TreeView.CheckBoxes TreeView.CheckBoxes TreeView.CheckBoxes TreeView.CheckBoxes Property

Definición

Obtiene o establece un valor que indica si se muestran casillas al lado de los nodos de árbol del control de vista de árbol.Gets or sets a value indicating whether check boxes are displayed next to the tree nodes in the tree view control.

public:
 property bool CheckBoxes { bool get(); void set(bool value); };
public bool CheckBoxes { get; set; }
member this.CheckBoxes : bool with get, set
Public Property CheckBoxes As Boolean

Valor de propiedad

true Si se muestra una casilla de verificación junto a cada nodo de árbol en el control de vista de árbol; en caso contrario, false.true if a check box is displayed next to each tree node in the tree view control; otherwise, false. De manera predeterminada, es false.The default is false.

Ejemplos

En el ejemplo de código siguiente se muestra cómo cambiar el estado de contracción de un TreeView para que todos los nodos activados están visibles.The following code example demonstrates how to change the collapse state of a TreeView so that all the checked nodes are visible. En primer lugar, se contraen todos los nodos y se agrega un controlador para el BeforeExpand eventos.First, all the nodes are collapsed, and a handler is added for the BeforeExpand event. A continuación, todos los nodos se expanden.Next, all the nodes are expanded. El BeforeExpand controlador de eventos determina si un determinado nodo tiene nodos secundarios que están activados.The BeforeExpand event handler determines whether a given node has child nodes that are checked. Si un nodo no tiene nodos secundarios activados, se cancela la expansión para ese nodo.If a node does not have checked children, the expansion is canceled for that node. Con el fin de permitir la expansión de nodo estándar cuando se hace clic en el signo más junto a un nodo, el BeforeExpand , a continuación, se quita el controlador de eventos.In order to allow standard node expansion when the plus sign next to a node is clicked, the BeforeExpand event handler is then removed.

Este comportamiento también se puede implementar controlando el BeforeCollapse eventos, como se muestra en el ejemplo de ese tema.This behavior can also be implemented by handling the BeforeCollapse event, as illustrated in the example for that topic.

#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>
#using <System.Drawing.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
public ref class Form1: public Form
{
private:
   TreeView^ treeView1;
   Button^ showCheckedNodesButton;
   TreeViewCancelEventHandler^ checkForCheckedChildren;

public:
   Form1()
   {
      treeView1 = gcnew TreeView;
      showCheckedNodesButton = gcnew Button;
      checkForCheckedChildren = gcnew TreeViewCancelEventHandler( this, &Form1::CheckForCheckedChildrenHandler );
      this->SuspendLayout();
      
      // Initialize treeView1.
      treeView1->Location = Point(0,25);
      treeView1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 292, 248 );
      treeView1->Anchor = static_cast<AnchorStyles>(AnchorStyles::Top | AnchorStyles::Left | AnchorStyles::Bottom | AnchorStyles::Right);
      treeView1->CheckBoxes = true;
      
      // Add nodes to treeView1.
      TreeNode^ node;
      for ( int x = 0; x < 3; ++x )
      {
         
         // Add a root node.
         node = treeView1->Nodes->Add( String::Format( "Node{0}", x * 4 ) );
         for ( int y = 1; y < 4; ++y )
         {
            
            // Add a node as a child of the previously added node.
            node = node->Nodes->Add( String::Format( "Node{0}", x * 4 + y ) );

         }
      }
      
      // Set the checked state of one of the nodes to
      // demonstrate the showCheckedNodesButton button behavior.
      treeView1->Nodes[ 1 ]->Nodes[ 0 ]->Nodes[ 0 ]->Checked = true;
      
      // Initialize showCheckedNodesButton.
      showCheckedNodesButton->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 144, 24 );
      showCheckedNodesButton->Text = "Show Checked Nodes";
      showCheckedNodesButton->Click += gcnew EventHandler( this, &Form1::showCheckedNodesButton_Click );
      
