Windows Server 2008 Glossary - N

Applies To: Windows Server 2008

For more Windows Server terms, see either the Windows Server 2008 R2 Glossary or the Windows Server 2003 Glossary.

Glossary - N

# A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

NAP

A set of operating system components that can help protect access to a private network by enforcing health policies. System administrators establish health policies which NAP enforces by inspecting and assessing the health of client computers, restricting network access when client computers are deemed noncompliant, and remediating noncompliant client computers for full network access. NAP also provides ongoing health compliance enforcement while a client computer is connected to a network.

NAP agent

A client-side service that collects and manages health information. The NAP agent mediates communication of client health status between installed system health agents and enabled NAP enforcement clients.

NAP client

A computer that supports the NAP platform and can provide statements of health (SoHs) to a network access device.

NAP EC

A component in a NAP client architecture that integrates with network access technologies, such as DHCP, VPN, 802.1X, IPsec, and TS Gateway. The NAP enforcement client requests access to a network, communicates a client computer's health status to the NAP server that is providing the network access, and communicates the restricted status of the client computer to other components of the NAP client architecture.

NAP enforcement client

A component in a NAP client architecture that integrates with network access technologies, such as DHCP, VPN, 802.1X, IPsec, and TS Gateway. The NAP enforcement client requests access to a network, communicates a client computer's health status to the NAP server that is providing the network access, and communicates the restricted status of the client computer to other components of the NAP client architecture.

NAP enforcement point

A server or network access device that uses NAP or can be used with NAP to require the evaluation of a NAP client’s health state and provide restricted network access or communication. HRA servers, 802.1X switches and wireless access points, NAP-enabled VPN, DHCP, and TS Gateway servers are examples of NAP enforcement points.

NAP enforcement server

A component of the NAP architecture that enforces restricted network access for noncompliant NAP clients. Depending on the NAP enforcement method, the NAP enforcement server can be a component of a NAP enforcement point.

NAP EP

A server or network access device that uses NAP or can be used with NAP to require the evaluation of a NAP client’s health state and provide restricted network access or communication. HRA servers, 802.1X switches and wireless access points, NAP-enabled VPN, DHCP, and TS Gateway servers are examples of NAP enforcement points.

NAP ES

A component of the NAP architecture that enforces restricted network access for noncompliant NAP clients. Depending on the NAP enforcement method, the NAP enforcement server can be a component of a NAP enforcement point.

NAP health policy server

A server running NPS that evaluates NAP client health status. The NAP health policy server uses health policies and network policies to evaluate compliance of NAP client computers.

Network Access Protection

A set of operating system components that can help protect access to a private network by enforcing health policies. System administrators establish health policies which NAP enforces by inspecting and assessing the health of client computers, restricting network access when client computers are deemed noncompliant, and remediating noncompliant client computers for full network access. NAP also provides ongoing health compliance enforcement while a client computer is connected to a network.

Network Level Authentication

An authentication method that completes user authentication before you establish a Remote Desktop connection and the logon screen appears.

network policy

A set of conditions, settings, and constraints that determine who can connect to a network. Network policy is configured by a network administrator.

Network Policy Server

The Microsoft implementation of a Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service (RADIUS) server and proxy. In the NAP architecture, the NPS server includes the NAP administration server and the system health validator (SHV) components.

network resource

An individual computer on an internal corporate or private network that users can connect to through a TS Gateway server. The computer can be either a terminal server running TS RemoteApp programs or a computer with Remote Desktop enabled.

network user

A user that is accessing resources on a remote system. A network user may not have a UI or desktop on the remote computer.

node

A location in a hierarchy (often a tree structure) that can have links to one or more nodes below it.

noncompliant computer

A computer that does not meet the NAP health requirements that are defined for a network.

NPS

The Microsoft implementation of a Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service (RADIUS) server and proxy. In the NAP architecture, the NPS server includes the NAP administration server and the system health validator (SHV) components.