XmlSchemaElement Class

Definition

Represents the element element from XML Schema as specified by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). This class is the base class for all particle types and is used to describe an element in an XML document.

public class XmlSchemaElement : System.Xml.Schema.XmlSchemaParticle
Inheritance

Examples

The following example creates the element element.

#using <mscorlib.dll>
#using <System.Xml.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Xml;
using namespace System::Xml::Schema;

class XmlSchemaExamples
{
public:

    static void Main()
    {
        XmlSchema^ schema = gcnew XmlSchema();

        // <xs:element name="cat" type="string"/>
        XmlSchemaElement^ elementCat = gcnew XmlSchemaElement();
        schema->Items->Add(elementCat);
        elementCat->Name = "cat";
        elementCat->SchemaTypeName = gcnew XmlQualifiedName("string", "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema");

        // <xs:element name="dog" type="string"/>
        XmlSchemaElement^ elementDog = gcnew XmlSchemaElement();
        schema->Items->Add(elementDog);
        elementDog->Name = "dog";
        elementDog->SchemaTypeName = gcnew XmlQualifiedName("string", "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema");

        // <xs:element name="redDog" substitutionGroup="dog" />
        XmlSchemaElement^ elementRedDog = gcnew XmlSchemaElement();
        schema->Items->Add(elementRedDog);
        elementRedDog->Name = "redDog";
        elementRedDog->SubstitutionGroup = gcnew XmlQualifiedName("dog");

        // <xs:element name="brownDog" substitutionGroup ="dog" />
        XmlSchemaElement^ elementBrownDog = gcnew XmlSchemaElement();
        schema->Items->Add(elementBrownDog);
        elementBrownDog->Name = "brownDog";
        elementBrownDog->SubstitutionGroup = gcnew XmlQualifiedName("dog");

        // <xs:element name="pets">
        XmlSchemaElement^ elementPets = gcnew XmlSchemaElement();
        schema->Items->Add(elementPets);
        elementPets->Name = "pets";

        // <xs:complexType>
        XmlSchemaComplexType^ complexType = gcnew XmlSchemaComplexType();
        elementPets->SchemaType = complexType;

        // <xs:choice minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded">
        XmlSchemaChoice^ choice = gcnew XmlSchemaChoice();
        complexType->Particle = choice;
        choice->MinOccurs = 0;
        choice->MaxOccursString = "unbounded";

        // <xs:element ref="cat"/>
        XmlSchemaElement^ catRef = gcnew XmlSchemaElement();
        choice->Items->Add(catRef);
        catRef->RefName = gcnew XmlQualifiedName("cat");

        // <xs:element ref="dog"/>
        XmlSchemaElement^ dogRef = gcnew XmlSchemaElement();
        choice->Items->Add(dogRef);
        dogRef->RefName = gcnew XmlQualifiedName("dog");

        XmlSchemaSet^ schemaSet = gcnew XmlSchemaSet();
        schemaSet->ValidationEventHandler += gcnew ValidationEventHandler(ValidationCallbackOne);
        schemaSet->Add(schema);
        schemaSet->Compile();

        XmlSchema^ compiledSchema;

        for each (XmlSchema^ schema1 in schemaSet->Schemas())
        {
            compiledSchema = schema1;
        }

        XmlNamespaceManager^ nsmgr = gcnew XmlNamespaceManager(gcnew NameTable());
        nsmgr->AddNamespace("xs", "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema");
		compiledSchema->Write(Console::Out, nsmgr);
    }

    static void ValidationCallbackOne(Object^ sender, ValidationEventArgs^ args)
    {
		Console::WriteLine(args->Message);
    }
};

int main()
{
	XmlSchemaExamples::Main();
    return 0;
};
using System;
using System.Xml;
using System.Xml.Schema;

class XMLSchemaExamples
{
    public static void Main()
    {

        XmlSchema schema = new XmlSchema();

        // <xs:element name="cat" type="string"/>
        XmlSchemaElement elementCat = new XmlSchemaElement();
        schema.Items.Add(elementCat);
        elementCat.Name = "cat";
        elementCat.SchemaTypeName = new XmlQualifiedName("string", "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema");

        // <xs:element name="dog" type="string"/>
        XmlSchemaElement elementDog = new XmlSchemaElement();
        schema.Items.Add(elementDog);
        elementDog.Name = "dog";
        elementDog.SchemaTypeName = new XmlQualifiedName("string", "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema");