      // Initialize the form.
      this->ClientSize = System::Drawing::Size( 292, 273 );
      array<Control^>^temp0 = {showCheckedNodesButton,treeView1};
      this->Controls->AddRange( temp0 );
      this->ResumeLayout( false );
   }

private:
   void showCheckedNodesButton_Click( Object^ /*sender*/, EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      // Disable redrawing of treeView1 to prevent flickering 
      // while changes are made.
      treeView1->BeginUpdate();
      
      // Collapse all nodes of treeView1.
      treeView1->CollapseAll();
      
      // Add the checkForCheckedChildren event handler to the BeforeExpand event.
      treeView1->BeforeExpand += checkForCheckedChildren;
      
      // Expand all nodes of treeView1. Nodes without checked children are 
      // prevented from expanding by the checkForCheckedChildren event handler.
      treeView1->ExpandAll();
      
      // Remove the checkForCheckedChildren event handler from the BeforeExpand 
      // event so manual node expansion will work correctly.
      treeView1->BeforeExpand -= checkForCheckedChildren;
      
      // Enable redrawing of treeView1.
      treeView1->EndUpdate();
   }

   // Prevent expansion of a node that does not have any checked child nodes.
   void CheckForCheckedChildrenHandler( Object^ /*sender*/, TreeViewCancelEventArgs^ e )
   {
      if (  !HasCheckedChildNodes( e->Node ) )
            e->Cancel = true;
   }


   // Returns a value indicating whether the specified 
   // TreeNode has checked child nodes.
   bool HasCheckedChildNodes( TreeNode^ node )
   {
      if ( node->Nodes->Count == 0 )
            return false;

      System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = node->Nodes->GetEnumerator();
      while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
      {
         TreeNode^ childNode = safe_cast<TreeNode^>(myEnum->Current);
         if ( childNode->Checked )
                  return true;

         // Recursively check the children of the current child node.
         if ( HasCheckedChildNodes( childNode ) )
                  return true;
      }

      return false;
   }
};

int main()
{
   Application::Run( gcnew Form1 );
}
using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;

public class Form1 : Form
{
    private TreeView treeView1;
    private Button showCheckedNodesButton;
    private TreeViewCancelEventHandler checkForCheckedChildren;

    public Form1()
    {
        treeView1 = new TreeView();
        showCheckedNodesButton = new Button();
        checkForCheckedChildren = 
            new TreeViewCancelEventHandler(CheckForCheckedChildrenHandler);

        this.SuspendLayout();

        // Initialize treeView1.
        treeView1.Location = new Point(0, 25);
        treeView1.Size = new Size(292, 248);
        treeView1.Anchor = AnchorStyles.Top | AnchorStyles.Left | 
            AnchorStyles.Bottom | AnchorStyles.Right;
        treeView1.CheckBoxes = true;

        // Add nodes to treeView1.
        TreeNode node;
        for (int x = 0; x < 3; ++x)
        {
            // Add a root node.
            node = treeView1.Nodes.Add(String.Format("Node{0}", x*4));
            for (int y = 1; y < 4; ++y)
            {
                // Add a node as a child of the previously added node.
                node = node.Nodes.Add(String.Format("Node{0}", x*4 + y));
            }
        }

        // Set the checked state of one of the nodes to
        // demonstrate the showCheckedNodesButton button behavior.
        treeView1.Nodes[1].Nodes[0].Nodes[0].Checked = true;

        // Initialize showCheckedNodesButton.
        showCheckedNodesButton.Size = new Size(144, 24);
        showCheckedNodesButton.Text = "Show Checked Nodes";
        showCheckedNodesButton.Click += 
            new EventHandler(showCheckedNodesButton_Click);

