Attribute.GetCustomAttributes Méthode

Définition

Récupère un tableau des attributs personnalisés appliqués à un assembly, module, membre de type ou paramètre de méthode.Retrieves an array of the custom attributes applied to an assembly, module, type member, or method parameter.

Surcharges

GetCustomAttributes(Module, Type)

Récupère le tableau des attributs personnalisés appliqué à un module.Retrieves an array of the custom attributes applied to a module. Les paramètres spécifient le module, et le type de l'attribut personnalisé à rechercher.Parameters specify the module, and the type of the custom attribute to search for.

GetCustomAttributes(ParameterInfo, Type, Boolean)

Récupère le tableau des attributs personnalisés appliqué à un paramètre de méthode.Retrieves an array of the custom attributes applied to a method parameter. Les paramètres spécifient le paramètre de méthode, le type de l'attribut personnalisé à rechercher, et la recherche éventuelle des ancêtres du paramètre de méthode.Parameters specify the method parameter, the type of the custom attribute to search for, and whether to search ancestors of the method parameter.

GetCustomAttributes(Module, Type, Boolean)

Récupère le tableau des attributs personnalisés appliqué à un module.Retrieves an array of the custom attributes applied to a module. Les paramètres spécifient le module, le type de l'attribut personnalisé à rechercher, et une option de recherche ignorée.Parameters specify the module, the type of the custom attribute to search for, and an ignored search option.

GetCustomAttributes(MemberInfo, Type, Boolean)

Récupère le tableau des attributs personnalisés appliqué à un membre d'un type.Retrieves an array of the custom attributes applied to a member of a type. Les paramètres spécifient le membre, le type de l'attribut personnalisé à rechercher, et la recherche éventuelle des ancêtres du membre.Parameters specify the member, the type of the custom attribute to search for, and whether to search ancestors of the member.

GetCustomAttributes(Assembly, Type, Boolean)

Récupère un tableau des attributs personnalisés appliqués à un assembly.Retrieves an array of the custom attributes applied to an assembly. Les paramètres spécifient l'assembly, le type de l'attribut personnalisé à rechercher, et une option de recherche ignorée.Parameters specify the assembly, the type of the custom attribute to search for, and an ignored search option.

GetCustomAttributes(ParameterInfo, Type)

Récupère le tableau des attributs personnalisés appliqué à un paramètre de méthode.Retrieves an array of the custom attributes applied to a method parameter. Les paramètres spécifient le paramètre de méthode et le type de l'attribut personnalisé à rechercher.Parameters specify the method parameter, and the type of the custom attribute to search for.

GetCustomAttributes(Module, Boolean)

Récupère le tableau des attributs personnalisés appliqué à un module.Retrieves an array of the custom attributes applied to a module. Les paramètres spécifient le module et une option de recherche ignorée.Parameters specify the module, and an ignored search option.

GetCustomAttributes(ParameterInfo, Boolean)

Récupère le tableau des attributs personnalisés appliqué à un paramètre de méthode.Retrieves an array of the custom attributes applied to a method parameter. Les paramètres spécifient le paramètre de méthode et indiquent s'il faut rechercher les ancêtres du paramètre de méthode.Parameters specify the method parameter, and whether to search ancestors of the method parameter.

GetCustomAttributes(MemberInfo, Boolean)

Récupère le tableau des attributs personnalisés appliqué à un membre d'un type.Retrieves an array of the custom attributes applied to a member of a type. Les paramètres spécifient le membre, le type de l'attribut personnalisé à rechercher, et la recherche éventuelle des ancêtres du membre.Parameters specify the member, the type of the custom attribute to search for, and whether to search ancestors of the member.

GetCustomAttributes(Assembly, Type)

Récupère un tableau des attributs personnalisés appliqués à un assembly.Retrieves an array of the custom attributes applied to an assembly. Les paramètres spécifient l'assembly et le type de l'attribut personnalisé à rechercher.Parameters specify the assembly, and the type of the custom attribute to search for.

GetCustomAttributes(Assembly, Boolean)

Récupère un tableau des attributs personnalisés appliqués à un assembly.Retrieves an array of the custom attributes applied to an assembly. Les paramètres spécifient l'assembly, et une option de recherche ignorée.Parameters specify the assembly, and an ignored search option.

GetCustomAttributes(ParameterInfo)

Récupère le tableau des attributs personnalisés appliqué à un paramètre de méthode.Retrieves an array of the custom attributes applied to a method parameter. Un paramètre spécifie le paramètre de méthode.A parameter specifies the method parameter.

GetCustomAttributes(Module)

Récupère le tableau des attributs personnalisés appliqué à un module.Retrieves an array of the custom attributes applied to a module. Un paramètre spécifie le module.A parameter specifies the module.

GetCustomAttributes(MemberInfo)

Récupère le tableau des attributs personnalisés appliqué à un membre d'un type.Retrieves an array of the custom attributes applied to a member of a type. Un paramètre spécifie le membre.A parameter specifies the member.

GetCustomAttributes(Assembly)

Récupère un tableau des attributs personnalisés appliqués à un assembly.Retrieves an array of the custom attributes applied to an assembly. Un paramètre spécifie l’assembly.A parameter specifies the assembly.

GetCustomAttributes(MemberInfo, Type)

Récupère le tableau des attributs personnalisés appliqué à un membre d'un type.Retrieves an array of the custom attributes applied to a member of a type. Les paramètres spécifient le membre, et le type de l'attribut personnalisé à rechercher.Parameters specify the member, and the type of the custom attribute to search for.

GetCustomAttributes(Module, Type)

Récupère le tableau des attributs personnalisés appliqué à un module.Retrieves an array of the custom attributes applied to a module. Les paramètres spécifient le module, et le type de l'attribut personnalisé à rechercher.Parameters specify the module, and the type of the custom attribute to search for.

public:
 static cli::array <Attribute ^> ^ GetCustomAttributes(System::Reflection::Module ^ element, Type ^ attributeType);
public static Attribute[] GetCustomAttributes (System.Reflection.Module element, Type attributeType);
static member GetCustomAttributes : System.Reflection.Module * Type -> Attribute[]
Public Shared Function GetCustomAttributes (element As Module, attributeType As Type) As Attribute()

Paramètres

element
Module

Objet dérivé de la classe Module qui décrit un fichier exécutable portable.An object derived from the Module class that describes a portable executable file.

attributeType
Type

Type ou type de base de l'attribut personnalisé à rechercher.The type, or a base type, of the custom attribute to search for.

Retours

Attribute[]

Tableau Attribute qui contient les attributs personnalisés de type attributeType appliqués à element, ou tableau vide en l'absence de tels attributs personnalisés.An Attribute array that contains the custom attributes of type attributeType applied to element, or an empty array if no such custom attributes exist.

Exceptions

element ou attributeType est null.element or attributeType is null.

attributeType n'est pas dérivé de Attribute.attributeType is not derived from Attribute.

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant illustre l’utilisation de GetCustomAttributes , Module en utilisant comme paramètre.The following code example demonstrates the use of GetCustomAttributes, taking a Module as a parameter.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::ComponentModel;

// Assign some attributes to the module.
// Set the module's CLSCompliant attribute to false
// The CLSCompliant attribute is applicable for /target:module.
[module:Description("A sample description")];
[module:CLSCompliant(false)];
namespace CustAttrs2CS
{
   ref class DemoClass
   {
   public:
      static void Main()
      {
         Type^ clsType = DemoClass::typeid;

         // Get the Module type to access its metadata.
         Module^ module = clsType->Module;

         // Iterate through all the attributes for the module.
         System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum1 = Attribute::GetCustomAttributes( module )->GetEnumerator();
         while ( myEnum1->MoveNext() )
         {
            Attribute^ attr = safe_cast<Attribute^>(myEnum1->Current);

            // Check for the Description attribute.
            if ( attr->GetType() == DescriptionAttribute::typeid )
                        Console::WriteLine( "Module {0} has the description \"{1}\".", module->Name, (dynamic_cast<DescriptionAttribute^>(attr))->Description );
            // Check for the CLSCompliant attribute.
            else

            // Check for the CLSCompliant attribute.
            if ( attr->GetType() == CLSCompliantAttribute::typeid )
                        Console::WriteLine( "Module {0} {1} CLSCompliant.", module->Name, (dynamic_cast<CLSCompliantAttribute^>(attr))->IsCompliant ? (String^)"is" : "is not" );
         }
      }
   };
}


/*
 * Output:
 * Module CustAttrs2CS.exe is not CLSCompliant.
 * Module CustAttrs2CS.exe has the description "A sample description".
 */
using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.ComponentModel;

// Assign some attributes to the module.
[module:Description("A sample description")]

// Set the module's CLSCompliant attribute to false
// The CLSCompliant attribute is applicable for /target:module.
[module:CLSCompliant(false)]

namespace CustAttrs2CS {
    class DemoClass {
        static void Main(string[] args) {
            Type clsType = typeof(DemoClass);
            // Get the Module type to access its metadata.
            Module module = clsType.Module;

            // Iterate through all the attributes for the module.
            foreach(Attribute attr in Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(module)) {
                // Check for the Description attribute.
                if (attr.GetType() == typeof(DescriptionAttribute))
                    Console.WriteLine("Module {0} has the description " +
                        "\"{1}\".", module.Name,
                        ((DescriptionAttribute)attr).Description);
                // Check for the CLSCompliant attribute.
                else if (attr.GetType() == typeof(CLSCompliantAttribute))
                    Console.WriteLine("Module {0} {1} CLSCompliant.",
                        module.Name,
                        ((CLSCompliantAttribute)attr).IsCompliant ?
                            "is" : "is not");
            }
        }
    }
}

/*
 * Output:
 * Module CustAttrs2CS.exe is not CLSCompliant.
 * Module CustAttrs2CS.exe has the description "A sample description".
 */
Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.ComponentModel

' Give the Module some attributes.
<Module: Description("A sample description")> 

' Make the CLSCompliant attribute False.
' The CLSCompliant attribute is applicable for /target:module.
<Module: CLSCompliant(False)> 

Module DemoModule

    Sub Main()
        ' Get the Module type to access its metadata.
        Dim modType As Reflection.Module = GetType(DemoModule).Module
        Dim attr As Attribute
        ' Iterate through all the attributes for the module.
        For Each attr In Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(modType)
            ' Check for the Description attribute.
            If TypeOf attr Is DescriptionAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim descAttr As DescriptionAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, DescriptionAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Module {0} has the description ""{1}"".", _
                    modType.Name, descAttr.Description)

            ' Check for the CLSCompliant attribute.
            ElseIf TypeOf attr Is CLSCompliantAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim CLSCompAttr As CLSCompliantAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, CLSCompliantAttribute)
                Dim strCompliant As String
                If CLSCompAttr.IsCompliant Then
                    strCompliant = "is"
                Else
                    strCompliant = "is not"
                End If
                Console.WriteLine("Module {0} {1} CLSCompliant.", _
                    modType.Name, strCompliant)
            End If
        Next
    End Sub
End Module

' Output:
' Module CustAttrs2VB.exe has the description "A sample description".
' Module CustAttrs2VB.exe is not CLSCompliant.

S’applique à

GetCustomAttributes(ParameterInfo, Type, Boolean)

Récupère le tableau des attributs personnalisés appliqué à un paramètre de méthode.Retrieves an array of the custom attributes applied to a method parameter. Les paramètres spécifient le paramètre de méthode, le type de l'attribut personnalisé à rechercher, et la recherche éventuelle des ancêtres du paramètre de méthode.Parameters specify the method parameter, the type of the custom attribute to search for, and whether to search ancestors of the method parameter.

public:
 static cli::array <Attribute ^> ^ GetCustomAttributes(System::Reflection::ParameterInfo ^ element, Type ^ attributeType, bool inherit);
public static Attribute[] GetCustomAttributes (System.Reflection.ParameterInfo element, Type attributeType, bool inherit);
static member GetCustomAttributes : System.Reflection.ParameterInfo * Type * bool -> Attribute[]
Public Shared Function GetCustomAttributes (element As ParameterInfo, attributeType As Type, inherit As Boolean) As Attribute()

Paramètres

element
ParameterInfo

Objet dérivé de la classe ParameterInfo qui décrit un paramètre d'un membre d'une classe.An object derived from the ParameterInfo class that describes a parameter of a member of a class.

attributeType
Type

Type ou type de base de l'attribut personnalisé à rechercher.The type, or a base type, of the custom attribute to search for.

inherit
Boolean

Si la valeur est true, spécifie également de rechercher les ancêtres de element pour les attributs personnalisés.If true, specifies to also search the ancestors of element for custom attributes.

