KeyPressEventHandler KeyPressEventHandler KeyPressEventHandler KeyPressEventHandler Delegate

Definition

Represents the method that will handle the KeyPress event of a Control.

public delegate void KeyPressEventHandler(System::Object ^ sender, KeyPressEventArgs ^ e);
public delegate void KeyPressEventHandler(object sender, KeyPressEventArgs e);
type KeyPressEventHandler = delegate of obj * KeyPressEventArgs -> unit
Public Delegate Sub KeyPressEventHandler(sender As Object, e As KeyPressEventArgs)

Parameters

sender
Object Object Object Object

The source of the event.

Inheritance
KeyPressEventHandlerKeyPressEventHandlerKeyPressEventHandlerKeyPressEventHandler

Examples

#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Drawing.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;

public ref class Form1: public Form
{
public:
   Form1()
   {
      // Create a TextBox control.
      TextBox^ tb = gcnew TextBox;
      this->Controls->Add( tb );
      tb->KeyPress += gcnew KeyPressEventHandler( this, &Form1::keypressed );
   }

private:
   void keypressed( Object^ /*o*/, KeyPressEventArgs^ e )
   {
      // The keypressed method uses the KeyChar property to check 
      // whether the ENTER key is pressed. 
      // If the ENTER key is pressed, the Handled property is set to true, 
      // to indicate the event is handled.
      if ( e->KeyChar == (char)13 )
            e->Handled = true;
   }
};

int main()
{
   Application::Run( gcnew Form1 );
}

using System;
using System.Windows.Forms;

public class Form1: Form
{
    public Form1()
    {
        // Create a TextBox control.
        TextBox tb = new TextBox();
        this.Controls.Add(tb);
        tb.KeyPress += new KeyPressEventHandler(keypressed);
    }

    private void keypressed(Object o, KeyPressEventArgs e)
    {
        // The keypressed method uses the KeyChar property to check 
        // whether the ENTER key is pressed. 

        // If the ENTER key is pressed, the Handled property is set to true, 
        // to indicate the event is handled.
        if (e.KeyChar == (char)Keys.Return)
        {
            e.Handled = true;
        }
    }

    public static void Main()
    {
        Application.Run(new Form1());
    }
}
Imports System.Windows.Forms

Public Class Form1
    Inherits Form

    Public Sub New()
        ' Create a TextBox control.
        Dim tb As New TextBox()
        Me.Controls.Add(tb)
        AddHandler tb.KeyPress, AddressOf keypressed
    End Sub 'New

    Private Sub keypressed(ByVal o As [Object], ByVal e As KeyPressEventArgs)
        ' The keypressed method uses the KeyChar property to check 
        ' whether the ENTER key is pressed. 

        ' If the ENTER key is pressed, the Handled property is set to true, 
        ' to indicate the event is handled.

        If e.KeyChar = Microsoft.VisualBasic.ChrW(Keys.Return) Then
            e.Handled = True
        End If
    End Sub 'keypressed

    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Application.Run(New Form1())
    End Sub 'Main
End Class 'Form1
   // Boolean flag used to determine when a character other than a number is entered.
private:
   bool nonNumberEntered;

   // Handle the KeyDown event to determine the type of character entered into the control.
   void textBox1_KeyDown( Object^ /*sender*/, System::Windows::Forms::KeyEventArgs^ e )
   {
      // Initialize the flag to false.
      nonNumberEntered = false;

      // Determine whether the keystroke is a number from the top of the keyboard.
      if ( e->KeyCode < Keys::D0 || e->KeyCode > Keys::D9 )
      {
         // Determine whether the keystroke is a number from the keypad.
         if ( e->KeyCode < Keys::NumPad0 || e->KeyCode > Keys::NumPad9 )
         {
            // Determine whether the keystroke is a backspace.
            if ( e->KeyCode != Keys::Back )
            {
               // A non-numerical keystroke was pressed.
               // Set the flag to true and evaluate in KeyPress event.
               nonNumberEntered = true;
            }
         }
      }
      //If shift key was pressed, it's not a number.
      if (Control::ModifierKeys == Keys::Shift) {
         nonNumberEntered = true;
      }
   }

