sp_changepublication (Transact-SQL)

Changes the properties of a publication. This stored procedure is executed at the Publisher on the publication database.

Topic link iconTransact-SQL Syntax Conventions

Syntax

sp_changepublication [ [ @publication = ] 'publication' ]
    [ , [ @property = ] 'property' ]
    [ , [ @value = ] 'value' ]
    [ , [ @force_invalidate_snapshot = ] force_invalidate_snapshot ]
    [ , [ @force_reinit_subscription = ] force_reinit_subscription ]
    [ , [ @publisher = ] 'publisher' ]

Arguments

  • [ @publication = ] 'publication'
    Is the name of the publication. publication is sysname, with a default of NULL.

  • [ @property = ] 'property'
    Is the publication property to change. property is nvarchar(255).

  • [ @value = ] 'value'
    Is the new property value. value is nvarchar(255), with a default of NULL.

    This table describes the properties of the publication that can be changed and restrictions on the values for those properties.

    Property

    Value

    Description

    allow_anonymous

    true

    Anonymous subscriptions can be created for the given publication, and immediate_sync must also be true. Cannot be changed for peer-to-peer publications.

     

    false

    Anonymous subscriptions cannot be created for the given publication. Cannot be changed for peer-to-peer publications.

    allow_initialize_from_backup

    true

    Subscribers can initialize a subscription to this publication from a backup rather than an initial snapshot. This property cannot be changed for non-Microsoft SQL Server publications.

     

    false

    Subscribers must use the initial snapshot. This property cannot be changed for non-SQL Server publications.

    allow_partition_switch

    true

    ALTER TABLE…SWITCH statements can be executed against the published database. For more information, see Replicating Partitioned Tables and Indexes.

    false

    ALTER TABLE…SWITCH statements cannot be executed against the published database.

    allow_pull

    true

    Pull subscriptions are allowed for the given publication. This property cannot be changed for non-SQL Server publications.

     

    false

    Pull subscriptions are not allowed for the given publication. This property cannot be changed for non-SQL Server publications.

    allow_push

    true

    Push subscriptions are allowed for the given publication.

     

    false

    Push subscriptions are not allowed for the given publication.

    allow_subscription_copy

    true

    Enables the ability to copy databases that subscribe to this publication. This property cannot be changed for non-SQL Server publications.

     

    false

    Disables the ability to copy databases that subscribe to this publication. This property cannot be changed for non-SQL Server publications.

    alt_snapshot_folder

     

    Location of the alternate folder for the snapshot.

    centralized_conflicts

    true

    Conflict records are stored at the Publisher. Can be changed only if there are no active subscriptions. This property cannot be changed for non-SQL Server publications.

     

    false

    Conflict records are stored at both the Publisher and at the Subscriber that caused the conflict. Can be changed only if there are no active subscriptions. This property cannot be changed for non-SQL Server publications.

    compress_snapshot

    true

    Snapshot in an alternate snapshot folder is compressed into the .cab file format. The snapshot in the default snapshot folder cannot be compressed.

     

    false

    Snapshot is not compressed, which is the default behavior for replication.

    conflict_policy

    pub wins

    Conflict resolution policy for updating Subscribers where the Publisher wins the conflict. This property can be changed only if there are no active subscriptions. Not supported for Oracle Publishers.

     

    sub reinit

    For updating Subscribers, if a conflict occurs the subscription must be reinitialized. This property can be changed only if there are no active subscriptions. Not supported for Oracle Publishers.

     

    sub wins

    Conflict resolution policy for updating Subscribers where the Subscriber wins the conflict. This property can be changed only if there are no active subscriptions. Not supported for Oracle Publishers.

    conflict_retention

     

    int that specifies the conflict retention period, in days. The default retention is 14 days. 0 means that no conflict cleanup is needed. Not supported for Oracle Publishers.

    description

     

    Optional entry describing the publication.

    enabled_for_het_sub

    true

    Enables the publication to support non-SQL Server Subscribers. enabled_for_het_sub cannot be changed when there are subscriptions to the publication. You may need to execute sp_changepublication (Transact-SQL) to comply with the following requirements before setting enabled_for_het_sub to true:

    • allow_queued_tran must be false.

    • allow_sync_tran must be false.

