New-​Item

Creates a new item.

Syntax

New-Item
   [[-Path] <String[]>]
   [-Confirm]
   [-Credential <PSCredential>]
   [-Force]
   [-ItemType <String>]
   -Name <String>
   [-UseTransaction]
   [-Value <Object>]
   [-WhatIf]
   [<CommonParameters>]
New-Item
   [-Path] <String[]>
   [-Confirm]
   [-Credential <PSCredential>]
   [-Force]
   [-ItemType <String>]
   [-UseTransaction]
   [-Value <Object>]
   [-WhatIf]
   [<CommonParameters>]

Description

The New-Item cmdlet creates a new item and sets its value. The types of items that can be created depend on the location of the item. For example, in the file system, New-Item creates files and folders. In the registry, New-Item creates registry keys and entries.

New-Item can also set the value of the items that it creates. For example, when it creates a new file, New-Item can add initial content to the file.

Examples

Example 1: Create a file in the current directory

PS C:\> New-Item -Path . -Name "testfile1.txt" -ItemType "file" -Value "This is a text string."

This command creates a text file that is named testfile1.txt in the current directory. The dot (.) in the value of the Path parameter indicates the current directory. The quoted text that follows the Value parameter is added to the file as content.

Example 2: Create a directory

PS C:\> New-Item -Path "c:\" -Name "logfiles" -ItemType "directory"

This command creates a directory named Logfiles in the C: drive. The ItemType parameter specifies that the new item is a directory, not a file or other file system object.

Example 3: Create a profile

PS C:\> New-Item -Path $profile -ItemType "file" -Force

This command creates a Windows PowerShell profile in the path that is specified by the $profile variable.

You can use profiles to customize Windows PowerShell. $Profile is an automatic (built-in) variable that stores the path and file name of the CurrentUser/CurrentHost profile. By default, the profile does not exist, even though Windows PowerShell stores a path and file name for it.

In this command, the $profile variable represents the path of the file. ItemType parameter specifies that the command creates a file. The Force parameter lets you create a file in the profile path, even when the directories in the path do not exist. Windows PowerShell creates them.

After you use this command to create a profile, you can enter aliases, functions, and scripts in the profile to customize your shell.

For more information, see about_Automatic_Variables and about_Profiles.

Example 4: Create a directory in a different directory

PS C:\> New-Item -ItemType "directory" -Path "c:\ps-test\scripts"

This command creates a new Scripts directory in the C:\PS-Test directory.

The name of the new directory item, Scripts, is included in the value of Path parameter, instead of being specified in the value of Name. As indicated by the syntax, either command form is valid.

Example 5: Create multiple files

PS C:\> New-Item -ItemType "file" -Path "c:\ps-test\test.txt", "c:\ps-test\Logs\test.log"

This command creates files in two different directories. Because Path takes multiple strings, you can use it to create multiple items.

Required Parameters

-Name

Specifies the name of the new item.

You can specify the name of the new item in the Name or Path parameter value, and you can specify the path of the new item in Name or Path value.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Path

Specifies the path of the location of the new item. Wildcard characters are permitted.

You can specify the name of the new item in Name, or include it in Path.

Type:String[]
Position:0
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters:False

Optional Parameters

-Confirm

Prompts you for confirmation before running the cmdlet.

Type:SwitchParameter
Aliases:cf
Position:Named
Default value:False
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Credential

Specifies a user account that has permission to perform this action. The default is the current user.

Type a user name, such as User01 or Domain01\User01, or enter a PSCredential object, such as one generated by the Get-Credential cmdlet. If you type a user name, this cmdlet prompts you for a password.

This parameter is not supported by any providers installed with Windows PowerShell.

Type:PSCredential
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Force

Forces this cmdlet to create an item that writes over an existing read-only item. Implementation varies from provider to provider. For more information, see about_Providers. Even using the Force parameter, the cmdlet cannot override security restrictions.

Type:SwitchParameter
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-ItemType

Specifies the provider-specified type of the new item. Starting in Windows PowerShell 5.0, you can create symbolic links by specifying SymbolicLink as the value of this parameter.

Type:String
Aliases:Type
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters:False
-UseTransaction

Includes the command in the active transaction. This parameter is valid only when a transaction is in progress. For more information, see about_Transactions.

Type:SwitchParameter
Aliases:usetx
Position:Named
Default value:False
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Value

Specifies the value of the new item. You can also pipe a value to New-Item.

Type:Object
Aliases:Target
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:True (ByPropertyName, ByValue)
Accept wildcard characters:False
-WhatIf

Shows what would happen if the cmdlet runs. The cmdlet is not run.

Type:SwitchParameter
Aliases:wi
Position:Named
Default value:False
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False

Inputs

System.Object

You can pipe a value for the new item to this cmdlet.

Outputs

System.Object

This cmdlet returns the item that it creates.

Notes

  • New-Item is designed to work with the data exposed by any provider. To list the providers available in your session, type Get-PsProvider. For more information, see about_Providers.

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