   // This event occurs after the KeyDown event and can be used to prevent
   // characters from entering the control.
   void textBox1_KeyPress( Object^ /*sender*/, System::Windows::Forms::KeyPressEventArgs^ e )
   {
      // Check for the flag being set in the KeyDown event.
      if ( nonNumberEntered == true )
      {         // Stop the character from being entered into the control since it is non-numerical.
         e->Handled = true;
      }
   }
// Boolean flag used to determine when a character other than a number is entered.
private bool nonNumberEntered = false;

// Handle the KeyDown event to determine the type of character entered into the control.
private void textBox1_KeyDown(object sender, System.Windows.Forms.KeyEventArgs e)
{
    // Initialize the flag to false.
    nonNumberEntered = false;

    // Determine whether the keystroke is a number from the top of the keyboard.
    if (e.KeyCode < Keys.D0 || e.KeyCode > Keys.D9)
    {
        // Determine whether the keystroke is a number from the keypad.
        if (e.KeyCode < Keys.NumPad0 || e.KeyCode > Keys.NumPad9)
        {
            // Determine whether the keystroke is a backspace.
            if(e.KeyCode != Keys.Back)
            {
                // A non-numerical keystroke was pressed.
                // Set the flag to true and evaluate in KeyPress event.
                nonNumberEntered = true;
            }
        }
    }
    //If shift key was pressed, it's not a number.
    if (Control.ModifierKeys == Keys.Shift) {
        nonNumberEntered = true;
    }
}

// This event occurs after the KeyDown event and can be used to prevent
// characters from entering the control.
private void textBox1_KeyPress(object sender, System.Windows.Forms.KeyPressEventArgs e)
{
    // Check for the flag being set in the KeyDown event.
    if (nonNumberEntered == true)
    {
        // Stop the character from being entered into the control since it is non-numerical.
        e.Handled = true;
    }
}

' Boolean flag used to determine when a character other than a number is entered.
Private nonNumberEntered As Boolean = False


' Handle the KeyDown event to determine the type of character entered into the control.
Private Sub textBox1_KeyDown(sender As Object, e As System.Windows.Forms.KeyEventArgs) _
     Handles textBox1.KeyDown
    ' Initialize the flag to false.
    nonNumberEntered = False
  
    ' Determine whether the keystroke is a number from the top of the keyboard.
    If e.KeyCode < Keys.D0 OrElse e.KeyCode > Keys.D9 Then
        ' Determine whether the keystroke is a number from the keypad.
        If e.KeyCode < Keys.NumPad0 OrElse e.KeyCode > Keys.NumPad9 Then
            ' Determine whether the keystroke is a backspace.
            If e.KeyCode <> Keys.Back Then
                ' A non-numerical keystroke was pressed. 
                ' Set the flag to true and evaluate in KeyPress event.
                nonNumberEntered = True
            End If
        End If
    End If
    'If shift key was pressed, it's not a number.
    If Control.ModifierKeys = Keys.Shift Then
        nonNumberEntered = true
    End If
End Sub 'textBox1_KeyDown


' This event occurs after the KeyDown event and can be used 
' to prevent characters from entering the control.
Private Sub textBox1_KeyPress(sender As Object, e As System.Windows.Forms.KeyPressEventArgs) _
    Handles textBox1.KeyPress
    ' Check for the flag being set in the KeyDown event.
    If nonNumberEntered = True Then
        ' Stop the character from being entered into the control since it is non-numerical.
        e.Handled = True
    End If
End Sub 'textBox1_KeyPress

Remarks

Set KeyPressEventArgs.Handled to true to cancel the KeyPress event. This keeps the control from processing the key press.

When you create a KeyPressEventHandler delegate, you identify the method that will handle the event. To associate the event with your event handler, add an instance of the delegate to the event. The event handler is called whenever the event occurs, unless you remove the delegate. For more information about handling events with delegates, see Handling and Raising Events.

Extension Methods

GetMethodInfo(Delegate) GetMethodInfo(Delegate) GetMethodInfo(Delegate) GetMethodInfo(Delegate)

Gets an object that represents the method represented by the specified delegate.

Applies to

See also