Create queries in System Center Configuration Manager

Applies to: System Center Configuration Manager (Current Branch)

This article describes how to create and import queries in System Center Configuration Manager.

Create a query

Use this procedure to create a query in Configuration Manager.

  1. In the Configuration Manager console, select Monitoring.

  2. In the Monitoring workspace, select Queries. On the Home tab, in the Create group, select Create Query.

  3. On the General tab of the Create Query Wizard, specify a unique name and, optionally, a comment for the query.

  4. If you want to import an existing query to use as a basis for the new query, select Import Query Statement. In the Browse Query dialog box, select a query that you want to import, and then select OK.

  5. In the Object Type list, select the type of object that you want the query to return. This table describes some examples of the types of objects you can search for:

    Object type Description
    System Resource Use to search for typical system attributes, like the NetBIOS name of a device, the client version, the client IP address, and Active Directory Domain Services information.
    User Resource Use to search for typical user information, like user names, user group names, and security group names.
    Deployment Use to search for typical attributes of a deployment, like the deployment name, the schedule, and the collection that it was deployed to.
  6. Select Edit Query Statement to open the <Query Name> Statement Properties dialog box.

  7. On the General tab of the <Query Name> Statement Properties dialog box, specify the attributes that the query returns and how they should be displayed. Select the New icon to add a new attribute. You can also select Show Query Language to enter or edit the query directly in WMI Query Language (WQL). For examples of WMI queries, see the Example WQL queries section in this article.

    Tip

    You can use the following reference documentation to help you construct your own WQL queries:

  8. On the Criteria tab of the <Query Name> Statement Properties dialog box, specify criteria that are used to refine the results of the query. For example, you could return only resources that have a site code of XYZ. You can configure multiple criteria for a query.

    Important

    If you create a query that contains no criteria, the query will return all devices in the All Systems collection.

  9. On the Joins tab of the <Query Name> Statement Properties dialog box, you can combine data from two different attributes into your query results. Although Configuration Manager automatically creates query joins when you choose different attributes for your query result, the Joins tab provides more advanced options. Configuration Manager supports these attribute classes:

    Join type Description
    Inner Displays only matching results. Always used by joins that are created automatically.
    Left Displays all results for the base attribute and only the matching results for the join attribute.
    Right Displays all results for the join attribute and only the matching results for the base attribute.
    Full Displays all results for both the base attribute and the join attribute.

    For more information about how to use join operations, see the SQL Server documentation.

  10. Select OK to close the <Query Name> Statement Properties dialog box.

  11. On the General tab of the Create Query Wizard, specify that the results of the query aren't limited to the members of a collection, that they are limited to the members of a specified collection, or that a prompt for a collection appears each time the query is run.

  12. Complete the wizard to create the query. The new query appears in the Queries node in the Monitoring workspace.

Import a query

Use this procedure to import a query into Configuration Manager. For information about how to export queries, see How to manage queries in System Center Configuration Manager.

  1. In the Configuration Manager console, select Monitoring.

  2. In the Monitoring workspace, select Queries. On the Home tab, in the Create group, select Import Objects.

  3. On the MOF File Name page of the Import Objects Wizard, select Browse to select the Managed Object Format (MOF) file that contains the query that you want to import.

  4. Review the information about the query to be imported and then complete the wizard. The new query appears on the Queries node in the Monitoring workspace.

Example WQL queries

This section contains example WQL queries that you can use in your hierarchy or modify for other purposes. To use these queries, select Show Query Language in the Query Statement Properties dialog box. Then copy and paste the query into the Query Statement field.

Tip

Use the wildcard character % to signify any string of characters. For example, %Visio% returns Microsoft Office Visio 2010.

Computers that run Windows 7

Use the following query to return the NetBIOS name and operating system version of all computers that run Windows 7.

Tip

To return computers that run Windows Server 2008 R2, change %Workstation 6.1% to %Server 6.1%.

select SMS_R_System.NetbiosName,  
SMS_R_System.OperatingSystemNameandVersion from
SMS_R_System where
SMS_R_System.OperatingSystemNameandVersion like "%Workstation 6.1%"  

Computers with a specific software package installed

Use the following query to return the NetBIOS name and software package name of all computers that have a specific software package installed. This example returns all computers with a version of Microsoft Visio installed. Replace Microsoft%Visio% with the software package that you want to query for.

Tip

This query searches for the software package by using the names that are displayed in the programs list in Windows Control Panel.

select SMS_R_System.NetbiosName,
SMS_G_System_ADD_REMOVE_PROGRAMS.DisplayName from
SMS_R_System inner join SMS_G_System_ADD_REMOVE_PROGRAMS on
SMS_G_System_ADD_REMOVE_PROGRAMS.ResourceId =
SMS_R_System.ResourceId where
SMS_G_System_ADD_REMOVE_PROGRAMS.DisplayName like "Microsoft%Visio%"  

Computers in a specific Active Directory Domain Services organizational unit

Use the following query to return the NetBIOS name and organizational unit (OU) name of all computers in a specified OU. Replace the text OU Name with the name of the OU that you want to query for.

select SMS_R_System.NetbiosName,
SMS_R_System.SystemOUName from
SMS_R_System where
SMS_R_System.SystemOUName = "OU Name"  

Computers with a specific NetBIOS name

Use the following query to return the NetBIOS name of all computers that begin with a specific string of characters. In this example, the query returns all computers with a NetBIOS name that begins with ABC.

select SMS_R_System.NetbiosName from
SMS_R_System where SMS_R_System.NetbiosName like "ABC%"  

Devices of a specific type

Device types are stored in the Configuration Manager database under the resource class sms_r_system and the attribute name AgentEdition. Use this query to retrieve only the devices that match the agent edition of the device type that you specify:

Select SMS_R_System.ClientEdition from SMS_R_System where SMS_R_System.ClientEdition = <Device ID>  

Use one of these values for <Device ID>:

Device type Value of AgentEdition
Windows desktop or laptop computer 0
Windows ARM-based device (running Windows RT) 1
Windows Mobile 6.5 2
Nokia Symbian 3
Windows Phone 4
Mac computer 5
Windows CE 6
Windows Embedded 7
iOS 8
iPad 9
iPod touch 10
Android 11
Intel system on a chip 12
Unix and Linux servers 13
Apple macOS (MDM) 14
Microsoft HoloLens (MDM) 15
Microsoft Surface Hub (MDM) 16
Android for Work 17

For example, if you want to return only Mac computers, use this query:

Select SMS_R_System.ClientEdition from SMS_R_System where SMS_R_System.ClientEdition = 5  

Next steps

How to manage queries