Office Add-ins XML manifest

The XML manifest file of an Office Add-in describes how your add-in should be activated when an end user installs and uses it with Office documents and applications.

An XML manifest file based on this schema enables an Office Add-in to do the following:

  • Describe itself by providing an ID, version, description, display name, and default locale.

  • Specify the images used for branding the add-in and iconography used for add-in commands in the Office Ribbon.

  • Specify how the add-in integrates with Office, including any custom UI, such as ribbon buttons the add-in creates.

  • Specify the requested default dimensions for content add-ins, and requested height for Outlook add-ins.

  • Declare permissions that the Office Add-in requires, such as reading or writing to the document.

  • For Outlook add-ins, define the rule or rules that specify the context in which they will be activated and interact with a message, appointment, or meeting request item.

Note

If you plan to publish your add-in to AppSource and make it available within the Office experience, make sure that you conform to the AppSource validation policies. For example, to pass validation, your add-in must work across all platforms that support the methods that you define (for more information, see section 4.12 and the Office Add-in host and availability page).

Required elements

The following table specifies the elements that are required for the three types of Office Add-ins.

Required elements by Office Add-in type

Element Content Task pane Outlook
OfficeApp X X X
Id X X X
Version X X X
ProviderName X X X
DefaultLocale X X X
DisplayName X X X
Description X X X
IconUrl X X X
DefaultSettings (ContentApp)
DefaultSettings (TaskPaneApp)
X X
SourceLocation (ContentApp)
SourceLocation (TaskPaneApp)
X X
DesktopSettings X
SourceLocation (MailApp) X
Permissions (ContentApp)
Permissions (TaskPaneApp)
Permissions (MailApp)
X X X
Rule (RuleCollection)
Rule (MailApp)
X
Requirements (MailApp)* X
Set*
Sets (MailAppRequirements)*
X
Form*
FormSettings*
X
Sets (Requirements)* X X
Hosts* X X

*Added in the Office Add-in Manifest Schema version 1.1.

Hosting requirements

All image URIs, such as those used for add-in commands, must support caching. The server hosting the image should not return a Cache-Control header specifying no-cache, no-store, or similar options in the HTTP response.

All URLs, such as the source file locations specified in the SourceLocation element, should be SSL-secured (HTTPS). While not strictly required in all add-in scenarios, using an HTTPS endpoint for your add-in is strongly recommended. Add-ins that are not SSL-secured (HTTPS) generate unsecure content warnings and errors during use. If you plan to run your add-in in Office Online or publish your add-in to AppSource, it must be SSL-secured. If your add-in accesses external data and services, it should be SSL-secured to protect data in transit. Self-signed certificates can be used for development and testing, so long as the certificate is trusted on the local machine.

Best practices for submitting to AppSource

Make sure that the add-in ID is a valid and unique GUID. Various GUID generator tools are available on the web that you can use to create a unique GUID.

Add-ins submitted to AppSource must also include the SupportUrl element. For more information, see Validation policies for apps and add-ins submitted to AppSource.

Only use the AppDomains element to specify domains other than the one specified in the SourceLocation element for authentication scenarios.

Specify domains you want to open in the add-in window

When running in Office Online, your task pane can be navigated to any URL. However, in desktop platforms, if your add-in tries to go to a URL in a domain other than the domain that hosts the start page (as specified in the SourceLocation element of the manifest file), that URL opens in a new browser window outside the add-in pane of the Office host application.

To override this (desktop Office) behavior, specify each domain you want to open in the add-in window in the list of domains specified in the AppDomains element of the manifest file. If the add-in tries to go to a URL in a domain that is in the list, then it opens in the task pane in both desktop Office and Office Online. If it tries to go to a URL that isn't in the list, then, in desktop Office, that URL opens in a new browser window (outside the add-in pane).

Note

This behavior applies only to the root pane of the add-in. If there is an iframe embedded in the add-in page, the iframe can be directed to any URL regardless of whether it is listed in AppDomains, even in desktop Office.

