IPersonalizable.Save(PersonalizationDictionary) Method


Saves custom properties and internal state information in the control's PersonalizationDictionary object.

 void Save(System::Web::UI::WebControls::WebParts::PersonalizationDictionary ^ state);
public void Save (System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts.PersonalizationDictionary state);
abstract member Save : System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts.PersonalizationDictionary -> unit
Public Sub Save (state As PersonalizationDictionary)



A PersonalizationDictionary that contains custom scoped data that was loaded from the underlying data store.


The following code example demonstrates implementing the Save method in a custom WebPart control. For the full code required to run this example, see the Example section in the IPersonalizable class overview.

namespace Samples.AspNet.CS.Controls

    using System;
    using System.Collections;
    using System.ComponentModel;
    using System.Diagnostics;
    using System.Drawing;
    using System.Web;
    using System.Web.UI;
    using System.Security.Permissions;
    using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
    using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;

      Level = AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)]
      Level = AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)]
    public class UrlListWebPart : WebPart, IPersonalizable
        private ArrayList _sharedUrls;
        private ArrayList _userUrls;
        private bool _listDirty;

        private TextBox _nameTextBox;
        private TextBox _urlTextBox;
        private Button _addButton;
        private BulletedList _list;

        protected override void CreateChildControls()
            Label nameLabel = new Label();
            Label urlLabel = new Label();
            LiteralControl breakLiteral1 = new LiteralControl("<br />");
            LiteralControl breakLiteral2 = new LiteralControl("<br />");
            LiteralControl breakLiteral3 = new LiteralControl("<br />");

            _nameTextBox = new TextBox();
            _urlTextBox = new TextBox();
            _addButton = new Button();
            _list = new BulletedList();

            nameLabel.Text = "Name: ";
            urlLabel.Text = "URL: ";
            _nameTextBox.ID = "nameTextBox";
            _urlTextBox.ID = "urlTextBox";
            _addButton.Text = "Add";
            _addButton.ID = "addButton";
            _addButton.Click += new EventHandler(this.OnClickAddButton);
            _list.DisplayMode = BulletedListDisplayMode.HyperLink;
            _list.ID = "list";





        private void OnClickAddButton(object sender, EventArgs e)
            string name = _nameTextBox.Text.Trim();
            string url = _urlTextBox.Text.Trim();

            Pair p = new Pair(name, url);
            if (WebPartManager.Personalization.Scope == PersonalizationScope.Shared)
                _sharedUrls ??= new ArrayList();
                _userUrls ??= new ArrayList();


        protected virtual void OnUrlAdded()
            _listDirty = true;
            ChildControlsCreated = false;

        protected override void RenderContents(HtmlTextWriter writer)
            if (_sharedUrls != null)
                foreach (Pair p in _sharedUrls)
                    _list.Items.Add(new ListItem((string)p.First, (string)p.Second));
            if (_userUrls != null)
                foreach (Pair p in _userUrls)
                    _list.Items.Add(new ListItem((string)p.First, (string)p.Second));


        public virtual bool IsDirty
                return _listDirty;
        public new virtual void Load(PersonalizationDictionary state)
            if (state != null)
                PersonalizationEntry sharedUrlsEntry = state["sharedUrls"];
                if (sharedUrlsEntry != null)
                    _sharedUrls = (ArrayList)sharedUrlsEntry.Value;

                PersonalizationEntry userUrlsEntry = state["userUrls"];
                if (userUrlsEntry != null)
                    _userUrls = (ArrayList)userUrlsEntry.Value;

        public virtual void Save(PersonalizationDictionary state)
            if ((_sharedUrls != null) && (_sharedUrls.Count != 0))
                state["sharedUrls"] = new PersonalizationEntry(_sharedUrls, PersonalizationScope.Shared);
            if ((_userUrls != null) && (_userUrls.Count != 0))
                state["userUrls"] = new PersonalizationEntry(_userUrls, PersonalizationScope.User);

Imports System.Collections
Imports System.ComponentModel
Imports System.Diagnostics
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Web
Imports System.Web.UI
Imports System.Security.Permissions
Imports System.Web.UI.WebControls
Imports System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts

Namespace Samples.AspNet.VB.Controls

  <AspNetHostingPermission(SecurityAction.Demand, _
    Level:=AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)> _
  <AspNetHostingPermission(SecurityAction.InheritanceDemand, _
    Level:=AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)> _
  Public Class UrlListWebPart
      Inherits WebPart
      Implements IPersonalizable
      Private _sharedUrls As ArrayList
      Private _userUrls As ArrayList
      Private _listDirty As Boolean

      Private _nameTextBox As TextBox
      Private _urlTextBox As TextBox
      Private _addButton As Button
      Private _list As BulletedList

