# #If...Then...#Else Directives

Conditionally compiles selected blocks of Visual Basic code.

## Syntax

#If expression Then
statements
[ #ElseIf expression Then
[ statements ]
...
#ElseIf expression Then
[ statements ] ]
[ #Else
[ statements ] ]
#End If


## Parts

expression
Required for #If and #ElseIf statements, optional elsewhere. Any expression, consisting exclusively of one or more conditional compiler constants, literals, and operators, that evaluates to True or False.

statements
Required for #If statement block, optional elsewhere. Visual Basic program lines or compiler directives that are compiled if the associated expression evaluates to True.

#End If
Terminates the #If statement block.

## Remarks

On the surface, the behavior of the #If...Then...#Else directives appears the same as that of the If...Then...Else statements. However, the #If...Then...#Else directives evaluate what is compiled by the compiler, whereas the If...Then...Else statements evaluate conditions at run time.

Conditional compilation is typically used to compile the same program for different platforms. It is also used to prevent debugging code from appearing in an executable file. Code excluded during conditional compilation is completely omitted from the final executable file, so it has no effect on size or performance.

Regardless of the outcome of any evaluation, all expressions are evaluated using Option Compare Binary. The Option Compare statement does not affect expressions in #If and #ElseIf statements.

Note

No single-line form of the #If, #Else, #ElseIf, and #End If directives exists. No other code can appear on the same line as any of the directives.

The statements within a conditional compilation block must be complete logical statements. For example, you cannot conditionally compile only the attributes of a function, but you can conditionally declare the function along with its attributes:

   #If DEBUG Then
<WebMethod()>
Public Function SomeFunction() As String
#Else
<WebMethod(CacheDuration:=86400)>
Public Function SomeFunction() As String
#End If


## Example

This example uses the #If...Then...#Else construct to determine whether to compile certain statements.

#Const CustomerNumber = 36
#If CustomerNumber = 35 Then
' Insert code to be compiled for customer # 35.
#ElseIf CustomerNumber = 36 Then
' Insert code to be compiled for customer # 36.
#Else
' Insert code to be compiled for all other customers.
#End If