5158(S): The Windows Filtering Platform has permitted a bind to a local port.

Event 5158 illustration

Subcategory: Audit Filtering Platform Connection

Event Description:

This event generates every time Windows Filtering Platform permits an application or service to bind to a local port.

Note  For recommendations, see Security Monitoring Recommendations for this event.


Event XML:

- <Event xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/win/2004/08/events/event">
- <System>
 <Provider Name="Microsoft-Windows-Security-Auditing" Guid="{54849625-5478-4994-A5BA-3E3B0328C30D}" /> 
 <EventID>5158</EventID> 
 <Version>0</Version> 
 <Level>0</Level> 
 <Task>12810</Task> 
 <Opcode>0</Opcode> 
 <Keywords>0x8020000000000000</Keywords> 
 <TimeCreated SystemTime="2015-09-22T05:24:03.376171200Z" /> 
 <EventRecordID>308122</EventRecordID> 
 <Correlation /> 
 <Execution ProcessID="4" ThreadID="3712" /> 
 <Channel>Security</Channel> 
 <Computer>DC01.contoso.local</Computer> 
 <Security /> 
 </System>
- <EventData>
 <Data Name="ProcessId">4556</Data> 
 <Data Name="Application">\\device\\harddiskvolume2\\documents\\listener.exe</Data> 
 <Data Name="SourceAddress">0.0.0.0</Data> 
 <Data Name="SourcePort">3333</Data> 
 <Data Name="Protocol">6</Data> 
 <Data Name="FilterRTID">0</Data> 
 <Data Name="LayerName">%%14608</Data> 
 <Data Name="LayerRTID">36</Data> 
 </EventData>
 </Event>

Required Server Roles: None.

Minimum OS Version: Windows Server 2008, Windows Vista.

Event Versions: 0.

Field Descriptions:

Application Information:

  • Process ID [Type = Pointer]: hexadecimal Process ID of the process that was permitted to bind to the local port. Process ID (PID) is a number used by the operating system to uniquely identify an active process. To see the PID for a specific process you can, for example, use Task Manager (Details tab, PID column):

    Task manager illustration

    If you convert the hexadecimal value to decimal, you can compare it to the values in Task Manager.

    You can also correlate this process ID with a process ID in other events, for example, “4688: A new process has been created” Process Information\New Process ID.

  • Application Name [Type = UnicodeString]: full path and the name of the executable for the process.

    Logical disk is displayed in format \device\harddiskvolume#. You can get all local volume numbers by using diskpart utility. The command to get volume numbers using diskpart is “list volume”:

DiskPart illustration

Network Information:

  • Source Address [Type = UnicodeString]: local IP address on which application was bind the port.

    • IPv4 Address

    • IPv6 Address

    • :: - all IP addresses in IPv6 format

    • 0.0.0.0 - all IP addresses in IPv4 format

    • 127.0.0.1 , ::1 - localhost

  • Source Port [Type = UnicodeString]: port number which application was bind.

  • Protocol [Type = UInt32]: number of the protocol that was used.

Service Protocol Number
Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) 1
Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) 6
User Datagram Protocol (UDP) 17
General Routing Encapsulation (PPTP data over GRE) 47
Authentication Header (AH) IPSec 51
Encapsulation Security Payload (ESP) IPSec 50
Exterior Gateway Protocol (EGP) 8
Gateway-Gateway Protocol (GGP) 3
Host Monitoring Protocol (HMP) 20
Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) 88
MIT Remote Virtual Disk (RVD) 66
OSPF Open Shortest Path First 89
PARC Universal Packet Protocol (PUP) 12
Reliable Datagram Protocol (RDP) 27
Reservation Protocol (RSVP) QoS 46

Filter Information:

  • Filter Run-Time ID [Type = UInt64]: unique filter ID that allows the application to bind the port. By default, Windows firewall won't prevent a port from being bound by an application. If this application doesn’t match any filters, you will get value 0 in this field.

    To find a specific Windows Filtering Platform filter by ID, run the following command: netsh wfp show filters. As a result of this command, the filters.xml file will be generated. Open this file and find specific substring with required filter ID (<filterId>), for example:

    Filters.xml file illustration
  • Layer Name [Type = UnicodeString]: Application Layer Enforcement layer name.

  • Layer Run-Time ID [Type = UInt64]: Windows Filtering Platform layer identifier. To find a specific Windows Filtering Platform layer ID, run the following command: netsh wfp show state. As a result of this command, the wfpstate.xml file will be generated. Open this file and find specific substring with required layer ID (<layerId>), for example:

Wfpstate xml illustration

Security Monitoring Recommendations

For 5158(S): The Windows Filtering Platform has permitted a bind to a local port.

  • If you have a predefined application that should be used to perform the operation that was reported by this event, monitor events with “Application” not equal to your defined application.

  • You can monitor to see if “Application” is not in a standard folder (for example, not in System32 or Program Files) or is in a restricted folder (for example, Temporary Internet Files).

  • If you have a pre-defined list of restricted substrings or words in application names (for example, “mimikatz” or “cain.exe”), check for these substrings in “Application.”

  • Check that “Source Address” is one of the addresses assigned to the computer.

  • If you need to monitor all actions with a specific local port, monitor for 5158 events with that “Source Port.”

  • Monitor for all connections with a “Protocol Number” that is not typical for this device or computer, for example, anything other than 6 or 17.

  • If the computer’s communication with “Destination Address” should always use a specific “Destination Port, monitor for any other “Destination Port.”