Retours

Attribute[]

Tableau Attribute qui contient les attributs personnalisés de type attributeType appliqués à element, ou tableau vide en l'absence de tels attributs personnalisés.An Attribute array that contains the custom attributes of type attributeType applied to element, or an empty array if no such custom attributes exist.

Exceptions

element ou attributeType est null.element or attributeType is null.

attributeType n'est pas dérivé de Attribute.attributeType is not derived from Attribute.

Un type d’attribut personnalisé ne peut pas être chargé.A custom attribute type cannot be loaded.

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant illustre l’utilisation de GetCustomAttributes , ParameterInfo en utilisant comme paramètre.The following code example demonstrates the use of GetCustomAttributes, taking a ParameterInfo as a parameter.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::ComponentModel;

namespace CustAttrs5CS
{
   public ref class AClass
   {
   public:
      void ParamArrayAndDesc(
         // Add ParamArray and Description attributes.
         [Description("This argument is a ParamArray")]
         array<Int32>^args )
      {}
   };

   ref class DemoClass
   {
   public:
      static void Main()
      {
         // Get the Class type to access its metadata.
         Type^ clsType = AClass::typeid;

         // Get the type information for the method.
         MethodInfo^ mInfo = clsType->GetMethod( "ParamArrayAndDesc" );
         if ( mInfo != nullptr )
         {
            // Get the parameter information.
            array<ParameterInfo^>^pInfo = mInfo->GetParameters();
            if ( pInfo != nullptr )
            {
               // Iterate through all the attributes for the parameter.
               System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum4 = Attribute::GetCustomAttributes( pInfo[ 0 ] )->GetEnumerator();
               while ( myEnum4->MoveNext() )
               {
                  Attribute^ attr = safe_cast<Attribute^>(myEnum4->Current);

                  // Check for the ParamArray attribute.
                  if ( attr->GetType() == ParamArrayAttribute::typeid )
                                    Console::WriteLine( "Parameter {0} for method {1} "
                  "has the ParamArray attribute.", pInfo[ 0 ]->Name, mInfo->Name );
                  // Check for the Description attribute.
                  else

                  // Check for the Description attribute.
                  if ( attr->GetType() == DescriptionAttribute::typeid )
                  {
                     Console::WriteLine( "Parameter {0} for method {1} "
                     "has a description attribute.", pInfo[ 0 ]->Name, mInfo->Name );
                     Console::WriteLine( "The description is: \"{0}\"", (dynamic_cast<DescriptionAttribute^>(attr))->Description );
                  }
               }
            }
         }
      }
   };
}

/*
 * Output:
 * Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has a description attribute.
 * The description is: "This argument is a ParamArray"
 * Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has the ParamArray attribute.
 */
using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.ComponentModel;

namespace CustAttrs5CS {
    public class AClass {
        public void ParamArrayAndDesc(
            // Add ParamArray (with the keyword) and Description attributes.
            [Description("This argument is a ParamArray")]
            params int[] args)
        {}
    }

    class DemoClass {
        static void Main(string[] args) {
            // Get the Class type to access its metadata.
            Type clsType = typeof(AClass);
            // Get the type information for the method.
            MethodInfo mInfo = clsType.GetMethod("ParamArrayAndDesc");
            if (mInfo != null) {
                // Get the parameter information.
                ParameterInfo[] pInfo = mInfo.GetParameters();
                if (pInfo != null) {
                    // Iterate through all the attributes for the parameter.
                    foreach(Attribute attr in
                        Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(pInfo[0])) {
                        // Check for the ParamArray attribute.
                        if (attr.GetType() == typeof(ParamArrayAttribute))
                            Console.WriteLine("Parameter {0} for method {1} " +
                                "has the ParamArray attribute.",
                                pInfo[0].Name, mInfo.Name);
                        // Check for the Description attribute.
                        else if (attr.GetType() ==
                            typeof(DescriptionAttribute)) {
                            Console.WriteLine("Parameter {0} for method {1} " +
                                "has a description attribute.",
                                pInfo[0].Name, mInfo.Name);
                            Console.WriteLine("The description is: \"{0}\"",
                                ((DescriptionAttribute)attr).Description);
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

/*
 * Output:
 * Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has a description attribute.
 * The description is: "This argument is a ParamArray"
 * Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has the ParamArray attribute.
 */
Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.ComponentModel

Module DemoModule
    Public Class AClass
        ' Add Description and ParamArray (with the keyword) attributes.
        Public Sub ParamArrayAndDesc( _
            <Description("This argument is a ParamArray")> _
            ByVal ParamArray args() As Integer)
        End Sub
    End Class

    Sub Main()
        ' Get the Class type to access its metadata.
        Dim clsType As Type = GetType(AClass)
        ' Get the type information for the method.
        Dim mInfo As MethodInfo = clsType.GetMethod("ParamArrayAndDesc")
        ' Get the Parameter information for the method.
        Dim pInfo() As ParameterInfo = mInfo.GetParameters()
        Dim attr As Attribute
        ' Iterate through each attribute of the parameter.
        For Each attr In Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(pInfo(0))
            ' Check for the ParamArray attribute.
            If TypeOf attr Is ParamArrayAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim paAttr As ParamArrayAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, ParamArrayAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Parameter {0} has the " + _
                    "ParamArray attribute.", pInfo(0).Name)
            ' Check for the Description attribute.
            ElseIf TypeOf attr Is DescriptionAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim descAttr As DescriptionAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, DescriptionAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Parameter {0} has a description " + _
                    "attribute. The description is:", pInfo(0).Name)
                Console.WriteLine(descAttr.Description)
            End If
        Next
    End Sub
End Module

' Output:
' Parameter args has a description attribute. The description is:
' This argument is a ParamArray
' Parameter args has the ParamArray attribute.

Remarques

Si element représente un paramètre dans une méthode d’un type dérivé, la valeur de retour comprend les attributs personnalisés pouvant être hérités appliqués au même paramètre dans les méthodes de base substituées.If element represents a parameter in a method of a derived type, the return value includes the inheritable custom attributes applied to the same parameter in the overridden base methods.

S’applique à

GetCustomAttributes(Module, Type, Boolean)

Récupère le tableau des attributs personnalisés appliqué à un module.Retrieves an array of the custom attributes applied to a module. Les paramètres spécifient le module, le type de l'attribut personnalisé à rechercher, et une option de recherche ignorée.Parameters specify the module, the type of the custom attribute to search for, and an ignored search option.

public:
 static cli::array <Attribute ^> ^ GetCustomAttributes(System::Reflection::Module ^ element, Type ^ attributeType, bool inherit);
public static Attribute[] GetCustomAttributes (System.Reflection.Module element, Type attributeType, bool inherit);
static member GetCustomAttributes : System.Reflection.Module * Type * bool -> Attribute[]
Public Shared Function GetCustomAttributes (element As Module, attributeType As Type, inherit As Boolean) As Attribute()

Paramètres

element
Module

Objet dérivé de la classe Module qui décrit un fichier exécutable portable.An object derived from the Module class that describes a portable executable file.

attributeType
Type

Type ou type de base de l'attribut personnalisé à rechercher.The type, or a base type, of the custom attribute to search for.

inherit
Boolean

Ce paramètre est ignoré, mais cela n'affecte pas le fonctionnement de cette méthode.This parameter is ignored, and does not affect the operation of this method.

Retours

Attribute[]

Tableau Attribute qui contient les attributs personnalisés de type attributeType appliqués à element, ou tableau vide en l'absence de tels attributs personnalisés.An Attribute array that contains the custom attributes of type attributeType applied to element, or an empty array if no such custom attributes exist.

Exceptions

element ou attributeType est null.element or attributeType is null.

attributeType n'est pas dérivé de Attribute.attributeType is not derived from Attribute.

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant illustre l’utilisation de GetCustomAttributes , Module en utilisant comme paramètre.The following code example demonstrates the use of GetCustomAttributes, taking a Module as a parameter.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::ComponentModel;

// Assign some attributes to the module.
// Set the module's CLSCompliant attribute to false
// The CLSCompliant attribute is applicable for /target:module.
[module:Description("A sample description")];
[module:CLSCompliant(false)];
namespace CustAttrs2CS
{
   ref class DemoClass
   {
   public:
      static void Main()
      {
         Type^ clsType = DemoClass::typeid;

         // Get the Module type to access its metadata.
         Module^ module = clsType->Module;

         // Iterate through all the attributes for the module.
         System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum1 = Attribute::GetCustomAttributes( module )->GetEnumerator();
         while ( myEnum1->MoveNext() )
         {
            Attribute^ attr = safe_cast<Attribute^>(myEnum1->Current);

            // Check for the Description attribute.
            if ( attr->GetType() == DescriptionAttribute::typeid )
                        Console::WriteLine( "Module {0} has the description \"{1}\".", module->Name, (dynamic_cast<DescriptionAttribute^>(attr))->Description );
            // Check for the CLSCompliant attribute.
            else

            // Check for the CLSCompliant attribute.
            if ( attr->GetType() == CLSCompliantAttribute::typeid )
                        Console::WriteLine( "Module {0} {1} CLSCompliant.", module->Name, (dynamic_cast<CLSCompliantAttribute^>(attr))->IsCompliant ? (String^)"is" : "is not" );
         }
      }
   };
}


/*
 * Output:
 * Module CustAttrs2CS.exe is not CLSCompliant.
 * Module CustAttrs2CS.exe has the description "A sample description".
 */
using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.ComponentModel;

// Assign some attributes to the module.
[module:Description("A sample description")]

// Set the module's CLSCompliant attribute to false
// The CLSCompliant attribute is applicable for /target:module.
[module:CLSCompliant(false)]

namespace CustAttrs2CS {
    class DemoClass {
        static void Main(string[] args) {
            Type clsType = typeof(DemoClass);
            // Get the Module type to access its metadata.
            Module module = clsType.Module;

            // Iterate through all the attributes for the module.
            foreach(Attribute attr in Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(module)) {
                // Check for the Description attribute.
                if (attr.GetType() == typeof(DescriptionAttribute))
                    Console.WriteLine("Module {0} has the description " +
                        "\"{1}\".", module.Name,
                        ((DescriptionAttribute)attr).Description);
                // Check for the CLSCompliant attribute.
                else if (attr.GetType() == typeof(CLSCompliantAttribute))
                    Console.WriteLine("Module {0} {1} CLSCompliant.",
                        module.Name,
                        ((CLSCompliantAttribute)attr).IsCompliant ?
                            "is" : "is not");
            }
        }
    }
}

/*
 * Output:
 * Module CustAttrs2CS.exe is not CLSCompliant.
 * Module CustAttrs2CS.exe has the description "A sample description".
 */
Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.ComponentModel

' Give the Module some attributes.
<Module: Description("A sample description")> 

' Make the CLSCompliant attribute False.
' The CLSCompliant attribute is applicable for /target:module.
<Module: CLSCompliant(False)> 

Module DemoModule

    Sub Main()
        ' Get the Module type to access its metadata.
        Dim modType As Reflection.Module = GetType(DemoModule).Module
        Dim attr As Attribute
        ' Iterate through all the attributes for the module.
        For Each attr In Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(modType)
            ' Check for the Description attribute.
            If TypeOf attr Is DescriptionAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim descAttr As DescriptionAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, DescriptionAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Module {0} has the description ""{1}"".", _
                    modType.Name, descAttr.Description)

            ' Check for the CLSCompliant attribute.
            ElseIf TypeOf attr Is CLSCompliantAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim CLSCompAttr As CLSCompliantAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, CLSCompliantAttribute)
                Dim strCompliant As String
                If CLSCompAttr.IsCompliant Then
                    strCompliant = "is"
                Else
                    strCompliant = "is not"
                End If
                Console.WriteLine("Module {0} {1} CLSCompliant.", _
                    modType.Name, strCompliant)
            End If
        Next
    End Sub
End Module

' Output:
' Module CustAttrs2VB.exe has the description "A sample description".
' Module CustAttrs2VB.exe is not CLSCompliant.