        // <xs:element name="redDog" substitutionGroup="dog" />
        XmlSchemaElement elementRedDog = new XmlSchemaElement();
        schema.Items.Add(elementRedDog);
        elementRedDog.Name = "redDog";
        elementRedDog.SubstitutionGroup = new XmlQualifiedName("dog");


        // <xs:element name="brownDog" substitutionGroup ="dog" />
        XmlSchemaElement elementBrownDog = new XmlSchemaElement();
        schema.Items.Add(elementBrownDog);
        elementBrownDog.Name = "brownDog";
        elementBrownDog.SubstitutionGroup = new XmlQualifiedName("dog");


        // <xs:element name="pets">
        XmlSchemaElement elementPets = new XmlSchemaElement();
        schema.Items.Add(elementPets);
        elementPets.Name = "pets";

        // <xs:complexType>
        XmlSchemaComplexType complexType = new XmlSchemaComplexType();
        elementPets.SchemaType = complexType;

        // <xs:choice minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded">
        XmlSchemaChoice choice = new XmlSchemaChoice();
        complexType.Particle = choice;
        choice.MinOccurs = 0;
        choice.MaxOccursString = "unbounded";

        // <xs:element ref="cat"/>
        XmlSchemaElement catRef = new XmlSchemaElement();
        choice.Items.Add(catRef);
        catRef.RefName = new XmlQualifiedName("cat");

        // <xs:element ref="dog"/>
        XmlSchemaElement dogRef = new XmlSchemaElement();
        choice.Items.Add(dogRef);
        dogRef.RefName = new XmlQualifiedName("dog");

        XmlSchemaSet schemaSet = new XmlSchemaSet();
        schemaSet.ValidationEventHandler += new ValidationEventHandler(ValidationCallbackOne);
        schemaSet.Add(schema);
        schemaSet.Compile();

        XmlSchema compiledSchema = null;

        foreach (XmlSchema schema1 in schemaSet.Schemas())
        {
            compiledSchema = schema1;
        }

        XmlNamespaceManager nsmgr = new XmlNamespaceManager(new NameTable());
        nsmgr.AddNamespace("xs", "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema");
        compiledSchema.Write(Console.Out, nsmgr);
    }

    public static void ValidationCallbackOne(object sender, ValidationEventArgs args)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(args.Message);
    }
}
Imports System
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Xml.Schema

Class XMLSchemaExamples
    Public Shared Sub Main()

        Dim schema As New XmlSchema()

        ' <xs:element name="cat" type="string"/>
        Dim elementCat As New XmlSchemaElement()
        schema.Items.Add(elementCat)
        elementCat.Name = "cat"
        elementCat.SchemaTypeName = New XmlQualifiedName("string", "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema")

        ' <xs:element name="dog" type="string"/>
        Dim elementDog As New XmlSchemaElement()
        schema.Items.Add(elementDog)
        elementDog.Name = "dog"
        elementDog.SchemaTypeName = New XmlQualifiedName("string", "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema")

        ' <xs:element name="redDog" substitutionGroup="dog" />
        Dim elementRedDog As New XmlSchemaElement()
        schema.Items.Add(elementRedDog)
        elementRedDog.Name = "redDog"
        elementRedDog.SubstitutionGroup = New XmlQualifiedName("dog")


        ' <xs:element name="brownDog" substitutionGroup ="dog" />
        Dim elementBrownDog As New XmlSchemaElement()
        schema.Items.Add(elementBrownDog)
        elementBrownDog.Name = "brownDog"
        elementBrownDog.SubstitutionGroup = New XmlQualifiedName("dog")


        ' <xs:element name="pets">
        Dim elementPets As New XmlSchemaElement()
        schema.Items.Add(elementPets)
        elementPets.Name = "pets"

        ' <xs:complexType>
        Dim complexType As New XmlSchemaComplexType()
        elementPets.SchemaType = complexType

        ' <xs:choice minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded">
        Dim choice As New XmlSchemaChoice()
        complexType.Particle = choice
        choice.MinOccurs = 0
        choice.MaxOccursString = "unbounded"

        ' <xs:element ref="cat"/>
        Dim catRef As New XmlSchemaElement()
        choice.Items.Add(catRef)
        catRef.RefName = New XmlQualifiedName("cat")

