ISO/IEC 27018 Code of Practice for Protecting Personal Data in the Cloud

ISO/IEC 27018 overview

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an independent nongovernmental organization and the world’s largest developer of voluntary international standards. The ISO/IEC 27000 family of standards helps organizations of every type and size keep information assets secure.

In 2014, the ISO adopted ISO/IEC 27018:2014, an addendum to ISO/IEC 27001, the first international code of practice for cloud privacy. Based on EU data-protection laws, it gives specific guidance to cloud service providers (CSPs) acting as processors of personally identifiable information (PII) on assessing risks and implementing state-of-the-art controls for protecting PII.

Microsoft and ISO/IEC 27018

At least once a year, Microsoft Azure and Azure Germany are audited for compliance with ISO/IEC 27001 and ISO/IEC 27018 by an accredited third-party certification body, providing independent validation that applicable security controls are in place and operating effectively. As part of this compliance verification process, the auditors validate in their statement of applicability that Microsoft in-scope cloud services and commercial technical support services have incorporated ISO/IEC 27018 controls for the protection of PII in Azure. To remain compliant, Microsoft cloud services must be subject to annual third-party reviews.

By following the standards of ISO/IEC 27001 and the code of practice embodied in ISO/IEC 27018, Microsoft — the first major cloud provider to incorporate this code of practice — demonstrates that its privacy policies and procedures are robust and in line with its high standards.

  • Customers of Microsoft cloud services know where their data is stored. Because ISO/IEC 27018 requires certified CSPs to inform customers of the countries in which their data may be stored, Microsoft cloud service customers have the visibility they need to comply with any applicable information security rules.
  • Customer data won’t be used for marketing or advertising without explicit consent. Some CSPs use customer data for their own commercial ends, including for targeted advertising. Because Microsoft has adopted ISO/IEC 27018 for its in-scope enterprise cloud services, customers can rest assured that their data will never be used for such purposes without explicit consent, and that consent cannot be a condition for use of the cloud service.
  • Microsoft customers know what’s happening with their PII. ISO/IEC 27018 requires a policy that allows for the return, transfer, and secure disposal of personal information within a reasonable period of time. If Microsoft works with other companies that need access to your customer data, Microsoft proactively discloses the identities of those sub-processors.
  • Microsoft complies only with legally binding requests for disclosure of customer data. If Microsoft must comply with such a request — as in the case of a criminal investigation — it will always notify the customer unless it is prohibited by law from doing so.

Learn about the benefits of ISO-Iec-27018 on the Microsoft Cloud: Download the ISO/IEC 27017 backgrounder

Microsoft in-scope cloud services

  • Azure, Azure Government, and Azure Germany
  • Cloud App Security
  • Microsoft Professional Services: Premier and On Premises for Azure, Dynamics 365, Intune, and for medium business and enterprise customers of Office 365
  • Dynamics 365 and Dynamics 365 U.S. Government
  • Genomics
  • Graph
  • Health Bot
  • Intune
  • Microsoft Flow cloud service either as a standalone service or as included in an Office 365 or Dynamics 365 branded plan or suite
  • Office 365, Office 365 U.S. Government, and Office 365 U.S. Government Defense
  • Office 365 Germany
  • OMS Service Map
  • PowerApps cloud service either as a standalone service or as included in an Office 365 or Dynamics 365 branded plan or suite
  • Power BI cloud service either as a standalone service or as included in an Office 365 branded plan or suite
  • Stream
  • Azure DevOps Services
  • Windows Defender ATP — Endpoint Detection & Response, Automatic Investigation & Remediation, Secure Score

Audits, reports, and certificates

Audit cycle

Microsoft cloud and commercial technical support services are audited once a year for the ISO/IEC 27018 code of practice as part of the certification process for ISO/IEC 27001.

Audits and reports

Office 365

Dynamics 365

Azure DevOps Services

Windows Defender ATP

Frequently asked questions

To whom does ISO/IEC 27018 apply?

This code of practice applies to CSPs that process PII under contract for other organizations. At Microsoft, it also applies to the support of those CSPs.

What is the difference between “personal information controllers” and “personal information processors”?

In the context of ISO/IEC 27018:

  • “Controllers” control the collection, holding, processing, or use of personal information; they include those who control it on another company’s behalf.
  • “Processors” process information on behalf of controllers; they do not make decisions as to how to use the information or the purposes of the processing. In providing its enterprise cloud services, Microsoft — as a vendor to you — is an information processor.

Where can I view Microsoft compliance information for ISO/IEC 27018?

Can I use Microsoft’s compliance in my organization’s certification process?

Yes. If compliance with ISO/IEC 27018 is important for your business and implementations deployed on any of Microsoft in-scope enterprise cloud services, you can use Microsoft’s attestation of compliance with ISO/IEC 27018 with Microsoft’s certification for ISO/IEC 27001 in your compliance assessment.

However, you are responsible for engaging an assessor to evaluate your implementation for compliance, and for the controls and processes within your own organization.

Resources

Download the offering backgrounder

Do you need the backgrounder document for this offering? Download the PDF.