        // Initialize the form.
        this.ClientSize = new Size(292, 273);
        this.Controls.AddRange(new Control[] 
            { showCheckedNodesButton, treeView1 } );

        this.ResumeLayout(false);
    }

    [STAThreadAttribute()]
    static void Main() 
    {
        Application.Run(new Form1());
    }

    private void showCheckedNodesButton_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        // Disable redrawing of treeView1 to prevent flickering 
        // while changes are made.
        treeView1.BeginUpdate();

        // Collapse all nodes of treeView1.
        treeView1.CollapseAll();

        // Add the checkForCheckedChildren event handler to the BeforeExpand event.
        treeView1.BeforeExpand += checkForCheckedChildren;

        // Expand all nodes of treeView1. Nodes without checked children are 
        // prevented from expanding by the checkForCheckedChildren event handler.
        treeView1.ExpandAll();

        // Remove the checkForCheckedChildren event handler from the BeforeExpand 
        // event so manual node expansion will work correctly.
        treeView1.BeforeExpand -= checkForCheckedChildren;

        // Enable redrawing of treeView1.
        treeView1.EndUpdate();
    }

    // Prevent expansion of a node that does not have any checked child nodes.
    private void CheckForCheckedChildrenHandler(object sender, 
        TreeViewCancelEventArgs e)
    {
        if (!HasCheckedChildNodes(e.Node)) e.Cancel = true;
    }

    // Returns a value indicating whether the specified 
    // TreeNode has checked child nodes.
    private bool HasCheckedChildNodes(TreeNode node)
    {
        if (node.Nodes.Count == 0) return false;
        foreach (TreeNode childNode in node.Nodes)
        {
            if (childNode.Checked) return true;
            // Recursively check the children of the current child node.
            if (HasCheckedChildNodes(childNode)) return true;
        }
        return false;
    }

}
Imports System
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Windows.Forms

Public Class Form1
    Inherits Form
    Private treeView1 As TreeView
    Private showCheckedNodesButton As Button

    Public Sub New()
        treeView1 = New TreeView
        showCheckedNodesButton = New Button

        Me.SuspendLayout()

        ' Initialize treeView1.
        treeView1.Location = New Point(0, 25)
        treeView1.Size = New Size(292, 248)
        treeView1.Anchor = AnchorStyles.Top Or AnchorStyles.Left Or AnchorStyles.Bottom Or AnchorStyles.Right
        treeView1.CheckBoxes = True

        ' Add nodes to treeView1.
        Dim node As TreeNode
        Dim x As Integer
        For x = 0 To 3
            ' Add a root node.
            node = treeView1.Nodes.Add(String.Format("Node{0}", x * 4))
            Dim y As Integer
            For y = 1 To 4
                ' Add a node as a child of the previously added node.
                node = node.Nodes.Add(String.Format("Node{0}", x * 4 + y))
            Next y
        Next x

        ' Set the checked state of one of the nodes to
        ' demonstrate the showCheckedNodesButton button behavior.
        treeView1.Nodes(1).Nodes(0).Nodes(0).Checked = True

        ' Initialize showCheckedNodesButton.
        showCheckedNodesButton.Size = New Size(144, 24)
        showCheckedNodesButton.Text = "Show Checked Nodes"
        AddHandler showCheckedNodesButton.Click, AddressOf showCheckedNodesButton_Click

        ' Initialize the form.
        Me.ClientSize = New Size(292, 273)
        Me.Controls.AddRange(New Control() {showCheckedNodesButton, treeView1})

        Me.ResumeLayout(False)
    End Sub 'New

    <STAThreadAttribute()> _
    Shared Sub Main()
        Application.Run(New Form1)
    End Sub 'Main

    Private Sub showCheckedNodesButton_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
        ' Disable redrawing of treeView1 to prevent flickering 
        ' while changes are made.
        treeView1.BeginUpdate()

        ' Collapse all nodes of treeView1.
        treeView1.CollapseAll()

