Exercise - Test your new virtual machine

Completed

When you create a virtual machine, it is assigned a public IP address that is reachable over the Internet, and a private IP address used within the Azure data center. Both of these values appear in the JSON block the create command returns, like the following:

{
   ...
  "privateIpAddress": "10.0.0.4",
  "publicIpAddress": "40.83.165.85",
   ...
}

Connecting to the VM with SSH

We can quickly test that the Linux VM is up and running by using the public IP address in the Secure Shell (ssh) tool. Remember that we set our admin name to azureuser, so we will need specify that. Make sure to use the public IP address from your running instance.

ssh azureuser@<public-ip-address>

Note

We don't need a password because we generated an SSH key pair as part of the VM creation. The first time you shell into the VM, you will receive a prompt regarding the authenticity of the host.

This is because we are attempting to access an IP address directly instead of through a host name. Answering "yes" will save the IP address as a valid host for connection and allow the connection to proceed.

The authenticity of host '40.83.165.85 (40.83.165.85)' can't be established.
RSA key fingerprint is SHA256:hlFnTCAzgWVFiMxHK194I2ap6+5hZoj9ex8+/hoM7rE.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added '40.83.165.85' (RSA) to the list of known hosts.

Then you'll be presented with a remote shell where you can enter Linux commands.

Welcome to Ubuntu 18.04.3 LTS (GNU/Linux 5.0.0-1014-azure x86_64)

 * Documentation:  https://help.ubuntu.com
 * Management:     https://landscape.canonical.com
 * Support:        https://ubuntu.com/advantage

  System information as of Wed Aug 21 20:32:04 UTC 2019

  System load:  0.0               Processes:           108
  Usage of /:   4.2% of 28.90GB   Users logged in:     0
  Memory usage: 9%                IP address for eth0: 10.0.0.5
  Swap usage:   0%

0 packages can be updated.
0 updates are security updates.

The programs included with the Ubuntu system are free software;
the exact distribution terms for each program are described in the
individual files in /usr/share/doc/*/copyright.

Ubuntu comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by
applicable law.

To run a command as administrator (user "root"), use "sudo <command>".
See "man sudo_root" for details.

azureuser@SampleVM:~$

Try a few commands, such as ps or ls as practice. When you are finished, sign out of the virtual machine by typing exit or logout.