The following XML manifest example hosts its main add-in page in the https://www.contoso.com domain as specified in the SourceLocation element. It also specifies the https://www.northwindtraders.com domain in an AppDomain element within the AppDomains element list. If the add-in goes to a page in the www.northwindtraders.com domain, that page opens in the add-in pane, even in Office desktop.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<OfficeApp xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/office/appforoffice/1.1" xmlns:xsi="https://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:type="TaskPaneApp">
  <Id>c6890c26-5bbb-40ed-a321-37f07909a2f0</Id>
  <Version>1.0</Version>
  <ProviderName>Contoso, Ltd</ProviderName>
  <DefaultLocale>en-US</DefaultLocale>
  <DisplayName DefaultValue="Northwind Traders Excel" />
  <Description DefaultValue="Search Northwind Traders data from Excel"/>
  <AppDomains>
    <AppDomain>https://www.northwindtraders.com</AppDomain>
  </AppDomains>
  <DefaultSettings>
    <SourceLocation DefaultValue="https://www.contoso.com/search_app/Default.aspx" />
  </DefaultSettings>
  <Permissions>ReadWriteDocument</Permissions>
</OfficeApp>

Manifest v1.1 XML file examples and schemas

The following sections show examples of manifest v1.1 XML files for content, task pane, and Outlook add-ins.

Task pane app manifest schema

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<OfficeApp xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/office/appforoffice/1.1" xmlns:xsi="https://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:bt="http://schemas.microsoft.com/office/officeappbasictypes/1.0" xmlns:ov="http://schemas.microsoft.com/office/taskpaneappversionoverrides" xsi:type="TaskPaneApp">

  <!-- See https://github.com/OfficeDev/Office-Add-in-Commands-Samples for documentation-->

  <!-- BeginBasicSettings: Add-in metadata, used for all versions of Office unless override provided -->

  <!--IMPORTANT! Id must be unique for your add-in. If you clone this manifest ensure that you change this id to your own GUID -->
  <Id>e504fb41-a92a-4526-b101-542f357b7acb</Id>
  <Version>1.0.0.0</Version>
  <ProviderName>Contoso</ProviderName>
  <DefaultLocale>en-US</DefaultLocale>
  <!-- The display name of your add-in. Used on the store and various placed of the Office UI such as the add-ins dialog -->
  <DisplayName DefaultValue="Add-in Commands Sample" />
  <Description DefaultValue="Sample that illustrates add-in commands basic control types and actions" />
  <!--Icon for your add-in. Used on installation screens and the add-ins dialog -->
  <IconUrl DefaultValue="https://contoso.com/assets/icon-32.png" />
  <HighResolutionIconUrl DefaultValue="https://contoso.com/assets/hi-res-icon.png" />

  <!--BeginTaskpaneMode integration. Office 2013 and any client that doesn't understand commands will use this section.
    This section will also be used if there are no VersionOverrides -->
  <Hosts>
    <Host Name="Document"/>
  </Hosts>
  <DefaultSettings>
    <SourceLocation DefaultValue="https://commandsimple.azurewebsites.net/Taskpane.html" />
  </DefaultSettings>
  <!--EndTaskpaneMode integration -->

  <Permissions>ReadWriteDocument</Permissions>

  <!--BeginAddinCommandsMode integration-->
  <VersionOverrides xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/office/taskpaneappversionoverrides" xsi:type="VersionOverridesV1_0">
    <Hosts>
      <!--Each host can have a different set of commands. Cool huh!? -->
      <!-- Workbook=Excel Document=Word Presentation=PowerPoint -->
      <!-- Make sure the hosts you override match the hosts declared in the top section of the manifest -->
      <Host xsi:type="Document">
        <!-- Form factor. Currently only DesktopFormFactor is supported. We will add TabletFormFactor and PhoneFormFactor in the future-->
        <DesktopFormFactor>
          <!--Function file is an html page that includes the javascript where functions for ExecuteAction will be called.
            Think of the FunctionFile as the "code behind" ExecuteFunction-->
          <FunctionFile resid="Contoso.FunctionFile.Url" />

