Exercise - Set up your Azure DevOps environment
In this unit, you ensure that your Microsoft Azure DevOps organization is set up to complete the rest of this module.
To do this, you:
- Set up an Azure DevOps project for this module.
- Move the work item for this module on Azure Boards to the Doing column.
- Make sure your project is set up locally so that you can push changes to the pipeline.
Get the Azure DevOps project
Here, you make sure that your Azure DevOps organization is set up to complete the rest of this module. You do this by running a template that creates a project for you in Azure DevOps.
The modules in this learning path form a progression, where you follow the Tailspin web team through their DevOps journey. For learning purposes, each module has an associated Azure DevOps project.
Run the template
Run a template that sets up everything for you in your Azure DevOps organization.
To run the template, on the Azure DevOps Demo Generator site, do the following:
Select Sign In, and accept the usage terms.
On the Create New Project page, select your Azure DevOps organization, and then enter a project name, such as Space Game - web - Workflow.
Select Fork repository on GitHub, and then select Authorize. If a window appears, authorize access to your GitHub account.
You need to select this option for the template to connect to your GitHub repository. Select it even if you've already forked the Space Game website project. The template uses your existing fork.
Select Create Project.
It takes a few moments for the template to run.
Select Navigate to project to go to your project in Azure DevOps.
The Clean up your Azure DevOps environment page in this module contains important cleanup steps. Cleaning up helps ensure that you don't run out of free build minutes. Be sure to perform the cleanup steps even if you don't complete this module.
Set your project's visibility
Your fork of the Space Game repository on GitHub is initially public. The Azure DevOps template creates a project that's initially private.
A public GitHub repository is accessible to everyone, whereas a private repository is accessible to you and the people you share it with. In both cases, only collaborators can commit changes to a GitHub repository.
A project on Azure DevOps works the same way. Users who aren't signed in to the service have read-only access to public projects. Private projects require users to be granted access to the project and signed in to access the services.
For learning purposes, you don't need to change any of these settings right now. But for your own projects, you need to decide what visibility and access you want to provide to others. For example, if your project is open source, you might make both your GitHub repository and your Azure DevOps project public. If your project is closed source, you would likely make both your GitHub repository and your Azure DevOps project private.
Later, you can use these resources to help you decide which option is best for your project:
- What is a public project?
- Quickstart: Change the project visibility, public or private
- Setting repository visibility
Move the work item to Doing
In this section, you assign yourself a work item that relates to this module on Azure Boards. You also move the work item to the Doing state. In practice, you and your team would create work items at the start of each sprint, or work iteration.
Assigning work in this way gives you a checklist to work from. It gives others on your team visibility into what you're working on and how much work is left. It also helps the team enforce work in process (WIP) limits so that the team doesn't take on too much work at one time.
Recall that the team settled on these seven top issues:
Within an Azure DevOps organization, work items are numbered sequentially. In your project, the number that's assigned to each work item might not match what you see here.
Here you move the second item, Create a Git-based workflow, to the Doing column and assign yourself to the work item.
Recall that Create a Git-based workflow relates to moving to a code workflow that enables better collaboration among team members.
To set up the work item:
In Azure DevOps, go to Boards and then, in the left pane, select Boards.
In the Create a Git-based workflow work item, select the To Do down arrow, and then assign the work item to yourself.
Drag the work item from the To Do column to the Doing column.
At the end of this module, after you've completed the task, you'll move the card to the Done column.
Set up the project locally
Here, you load the Space Game project in Visual Studio Code, configure Git, clone your repository locally, and set the upstream remote so that you can download starter code.
If you're already set up with the mslearn-tailspin-spacegame-web project locally, you can move to the next section.
Open the integrated terminal
Visual Studio Code comes with an integrated terminal, so you can edit files and work from the command line all from one place.
Start Visual Studio Code.
On the View menu, select Terminal.
