Microsoft 365 Multi-Geo

With Microsoft 365 Multi-Geo, your organization can expand its Microsoft 365 presence to multiple geographic regions and/or countries within your existing tenant. Reach out to your Microsoft Account Team to sign up your Multi-National Company for Microsoft 365 Multi-Geo.

With Microsoft 365 Multi-Geo, you can provision and store data at rest in the geo locations that you've chosen to meet data residency requirements, and at the same time unlock your global roll out of modern productivity experiences to your workforce.

For a video introduction to Microsoft 365 Multi-Geo, see SharePoint Online and OneDrive Multi-Geo to control where your data resides.

Multi-Geo architecture

In a Multi-Geo environment, your Microsoft 365 tenant consists of a central location (where your Microsoft 365 subscription was originally provisioned) and one or more satellite locations. In a multi-geo tenant, the information about geo locations, groups, and user information, is mastered in Azure Active Directory (Azure AD). Because your tenant information is mastered centrally and synchronized into each geo location, sharing and experiences involving anyone from your company contain global awareness.

Screenshot of multi-geo map from the SharePoint admin center

Note that Microsoft 365 Multi-Geo is not designed for performance optimization, it is designed to meet data residency requirements. For information about performance optimization for Microsoft 365, see Network planning and performance tuning for Microsoft 365 or contact your support group.

Terminology

Here are the key terms used in describing Microsoft 365 Multi-Geo:

  • Central location - the geo location where your tenant was originally provisioned.
  • Geo administrator - An administrator who can administer one or more specified satellite locations.
  • Geo code - a three-letter code for a given geo location.
  • Geo location – A geographic location that can be used in a multi-geo tenant to host data, including Exchange mailboxes and OneDrive and SharePoint sites.
  • Preferred Data Location (PDL) – A user property set by the administrator that indicates where the geo location where the users Exchange mailbox and OneDrive should be provisioned. The PDL also determines where SharePoint sites that are created by the user are provisioned.
  • Satellite location – The geo locations where the geo-aware Microsoft 365 workloads (SharePoint, OneDrive, and Exchange) are enabled in a multi-geo tenant.
  • Tenant – An organization's representation in Microsoft 365 which typically has one or more domains associated with it (for example, contoso.com).

Licensing

Microsoft 365 Multi-Geo is available as an add-on to the following Microsoft 365 subscription plans for EA customers with a minimum of 250 Microsoft 365 seats in their tenant, and a minimum of 5% of those seats using multi-geo. Please contact your Microsoft account team for details.

  • Microsoft 365 F1, E1, E3, or E5
  • Exchange Online Plan 1 or Plan 2
  • OneDrive for Business Plan 1 or Plan 2
  • SharePoint Online Plan 1 or Plan 2

Microsoft 365 Multi-Geo availability

Microsoft 365 Multi-Geo is currently offered in these regions and countries:

Geo location Code eDiscovery data location
Asia-Pacific APC Southeast or East Asia datacenters
Australia AUS Southeast or East Asia datacenters
Canada CAN US datacenters
Europe / Middle East / Africa EUR Europe datacenters
France FRA Europe datacenters
India IND Southeast or East Asia datacenters
Japan JPN Southeast or East Asia datacenters
Korea KOR Southeast or East Asia datacenters
North America NAM US datacenters
South Africa ZAF (eDiscovery data location coming soon)
Switzerland CHE (eDiscovery data location coming soon)
United Arab Emirates ARE (eDiscovery data location coming soon)
United Kingdom GBR Europe datacenters

Getting started

Follow these steps to get started with multi-geo:

  1. Work with your account team to add the Multi-Geo Capabilities in Microsoft 365 service plan. They will guide you to add the number of licenses needed. Multi-Geo feature is available to EA customers with a minimum of 250 Microsoft 365 subscriptions.

    Before you can start using Microsoft 365 Multi-Geo, Microsoft needs to configure your Exchange Online tenant for multi-geo support. This one-time configuration process is triggered after you order the Multi-Geo Capabilities in Microsoft 365 service plan and the licenses show up in your tenant. You will receive workload specific notifications in the Microsoft 365 message center once your tenant has completed the configuration process for each workload, and you then may begin configuring and using your Microsoft 365 Multi-Geo capabilities. The time required to configure a tenant for Multi-Geo support varies from tenant to tenant, but most tenants finish within a month after receipt of the feature licenses. Larger or more complex tenants may require more time to complete the configuration process. Please contact your account team for details on your specific tenant should you require it.

  2. Read Plan your multi-geo environment.

  3. Learn about administering a multi-geo environment and how your users will experience the environment.

  4. When you are ready to set up Microsoft 365 Multi-Geo, configure your tenant for multi-geo.

  5. Set up search.

See also

Multi-Geo in Exchange Online and OneDrive

Multi-Geo Capabilities in OneDrive and SharePoint Online

Multi-Geo Capabilities in Exchange Online

Teams experience in a multi-geo environment