Remarques

La valeur de retour contient les attributs personnalisés pour les ancêtres de element si inherit est true .The return value contains the custom attributes for ancestors of element if inherit is true.

S’applique à

GetCustomAttributes(MemberInfo, Type, Boolean)

Récupère le tableau des attributs personnalisés appliqué à un membre d'un type.Retrieves an array of the custom attributes applied to a member of a type. Les paramètres spécifient le membre, le type de l'attribut personnalisé à rechercher, et la recherche éventuelle des ancêtres du membre.Parameters specify the member, the type of the custom attribute to search for, and whether to search ancestors of the member.

public:
 static cli::array <Attribute ^> ^ GetCustomAttributes(System::Reflection::MemberInfo ^ element, Type ^ type, bool inherit);
public static Attribute[] GetCustomAttributes (System.Reflection.MemberInfo element, Type type, bool inherit);
static member GetCustomAttributes : System.Reflection.MemberInfo * Type * bool -> Attribute[]
Public Shared Function GetCustomAttributes (element As MemberInfo, type As Type, inherit As Boolean) As Attribute()

Paramètres

element
MemberInfo

Objet dérivé de la classe MemberInfo qui décrit un constructeur, un événement, un champ, une méthode ou un membre de propriété d'une classe.An object derived from the MemberInfo class that describes a constructor, event, field, method, or property member of a class.

type
Type

Type ou type de base de l'attribut personnalisé à rechercher.The type, or a base type, of the custom attribute to search for.

inherit
Boolean

Si la valeur est true, spécifie également de rechercher les ancêtres de element pour les attributs personnalisés.If true, specifies to also search the ancestors of element for custom attributes.

Retours

Attribute[]

Tableau Attribute qui contient les attributs personnalisés de type type appliqués à element, ou tableau vide en l'absence de tels attributs personnalisés.An Attribute array that contains the custom attributes of type type applied to element, or an empty array if no such custom attributes exist.

Exceptions

element ou type est null.element or type is null.

type n'est pas dérivé de Attribute.type is not derived from Attribute.

element n'est pas un constructeur, une méthode, une propriété, un événement, un type ou un champ.element is not a constructor, method, property, event, type, or field.

Un type d’attribut personnalisé ne peut pas être chargé.A custom attribute type cannot be loaded.

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant illustre l’utilisation de GetCustomAttributes , MemberInfo en utilisant comme paramètre.The following code example demonstrates the use of GetCustomAttributes, taking a MemberInfo as a parameter.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::Security;
using namespace System::Runtime::InteropServices;

namespace CustAttrs4CS
{
   // Create a class for Win32 imported unmanaged functions.
   public ref class Win32
   {
   public:

      [DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet = CharSet::Unicode)]
      static int MessageBox( int hWnd, String^ text, String^ caption, UInt32 type );
   };

   public ref class AClass
   {
   public:

      // Add some attributes to the Win32CallMethod.

      [Obsolete("This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead.")]
      void Win32CallMethod()
      {
         Win32::MessageBox( 0, "This is an unmanaged call.", "Be Careful!", 0 );
      }

   };

   ref class DemoClass
   {
   public:
      static void Main()
      {
         // Get the Class type to access its metadata.
         Type^ clsType = AClass::typeid;

         // Get the type information for the Win32CallMethod.
         MethodInfo^ mInfo = clsType->GetMethod( "Win32CallMethod" );
         if ( mInfo != nullptr )
         {
            // Iterate through all the attributes for the method.
            System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum3 = Attribute::GetCustomAttributes( mInfo )->GetEnumerator();
            while ( myEnum3->MoveNext() )
            {
               Attribute^ attr = safe_cast<Attribute^>(myEnum3->Current);

               // Check for the Obsolete attribute.
               if ( attr->GetType() == ObsoleteAttribute::typeid )
               {
                  Console::WriteLine( "Method {0} is obsolete. "
                  "The message is:", mInfo->Name );
                  Console::WriteLine( (dynamic_cast<ObsoleteAttribute^>(attr))->Message );
               }
               // Check for the SuppressUnmanagedCodeSecurity attribute.
               else

               // Check for the SuppressUnmanagedCodeSecurity attribute.
               if ( attr->GetType() == SuppressUnmanagedCodeSecurityAttribute::typeid )
               {
                  Console::WriteLine( "This method calls unmanaged code "
                  "with no security check." );
                  Console::WriteLine( "Please do not use unless absolutely necessary." );
                  AClass^ myCls = gcnew AClass;
                  myCls->Win32CallMethod();
               }
            }
         }
      }
   };
}


/*
 * Output:
 * Method Win32CallMethod is obsolete. The message is:
 * This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead.
 * This method calls unmanaged code with no security check.
 * Please do not use unless absolutely necessary.
 */
using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Security;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;

namespace CustAttrs4CS
{

    // Define an enumeration of Win32 unmanaged types
    public enum UnmanagedType
    {
        User,
        GDI,
        Kernel,
        Shell,
        Networking,
        Multimedia
    }

    // Define the Unmanaged attribute.
    public class UnmanagedAttribute : Attribute
    {
        // Storage for the UnmanagedType value.
        protected UnmanagedType thisType;

        // Set the unmanaged type in the constructor.
        public UnmanagedAttribute(UnmanagedType type)
        {
            thisType = type;
        }

        // Define a property to get and set the UnmanagedType value.
        public UnmanagedType Win32Type
        {
            get { return thisType; }
            set { thisType = Win32Type; }
        }
    }

    // Create a class for an imported Win32 unmanaged function.
    public class Win32 {
        [DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Unicode)]
        public static extern int MessageBox(int hWnd, String text,
            String caption, uint type);
    }

    public class AClass {
        // Add some attributes to Win32CallMethod.
        [Obsolete("This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead.")]
        [Unmanaged(UnmanagedType.User)]
        public void Win32CallMethod()
        {
            Win32.MessageBox(0, "This is an unmanaged call.", "Caution!", 0);
        }
    }

    class DemoClass {
        static void Main(string[] args)
            {
            // Get the AClass type to access its metadata.
            Type clsType = typeof(AClass);
            // Get the type information for Win32CallMethod.
            MethodInfo mInfo = clsType.GetMethod("Win32CallMethod");
            if (mInfo != null)
            {
                // Iterate through all the attributes of the method.
                foreach(Attribute attr in
                    Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(mInfo)) {
                    // Check for the Obsolete attribute.
                    if (attr.GetType() == typeof(ObsoleteAttribute))
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine("Method {0} is obsolete. " +
                            "The message is:",
                            mInfo.Name);
                        Console.WriteLine("  \"{0}\"",
                            ((ObsoleteAttribute)attr).Message);
                    }

                    // Check for the Unmanaged attribute.
                    else if (attr.GetType() == typeof(UnmanagedAttribute))
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine(
                            "This method calls unmanaged code.");
                        Console.WriteLine(
                            String.Format("The Unmanaged attribute type is {0}.",
                                          ((UnmanagedAttribute)attr).Win32Type));
                        AClass myCls = new AClass();
                        myCls.Win32CallMethod();
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

/*

This code example produces the following results.

First, the compilation yields the warning, "... This method is
obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
Second, execution yields a message box with a title of "Caution!"
and message text of "This is an unmanaged call."
Third, the following text is displayed in the console window:

Method Win32CallMethod is obsolete. The message is:
  "This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
This method calls unmanaged code.
The Unmanaged attribute type is User.

*/

Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.Security
Imports System.Runtime.InteropServices

' Define an enumeration of Win32 unmanaged types
Public Enum UnmanagedType
    User
    GDI
    Kernel
    Shell
    Networking
    Multimedia
End Enum 'UnmanagedType

' Define the Unmanaged attribute.
Public Class UnmanagedAttribute 
             Inherits Attribute

    ' Storage for the UnmanagedType value.
    Protected thisType As UnmanagedType
    
    ' Set the unmanaged type in the constructor.
    Public Sub New(ByVal type As UnmanagedType) 
        thisType = type
    End Sub
    
    ' Define a property to get and set the UnmanagedType value.
    Public Property Win32Type() As UnmanagedType 
        Get
            Return thisType
        End Get
        Set
            thisType = Win32Type
        End Set
    End Property
End Class

' Create a class for an imported Win32 unmanaged function.
Public Class Win32
    <DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet:=CharSet.Unicode)> _
    Public Shared Function MessageBox(ByVal hWnd As Integer, _
                                      ByVal Text As String, _
                                      ByVal caption As String, _
                                      ByVal type As Integer) As Integer
    End Function 'MessageBox
End Class

Public Class AClass
    ' Add some attributes to Win32CallMethod.
    <Obsolete("This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."), _
     Unmanaged(UnmanagedType.User)>  _
    Public Sub Win32CallMethod() 
        Win32.MessageBox(0, "This is an unmanaged call.", "Caution!", 0)    
    End Sub
End Class

Class DemoClass
    Shared Sub Main(ByVal args() As String) 
        ' Get the AClass type to access its metadata.
        Dim clsType As Type = GetType(AClass)
        ' Get the type information for Win32CallMethod.
        Dim mInfo As MethodInfo = clsType.GetMethod("Win32CallMethod")
        If Not (mInfo Is Nothing) Then
            ' Iterate through all the attributes of the method.
            Dim attr As Attribute
            For Each attr In  Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(mInfo)
                ' Check for the Obsolete attribute.
                If attr.GetType().Equals(GetType(ObsoleteAttribute)) Then
                    Console.WriteLine("Method {0} is obsolete. The message is:", mInfo.Name)
                    Console.WriteLine("  ""{0}""", CType(attr, ObsoleteAttribute).Message)
                ' Check for the Unmanaged attribute.
                ElseIf attr.GetType().Equals(GetType(UnmanagedAttribute)) Then
                    Console.WriteLine("This method calls unmanaged code.")
                    Console.WriteLine( _
                            String.Format("The Unmanaged attribute type is {0}.", _
                            CType(attr, UnmanagedAttribute).Win32Type))
                    Dim myCls As New AClass()
                    myCls.Win32CallMethod()
                End If
            Next attr
        End If
    End Sub
End Class

'
'This code example produces the following results. 
'
'First, the compilation yields the warning, "... This method is 
'obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
'Second, execution yields a message box with a title of "Caution!" 
'and message text of "This is an unmanaged call." 
'Third, the following text is displayed in the console window:
'
'Method Win32CallMethod is obsolete. The message is:
'  "This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
'This method calls unmanaged code.
'The Unmanaged attribute type is User.
' 

Remarques

La valeur de retour contient les attributs personnalisés pour les ancêtres de element si inherit est true .The return value contains the custom attributes for ancestors of element if inherit is true.

Notes

À partir de la version .NET Framework 2,0, cette méthode retourne des attributs de sécurité sur les méthodes, constructeurs et types si les attributs sont stockés dans le nouveau format de métadonnées.Starting with the .NET Framework version 2.0, this method returns security attributes on methods, constructors, and types if the attributes are stored in the new metadata format. Les assemblys compilés avec la version 2,0 ou une version ultérieure utilisent le nouveau format.Assemblies compiled with version 2.0 or later use the new format. Les assemblys dynamiques et les assemblys compilés avec des versions antérieures du .NET Framework utilisent l’ancien format XML.Dynamic assemblies and assemblies compiled with earlier versions of the .NET Framework use the old XML format. Consultez émission d’attributs de sécurité déclaratifs.See Emitting Declarative Security Attributes.

S’applique à

GetCustomAttributes(Assembly, Type, Boolean)

Récupère un tableau des attributs personnalisés appliqués à un assembly.Retrieves an array of the custom attributes applied to an assembly. Les paramètres spécifient l'assembly, le type de l'attribut personnalisé à rechercher, et une option de recherche ignorée.Parameters specify the assembly, the type of the custom attribute to search for, and an ignored search option.

public:
 static cli::array <Attribute ^> ^ GetCustomAttributes(System::Reflection::Assembly ^ element, Type ^ attributeType, bool inherit);
public static Attribute[] GetCustomAttributes (System.Reflection.Assembly element, Type attributeType, bool inherit);
static member GetCustomAttributes : System.Reflection.Assembly * Type * bool -> Attribute[]
Public Shared Function GetCustomAttributes (element As Assembly, attributeType As Type, inherit As Boolean) As Attribute()

Paramètres

element
Assembly

Objet dérivé de la classe Assembly qui décrit une collection de modules réutilisable.An object derived from the Assembly class that describes a reusable collection of modules.

attributeType
Type

Type ou type de base de l'attribut personnalisé à rechercher.The type, or a base type, of the custom attribute to search for.

inherit
Boolean

Ce paramètre est ignoré, mais cela n'affecte pas le fonctionnement de cette méthode.This parameter is ignored, and does not affect the operation of this method.