        ' Add the CheckForCheckedChildren event handler to the BeforeExpand event.
        AddHandler treeView1.BeforeExpand, AddressOf CheckForCheckedChildren

        ' Expand all nodes of treeView1. Nodes without checked children are 
        ' prevented from expanding by the checkForCheckedChildren event handler.
        treeView1.ExpandAll()

        ' Remove the checkForCheckedChildren event handler from the BeforeExpand 
        ' event so manual node expansion will work correctly.
        RemoveHandler treeView1.BeforeExpand, AddressOf CheckForCheckedChildren

        ' Enable redrawing of treeView1.
        treeView1.EndUpdate()
    End Sub 'showCheckedNodesButton_Click

    ' Prevent expansion of a node that does not have any checked child nodes.
    Private Sub CheckForCheckedChildren(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As TreeViewCancelEventArgs)
        If Not HasCheckedChildNodes(e.Node) Then
            e.Cancel = True
        End If
    End Sub 'CheckForCheckedChildren

    ' Returns a value indicating whether the specified 
    ' TreeNode has checked child nodes.
    Private Function HasCheckedChildNodes(ByVal node As TreeNode) As Boolean
        If node.Nodes.Count = 0 Then
            Return False
        End If
        Dim childNode As TreeNode
        For Each childNode In node.Nodes
            If childNode.Checked Then
                Return True
            End If
            ' Recursively check the children of the current child node.
            If HasCheckedChildNodes(childNode) Then
                Return True
            End If
        Next childNode
        Return False
    End Function 'HasCheckedChildNodes

End Class 'Form1 

Comentarios

Se muestra una casilla de verificación a la izquierda de la etiqueta del nodo de árbol y el nodo de árbol Image, si la hubiera.A check box is displayed to the left of both the tree node label and tree node Image, if any. Las casillas de verificación Permitir al usuario seleccionar más de un nodo de árbol a la vez.Check boxes allow the user to select more than one tree node at a time.

Cuando el CheckBoxes propiedad de un TreeView está establecido en truey el StateImageList propiedad está establecida, cada uno TreeNode que se encuentra en la TreeView muestra el primer y segundo desde el StateImageList para indicar una desactivada o comprobar el estado, respectivamente.When the CheckBoxes property of a TreeView is set to true, and the StateImageList property is set, each TreeNode that is contained in the TreeView displays the first and second images from the StateImageList to indicate an unchecked or checked state, respectively. Sin embargo, las imágenes de muestra pueden ser diferentes si se produce la siguiente situación: Si el SelectedImageIndex del nodo se establece en un valor distinto de 0 o 1 y el CheckBoxes propiedad del elemento primario TreeView está establecido en false, el SelectedImageIndex no se restablecerá automáticamente en -1 para indicar que no está configurado.However, the displayed images may be different if the following situation occurs: If the SelectedImageIndex of the node is set to a value other than 0 or 1, and the CheckBoxes property of the parent TreeView is set to false, the SelectedImageIndex will not automatically reset to -1 to indicate it is not set. En este caso, se muestra la imagen de estado en la posición de índice indicado.In this case, the state image at the indicated index position is shown. Si CheckBoxes está establecido en true nuevo, las imágenes de primeros y segunda de la StateImageList se muestran para indicar un estado activado o desactivado, respectivamente.If CheckBoxes is set to true again, the first and second images of the StateImageList are shown to indicate a checked or unchecked state, respectively.

Nota

Al establecer el CheckBoxes propiedad en tiempo de ejecución, el TreeView se vuelve a crear el identificador (consulte Control.RecreateHandle) para actualizar la apariencia del control.When setting the CheckBoxes property at run time, the TreeView handle is recreated (see Control.RecreateHandle) to update the control's appearance. Esto hace que todos los nodos de árbol contraído, con la excepción seleccionada TreeNode.This causes all tree nodes to be collapsed, with the exception of the selected TreeNode.

Se aplica a

Consulte también: