[ Updated for UWP apps on Windows 10. For Windows 8.x articles, see the archive ]
To sell your Universal Windows Platform (UWP) app or distribute it to other users, you need to create a UWP app package for it. If you don't want to distribute your app through the Store, you can sideload the app package directly to a device. This article describes the process of configuring, creating, and testing a UWP app package using Visual Studio. For more information about sideloading enterprise and line-of-business (LOB) apps, see Sideload LOB Apps in Windows 10.
In Windows 10, you can upload an app package (.appx), app bundle (.appxbundle), or a complete upload file (.appxupload). The .appxupload file is a folder that contains both the app package or bundle as well as other important debugging information. It's highly recommended to submit an .appxupload file. Once your app package has been submitted to the Store, your app is available to be installed and run on any Windows 10 device.
Here is an overview of the steps prepare and create an app package.
- Before packaging your app. Follow these steps to make sure your app is ready to be packaged for Store submission.
- Configure an app package. Use the manifest designer to configure the package. For example, add tile images and choose the orientations your app supports.
- Create an app package. Use the Visual Studio app package wizard to create an app package. Then certify your package with the Windows App Certification Kit.
- Sideload your app package. After sideloading your app to a device, you can test that it works correctly.
After you have completed the steps above, you are ready to distribute your app in the Store. If you have a line-of-business (LOB) app that you don't plan to sell because it's for internal users only, you can sideload this app to install it on any Windows 10 device.
Before packaging your app
- Test your app. Before you package your app for store submission, make sure it works as expected on all device families that you plan to support. These device families may include desktop, mobile, Surface Hub, Xbox, IoT devices, or others.
- Optimize your app. You can use Visual Studio’s profiling and debugging tools to optimize the performance of your UWP app. For example, the Timeline tool for UI responsiveness, the memory Usage tool, the CPU Usage tool, and more. For more information about these tools, see Run diagnostic tools without debugging.
- Check .NET Native compatibility (for VB and C# apps). In the Universal Windows Platform, there is a native compiler that will improve the runtime performance of your app. With this change, it is highly recommended that you test your app in this compilation environment. By default, the Release build configuration enables the .NET native toolchain, so it is important to test your app with this Release configuration and check that your app behaves as expected. Some common debugging issues that can happen with .NET Native are explained in more detail in Debugging .NET Native Windows Universal Apps.
Configure an app package
The app manifest file (Package.appxmanifest) is an XML files that contains the properties and settings that are required to create your app package. For example, properties in the manifest file describe the image to use as the tile of your app and the orientations that your app supports when a user rotates the device.
The Visual Studio manifest designer allows you to update the manifest file without editing the raw XML of the file.
Configure a package with the manifest designer
- In Solution Explorer, expand the project node of your UWP app.
- Double-click the Package.appxmanifest file. If the manifest file is already open in the XML code view, Visual Studio prompts you to close the file.
Now you can decide how to configure your app. Each tab contains information that you can configure about your app and links to more information if necessary.
Check that you have all the images that are required for a UWP app on the Visual Assets tab.
From the Packaging tab, you can enter publishing data. This is where you can choose which certificate to use to sign your app. All UWP apps must be signed with a certificate. In order to sideload an app package, you need to trust the package. The certificate must be installed on that device to trust the package. For more information about sideloading, see Enable your device for development.
Save your file after you have made the necessary edits for your app.
Visual Studio can associate your package with the Store. When you do this, some of the fields in the Packaging tab of the manifest designer are automatically updated.
Create an app package
To distribute an app through the Store you must create an app package (.appx), app bundle (.appxbundle), or an upload package (.appxupload). You can do that by using the Create App Packages wizard. Follow these steps to create a package suitable for Store submission using Visual Studio.
To create your app package
- In Solution Explorer, open the solution for your UWP app project.
Right-click the project and choose Store->Create App Packages. If this option is disabled or does not appear at all, check that the project is a UWP project.
The Create App Packages wizard appears.
Select Yes in the first dialog asking if you want to build packages to upload to the Windows Store, then click Next.
If you choose No here, Visual Studio will not generate the required .appxupload package you need for store submission. If you only want to sideload your app to run it on internal devices, then you can select this option. For more information about sideloading, see Enable your device for development.
Sign in with your developer account to the Windows Dev Center. (If you don't have a developer account yet, the wizard will help you create one.)
- Select the app name for your package, or reserve a new one if you have not already reserved one with the Windows Dev Center portal.
- Make sure you select all three architecture configurations (x86, x64, and ARM) in the Select and Configure Packages dialog. That way your app can be deployed to the widest range of devices. In the Generate app bundle listbox, select Always. This makes the Store submission process much simpler because you will only have one file to upload (.appxupload). The single bundle will contain all the necessary packages to deploy to devices with each processor architecture, as well as important debugging and crash analytic information. To learn more about package architectures used by various devices, see App package architectures.