Retours

Attribute[]

Tableau Attribute qui contient les attributs personnalisés de type attributeType appliqués à element, ou tableau vide en l'absence de tels attributs personnalisés.An Attribute array that contains the custom attributes of type attributeType applied to element, or an empty array if no such custom attributes exist.

Exceptions

element ou attributeType est null.element or attributeType is null.

attributeType n'est pas dérivé de Attribute.attributeType is not derived from Attribute.

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant illustre l’utilisation de GetCustomAttributes , en acceptant Assembly comme paramètre.The following code example demonstrates the use of GetCustomAttributes, taking an Assembly as a parameter.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;

[assembly:AssemblyTitle("CustAttrs1CPP")];
[assembly:AssemblyDescription("GetCustomAttributes() Demo")];
[assembly:AssemblyCompany("Microsoft")];

ref class Example
{};

static void main()
{
    Type^ clsType = Example::typeid;

    // Get the Assembly type to access its metadata.
    Assembly^ assy = clsType->Assembly;

    // Iterate through the attributes for the assembly.
    System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = Attribute::GetCustomAttributes( assy )->GetEnumerator();
    while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
    {
       Attribute^ attr = safe_cast<Attribute^>(myEnum->Current);

       // Check for the AssemblyTitle attribute.
       if ( attr->GetType() == AssemblyTitleAttribute::typeid )
          Console::WriteLine( "Assembly title is \"{0}\".", (dynamic_cast<AssemblyTitleAttribute^>(attr))->Title );
          // Check for the AssemblyDescription attribute.
       else
          // Check for the AssemblyDescription attribute.
          if ( attr->GetType() == AssemblyDescriptionAttribute::typeid )
             Console::WriteLine( "Assembly description is \"{0}\".", (dynamic_cast<AssemblyDescriptionAttribute^>(attr))->Description );
          // Check for the AssemblyCompany attribute.
          else if ( attr->GetType() == AssemblyCompanyAttribute::typeid )
             Console::WriteLine( "Assembly company is {0}.", (dynamic_cast<AssemblyCompanyAttribute^>(attr))->Company );
    }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//     Assembly description is "GetCustomAttributes() Demo".
//     Assembly company is Microsoft.
//     Assembly title is "CustAttrs1CPP".
using System;
using System.Reflection;

[assembly: AssemblyTitle("CustAttrs1CS")]
[assembly: AssemblyDescription("GetCustomAttributes() Demo")]
[assembly: AssemblyCompany("Microsoft")]

class Example {
    static void Main() {
        // Get the Assembly object to access its metadata.
        Assembly assy = typeof(Example).Assembly;

        // Iterate through the attributes for the assembly.
        foreach(Attribute attr in Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(assy)) {
            // Check for the AssemblyTitle attribute.
            if (attr.GetType() == typeof(AssemblyTitleAttribute))
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly title is \"{0}\".",
                    ((AssemblyTitleAttribute)attr).Title);

            // Check for the AssemblyDescription attribute.
            else if (attr.GetType() ==
                typeof(AssemblyDescriptionAttribute))
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly description is \"{0}\".",
                    ((AssemblyDescriptionAttribute)attr).Description);

            // Check for the AssemblyCompany attribute.
            else if (attr.GetType() == typeof(AssemblyCompanyAttribute))
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly company is {0}.",
                    ((AssemblyCompanyAttribute)attr).Company);
        }
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//     Assembly title is "CustAttrs1CS".
//     Assembly description is "GetCustomAttributes() Demo".
//     Assembly company is Microsoft.
Imports System.Reflection

<Assembly: AssemblyTitle("CustAttrs1VB")> 
<Assembly: AssemblyDescription("GetCustomAttributes() Demo")> 
<Assembly: AssemblyCompany("Microsoft")> 

Module Example
    Sub Main()
        ' Get the Assembly type to access its metadata.
        Dim assy As Reflection.Assembly = GetType(Example).Assembly

        ' Iterate through all the attributes for the assembly.
        For Each attr As Attribute In Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(assy)
            ' Check for the AssemblyTitle attribute.
            If TypeOf attr Is AssemblyTitleAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim attrTitle As AssemblyTitleAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, AssemblyTitleAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly title is ""{0}"".", _
                    attrTitle.Title)

            ' Check for the AssemblyDescription attribute.
            ElseIf TypeOf attr Is AssemblyDescriptionAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim attrDesc As AssemblyDescriptionAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, AssemblyDescriptionAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly description is ""{0}"".", _
                    attrDesc.Description)

            ' Check for the AssemblyCompany attribute.
            ElseIf TypeOf attr Is AssemblyCompanyAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim attrComp As AssemblyCompanyAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, AssemblyCompanyAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly company is {0}.", _
                    attrComp.Company)
            End If
        Next
    End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'     Assembly company is Microsoft.
'     Assembly description is "GetCustomAttributes() Demo".
'     Assembly title is "CustAttrs1VB".

Remarques

Notes

À partir de la version .NET Framework 2,0, cette méthode retourne des attributs de sécurité si les attributs sont stockés dans le nouveau format de métadonnées.Starting with the .NET Framework version 2.0, this method returns security attributes if the attributes are stored in the new metadata format. Les assemblys compilés avec la version 2,0 ou une version ultérieure utilisent le nouveau format.Assemblies compiled with version 2.0 or later use the new format. Les assemblys dynamiques et les assemblys compilés avec des versions antérieures du .NET Framework utilisent l’ancien format XML.Dynamic assemblies and assemblies compiled with earlier versions of the .NET Framework use the old XML format. Consultez émission d’attributs de sécurité déclaratifs.See Emitting Declarative Security Attributes.

S’applique à

GetCustomAttributes(ParameterInfo, Type)

Récupère le tableau des attributs personnalisés appliqué à un paramètre de méthode.Retrieves an array of the custom attributes applied to a method parameter. Les paramètres spécifient le paramètre de méthode et le type de l'attribut personnalisé à rechercher.Parameters specify the method parameter, and the type of the custom attribute to search for.

public:
 static cli::array <Attribute ^> ^ GetCustomAttributes(System::Reflection::ParameterInfo ^ element, Type ^ attributeType);
public static Attribute[] GetCustomAttributes (System.Reflection.ParameterInfo element, Type attributeType);
static member GetCustomAttributes : System.Reflection.ParameterInfo * Type -> Attribute[]
Public Shared Function GetCustomAttributes (element As ParameterInfo, attributeType As Type) As Attribute()

Paramètres

element
ParameterInfo

Objet dérivé de la classe ParameterInfo qui décrit un paramètre d'un membre d'une classe.An object derived from the ParameterInfo class that describes a parameter of a member of a class.

attributeType
Type

Type ou type de base de l'attribut personnalisé à rechercher.The type, or a base type, of the custom attribute to search for.

Retours

Attribute[]

Tableau Attribute qui contient les attributs personnalisés de type attributeType appliqués à element, ou tableau vide en l'absence de tels attributs personnalisés.An Attribute array that contains the custom attributes of type attributeType applied to element, or an empty array if no such custom attributes exist.

Exceptions

element ou attributeType est null.element or attributeType is null.

attributeType n'est pas dérivé de Attribute.attributeType is not derived from Attribute.

Un type d’attribut personnalisé ne peut pas être chargé.A custom attribute type cannot be loaded.

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant illustre l’utilisation de GetCustomAttributes , ParameterInfo en utilisant comme paramètre.The following code example demonstrates the use of GetCustomAttributes, taking a ParameterInfo as a parameter.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::ComponentModel;

namespace CustAttrs5CS
{
   public ref class AClass
   {
   public:
      void ParamArrayAndDesc(
         // Add ParamArray and Description attributes.
         [Description("This argument is a ParamArray")]
         array<Int32>^args )
      {}
   };

   ref class DemoClass
   {
   public:
      static void Main()
      {
         // Get the Class type to access its metadata.
         Type^ clsType = AClass::typeid;

         // Get the type information for the method.
         MethodInfo^ mInfo = clsType->GetMethod( "ParamArrayAndDesc" );
         if ( mInfo != nullptr )
         {
            // Get the parameter information.
            array<ParameterInfo^>^pInfo = mInfo->GetParameters();
            if ( pInfo != nullptr )
            {
               // Iterate through all the attributes for the parameter.
               System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum4 = Attribute::GetCustomAttributes( pInfo[ 0 ] )->GetEnumerator();
               while ( myEnum4->MoveNext() )
               {
                  Attribute^ attr = safe_cast<Attribute^>(myEnum4->Current);

                  // Check for the ParamArray attribute.
                  if ( attr->GetType() == ParamArrayAttribute::typeid )
                                    Console::WriteLine( "Parameter {0} for method {1} "
                  "has the ParamArray attribute.", pInfo[ 0 ]->Name, mInfo->Name );
                  // Check for the Description attribute.
                  else

                  // Check for the Description attribute.
                  if ( attr->GetType() == DescriptionAttribute::typeid )
                  {
                     Console::WriteLine( "Parameter {0} for method {1} "
                     "has a description attribute.", pInfo[ 0 ]->Name, mInfo->Name );
                     Console::WriteLine( "The description is: \"{0}\"", (dynamic_cast<DescriptionAttribute^>(attr))->Description );
                  }
               }
            }
         }
      }
   };
}

/*
 * Output:
 * Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has a description attribute.
 * The description is: "This argument is a ParamArray"
 * Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has the ParamArray attribute.
 */
using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.ComponentModel;

namespace CustAttrs5CS {
    public class AClass {
        public void ParamArrayAndDesc(
            // Add ParamArray (with the keyword) and Description attributes.
            [Description("This argument is a ParamArray")]
            params int[] args)
        {}
    }

    class DemoClass {
        static void Main(string[] args) {
            // Get the Class type to access its metadata.
            Type clsType = typeof(AClass);
            // Get the type information for the method.
            MethodInfo mInfo = clsType.GetMethod("ParamArrayAndDesc");
            if (mInfo != null) {
                // Get the parameter information.
                ParameterInfo[] pInfo = mInfo.GetParameters();
                if (pInfo != null) {
                    // Iterate through all the attributes for the parameter.
                    foreach(Attribute attr in
                        Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(pInfo[0])) {
                        // Check for the ParamArray attribute.
                        if (attr.GetType() == typeof(ParamArrayAttribute))
                            Console.WriteLine("Parameter {0} for method {1} " +
                                "has the ParamArray attribute.",
                                pInfo[0].Name, mInfo.Name);
                        // Check for the Description attribute.
                        else if (attr.GetType() ==
                            typeof(DescriptionAttribute)) {
                            Console.WriteLine("Parameter {0} for method {1} " +
                                "has a description attribute.",
                                pInfo[0].Name, mInfo.Name);
                            Console.WriteLine("The description is: \"{0}\"",
                                ((DescriptionAttribute)attr).Description);
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

/*
 * Output:
 * Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has a description attribute.
 * The description is: "This argument is a ParamArray"
 * Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has the ParamArray attribute.
 */
Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.ComponentModel

Module DemoModule
    Public Class AClass
        ' Add Description and ParamArray (with the keyword) attributes.
        Public Sub ParamArrayAndDesc( _
            <Description("This argument is a ParamArray")> _
            ByVal ParamArray args() As Integer)
        End Sub
    End Class

    Sub Main()
        ' Get the Class type to access its metadata.
        Dim clsType As Type = GetType(AClass)
        ' Get the type information for the method.
        Dim mInfo As MethodInfo = clsType.GetMethod("ParamArrayAndDesc")
        ' Get the Parameter information for the method.
        Dim pInfo() As ParameterInfo = mInfo.GetParameters()
        Dim attr As Attribute
        ' Iterate through each attribute of the parameter.
        For Each attr In Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(pInfo(0))
            ' Check for the ParamArray attribute.
            If TypeOf attr Is ParamArrayAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim paAttr As ParamArrayAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, ParamArrayAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Parameter {0} has the " + _
                    "ParamArray attribute.", pInfo(0).Name)
            ' Check for the Description attribute.
            ElseIf TypeOf attr Is DescriptionAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim descAttr As DescriptionAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, DescriptionAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Parameter {0} has a description " + _
                    "attribute. The description is:", pInfo(0).Name)
                Console.WriteLine(descAttr.Description)
            End If
        Next
    End Sub
End Module

' Output:
' Parameter args has a description attribute. The description is:
' This argument is a ParamArray
' Parameter args has the ParamArray attribute.