In the drop-down list, select bash. If you're familiar with another Unix shell that you prefer to use, such as Zsh, select that shell instead.
The terminal window lets you choose any shell that's installed on your system, like Bash, Zsh, and PowerShell.
Here you'll use Bash. Git for Windows provides Git Bash, which makes it easy to run Git commands.
cdcommand to navigate to the directory you want to work from, like your home directory (
~). You can choose a different directory if you want.
If you're new to Git and GitHub, you first need to run a few commands to associate your identity with Git and authenticate with GitHub.
Set up Git explains the process in greater detail.
At a minimum, you'll need to complete the following steps. Run these commands from the integrated terminal:
If you're already using two-factor authentication with GitHub, create a personal access token and use your token in place of your password when prompted later.
Treat your access token like you would a password. Keep it in a safe place.
Set up your project in Visual Studio Code
In this part, you clone your fork locally so that you can make changes and build out your pipeline configuration.
Clone your fork locally
You now have a copy of the Space Game web project in your GitHub account. Now you'll download, or clone, a copy to your computer so you can work with it.
A clone, just like a fork, is a copy of a repository. When you clone a repository, you can make changes, verify they work as you expect, and then upload those changes back to GitHub. You can also synchronize your local copy with changes other authenticated users have made to GitHub's copy of your repository.
To clone the Space Game web project to your computer:
Go to your fork of the Space Game web project (mslearn-tailspin-spacegame-web) on GitHub.
Select Code. Then, from the HTTPS tab, select the button next to the URL that's shown to copy the URL to your clipboard.
In Visual Studio Code, go to the terminal window.
In the terminal, move to the directory you want to work from, like your home directory (
~). You can choose a different directory if you want.
git clonecommand. Replace the URL that's shown here with the contents of your clipboard:
git clone https://github.com/your-name/mslearn-tailspin-spacegame-web.git
Move to the
mslearn-tailspin-spacegame-webdirectory. This is the root directory of your repository.
Set the upstream remote
A remote is a Git repository where team members collaborate (like a repository on GitHub). Here you list your remotes and add a remote that points to Microsoft's copy of the repository so that you can get the latest sample code.
git remotecommand to list your remotes:
git remote -v
You see that you have both fetch (download) and push (upload) access to your repository:
origin https://github.com/username/mslearn-tailspin-spacegame-web.git (fetch) origin https://github.com/username/mslearn-tailspin-spacegame-web.git (push)
Origin specifies your repository on GitHub. When you fork code from another repository, it's common to name the original remote (the one you forked from) as upstream.
git remote addcommand to create a remote named upstream that points to the Microsoft repository:
git remote add upstream https://github.com/MicrosoftDocs/mslearn-tailspin-spacegame-web.git
git remotea second time to see the changes:
git remote -v
You see that you still have both fetch (download) and push (upload) access to your repository. You also now have fetch access from the Microsoft repository:
origin https://github.com/username/mslearn-tailspin-spacegame-web.git (fetch) origin https://github.com/username/mslearn-tailspin-spacegame-web.git (push) upstream https://github.com/MicrosoftDocs/mslearn-tailspin-spacegame-web.git (fetch)
Open the project in the file explorer
In Visual Studio Code, your terminal window points to the root directory of the Space Game web project. To view its structure and work with files, from the file explorer, you'll now open the project.
The easiest way to open the project is to reopen Visual Studio Code in the current directory. To do so, run the following command from the integrated terminal:
code -r .
You see the directory and file tree in the file explorer.
Reopen the integrated terminal. The terminal places you at the root of your web project.
code command fails, you need to add Visual Studio Code to your system PATH. To do so:
- In Visual Studio Code, select F1 or select View > Command Palette to access the command palette.
- In the command palette, enter Shell Command: Install 'code' command in PATH.
- Repeat the previous procedure to open the project in the file explorer.
You're now set up to work with the Space Game source code and your Azure Pipelines configuration from your local development environment.