          <!--PrimaryCommandSurface==Main Office Ribbon-->
          <ExtensionPoint xsi:type="PrimaryCommandSurface">
            <!--Use OfficeTab to extend an existing Tab. Use CustomTab to create a new tab -->
            <!-- Documentation includes all the IDs currently tested to work -->
            <CustomTab id="Contoso.Tab1">
              <!--Group ID-->
              <Group id="Contoso.Tab1.Group1">
                <!--Label for your group. resid must point to a ShortString resource -->
                <Label resid="Contoso.Tab1.GroupLabel" />
                <Icon>
                  <!-- Sample Todo: Each size needs its own icon resource or it will look distorted when resized -->
                  <!--Icons. Required sizes 16,31,80, optional 20, 24, 40, 48, 64. Strongly recommended to provide all sizes for great UX -->
                  <!--Use PNG icons and remember that all URLs on the resources section must use HTTPS -->
                  <bt:Image size="16" resid="Contoso.TaskpaneButton.Icon" />
                  <bt:Image size="32" resid="Contoso.TaskpaneButton.Icon" />
                  <bt:Image size="80" resid="Contoso.TaskpaneButton.Icon" />
                </Icon>

                <!--Control. It can be of type "Button" or "Menu" -->
                <Control xsi:type="Button" id="Contoso.FunctionButton">
                  <!--Label for your button. resid must point to a ShortString resource -->
                  <Label resid="Contoso.FunctionButton.Label" />
                  <Supertip>
                    <!--ToolTip title. resid must point to a ShortString resource -->
                    <Title resid="Contoso.FunctionButton.Label" />
                    <!--ToolTip description. resid must point to a LongString resource -->
                    <Description resid="Contoso.FunctionButton.Tooltip" />
                  </Supertip>
                  <Icon>
                    <bt:Image size="16" resid="Contoso.FunctionButton.Icon" />
                    <bt:Image size="32" resid="Contoso.FunctionButton.Icon" />
                    <bt:Image size="80" resid="Contoso.FunctionButton.Icon" />
                  </Icon>
                  <!--This is what happens when the command is triggered (E.g. click on the Ribbon). Supported actions are ExecuteFunction or ShowTaskpane-->
                  <!--Look at the FunctionFile.html page for reference on how to implement the function -->
                  <Action xsi:type="ExecuteFunction">
                    <!--Name of the function to call. This function needs to exist in the global DOM namespace of the function file-->
                    <FunctionName>writeText</FunctionName>
                  </Action>
                </Control>

                <Control xsi:type="Button" id="Contoso.TaskpaneButton">
                  <Label resid="Contoso.TaskpaneButton.Label" />
                  <Supertip>
                    <Title resid="Contoso.TaskpaneButton.Label" />
                    <Description resid="Contoso.TaskpaneButton.Tooltip" />
                  </Supertip>
                  <Icon>
                    <bt:Image size="16" resid="Contoso.TaskpaneButton.Icon" />
                    <bt:Image size="32" resid="Contoso.TaskpaneButton.Icon" />
                    <bt:Image size="80" resid="Contoso.TaskpaneButton.Icon" />
                  </Icon>
                  <Action xsi:type="ShowTaskpane">
                    <TaskpaneId>Button2Id1</TaskpaneId>
                    <!--Provide a url resource id for the location that will be displayed on the task pane -->
                    <SourceLocation resid="Contoso.Taskpane1.Url" />
                  </Action>
                </Control>
                <!-- Menu example -->
                <Control xsi:type="Menu" id="Contoso.Menu">
                  <Label resid="Contoso.Dropdown.Label" />
                  <Supertip>
                    <Title resid="Contoso.Dropdown.Label" />
                    <Description resid="Contoso.Dropdown.Tooltip" />
                  </Supertip>
                  <Icon>
                    <bt:Image size="16" resid="Contoso.TaskpaneButton.Icon" />
                    <bt:Image size="32" resid="Contoso.TaskpaneButton.Icon" />
                    <bt:Image size="80" resid="Contoso.TaskpaneButton.Icon" />
                  </Icon>
                  <Items>
                    <Item id="Contoso.Menu.Item1">
                      <Label resid="Contoso.Item1.Label"/>
                      <Supertip>
                        <Title resid="Contoso.Item1.Label" />
                        <Description resid="Contoso.Item1.Tooltip" />
                      </Supertip>
                      <Icon>
                        <bt:Image size="16" resid="Contoso.TaskpaneButton.Icon" />
                        <bt:Image size="32" resid="Contoso.TaskpaneButton.Icon" />
                        <bt:Image size="80" resid="Contoso.TaskpaneButton.Icon" />
                      </Icon>
                      <Action xsi:type="ShowTaskpane">
                        <TaskpaneId>MyTaskPaneID1</TaskpaneId>
                        <SourceLocation resid="Contoso.Taskpane1.Url" />
                      </Action>
                    </Item>