Remarques

Si element représente un paramètre dans une méthode d’un type dérivé, la valeur de retour comprend les attributs personnalisés pouvant être hérités appliqués au même paramètre dans les méthodes de base substituées.If element represents a parameter in a method of a derived type, the return value includes the inheritable custom attributes applied to the same parameter in the overridden base methods.

S’applique à

GetCustomAttributes(Module, Boolean)

Récupère le tableau des attributs personnalisés appliqué à un module.Retrieves an array of the custom attributes applied to a module. Les paramètres spécifient le module et une option de recherche ignorée.Parameters specify the module, and an ignored search option.

public:
 static cli::array <Attribute ^> ^ GetCustomAttributes(System::Reflection::Module ^ element, bool inherit);
public static Attribute[] GetCustomAttributes (System.Reflection.Module element, bool inherit);
static member GetCustomAttributes : System.Reflection.Module * bool -> Attribute[]
Public Shared Function GetCustomAttributes (element As Module, inherit As Boolean) As Attribute()

Paramètres

element
Module

Objet dérivé de la classe Module qui décrit un fichier exécutable portable.An object derived from the Module class that describes a portable executable file.

inherit
Boolean

Ce paramètre est ignoré, mais cela n'affecte pas le fonctionnement de cette méthode.This parameter is ignored, and does not affect the operation of this method.

Retours

Attribute[]

Tableau Attribute qui contient les attributs personnalisés appliqués à element ou tableau vide en l’absence de tels attributs personnalisés.An Attribute array that contains the custom attributes applied to element, or an empty array if no such custom attributes exist.

Exceptions

element ou attributeType est null.element or attributeType is null.

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant illustre l’utilisation de GetCustomAttributes , Module en utilisant comme paramètre.The following code example demonstrates the use of GetCustomAttributes, taking a Module as a parameter.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::ComponentModel;

// Assign some attributes to the module.
// Set the module's CLSCompliant attribute to false
// The CLSCompliant attribute is applicable for /target:module.
[module:Description("A sample description")];
[module:CLSCompliant(false)];
namespace CustAttrs2CS
{
   ref class DemoClass
   {
   public:
      static void Main()
      {
         Type^ clsType = DemoClass::typeid;

         // Get the Module type to access its metadata.
         Module^ module = clsType->Module;

         // Iterate through all the attributes for the module.
         System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum1 = Attribute::GetCustomAttributes( module )->GetEnumerator();
         while ( myEnum1->MoveNext() )
         {
            Attribute^ attr = safe_cast<Attribute^>(myEnum1->Current);

            // Check for the Description attribute.
            if ( attr->GetType() == DescriptionAttribute::typeid )
                        Console::WriteLine( "Module {0} has the description \"{1}\".", module->Name, (dynamic_cast<DescriptionAttribute^>(attr))->Description );
            // Check for the CLSCompliant attribute.
            else

            // Check for the CLSCompliant attribute.
            if ( attr->GetType() == CLSCompliantAttribute::typeid )
                        Console::WriteLine( "Module {0} {1} CLSCompliant.", module->Name, (dynamic_cast<CLSCompliantAttribute^>(attr))->IsCompliant ? (String^)"is" : "is not" );
         }
      }
   };
}


/*
 * Output:
 * Module CustAttrs2CS.exe is not CLSCompliant.
 * Module CustAttrs2CS.exe has the description "A sample description".
 */
using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.ComponentModel;

// Assign some attributes to the module.
[module:Description("A sample description")]

// Set the module's CLSCompliant attribute to false
// The CLSCompliant attribute is applicable for /target:module.
[module:CLSCompliant(false)]

namespace CustAttrs2CS {
    class DemoClass {
        static void Main(string[] args) {
            Type clsType = typeof(DemoClass);
            // Get the Module type to access its metadata.
            Module module = clsType.Module;

            // Iterate through all the attributes for the module.
            foreach(Attribute attr in Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(module)) {
                // Check for the Description attribute.
                if (attr.GetType() == typeof(DescriptionAttribute))
                    Console.WriteLine("Module {0} has the description " +
                        "\"{1}\".", module.Name,
                        ((DescriptionAttribute)attr).Description);
                // Check for the CLSCompliant attribute.
                else if (attr.GetType() == typeof(CLSCompliantAttribute))
                    Console.WriteLine("Module {0} {1} CLSCompliant.",
                        module.Name,
                        ((CLSCompliantAttribute)attr).IsCompliant ?
                            "is" : "is not");
            }
        }
    }
}

/*
 * Output:
 * Module CustAttrs2CS.exe is not CLSCompliant.
 * Module CustAttrs2CS.exe has the description "A sample description".
 */
Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.ComponentModel

' Give the Module some attributes.
<Module: Description("A sample description")> 

' Make the CLSCompliant attribute False.
' The CLSCompliant attribute is applicable for /target:module.
<Module: CLSCompliant(False)> 

Module DemoModule

    Sub Main()
        ' Get the Module type to access its metadata.
        Dim modType As Reflection.Module = GetType(DemoModule).Module
        Dim attr As Attribute
        ' Iterate through all the attributes for the module.
        For Each attr In Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(modType)
            ' Check for the Description attribute.
            If TypeOf attr Is DescriptionAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim descAttr As DescriptionAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, DescriptionAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Module {0} has the description ""{1}"".", _
                    modType.Name, descAttr.Description)

            ' Check for the CLSCompliant attribute.
            ElseIf TypeOf attr Is CLSCompliantAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim CLSCompAttr As CLSCompliantAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, CLSCompliantAttribute)
                Dim strCompliant As String
                If CLSCompAttr.IsCompliant Then
                    strCompliant = "is"
                Else
                    strCompliant = "is not"
                End If
                Console.WriteLine("Module {0} {1} CLSCompliant.", _
                    modType.Name, strCompliant)
            End If
        Next
    End Sub
End Module

' Output:
' Module CustAttrs2VB.exe has the description "A sample description".
' Module CustAttrs2VB.exe is not CLSCompliant.

Remarques

La valeur de retour contient les attributs personnalisés pour les ancêtres de element si inherit est true .The return value contains the custom attributes for ancestors of element if inherit is true.

S’applique à

GetCustomAttributes(ParameterInfo, Boolean)

Récupère le tableau des attributs personnalisés appliqué à un paramètre de méthode.Retrieves an array of the custom attributes applied to a method parameter. Les paramètres spécifient le paramètre de méthode et indiquent s'il faut rechercher les ancêtres du paramètre de méthode.Parameters specify the method parameter, and whether to search ancestors of the method parameter.

public:
 static cli::array <Attribute ^> ^ GetCustomAttributes(System::Reflection::ParameterInfo ^ element, bool inherit);
public static Attribute[] GetCustomAttributes (System.Reflection.ParameterInfo element, bool inherit);
static member GetCustomAttributes : System.Reflection.ParameterInfo * bool -> Attribute[]
Public Shared Function GetCustomAttributes (element As ParameterInfo, inherit As Boolean) As Attribute()

Paramètres

element
ParameterInfo

Objet dérivé de la classe ParameterInfo qui décrit un paramètre d'un membre d'une classe.An object derived from the ParameterInfo class that describes a parameter of a member of a class.

inherit
Boolean

Si la valeur est true, spécifie également de rechercher les ancêtres de element pour les attributs personnalisés.If true, specifies to also search the ancestors of element for custom attributes.

Retours

Attribute[]

Tableau Attribute qui contient les attributs personnalisés appliqués à element ou tableau vide en l’absence de tels attributs personnalisés.An Attribute array that contains the custom attributes applied to element, or an empty array if no such custom attributes exist.

Exceptions

La propriété Member de element a la valeur null.The Member property of element is null.

element a la valeur null.element is null.

Un type d’attribut personnalisé ne peut pas être chargé.A custom attribute type cannot be loaded.

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant illustre l’utilisation de GetCustomAttributes , ParameterInfo en utilisant comme paramètre.The following code example demonstrates the use of GetCustomAttributes, taking a ParameterInfo as a parameter.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::ComponentModel;

namespace CustAttrs5CS
{
   public ref class AClass
   {
   public:
      void ParamArrayAndDesc(
         // Add ParamArray and Description attributes.
         [Description("This argument is a ParamArray")]
         array<Int32>^args )
      {}
   };

   ref class DemoClass
   {
   public:
      static void Main()
      {
         // Get the Class type to access its metadata.
         Type^ clsType = AClass::typeid;

         // Get the type information for the method.
         MethodInfo^ mInfo = clsType->GetMethod( "ParamArrayAndDesc" );
         if ( mInfo != nullptr )
         {
            // Get the parameter information.
            array<ParameterInfo^>^pInfo = mInfo->GetParameters();
            if ( pInfo != nullptr )
            {
               // Iterate through all the attributes for the parameter.
               System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum4 = Attribute::GetCustomAttributes( pInfo[ 0 ] )->GetEnumerator();
               while ( myEnum4->MoveNext() )
               {
                  Attribute^ attr = safe_cast<Attribute^>(myEnum4->Current);

                  // Check for the ParamArray attribute.
                  if ( attr->GetType() == ParamArrayAttribute::typeid )
                                    Console::WriteLine( "Parameter {0} for method {1} "
                  "has the ParamArray attribute.", pInfo[ 0 ]->Name, mInfo->Name );
                  // Check for the Description attribute.
                  else

                  // Check for the Description attribute.
                  if ( attr->GetType() == DescriptionAttribute::typeid )
                  {
                     Console::WriteLine( "Parameter {0} for method {1} "
                     "has a description attribute.", pInfo[ 0 ]->Name, mInfo->Name );
                     Console::WriteLine( "The description is: \"{0}\"", (dynamic_cast<DescriptionAttribute^>(attr))->Description );
                  }
               }
            }
         }
      }
   };
}

/*
 * Output:
 * Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has a description attribute.
 * The description is: "This argument is a ParamArray"
 * Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has the ParamArray attribute.
 */
using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.ComponentModel;

namespace CustAttrs5CS {
    public class AClass {
        public void ParamArrayAndDesc(
            // Add ParamArray (with the keyword) and Description attributes.
            [Description("This argument is a ParamArray")]
            params int[] args)
        {}
    }

    class DemoClass {
        static void Main(string[] args) {
            // Get the Class type to access its metadata.
            Type clsType = typeof(AClass);
            // Get the type information for the method.
            MethodInfo mInfo = clsType.GetMethod("ParamArrayAndDesc");
            if (mInfo != null) {
                // Get the parameter information.
                ParameterInfo[] pInfo = mInfo.GetParameters();
                if (pInfo != null) {
                    // Iterate through all the attributes for the parameter.
                    foreach(Attribute attr in
                        Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(pInfo[0])) {
                        // Check for the ParamArray attribute.
                        if (attr.GetType() == typeof(ParamArrayAttribute))
                            Console.WriteLine("Parameter {0} for method {1} " +
                                "has the ParamArray attribute.",
                                pInfo[0].Name, mInfo.Name);
                        // Check for the Description attribute.
                        else if (attr.GetType() ==
                            typeof(DescriptionAttribute)) {
                            Console.WriteLine("Parameter {0} for method {1} " +
                                "has a description attribute.",
                                pInfo[0].Name, mInfo.Name);
                            Console.WriteLine("The description is: \"{0}\"",
                                ((DescriptionAttribute)attr).Description);
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

/*
 * Output:
 * Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has a description attribute.
 * The description is: "This argument is a ParamArray"
 * Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has the ParamArray attribute.
 */
Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.ComponentModel

Module DemoModule
    Public Class AClass
        ' Add Description and ParamArray (with the keyword) attributes.
        Public Sub ParamArrayAndDesc( _
            <Description("This argument is a ParamArray")> _
            ByVal ParamArray args() As Integer)
        End Sub
    End Class

    Sub Main()
        ' Get the Class type to access its metadata.
        Dim clsType As Type = GetType(AClass)
        ' Get the type information for the method.
        Dim mInfo As MethodInfo = clsType.GetMethod("ParamArrayAndDesc")
        ' Get the Parameter information for the method.
        Dim pInfo() As ParameterInfo = mInfo.GetParameters()
        Dim attr As Attribute
        ' Iterate through each attribute of the parameter.
        For Each attr In Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(pInfo(0))
            ' Check for the ParamArray attribute.
            If TypeOf attr Is ParamArrayAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim paAttr As ParamArrayAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, ParamArrayAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Parameter {0} has the " + _
                    "ParamArray attribute.", pInfo(0).Name)
            ' Check for the Description attribute.
            ElseIf TypeOf attr Is DescriptionAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim descAttr As DescriptionAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, DescriptionAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Parameter {0} has a description " + _
                    "attribute. The description is:", pInfo(0).Name)
                Console.WriteLine(descAttr.Description)
            End If
        Next
    End Sub
End Module

' Output:
' Parameter args has a description attribute. The description is:
' This argument is a ParamArray
' Parameter args has the ParamArray attribute.

