>

            </asp:TemplateColumn>

            <asp:BoundColumn HeaderText="Price" 
                 DataField="Price"/>

         </Columns>

      </asp:DataGrid>

   </form>

</body>
</html>


<%@ Page Language="VB" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
   <script runat="server">

      Private Store As DataTable = New DataTable()
      Private StoreView As DataView  

      Sub Page_Load(sender As Object, e As EventArgs) 
     
         If IsNothing(Session("StoreData")) Then 
         
            Dim dr As DataRow
            Dim i As Integer
 
            Store = New DataTable()      

            Store.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("Tax", GetType(String)))
            Store.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("Item", GetType(String)))
            Store.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("Price", GetType(String)))

            Session("StoreData") = Store
            
            ' Create sample data.
            For i = 1 to 4 
    
               dr = Store.NewRow()

               dr(0) = "0.0%"
               dr(1) = "Item " & i.ToString()
               dr(2) = (1.23 * (i + 1)).ToString()
 
               Store.Rows.Add(dr)

            Next i       

         Else
            Store = Session("StoreData")

         End If

         StoreView = New DataView(Store)
         StoreView.Sort="Item"

         If Not IsPostBack Then                    
            BindGrid()
         End If
                   
      End Sub

      Sub MyDataGrid_Edit(sender As Object, e As DataGridCommandEventArgs) 
      
         MyDataGrid.EditItemIndex = e.Item.ItemIndex
         BindGrid()

      End Sub

      Sub MyDataGrid_Cancel(sender As Object, e As DataGridCommandEventArgs) 
      
         MyDataGrid.EditItemIndex = -1
         BindGrid()

      End Sub

      Sub MyDataGrid_Update(sender As Object, e As DataGridCommandEventArgs) 
      
         ' Get the text box that contains the price to edit. 
         ' For bound columns the edited value is stored in a text box.
         ' The text box is the first control in the Controls collection.
         Dim priceText As TextBox = e.Item.Cells(3).Controls(0)

         ' Get the check box that indicates whether to include tax from the 
         ' TemplateColumn. Notice that in this case, the check box control is
         ' second control in the Controls collection.
         Dim taxCheck As CheckBox = e.Item.Cells(2).Controls(1)

         Dim item As String = e.Item.Cells(1).Text
         Dim price As String = priceText.Text
       
         Dim dr As DataRow

         ' With a database, use an update command.  Since the data source is 
         ' an in-memory DataTable, delete the old row and replace it with a new one.

         ' Remove old entry.
         StoreView.RowFilter = "Item='" & item & "'"
         If StoreView.Count > 0 Then
            StoreView.Delete(0)
         End If
         StoreView.RowFilter = ""
 
         ' Add new entry.
         dr = Store.NewRow()

         If taxCheck.Checked Then
            dr(0) = "8.6%"
         Else 
            dr(0) = "0.0%"
         End If
         dr(1) = item
         dr(2) = price
         Store.Rows.Add(dr)

         MyDataGrid.EditItemIndex = -1
         BindGrid()

      End Sub

      Sub BindGrid() 
      
         MyDataGrid.DataSource = StoreView
         MyDataGrid.DataBind()
      
      End Sub

   </script>

<head runat="server">
    <title>TemplateColumn Example</title>
</head>
<body>

   <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>TemplateColumn Example</h3>

      <asp:DataGrid id="MyDataGrid" runat="server"
           BorderColor="black"
           CellPadding="2"        
           OnEditCommand="MyDataGrid_Edit"
           OnCancelCommand="MyDataGrid_Cancel"
           OnUpdateCommand="MyDataGrid_Update"
           ShowFooter="True"
           AutoGenerateColumns="false">

         <Columns>

            <asp:EditCommandColumn
                 EditText="Edit"
                 CancelText="Cancel"
                 UpdateText="Update"
                 ItemStyle-Wrap="false"
                 HeaderText="Edit Controls"/>

            <asp:BoundColumn HeaderText="Description" 
                 ReadOnly="true" 
                 DataField="Item"/>

            <asp:TemplateColumn>

               <HeaderTemplate>
                  <b> Tax </b>
               </HeaderTemplate>

               <ItemTemplate>
                  <asp:Label
                       Text='<%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "Tax") %>'
                       runat="server"/>
               </ItemTemplate>

