OneDrive Online Multi-Geo

OneDrive Online Multi-Geo allows multinational corporations that have one or more geographical locations, to expand their Office 365 ODSP tenancy to satisfy data residency requirements.

In a OneDrive Multi-Geo configuration, your Office 365 tenant consists of a central location (also known as a default location) and one or more satellite geo (geographical) locations. A single tenancy spans one or more additional geo locations. Your tenant information, including geo locations, is stored in Azure Active Directory (Azure AD).

Note

OneDrive Online Multi-Geo features are not designed to optimize performance. They are designed to meet data residency requirements.

The following are key terms related to the OneDrive and SharePoint Online Multi-Geo Preview:

  • Tenant: An organization’s representation in Office 365, typically with one or more domains. For example, contoso.com.

  • Geo location (or instance): A Multi-Geo tenant can have multiple geo locations (or instances) associated with it. Resources such as mailboxes or drives can be stored in these locations. For example, Contoso is a OneDrive and SharePoint Online Multi-Geo Preview tenant with three geo locations: NAM, EUR, and APC.

  • Preferred Data Location (PDL): A property set by the Azure AD administrator for the user or group object that Office 365 services use to provision the corresponding data-at-rest resources (mailbox, OneDrive, groups sites, and so on).

If you're developing new applications that need to work in a OneDrive and SharePoint Online Multi-Geo Preview tenant, or if you need to update your existing applications to be Multi-Geo-aware, use the content in the following table to learn more.


Article Description
Permission model in a Multi-Geo tenant Describes the underlying security model in a Multi-Geo tenant.
Discover a Multi-Geo tenant configuration Explains how to detect and understand the geo setup, including the default and satellite geo locations.
Access OneDrive for Business in a Multi-Geo tenant Describes how to work with users' OneDrive for Business sites, also known as personal sites or my sites, in Multi-Geo tenants.
Work with sites in a Multi-Geo environment Describes how to work with SharePoint sites across the default and satellite geo locations of a Multi-Geo tenant.
Provision classic team sites in a Multi-Geo environment Explains how to use the CSOM CreateSite method call to provision classic SharePoint team site collections.
Manage apps and add-ins in a Multi-Geo tenant Explains the impact of deploying and managing SharePoint Framework apps or SharePoint Add-ins in a Multi-Geo tenant.
Work with user profiles in a Multi-Geo tenant Explains how to define a preferred data location for a user, detect a user's profile location and personal site URL, and read and update default and custom user profile properties.
Search in a Multi-Geo tenant Describes how search works in a Multi-Geo tenant.
Manage metadata in a Multi-Geo tenant Explains how to take advantage of SharePoint managed metadata in a Multi-Geo environment.
Define and publish content types in a Multi-Geo tenant Explains how the content type hub works in a Multi-Geo tenant.
Connect to external data using BCS and the Secure Store Service in a Multi-Geo tenant Describes how to use Business Connectivity Services and the Secure Store Service in a Multi-Geo tenant.
Set up a Multi-Geo sample application Explains how to configure Multi-Geo sample applications.

See also