Remarques

Si element représente un paramètre dans une méthode d’un type dérivé, la valeur de retour comprend les attributs personnalisés pouvant être hérités appliqués au même paramètre dans les méthodes de base substituées.If element represents a parameter in a method of a derived type, the return value includes the inheritable custom attributes applied to the same parameter in the overridden base methods.

S’applique à

GetCustomAttributes(MemberInfo, Boolean)

Récupère le tableau des attributs personnalisés appliqué à un membre d'un type.Retrieves an array of the custom attributes applied to a member of a type. Les paramètres spécifient le membre, le type de l'attribut personnalisé à rechercher, et la recherche éventuelle des ancêtres du membre.Parameters specify the member, the type of the custom attribute to search for, and whether to search ancestors of the member.

public:
 static cli::array <Attribute ^> ^ GetCustomAttributes(System::Reflection::MemberInfo ^ element, bool inherit);
public static Attribute[] GetCustomAttributes (System.Reflection.MemberInfo element, bool inherit);
static member GetCustomAttributes : System.Reflection.MemberInfo * bool -> Attribute[]
Public Shared Function GetCustomAttributes (element As MemberInfo, inherit As Boolean) As Attribute()

Paramètres

element
MemberInfo

Objet dérivé de la classe MemberInfo qui décrit un constructeur, un événement, un champ, une méthode ou un membre de propriété d'une classe.An object derived from the MemberInfo class that describes a constructor, event, field, method, or property member of a class.

inherit
Boolean

Si la valeur est true, spécifie également de rechercher les ancêtres de element pour les attributs personnalisés.If true, specifies to also search the ancestors of element for custom attributes.

Retours

Attribute[]

Tableau Attribute qui contient les attributs personnalisés appliqués à element ou tableau vide en l’absence de tels attributs personnalisés.An Attribute array that contains the custom attributes applied to element, or an empty array if no such custom attributes exist.

Exceptions

element a la valeur null.element is null.

element n'est pas un constructeur, une méthode, une propriété, un événement, un type ou un champ.element is not a constructor, method, property, event, type, or field.

Un type d’attribut personnalisé ne peut pas être chargé.A custom attribute type cannot be loaded.

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant illustre l’utilisation de GetCustomAttributes , MemberInfo en utilisant comme paramètre.The following code example demonstrates the use of GetCustomAttributes, taking a MemberInfo as a parameter.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::Security;
using namespace System::Runtime::InteropServices;

namespace CustAttrs4CS
{
   // Create a class for Win32 imported unmanaged functions.
   public ref class Win32
   {
   public:

      [DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet = CharSet::Unicode)]
      static int MessageBox( int hWnd, String^ text, String^ caption, UInt32 type );
   };

   public ref class AClass
   {
   public:

      // Add some attributes to the Win32CallMethod.

      [Obsolete("This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead.")]
      void Win32CallMethod()
      {
         Win32::MessageBox( 0, "This is an unmanaged call.", "Be Careful!", 0 );
      }

   };

   ref class DemoClass
   {
   public:
      static void Main()
      {
         // Get the Class type to access its metadata.
         Type^ clsType = AClass::typeid;

         // Get the type information for the Win32CallMethod.
         MethodInfo^ mInfo = clsType->GetMethod( "Win32CallMethod" );
         if ( mInfo != nullptr )
         {
            // Iterate through all the attributes for the method.
            System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum3 = Attribute::GetCustomAttributes( mInfo )->GetEnumerator();
            while ( myEnum3->MoveNext() )
            {
               Attribute^ attr = safe_cast<Attribute^>(myEnum3->Current);

               // Check for the Obsolete attribute.
               if ( attr->GetType() == ObsoleteAttribute::typeid )
               {
                  Console::WriteLine( "Method {0} is obsolete. "
                  "The message is:", mInfo->Name );
                  Console::WriteLine( (dynamic_cast<ObsoleteAttribute^>(attr))->Message );
               }
               // Check for the SuppressUnmanagedCodeSecurity attribute.
               else

               // Check for the SuppressUnmanagedCodeSecurity attribute.
               if ( attr->GetType() == SuppressUnmanagedCodeSecurityAttribute::typeid )
               {
                  Console::WriteLine( "This method calls unmanaged code "
                  "with no security check." );
                  Console::WriteLine( "Please do not use unless absolutely necessary." );
                  AClass^ myCls = gcnew AClass;
                  myCls->Win32CallMethod();
               }
            }
         }
      }
   };
}


/*
 * Output:
 * Method Win32CallMethod is obsolete. The message is:
 * This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead.
 * This method calls unmanaged code with no security check.
 * Please do not use unless absolutely necessary.
 */
using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Security;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;

namespace CustAttrs4CS
{

    // Define an enumeration of Win32 unmanaged types
    public enum UnmanagedType
    {
        User,
        GDI,
        Kernel,
        Shell,
        Networking,
        Multimedia
    }

    // Define the Unmanaged attribute.
    public class UnmanagedAttribute : Attribute
    {
        // Storage for the UnmanagedType value.
        protected UnmanagedType thisType;

        // Set the unmanaged type in the constructor.
        public UnmanagedAttribute(UnmanagedType type)
        {
            thisType = type;
        }

        // Define a property to get and set the UnmanagedType value.
        public UnmanagedType Win32Type
        {
            get { return thisType; }
            set { thisType = Win32Type; }
        }
    }

    // Create a class for an imported Win32 unmanaged function.
    public class Win32 {
        [DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Unicode)]
        public static extern int MessageBox(int hWnd, String text,
            String caption, uint type);
    }

    public class AClass {
        // Add some attributes to Win32CallMethod.
        [Obsolete("This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead.")]
        [Unmanaged(UnmanagedType.User)]
        public void Win32CallMethod()
        {
            Win32.MessageBox(0, "This is an unmanaged call.", "Caution!", 0);
        }
    }

    class DemoClass {
        static void Main(string[] args)
            {
            // Get the AClass type to access its metadata.
            Type clsType = typeof(AClass);
            // Get the type information for Win32CallMethod.
            MethodInfo mInfo = clsType.GetMethod("Win32CallMethod");
            if (mInfo != null)
            {
                // Iterate through all the attributes of the method.
                foreach(Attribute attr in
                    Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(mInfo)) {
                    // Check for the Obsolete attribute.
                    if (attr.GetType() == typeof(ObsoleteAttribute))
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine("Method {0} is obsolete. " +
                            "The message is:",
                            mInfo.Name);
                        Console.WriteLine("  \"{0}\"",
                            ((ObsoleteAttribute)attr).Message);
                    }

                    // Check for the Unmanaged attribute.
                    else if (attr.GetType() == typeof(UnmanagedAttribute))
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine(
                            "This method calls unmanaged code.");
                        Console.WriteLine(
                            String.Format("The Unmanaged attribute type is {0}.",
                                          ((UnmanagedAttribute)attr).Win32Type));
                        AClass myCls = new AClass();
                        myCls.Win32CallMethod();
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

/*

This code example produces the following results.

First, the compilation yields the warning, "... This method is
obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
Second, execution yields a message box with a title of "Caution!"
and message text of "This is an unmanaged call."
Third, the following text is displayed in the console window:

Method Win32CallMethod is obsolete. The message is:
  "This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
This method calls unmanaged code.
The Unmanaged attribute type is User.

*/

Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.Security
Imports System.Runtime.InteropServices

' Define an enumeration of Win32 unmanaged types
Public Enum UnmanagedType
    User
    GDI
    Kernel
    Shell
    Networking
    Multimedia
End Enum 'UnmanagedType

' Define the Unmanaged attribute.
Public Class UnmanagedAttribute 
             Inherits Attribute

    ' Storage for the UnmanagedType value.
    Protected thisType As UnmanagedType
    
    ' Set the unmanaged type in the constructor.
    Public Sub New(ByVal type As UnmanagedType) 
        thisType = type
    End Sub
    
    ' Define a property to get and set the UnmanagedType value.
    Public Property Win32Type() As UnmanagedType 
        Get
            Return thisType
        End Get
        Set
            thisType = Win32Type
        End Set
    End Property
End Class

' Create a class for an imported Win32 unmanaged function.
Public Class Win32
    <DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet:=CharSet.Unicode)> _
    Public Shared Function MessageBox(ByVal hWnd As Integer, _
                                      ByVal Text As String, _
                                      ByVal caption As String, _
                                      ByVal type As Integer) As Integer
    End Function 'MessageBox
End Class

Public Class AClass
    ' Add some attributes to Win32CallMethod.
    <Obsolete("This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."), _
     Unmanaged(UnmanagedType.User)>  _
    Public Sub Win32CallMethod() 
        Win32.MessageBox(0, "This is an unmanaged call.", "Caution!", 0)    
    End Sub
End Class

Class DemoClass
    Shared Sub Main(ByVal args() As String) 
        ' Get the AClass type to access its metadata.
        Dim clsType As Type = GetType(AClass)
        ' Get the type information for Win32CallMethod.
        Dim mInfo As MethodInfo = clsType.GetMethod("Win32CallMethod")
        If Not (mInfo Is Nothing) Then
            ' Iterate through all the attributes of the method.
            Dim attr As Attribute
            For Each attr In  Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(mInfo)
                ' Check for the Obsolete attribute.
                If attr.GetType().Equals(GetType(ObsoleteAttribute)) Then
                    Console.WriteLine("Method {0} is obsolete. The message is:", mInfo.Name)
                    Console.WriteLine("  ""{0}""", CType(attr, ObsoleteAttribute).Message)
                ' Check for the Unmanaged attribute.
                ElseIf attr.GetType().Equals(GetType(UnmanagedAttribute)) Then
                    Console.WriteLine("This method calls unmanaged code.")
                    Console.WriteLine( _
                            String.Format("The Unmanaged attribute type is {0}.", _
                            CType(attr, UnmanagedAttribute).Win32Type))
                    Dim myCls As New AClass()
                    myCls.Win32CallMethod()
                End If
            Next attr
        End If
    End Sub
End Class

'
'This code example produces the following results. 
'
'First, the compilation yields the warning, "... This method is 
'obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
'Second, execution yields a message box with a title of "Caution!" 
'and message text of "This is an unmanaged call." 
'Third, the following text is displayed in the console window:
'
'Method Win32CallMethod is obsolete. The message is:
'  "This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
'This method calls unmanaged code.
'The Unmanaged attribute type is User.
' 

Remarques

La valeur de retour contient les attributs personnalisés pour les ancêtres de element si inherit est true .The return value contains the custom attributes for ancestors of element if inherit is true.

Notes

À partir de la version .NET Framework 2,0, cette méthode retourne des attributs de sécurité sur les méthodes, constructeurs et types si les attributs sont stockés dans le nouveau format de métadonnées.Starting with the .NET Framework version 2.0, this method returns security attributes on methods, constructors, and types if the attributes are stored in the new metadata format. Les assemblys compilés avec la version 2,0 ou une version ultérieure utilisent le nouveau format.Assemblies compiled with version 2.0 or later use the new format. Les assemblys dynamiques et les assemblys compilés avec des versions antérieures du .NET Framework utilisent l’ancien format XML.Dynamic assemblies and assemblies compiled with earlier versions of the .NET Framework use the old XML format. Consultez émission d’attributs de sécurité déclaratifs.See Emitting Declarative Security Attributes.