    Changing enabled_for_het_sub to true may change existing publication settings. For more information, see Non-SQL Server Subscribers. This property cannot be changed for non-SQL Server publications.

    false

    Publication does not support non-SQL Server Subscribers. This property cannot be changed for non-SQL Server publications.

    enabled_for_internet

    true

    Publication is enabled for the Internet, and File Transfer Protocol (FTP) can be used to transfer the snapshot files to a subscriber. The synchronization files for the publication are put into the following directory: C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL\Repldata\ftp. ftp_address cannot be NULL. This property cannot be changed for non-SQL Server publications.

     

    false

    Publication is not enabled for the Internet. This property cannot be changed for non-SQL Server publications.

    enabled_for_p2p

    true

    The publication supports peer-to-peer replication. This property cannot be changed for non-SQL Server publications.

    To set enabled_for_p2p to true, the following restrictions apply:

    • allow_anonymous must be false

    • allow_dts must be false.

    • allow_initialize_from_backup must be true

    • allow_queued_tran must be false.

    • allow_sync_tran must be false.

    • enabled_for_het_sub must be false.

    • independent_agent must be true.

    • repl_freq must be continuous.

    • replicate_ddl must be 1.

    false

    The publication does not support peer-to-peer replication. This property cannot be changed for non-SQL Server publications.

    ftp_address

     

    FTP accessible location of the publication snapshot files. This property cannot be changed for non-SQL Server publications.

    ftp_login

     

    User name used to connect to the FTP service, and the value ANONYMOUS is allowed. This property cannot be changed for non-SQL Server publications.

    ftp_password

     

    Password for the user name used to connect to the FTP service. This property cannot be changed for non-SQL Server publications.

    ftp_port

     

    Port number of the FTP service for the Distributor. This property cannot be changed for non-SQL Server publications.

    ftp_subdirectory

     

    Specifies where the snapshot files are created if the publication supports propagating snapshots using FTP. This property cannot be changed for non-SQL Server publications.

    immediate_sync

    true

    Synchronization files for the publication are created or re-created each time the Snapshot Agent runs. Subscribers are able to receive the synchronization files immediately after the subscription if the Snapshot Agent has been completed once before the subscription. New subscriptions get the newest synchronization files generated by the most recent execution of the Snapshot Agent. independent_agent must also be true.

     

    false

    Synchronization files are created only if there are new subscriptions. Subscribers cannot receive the synchronization files after the subscription until the Snapshot Agent is started and completes.

    independent_agent

    true

    Publication has its own dedicated Distribution Agent.

     

    false

    Publication uses a shared Distribution Agent, and each publication/subscription database pair has a shared agent.

    p2p_continue_onconflict

    true

    The Distribution Agent continues to process changes when a conflict is detected.

    Caution noteCaution
    We recommend that you use the default value of FALSE. When this option is set to TRUE, the Distribution Agent tries to converge data in the topology by applying the conflicting row from the node that has the highest originator ID. This method does not guarantee convergence. You should make sure that the topology is consistent after a conflict is detected. For more information, see "Handling Conflicts" in Conflict Detection in Peer-to-Peer Replication.

    false

    The Distribution Agent stops processing changes when a conflict is detected.

    post_snapshot_script

     

    Specifies the location of a Transact-SQL script file that the Distribution Agent runs after all the other replicated object scripts and data have been applied during an initial synchronization.

    pre_snapshot_script

     

    Specifies the location of a Transact-SQL script file that the Distribution Agent runs before all the other replicated object scripts and data have been applied during an initial synchronization.

    publish_to_ActiveDirectory

    true

    This parameter has been deprecated and is only supported for the backward compatibility of scripts. You can no longer add publication information to the Microsoft Active Directory.

     

    false

    Removes the publication information from Active Directory.

    queue_type

    sql

    Use SQL Server to store transactions. This property can be changed only if there are no active subscriptions.

    NoteNote
    Support for using Microsoft Message Queuing has been discontinued. Specifying a value of msmq for value results in an error.

    repl_freq

    continuous

    Publishes output of all log-based transactions.

     

    snapshot

    Publishes only scheduled synchronization events.

    replicate_ddl

    1

    Data definition language (DDL) statements executed at the publisher are replicated. This property cannot be changed for non-SQL Server publications.

     

    0

    DDL statements are not replicated. This property cannot be changed for non-SQL Server publications. Replication of schema changes cannot be disabled when using peer-to-peer replication.

    replicate_partition_switch

    true

    ALTER TABLE…SWITCH statements that are executed against the published database should be replicated to Subscribers. This option is valid only if allow_partition_switch is set to TRUE. For more information, see Replicating Partitioned Tables and Indexes.

    false

    ALTER TABLE…SWITCH statements should not be replicated to Subscribers.

    retention

     

    int representing the retention period, in hours, for subscription activity. If a subscription is not active within the retention period, it is removed.

    snapshot_in_defaultfolder

    true

    Snapshot files are stored in the default snapshot folder. If alt_snapshot_folderis also specified, snapshot files are stored in both the default and alternate locations.

     

    false

    Snapshot files are stored in the alternate location specified by alt_snapshot_folder.

    status

    active

    Publication data is available for Subscribers immediately when the publication is created. Not supported for Oracle Publishers.

     

    inactive

    Publication data are not available for Subscribers when the publication is created. Not supported for Oracle Publishers.

    sync_method

    native

    Uses native-mode bulk copy output of all tables when synchronizing subscriptions.

     

    character

    Uses character-mode bulk copy output of all tables when synchronizing subscriptions.

     

    concurrent

    Uses native-mode bulk-copy program output of all tables, but does not lock tables during the snapshot generation process. Not valid for snapshot replication.

     

    concurrent_c

    Uses character-mode bulk copy program output of all tables, but does not lock tables during the snapshot generation process. Not valid for snapshot replication.

    taskid

     

    This property has been deprecated and is no longer supported.

    NULL (default)

     

    Returns the list of supported values for property.

  • [ @force_invalidate_snapshot = ] force_invalidate_snapshot
    Acknowledges that the action taken by this stored procedure may invalidate an existing snapshot. force_invalidate_snapshot is a bit, with a default of 0.

    0 specifies that changes to the article do not cause the snapshot to be invalid. If the stored procedure detects that the change does require a new snapshot, an error occurs and no changes are made.

    1 specifies that changes to the article may cause the snapshot to be invalid. If there are existing subscriptions that would require a new snapshot, this value gives permission for the existing snapshot to be marked as obsolete and a new snapshot generated.

    See the Remarks section for the properties that, when changed, require the generation of a new snapshot.

  • [@force_reinit_subscription = ] force_reinit_subscription
    Acknowledges that the action taken by this stored procedure may require existing subscriptions to be reinitialized. force_reinit_subscription is a bit with a default of 0.

    0 specifies that changes to the article do not cause the subscription to be reinitialized. If the stored procedure detects that the change would require existing subscriptions to be reinitialized, an error occurs and no changes are made.

    1 specifies that changes to the article cause the existing subscription to be reinitialized, and gives permission for the subscription reinitialization to occur.

  • [ **@publisher** = ] 'publisher'
    Specifies a non-SQL Server Publisher. publisher is sysname, with a default of NULL.

    Note

    publisher should not be used when changing article properties on a SQL Server Publisher.

Return Code Values

0 (success) or 1 (failure)

Remarks

sp_changepublication is used in snapshot replication and transactional replication.

Changing any of the following properties requires that a new snapshot be generated, and you must specify a value of 1 for the force_invalidate_snapshot parameter.

  • alt_snapshot_folder

  • compress_snapshot

  • enabled_for_het_sub

  • ftp_address

  • ftp_login

  • ftp_password

  • ftp_port

  • ftp_subdirectory

  • post_snapshot_script

  • pre_snapshot_script

  • snapshot_in_defaultfolder

  • sync_mode

To list publication objects in the Active Directory using the publish_to_active_directory parameter, the SQL Server object must already be created in the Active Directory.

Example

DECLARE @publication AS sysname
SET @publication = N'AdvWorksProductTran' 

-- Turn off DDL replication for the transactional publication.
USE [AdventureWorks2008R2]
EXEC sp_changepublication 
  @publication = @publication, 
  @property = N'replicate_ddl', 
  @value = 0
GO

Permissions

Only members of the sysadmin fixed server role or db_owner fixed database role can execute sp_changepublication.