        ' <xs:element ref="dog"/>
        Dim dogRef As New XmlSchemaElement()
        choice.Items.Add(dogRef)
        dogRef.RefName = New XmlQualifiedName("dog")

        Dim schemaSet As New XmlSchemaSet()
        AddHandler schemaSet.ValidationEventHandler, AddressOf ValidationCallbackOne

        schemaSet.Add(schema)
        schemaSet.Compile()

        Dim compiledSchema As XmlSchema = Nothing

        For Each schema1 As XmlSchema In schemaSet.Schemas()
            compiledSchema = schema1
        Next

        Dim nsmgr As New XmlNamespaceManager(New NameTable())
        nsmgr.AddNamespace("xs", "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema")
        compiledSchema.Write(Console.Out, nsmgr)

    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub ValidationCallbackOne(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal args As ValidationEventArgs)
        Console.WriteLine(args.Message)
    End Sub

End Class

The following XML file is used for the preceding code example.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="IBM437"?>
<xs:schema xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema">
	<xs:element name="cat" type="xs:string"/>
	<xs:element name="dog" type="xs:string"/>
	<xs:element name="redDog" substitutionGroup="dog" />
	<xs:element name="brownDog" substitutionGroup ="dog" />

	<xs:element name="pets">
	  <xs:complexType>
	    <xs:choice minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded">
	      <xs:element ref="cat"/>
	      <xs:element ref="dog"/>
	    </xs:choice>
	  </xs:complexType>
	</xs:element>
</xs:schema>

Remarks

Important

  • Do not use schemas from unknown or untrusted sources or locations. Doing so will compromise the security of your code.
    • XML schemas (including inline schemas) are inherently vulnerable to denial of service attacks; do not accept them in untrusted scenarios.
    • Schema validation error messages and exceptions may expose sensitive information about the content model or URI paths to the schema file. Be careful not to expose this information to untrusted callers.

Constructors

XmlSchemaElement()

Initializes a new instance of the XmlSchemaElement class.

Properties

Annotation Inherited from XmlSchemaAnnotated
Block

Gets or sets a Block derivation.

BlockResolved

Gets the post-compilation value of the Block property.

Constraints

Gets the collection of constraints on the element.

DefaultValue

Gets or sets the default value of the element if its content is a simple type or content of the element is textOnly.

ElementSchemaType

Gets an XmlSchemaType object representing the type of the element based on the SchemaType or SchemaTypeName values of the element.

ElementType

Gets a common language runtime (CLR) object based on the XmlSchemaElement or XmlSchemaElement of the element, which holds the post-compilation value of the ElementType property.

Final

Gets or sets the Final property to indicate that no further derivations are allowed.

FinalResolved

Gets the post-compilation value of the Final property.

FixedValue

Gets or sets the fixed value.

Form

Gets or sets the form for the element.

Id Inherited from XmlSchemaAnnotated
IsAbstract

Gets or sets information to indicate if the element can be used in an instance document.

IsNillable

Gets or sets information that indicates if xsi:nil can occur in the instance data. Indicates if an explicit nil value can be assigned to the element.

LineNumber Inherited from XmlSchemaObject
LinePosition Inherited from XmlSchemaObject
MaxOccurs Inherited from XmlSchemaParticle
MaxOccursString Inherited from XmlSchemaParticle
MinOccurs Inherited from XmlSchemaParticle
MinOccursString Inherited from XmlSchemaParticle
Name

Gets or sets the name of the element.

Namespaces Inherited from XmlSchemaObject
Parent Inherited from XmlSchemaObject
QualifiedName

Gets the actual qualified name for the given element.

RefName

Gets or sets the reference name of an element declared in this schema (or another schema indicated by the specified namespace).

SchemaType

Gets or sets the type of the element. This can either be a complex type or a simple type.

SchemaTypeName

Gets or sets the name of a built-in data type defined in this schema or another schema indicated by the specified namespace.

SourceUri Inherited from XmlSchemaObject
SubstitutionGroup

Gets or sets the name of an element that is being substituted by this element.

UnhandledAttributes Inherited from XmlSchemaAnnotated

Methods

Equals(Object) Inherited from Object
Equals(Object, Object) Inherited from Object
GetHashCode() Inherited from Object
GetType() Inherited from Object
MemberwiseClone() Inherited from Object
ReferenceEquals(Object, Object) Inherited from Object
ToString() Inherited from Object

Applies to