S’applique à

GetCustomAttributes(Assembly, Type)

Récupère un tableau des attributs personnalisés appliqués à un assembly.Retrieves an array of the custom attributes applied to an assembly. Les paramètres spécifient l'assembly et le type de l'attribut personnalisé à rechercher.Parameters specify the assembly, and the type of the custom attribute to search for.

public:
 static cli::array <Attribute ^> ^ GetCustomAttributes(System::Reflection::Assembly ^ element, Type ^ attributeType);
public static Attribute[] GetCustomAttributes (System.Reflection.Assembly element, Type attributeType);
static member GetCustomAttributes : System.Reflection.Assembly * Type -> Attribute[]
Public Shared Function GetCustomAttributes (element As Assembly, attributeType As Type) As Attribute()

Paramètres

element
Assembly

Objet dérivé de la classe Assembly qui décrit une collection de modules réutilisable.An object derived from the Assembly class that describes a reusable collection of modules.

attributeType
Type

Type ou type de base de l'attribut personnalisé à rechercher.The type, or a base type, of the custom attribute to search for.

Retours

Attribute[]

Tableau Attribute qui contient les attributs personnalisés de type attributeType appliqués à element, ou tableau vide en l'absence de tels attributs personnalisés.An Attribute array that contains the custom attributes of type attributeType applied to element, or an empty array if no such custom attributes exist.

Exceptions

element ou attributeType est null.element or attributeType is null.

attributeType n'est pas dérivé de Attribute.attributeType is not derived from Attribute.

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant illustre l’utilisation de GetCustomAttributes , en acceptant Assembly comme paramètre.The following code example demonstrates the use of GetCustomAttributes, taking an Assembly as a parameter.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;

[assembly:AssemblyTitle("CustAttrs1CPP")];
[assembly:AssemblyDescription("GetCustomAttributes() Demo")];
[assembly:AssemblyCompany("Microsoft")];

ref class Example
{};

static void main()
{
    Type^ clsType = Example::typeid;

    // Get the Assembly type to access its metadata.
    Assembly^ assy = clsType->Assembly;

    // Iterate through the attributes for the assembly.
    System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = Attribute::GetCustomAttributes( assy )->GetEnumerator();
    while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
    {
       Attribute^ attr = safe_cast<Attribute^>(myEnum->Current);

       // Check for the AssemblyTitle attribute.
       if ( attr->GetType() == AssemblyTitleAttribute::typeid )
          Console::WriteLine( "Assembly title is \"{0}\".", (dynamic_cast<AssemblyTitleAttribute^>(attr))->Title );
          // Check for the AssemblyDescription attribute.
       else
          // Check for the AssemblyDescription attribute.
          if ( attr->GetType() == AssemblyDescriptionAttribute::typeid )
             Console::WriteLine( "Assembly description is \"{0}\".", (dynamic_cast<AssemblyDescriptionAttribute^>(attr))->Description );
          // Check for the AssemblyCompany attribute.
          else if ( attr->GetType() == AssemblyCompanyAttribute::typeid )
             Console::WriteLine( "Assembly company is {0}.", (dynamic_cast<AssemblyCompanyAttribute^>(attr))->Company );
    }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//     Assembly description is "GetCustomAttributes() Demo".
//     Assembly company is Microsoft.
//     Assembly title is "CustAttrs1CPP".
using System;
using System.Reflection;

[assembly: AssemblyTitle("CustAttrs1CS")]
[assembly: AssemblyDescription("GetCustomAttributes() Demo")]
[assembly: AssemblyCompany("Microsoft")]

class Example {
    static void Main() {
        // Get the Assembly object to access its metadata.
        Assembly assy = typeof(Example).Assembly;

        // Iterate through the attributes for the assembly.
        foreach(Attribute attr in Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(assy)) {
            // Check for the AssemblyTitle attribute.
            if (attr.GetType() == typeof(AssemblyTitleAttribute))
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly title is \"{0}\".",
                    ((AssemblyTitleAttribute)attr).Title);

            // Check for the AssemblyDescription attribute.
            else if (attr.GetType() ==
                typeof(AssemblyDescriptionAttribute))
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly description is \"{0}\".",
                    ((AssemblyDescriptionAttribute)attr).Description);

            // Check for the AssemblyCompany attribute.
            else if (attr.GetType() == typeof(AssemblyCompanyAttribute))
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly company is {0}.",
                    ((AssemblyCompanyAttribute)attr).Company);
        }
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//     Assembly title is "CustAttrs1CS".
//     Assembly description is "GetCustomAttributes() Demo".
//     Assembly company is Microsoft.
Imports System.Reflection

<Assembly: AssemblyTitle("CustAttrs1VB")> 
<Assembly: AssemblyDescription("GetCustomAttributes() Demo")> 
<Assembly: AssemblyCompany("Microsoft")> 

Module Example
    Sub Main()
        ' Get the Assembly type to access its metadata.
        Dim assy As Reflection.Assembly = GetType(Example).Assembly

        ' Iterate through all the attributes for the assembly.
        For Each attr As Attribute In Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(assy)
            ' Check for the AssemblyTitle attribute.
            If TypeOf attr Is AssemblyTitleAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim attrTitle As AssemblyTitleAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, AssemblyTitleAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly title is ""{0}"".", _
                    attrTitle.Title)

            ' Check for the AssemblyDescription attribute.
            ElseIf TypeOf attr Is AssemblyDescriptionAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim attrDesc As AssemblyDescriptionAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, AssemblyDescriptionAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly description is ""{0}"".", _
                    attrDesc.Description)

            ' Check for the AssemblyCompany attribute.
            ElseIf TypeOf attr Is AssemblyCompanyAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim attrComp As AssemblyCompanyAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, AssemblyCompanyAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly company is {0}.", _
                    attrComp.Company)
            End If
        Next
    End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'     Assembly company is Microsoft.
'     Assembly description is "GetCustomAttributes() Demo".
'     Assembly title is "CustAttrs1VB".

Remarques

Notes

À partir de la version .NET Framework 2,0, cette méthode retourne des attributs de sécurité si les attributs sont stockés dans le nouveau format de métadonnées.Starting with the .NET Framework version 2.0, this method returns security attributes if the attributes are stored in the new metadata format. Les assemblys compilés avec la version 2,0 ou une version ultérieure utilisent le nouveau format.Assemblies compiled with version 2.0 or later use the new format. Les assemblys dynamiques et les assemblys compilés avec des versions antérieures du .NET Framework utilisent l’ancien format XML.Dynamic assemblies and assemblies compiled with earlier versions of the .NET Framework use the old XML format. Consultez émission d’attributs de sécurité déclaratifs.See Emitting Declarative Security Attributes.

S’applique à

GetCustomAttributes(Assembly, Boolean)

Récupère un tableau des attributs personnalisés appliqués à un assembly.Retrieves an array of the custom attributes applied to an assembly. Les paramètres spécifient l'assembly, et une option de recherche ignorée.Parameters specify the assembly, and an ignored search option.

public:
 static cli::array <Attribute ^> ^ GetCustomAttributes(System::Reflection::Assembly ^ element, bool inherit);
public static Attribute[] GetCustomAttributes (System.Reflection.Assembly element, bool inherit);
static member GetCustomAttributes : System.Reflection.Assembly * bool -> Attribute[]
Public Shared Function GetCustomAttributes (element As Assembly, inherit As Boolean) As Attribute()

Paramètres

element
Assembly

Objet dérivé de la classe Assembly qui décrit une collection de modules réutilisable.An object derived from the Assembly class that describes a reusable collection of modules.

inherit
Boolean

Ce paramètre est ignoré, mais cela n'affecte pas le fonctionnement de cette méthode.This parameter is ignored, and does not affect the operation of this method.

Retours

Attribute[]

Tableau Attribute qui contient les attributs personnalisés appliqués à element ou tableau vide en l’absence de tels attributs personnalisés.An Attribute array that contains the custom attributes applied to element, or an empty array if no such custom attributes exist.

Exceptions

element ou attributeType est null.element or attributeType is null.

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant illustre l’utilisation de GetCustomAttributes , en acceptant Assembly comme paramètre.The following code example demonstrates the use of GetCustomAttributes, taking an Assembly as a parameter.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;

[assembly:AssemblyTitle("CustAttrs1CPP")];
[assembly:AssemblyDescription("GetCustomAttributes() Demo")];
[assembly:AssemblyCompany("Microsoft")];

ref class Example
{};

static void main()
{
    Type^ clsType = Example::typeid;

    // Get the Assembly type to access its metadata.
    Assembly^ assy = clsType->Assembly;

    // Iterate through the attributes for the assembly.
    System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = Attribute::GetCustomAttributes( assy )->GetEnumerator();
    while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
    {
       Attribute^ attr = safe_cast<Attribute^>(myEnum->Current);

       // Check for the AssemblyTitle attribute.
       if ( attr->GetType() == AssemblyTitleAttribute::typeid )
          Console::WriteLine( "Assembly title is \"{0}\".", (dynamic_cast<AssemblyTitleAttribute^>(attr))->Title );
          // Check for the AssemblyDescription attribute.
       else
          // Check for the AssemblyDescription attribute.
          if ( attr->GetType() == AssemblyDescriptionAttribute::typeid )
             Console::WriteLine( "Assembly description is \"{0}\".", (dynamic_cast<AssemblyDescriptionAttribute^>(attr))->Description );
          // Check for the AssemblyCompany attribute.
          else if ( attr->GetType() == AssemblyCompanyAttribute::typeid )
             Console::WriteLine( "Assembly company is {0}.", (dynamic_cast<AssemblyCompanyAttribute^>(attr))->Company );
    }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//     Assembly description is "GetCustomAttributes() Demo".
//     Assembly company is Microsoft.
//     Assembly title is "CustAttrs1CPP".
using System;
using System.Reflection;

[assembly: AssemblyTitle("CustAttrs1CS")]
[assembly: AssemblyDescription("GetCustomAttributes() Demo")]
[assembly: AssemblyCompany("Microsoft")]

class Example {
    static void Main() {
        // Get the Assembly object to access its metadata.
        Assembly assy = typeof(Example).Assembly;

        // Iterate through the attributes for the assembly.
        foreach(Attribute attr in Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(assy)) {
            // Check for the AssemblyTitle attribute.
            if (attr.GetType() == typeof(AssemblyTitleAttribute))
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly title is \"{0}\".",
                    ((AssemblyTitleAttribute)attr).Title);

            // Check for the AssemblyDescription attribute.
            else if (attr.GetType() ==
                typeof(AssemblyDescriptionAttribute))
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly description is \"{0}\".",
                    ((AssemblyDescriptionAttribute)attr).Description);

            // Check for the AssemblyCompany attribute.
            else if (attr.GetType() == typeof(AssemblyCompanyAttribute))
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly company is {0}.",
                    ((AssemblyCompanyAttribute)attr).Company);
        }
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//     Assembly title is "CustAttrs1CS".
//     Assembly description is "GetCustomAttributes() Demo".
//     Assembly company is Microsoft.
Imports System.Reflection

<Assembly: AssemblyTitle("CustAttrs1VB")> 
<Assembly: AssemblyDescription("GetCustomAttributes() Demo")> 
<Assembly: AssemblyCompany("Microsoft")> 

Module Example
    Sub Main()
        ' Get the Assembly type to access its metadata.
        Dim assy As Reflection.Assembly = GetType(Example).Assembly

        ' Iterate through all the attributes for the assembly.
        For Each attr As Attribute In Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(assy)
            ' Check for the AssemblyTitle attribute.
            If TypeOf attr Is AssemblyTitleAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim attrTitle As AssemblyTitleAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, AssemblyTitleAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly title is ""{0}"".", _
                    attrTitle.Title)

            ' Check for the AssemblyDescription attribute.
            ElseIf TypeOf attr Is AssemblyDescriptionAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim attrDesc As AssemblyDescriptionAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, AssemblyDescriptionAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly description is ""{0}"".", _
                    attrDesc.Description)

            ' Check for the AssemblyCompany attribute.
            ElseIf TypeOf attr Is AssemblyCompanyAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim attrComp As AssemblyCompanyAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, AssemblyCompanyAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly company is {0}.", _
                    attrComp.Company)
            End If
        Next
    End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'     Assembly company is Microsoft.
'     Assembly description is "GetCustomAttributes() Demo".
'     Assembly title is "CustAttrs1VB".

