SPItemEventReceiver Class

Provides methods for trapping events that occur to items. This class is never instantiated.

Inheritance Hierarchy

System.Object
Microsoft.SharePoint.SPEventReceiverBase
Microsoft.SharePoint.SPItemEventReceiver
Microsoft.SharePoint.Workflow.SPWorkflowLibraryEventReceiver

Namespace: Microsoft.SharePoint
Assembly: Microsoft.SharePoint (in Microsoft.SharePoint.dll)

Syntax

<SharePointPermissionAttribute(SecurityAction.InheritanceDemand, ObjectModel := True)> _
<SharePointPermissionAttribute(SecurityAction.LinkDemand, ObjectModel := True)> _
Public Class SPItemEventReceiver _
    Inherits SPEventReceiverBase

Dim instance As SPItemEventReceiver
[SharePointPermissionAttribute(SecurityAction.InheritanceDemand, ObjectModel = true)]
[SharePointPermissionAttribute(SecurityAction.LinkDemand, ObjectModel = true)]
public class SPItemEventReceiver : SPEventReceiverBase

Remarks

The SPItemEventReceiver class is not instantiated but the item event receiver class of a custom event handler must derive from this class and override its methods for the event types that are handled.

If an item is moved, it is treated in the same way as an item that has been removed and then added.

Before and After properties are guaranteed for post events on documents, but Before properties are not available for post events on list items.

Examples

The following code example uses the SPItemEventReceiver class to add an item to a specified Announcements list whenever an attachment is added to a list.

using System;
using Microsoft.SharePoint;

namespace Example_Namespace
{
    public class Class_Name : SPItemEventReceiver
    {
        public override void ItemAttachmentAdded(SPItemEventProperties properties)
        {
            using(SPSite oSiteCollectionEvent = new SPSite(properties.SiteId))
            {
                SPWeb oSiteEvent = oSiteCollectionEvent.OpenWeb(properties.RelativeWebUrl);
                SPListItemCollection oItemsEvent = oSiteEvent.Lists[properties.ListTitle].Items;
            }
            using(SPSite oSiteCollection = new SPSite("http://Top_Site"))
            {
                SPWeb oWebsite = oSiteCollection.OpenWeb("Website_Name");
                SPList oList = oWebsite.Lists["Announcements"];
                SPListItemCollection collListItems = oList.Items;

                SPListItem oItem = collListItems.Add();
                oItem["Title"] = properties.UserDisplayName + " added an attachment to " + oItemsEvent[properties.ListItemId].Title + " in list " + properties.ListTitle + " at " + properties.WebUrl;
                oItem.Update();
            }
        }
    }
}

Note

Certain objects implement the IDisposable interface, and you must avoid retaining these objects in memory after they are no longer needed. For information about good coding practices, see Best Practices: Using Disposable Windows SharePoint Services Objects.

Thread Safety

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

See Also

Reference

SPItemEventReceiver Members

Microsoft.SharePoint Namespace