- It is highly recommended to include full PDB symbol files for the best crash analytics experience from the Windows Dev Center. You can learn more about debugging with symbols by visiting Debugging with Symbols.
- Now you can configure the details to create your package. When you're ready to publish your app, you'll upload the packages from the output location.
- Click Create to generate your appxupload package.
Now you will see this dialog.
Validate your app before you submit it to the Store for certification on a local or remote machine. You can only validate release builds for your app package, not debug builds.
To validate locally, leave the Local machine option selected and click Launch Windows App Certification Kit. For more information about testing your app with the Windows App Certification Kit, see Windows App Certification Kit.
The Windows App Certification Kit performs various tests and returns the results. See Windows App Certification Kit tests for more specific information.
If you have a remote Windows 10 device that you want to use for testing, you will need to install the Windows App Certification Kit manually on that device. The next section will walk you through these steps. After you've done that, then you can select Remote machine and click Launch Windows App Certification Kit to connect to the remote device and run the validation tests.
After WACK has finished and your app has passed, you are ready to submit your app to the Store. Make sure you upload the correct file. It can be found in the root folder of your solution \[AppName]\AppPackages and it will end with the .appxupload file extension (or the .appx/.appxbundle extension, if that's what you're using). The name will be of the form [AppName]_[AppVersion]_x86_x64_arm_bundle.appxupload.
Validate your app package on a remote Windows 10 device
- Enable your Windows 10 device for development by following the Enable your device for development instructions. Important You cannot validate your app package on a remote ARM device for Windows 10.
- Download and install the remote tools for Visual Studio. These tools are used to run the Windows App Certification Kit remotely. You can get more information about these tools including where to download them by visiting Run Windows Store apps on a remote machine.
- Download the required Windows App Certification Kit and then install it on your remote Windows 10 device.
- On the Package Creation Completed page of the wizard, choose the Remote Machine option button, and then choose the ellipsis button next to the Test Connection button. Note The Remote Machine option button is available only if you selected at least one solution configuration that supports validation. For more information about testing your app with the WACK, see Windows App Certification Kit.
- Specify a device form inside your subnet, or provide the Domain Name Server (DNS) name or IP address of a device that's outside of your subnet.
- In the Authentication Mode list, choose None if your device doesn't require you to log onto it by using your Windows credentials.
- Choose the Select button, and then choose the Launch Windows App Certification Kit button. If the remote tools are running on that device, Visual Studio connects to it and then performs the validation tests. See Windows App Certification Kit tests.
Sideload your app package
Introduced in the Windows 10 Anniversary Update, app packages can be installed simply by double clicking the app package file. To use this, simply navigate to your app package (.appx) or app bundle (.appxbundle) file, and double click it. The App Installer launches and provides the basic app information as well as an install button, installation progress bar, and any relevant error messages.
The App Installer assumes that the app is trusted by the device. If you are sideloading a developer or enterprise app, you will need to install the signing certificate to the Trusted Root Certification Authorities store on the device. If you're not sure how to do this, see Installing Test Certificates.
Sideload your app on previous versions of Windows
With UWP app packages, apps aren't installed to a device as they are with Desktop apps. Typically, you download UWP apps from the Store, which also installs the app to your device for you. Apps can be installed without being submitted to the Store (sideloading). This lets you install and and test apps using the app package (.appx) that you have created. If you have an app that you don’t want to sell in the Store, like a line-of-business (LOB) app, you can sideload that app so that other users in your company can use it.
The following list provides requirements for sideloading your app.
- You must enable your device for development.
- To sideload your app on a Windows 10 Mobile device, use the WinAppDeployCmd.exe tool.
Sideload an app to a desktop, laptop, or tablet
Copy the folders for the app version to install on the target device.
If you've created an app bundle, then you will have a folder based on the version number and a
*\_Testfolder. For example these two folders (where the version to install is 126.96.36.199):
If you don't have an app bundle, copy the folder for the correct architecture and its corresponding
*\_Testfolder. These two folders are an example of an app package with the x64 architecture and its
On the target device, open the
Right-click on the Add-AppDevPackage.ps1 file. Choose Run with PowerShell and follow the prompts.
When the app package has been installed, the PowerShell window displays this message: Your app was successfully installed.
Tip: To open the shortcut menu on a tablet, touch the screen where you want to right-click, hold until a complete circle appears, then lift your finger. The shortcut menu opens once you lift your finger.
- Click the Start button to search for the app by name, and then launch it.