               <EditItemTemplate>

                  <asp:CheckBox
                       Text="Taxable" 
                       runat="server"/>

               </EditItemTemplate>

               <FooterTemplate>
                  <asp:HyperLink id="HyperLink1"
                       Text="Microsoft"
                       NavigateUrl="http://www.microsoft.com"
                       runat="server"/>
               </FooterTemplate>

            </asp:TemplateColumn>

            <asp:BoundColumn HeaderText="Price" 
                 DataField="Price"/>

         </Columns>

      </asp:DataGrid>

   </form>

</body>
</html>

Remarks

Use the TemplateColumn column type in a DataGrid control to create a column with a customized control layout. You can provide a custom appearance for the heading section, the footer section, and the items section of the column by using the HeaderTemplate, FooterTemplate, and ItemTemplate properties, respectively. You can also control how an item being edited is displayed in the TemplateColumn object by setting the EditItemTemplate property.

Constructors

TemplateColumn()

Initializes a new instance of the TemplateColumn class.

Properties

DesignMode

Gets a value that indicates whether the column is in design mode.

(Inherited from DataGridColumn)
EditItemTemplate

Gets or sets the template for displaying the item selected for editing in a TemplateColumn object.

FooterStyle

Gets the style properties for the footer section of the column.

(Inherited from DataGridColumn)
FooterTemplate

Gets or sets the template for displaying the footer section of the TemplateColumn object.

FooterText

Gets or sets the text displayed in the footer section of the column.

(Inherited from DataGridColumn)
HeaderImageUrl

Gets or sets the location of an image to display in the header section of the column.

(Inherited from DataGridColumn)
HeaderStyle

Gets the style properties for the header section of the column.

(Inherited from DataGridColumn)
HeaderTemplate

Gets or sets the template for displaying the heading section of the TemplateColumn object.

HeaderText

Gets or sets the text displayed in the header section of the column.

(Inherited from DataGridColumn)
IsTrackingViewState

Gets a value that determines whether the DataGridColumn object is marked to save its state.

(Inherited from DataGridColumn)
ItemStyle

Gets the style properties for the item cells of the column.

(Inherited from DataGridColumn)
ItemTemplate

Gets or sets the template for displaying a data item in a TemplateColumn object.

Owner

Gets the DataGrid control that the column is a member of.

(Inherited from DataGridColumn)
SortExpression

Gets or sets the name of the field or expression to pass to the OnSortCommand(DataGridSortCommandEventArgs) method when a column is selected for sorting.

(Inherited from DataGridColumn)
ViewState

Gets the StateBag object that allows a column derived from the DataGridColumn class to store its properties.

(Inherited from DataGridColumn)
Visible

Gets or sets a value that indicates whether the column is visible in the DataGrid control.

(Inherited from DataGridColumn)

Methods

Equals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
Initialize()

Provides the base implementation to reset a column derived from the DataGridColumn class to its initial state.

(Inherited from DataGridColumn)
InitializeCell(TableCell, Int32, ListItemType)

Calls a TableCell object's base class to initialize the instance and then applies a ListItemType to the cell.

LoadViewState(Object)

Loads the state of the DataGridColumn object.

(Inherited from DataGridColumn)
MemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
OnColumnChanged()

Calls the OnColumnsChanged() method.

(Inherited from DataGridColumn)
SaveViewState()

Saves the current state of the DataGridColumn object.

(Inherited from DataGridColumn)
ToString()

Returns the string representation of the column.

(Inherited from DataGridColumn)
TrackViewState()

Causes tracking of view-state changes to the server control so they can be stored in the server control's StateBag object.

(Inherited from DataGridColumn)

Explicit Interface Implementations

IStateManager.IsTrackingViewState

Gets a value that indicates whether the column is tracking view state changes.

(Inherited from DataGridColumn)
IStateManager.LoadViewState(Object)

Loads previously saved state.

(Inherited from DataGridColumn)
IStateManager.SaveViewState()

Returns an object containing state changes.

(Inherited from DataGridColumn)
IStateManager.TrackViewState()

Starts tracking state changes.

(Inherited from DataGridColumn)

Applies to

See also