                    <Item id="Contoso.Menu.Item2">
                      <Label resid="Contoso.Item2.Label"/>
                      <Supertip>
                        <Title resid="Contoso.Item2.Label" />
                        <Description resid="Contoso.Item2.Tooltip" />
                      </Supertip>
                      <Icon>
                        <bt:Image size="16" resid="Contoso.TaskpaneButton.Icon" />
                        <bt:Image size="32" resid="Contoso.TaskpaneButton.Icon" />
                        <bt:Image size="80" resid="Contoso.TaskpaneButton.Icon" />
                      </Icon>
                      <Action xsi:type="ShowTaskpane">
                        <TaskpaneId>MyTaskPaneID2</TaskpaneId>
                        <SourceLocation resid="Contoso.Taskpane2.Url" />
                      </Action>
                    </Item>

                  </Items>
                </Control>

              </Group>

              <!-- Label of your tab -->
              <!-- If validating with XSD it needs to be at the end, we might change this before release -->
              <Label resid="Contoso.Tab1.TabLabel" />
            </CustomTab>
          </ExtensionPoint>
        </DesktopFormFactor>
      </Host>
    </Hosts>
    <Resources>
      <bt:Images>
        <bt:Image id="Contoso.TaskpaneButton.Icon" DefaultValue="https://i.imgur.com/FkSShX9.png" />
        <bt:Image id="Contoso.FunctionButton.Icon" DefaultValue="https://i.imgur.com/qDujiX0.png" />
      </bt:Images>
      <bt:Urls>
        <bt:Url id="Contoso.FunctionFile.Url" DefaultValue="https://commandsimple.azurewebsites.net/FunctionFile.html" />
        <bt:Url id="Contoso.Taskpane1.Url" DefaultValue="https://commandsimple.azurewebsites.net/Taskpane.html" />
        <bt:Url id="Contoso.Taskpane2.Url" DefaultValue="https://commandsimple.azurewebsites.net/Taskpane2.html" />
      </bt:Urls>
      <bt:ShortStrings>
        <bt:String id="Contoso.FunctionButton.Label" DefaultValue="Execute Function" />
        <bt:String id="Contoso.TaskpaneButton.Label" DefaultValue="Show Taskpane" />
        <bt:String id="Contoso.Dropdown.Label" DefaultValue="Dropdown" />
        <bt:String id="Contoso.Item1.Label" DefaultValue="Show Taskpane 1" />
        <bt:String id="Contoso.Item2.Label" DefaultValue="Show Taskpane 2" />
        <bt:String id="Contoso.Tab1.GroupLabel" DefaultValue="Test Group" />
         <bt:String id="Contoso.Tab1.TabLabel" DefaultValue="Test Tab" />
      </bt:ShortStrings>
      <bt:LongStrings>
        <bt:String id="Contoso.FunctionButton.Tooltip" DefaultValue="Click to Execute Function" />
        <bt:String id="Contoso.TaskpaneButton.Tooltip" DefaultValue="Click to Show a Taskpane" />
        <bt:String id="Contoso.Dropdown.Tooltip" DefaultValue="Click to Show Options on this Menu" />
        <bt:String id="Contoso.Item1.Tooltip" DefaultValue="Click to Show Taskpane1" />
        <bt:String id="Contoso.Item2.Tooltip" DefaultValue="Click to Show Taskpane2" />
      </bt:LongStrings>
    </Resources>
  </VersionOverrides>
</OfficeApp>

Validate and troubleshoot issues with your manifest

For troubleshooting issues with your manifest, see Validate and troubleshoot issues with your manifest. There, you will find information on how to validate the manifest against the XML Schema Definition (XSD), and also how to use runtime logging to debug the manifest.

See also