      Protected Overrides Sub CreateChildControls()
          Dim nameLabel As New Label()
          Dim urlLabel As New Label()
          Dim breakLiteral1 As New LiteralControl("<br />")
          Dim breakLiteral2 As New LiteralControl("<br />")
          Dim breakLiteral3 As New LiteralControl("<br />")

          _nameTextBox = New TextBox()
          _urlTextBox = New TextBox()
          _addButton = New Button()
          _list = New BulletedList()

          nameLabel.Text = "Name: "
          urlLabel.Text = "URL: "
          _nameTextBox.ID = "nameTextBox"
          _urlTextBox.ID = "urlTextBox"
          _addButton.Text = "Add"
          _addButton.ID = "addButton"
          AddHandler _addButton.Click, AddressOf Me.OnClickAddButton
          _list.DisplayMode = BulletedListDisplayMode.HyperLink
          _list.ID = "list"





      End Sub

      Private Sub OnClickAddButton(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
          Dim name As String = _nameTextBox.Text.Trim()
          Dim url As String = _urlTextBox.Text.Trim()

          Dim p As New Pair(name, url)
          If WebPartManager.Personalization.Scope = PersonalizationScope.Shared Then
              If _sharedUrls Is Nothing Then
                  _sharedUrls = New ArrayList()
              End If
              If _userUrls Is Nothing Then
                  _userUrls = New ArrayList()
              End If
          End If


      End Sub

      Protected Overridable Sub OnUrlAdded()
          _listDirty = True
          ChildControlsCreated = False

      End Sub

      Protected Overrides Sub RenderContents(ByVal writer As HtmlTextWriter)
          If Not (_sharedUrls Is Nothing) Then
              Dim p As Pair
              For Each p In _sharedUrls
                  _list.Items.Add(New ListItem(CStr(p.First), CStr(p.Second)))
              Next p
          End If
          If Not (_userUrls Is Nothing) Then
              Dim p As Pair
              For Each p In _userUrls
                  _list.Items.Add(New ListItem(CStr(p.First), CStr(p.Second)))
              Next p
          End If


      End Sub

      Public Overridable ReadOnly Property IsDirty() As Boolean _
        Implements IPersonalizable.IsDirty
              Return _listDirty
          End Get
      End Property

      Public Overridable Shadows Sub Load(ByVal state As PersonalizationDictionary) _
        Implements IPersonalizable.Load
          If Not (state Is Nothing) Then
              Dim sharedUrlsEntry As PersonalizationEntry = state("sharedUrls")
              If Not (sharedUrlsEntry Is Nothing) Then
                  _sharedUrls = CType(sharedUrlsEntry.Value, ArrayList)
              End If

              Dim userUrlsEntry As PersonalizationEntry = state("userUrls")
              If Not (userUrlsEntry Is Nothing) Then
                  _userUrls = CType(userUrlsEntry.Value, ArrayList)
              End If
          End If

      End Sub

      Public Overridable Sub Save(ByVal state As PersonalizationDictionary) _
        Implements IPersonalizable.Save
          If Not (_sharedUrls Is Nothing) AndAlso _sharedUrls.Count <> 0 Then
              state("sharedUrls") = New PersonalizationEntry(_sharedUrls, PersonalizationScope.Shared)
          End If
          If Not (_userUrls Is Nothing) AndAlso _userUrls.Count <> 0 Then
              state("userUrls") = New PersonalizationEntry(_userUrls, PersonalizationScope.User)
          End If

      End Sub
  End Class

End Namespace


A server control can store its own custom properties and internal state information the PersonalizationDictionary specified in the state parameter. The information is stored as a series of name/value pairs. It is the responsibility of the control to use name/value pairs that it can recognize during subsequent calls made to the control through the Load method.

A control can reference its associated WebPartManager control and check the PersonalizationScope object to determine the current scope. Custom state information should be appropriate for the current scope. Note that each PersonalizationEntry value that is added to the PersonalizationDictionary object should be associated with the appropriate scope value, because the personalization infrastructure depends on this when merging Shared and User-scoped custom data prior to passing it to the Load method.

When using the standard ASP.NET implementation of Web Parts, controls must ensure that objects placed in the state dictionary can be serialized by the ASP.NET ObjectStateFormatter class. In practice, this means the following:

  • Primitive .NET Framework types, strings, and collection-oriented .NET Framework types such as arrays, array lists, hash tables, and hybrid dictionaries, are automatically serializable.

  • Custom types that supply their own TypeConverter classes capable of serializing to and deserializing from strings are considered serializable.

  • Custom types that can be serialized by the BinaryFormatter class are considered serializable.


You should not add types based on classes defined in the App_Code directory and then depend on the default binary serialization mechanism. App_Code-based artifacts are not consistently binary-serializable due to the fact that they can have their assembly names changed at random points in time.

Applies to