Remarques

Notes

À partir de la version .NET Framework 2,0, cette méthode retourne des attributs de sécurité si les attributs sont stockés dans le nouveau format de métadonnées.Starting with the .NET Framework version 2.0, this method returns security attributes if the attributes are stored in the new metadata format. Les assemblys compilés avec la version 2,0 ou une version ultérieure utilisent le nouveau format.Assemblies compiled with version 2.0 or later use the new format. Les assemblys dynamiques et les assemblys compilés avec des versions antérieures du .NET Framework utilisent l’ancien format XML.Dynamic assemblies and assemblies compiled with earlier versions of the .NET Framework use the old XML format. Consultez émission d’attributs de sécurité déclaratifs.See Emitting Declarative Security Attributes.

S’applique à

GetCustomAttributes(ParameterInfo)

Récupère le tableau des attributs personnalisés appliqué à un paramètre de méthode.Retrieves an array of the custom attributes applied to a method parameter. Un paramètre spécifie le paramètre de méthode.A parameter specifies the method parameter.

public:
 static cli::array <Attribute ^> ^ GetCustomAttributes(System::Reflection::ParameterInfo ^ element);
public static Attribute[] GetCustomAttributes (System.Reflection.ParameterInfo element);
static member GetCustomAttributes : System.Reflection.ParameterInfo -> Attribute[]
Public Shared Function GetCustomAttributes (element As ParameterInfo) As Attribute()

Paramètres

element
ParameterInfo

Objet dérivé de la classe ParameterInfo qui décrit un paramètre d'un membre d'une classe.An object derived from the ParameterInfo class that describes a parameter of a member of a class.

Retours

Attribute[]

Tableau Attribute qui contient les attributs personnalisés appliqués à element ou tableau vide en l’absence de tels attributs personnalisés.An Attribute array that contains the custom attributes applied to element, or an empty array if no such custom attributes exist.

Exceptions

element a la valeur null.element is null.

Un type d’attribut personnalisé ne peut pas être chargé.A custom attribute type cannot be loaded.

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant illustre l’utilisation de GetCustomAttributes , ParameterInfo en utilisant comme paramètre.The following code example demonstrates the use of GetCustomAttributes, taking a ParameterInfo as a parameter.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::ComponentModel;

namespace CustAttrs5CS
{
   public ref class AClass
   {
   public:
      void ParamArrayAndDesc(
         // Add ParamArray and Description attributes.
         [Description("This argument is a ParamArray")]
         array<Int32>^args )
      {}
   };

   ref class DemoClass
   {
   public:
      static void Main()
      {
         // Get the Class type to access its metadata.
         Type^ clsType = AClass::typeid;

         // Get the type information for the method.
         MethodInfo^ mInfo = clsType->GetMethod( "ParamArrayAndDesc" );
         if ( mInfo != nullptr )
         {
            // Get the parameter information.
            array<ParameterInfo^>^pInfo = mInfo->GetParameters();
            if ( pInfo != nullptr )
            {
               // Iterate through all the attributes for the parameter.
               System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum4 = Attribute::GetCustomAttributes( pInfo[ 0 ] )->GetEnumerator();
               while ( myEnum4->MoveNext() )
               {
                  Attribute^ attr = safe_cast<Attribute^>(myEnum4->Current);

                  // Check for the ParamArray attribute.
                  if ( attr->GetType() == ParamArrayAttribute::typeid )
                                    Console::WriteLine( "Parameter {0} for method {1} "
                  "has the ParamArray attribute.", pInfo[ 0 ]->Name, mInfo->Name );
                  // Check for the Description attribute.
                  else

                  // Check for the Description attribute.
                  if ( attr->GetType() == DescriptionAttribute::typeid )
                  {
                     Console::WriteLine( "Parameter {0} for method {1} "
                     "has a description attribute.", pInfo[ 0 ]->Name, mInfo->Name );
                     Console::WriteLine( "The description is: \"{0}\"", (dynamic_cast<DescriptionAttribute^>(attr))->Description );
                  }
               }
            }
         }
      }
   };
}

/*
 * Output:
 * Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has a description attribute.
 * The description is: "This argument is a ParamArray"
 * Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has the ParamArray attribute.
 */
using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.ComponentModel;

namespace CustAttrs5CS {
    public class AClass {
        public void ParamArrayAndDesc(
            // Add ParamArray (with the keyword) and Description attributes.
            [Description("This argument is a ParamArray")]
            params int[] args)
        {}
    }

    class DemoClass {
        static void Main(string[] args) {
            // Get the Class type to access its metadata.
            Type clsType = typeof(AClass);
            // Get the type information for the method.
            MethodInfo mInfo = clsType.GetMethod("ParamArrayAndDesc");
            if (mInfo != null) {
                // Get the parameter information.
                ParameterInfo[] pInfo = mInfo.GetParameters();
                if (pInfo != null) {
                    // Iterate through all the attributes for the parameter.
                    foreach(Attribute attr in
                        Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(pInfo[0])) {
                        // Check for the ParamArray attribute.
                        if (attr.GetType() == typeof(ParamArrayAttribute))
                            Console.WriteLine("Parameter {0} for method {1} " +
                                "has the ParamArray attribute.",
                                pInfo[0].Name, mInfo.Name);
                        // Check for the Description attribute.
                        else if (attr.GetType() ==
                            typeof(DescriptionAttribute)) {
                            Console.WriteLine("Parameter {0} for method {1} " +
                                "has a description attribute.",
                                pInfo[0].Name, mInfo.Name);
                            Console.WriteLine("The description is: \"{0}\"",
                                ((DescriptionAttribute)attr).Description);
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

/*
 * Output:
 * Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has a description attribute.
 * The description is: "This argument is a ParamArray"
 * Parameter args for method ParamArrayAndDesc has the ParamArray attribute.
 */
Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.ComponentModel

Module DemoModule
    Public Class AClass
        ' Add Description and ParamArray (with the keyword) attributes.
        Public Sub ParamArrayAndDesc( _
            <Description("This argument is a ParamArray")> _
            ByVal ParamArray args() As Integer)
        End Sub
    End Class

    Sub Main()
        ' Get the Class type to access its metadata.
        Dim clsType As Type = GetType(AClass)
        ' Get the type information for the method.
        Dim mInfo As MethodInfo = clsType.GetMethod("ParamArrayAndDesc")
        ' Get the Parameter information for the method.
        Dim pInfo() As ParameterInfo = mInfo.GetParameters()
        Dim attr As Attribute
        ' Iterate through each attribute of the parameter.
        For Each attr In Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(pInfo(0))
            ' Check for the ParamArray attribute.
            If TypeOf attr Is ParamArrayAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim paAttr As ParamArrayAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, ParamArrayAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Parameter {0} has the " + _
                    "ParamArray attribute.", pInfo(0).Name)
            ' Check for the Description attribute.
            ElseIf TypeOf attr Is DescriptionAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim descAttr As DescriptionAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, DescriptionAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Parameter {0} has a description " + _
                    "attribute. The description is:", pInfo(0).Name)
                Console.WriteLine(descAttr.Description)
            End If
        Next
    End Sub
End Module

' Output:
' Parameter args has a description attribute. The description is:
' This argument is a ParamArray
' Parameter args has the ParamArray attribute.

Remarques

Si element représente un paramètre dans une méthode d’un type dérivé, la valeur de retour comprend les attributs personnalisés pouvant être hérités appliqués au même paramètre dans les méthodes de base substituées.If element represents a parameter in a method of a derived type, the return value includes the inheritable custom attributes applied to the same parameter in the overridden base methods.

S’applique à

GetCustomAttributes(Module)

Récupère le tableau des attributs personnalisés appliqué à un module.Retrieves an array of the custom attributes applied to a module. Un paramètre spécifie le module.A parameter specifies the module.

public:
 static cli::array <Attribute ^> ^ GetCustomAttributes(System::Reflection::Module ^ element);
public static Attribute[] GetCustomAttributes (System.Reflection.Module element);
static member GetCustomAttributes : System.Reflection.Module -> Attribute[]
Public Shared Function GetCustomAttributes (element As Module) As Attribute()

Paramètres

element
Module

Objet dérivé de la classe Module qui décrit un fichier exécutable portable.An object derived from the Module class that describes a portable executable file.

Retours

Attribute[]

Tableau Attribute qui contient les attributs personnalisés appliqués à element ou tableau vide en l’absence de tels attributs personnalisés.An Attribute array that contains the custom attributes applied to element, or an empty array if no such custom attributes exist.

Exceptions

element a la valeur null.element is null.

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant illustre l’utilisation de GetCustomAttributes , Module en utilisant comme paramètre.The following code example demonstrates the use of GetCustomAttributes, taking a Module as a parameter.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::ComponentModel;

// Assign some attributes to the module.
// Set the module's CLSCompliant attribute to false
// The CLSCompliant attribute is applicable for /target:module.
[module:Description("A sample description")];
[module:CLSCompliant(false)];
namespace CustAttrs2CS
{
   ref class DemoClass
   {
   public:
      static void Main()
      {
         Type^ clsType = DemoClass::typeid;

         // Get the Module type to access its metadata.
         Module^ module = clsType->Module;

         // Iterate through all the attributes for the module.
         System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum1 = Attribute::GetCustomAttributes( module )->GetEnumerator();
         while ( myEnum1->MoveNext() )
         {
            Attribute^ attr = safe_cast<Attribute^>(myEnum1->Current);

            // Check for the Description attribute.
            if ( attr->GetType() == DescriptionAttribute::typeid )
                        Console::WriteLine( "Module {0} has the description \"{1}\".", module->Name, (dynamic_cast<DescriptionAttribute^>(attr))->Description );
            // Check for the CLSCompliant attribute.
            else

            // Check for the CLSCompliant attribute.
            if ( attr->GetType() == CLSCompliantAttribute::typeid )
                        Console::WriteLine( "Module {0} {1} CLSCompliant.", module->Name, (dynamic_cast<CLSCompliantAttribute^>(attr))->IsCompliant ? (String^)"is" : "is not" );
         }
      }
   };
}


/*
 * Output:
 * Module CustAttrs2CS.exe is not CLSCompliant.
 * Module CustAttrs2CS.exe has the description "A sample description".
 */
using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.ComponentModel;

// Assign some attributes to the module.
[module:Description("A sample description")]

// Set the module's CLSCompliant attribute to false
// The CLSCompliant attribute is applicable for /target:module.
[module:CLSCompliant(false)]

namespace CustAttrs2CS {
    class DemoClass {
        static void Main(string[] args) {
            Type clsType = typeof(DemoClass);
            // Get the Module type to access its metadata.
            Module module = clsType.Module;

            // Iterate through all the attributes for the module.
            foreach(Attribute attr in Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(module)) {
                // Check for the Description attribute.
                if (attr.GetType() == typeof(DescriptionAttribute))
                    Console.WriteLine("Module {0} has the description " +
                        "\"{1}\".", module.Name,
                        ((DescriptionAttribute)attr).Description);
                // Check for the CLSCompliant attribute.
                else if (attr.GetType() == typeof(CLSCompliantAttribute))
                    Console.WriteLine("Module {0} {1} CLSCompliant.",
                        module.Name,
                        ((CLSCompliantAttribute)attr).IsCompliant ?
                            "is" : "is not");
            }
        }
    }
}

/*
 * Output:
 * Module CustAttrs2CS.exe is not CLSCompliant.
 * Module CustAttrs2CS.exe has the description "A sample description".
 */
Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.ComponentModel

' Give the Module some attributes.
<Module: Description("A sample description")> 

' Make the CLSCompliant attribute False.
' The CLSCompliant attribute is applicable for /target:module.
<Module: CLSCompliant(False)> 

Module DemoModule

    Sub Main()
        ' Get the Module type to access its metadata.
        Dim modType As Reflection.Module = GetType(DemoModule).Module
        Dim attr As Attribute
        ' Iterate through all the attributes for the module.
        For Each attr In Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(modType)
            ' Check for the Description attribute.
            If TypeOf attr Is DescriptionAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim descAttr As DescriptionAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, DescriptionAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Module {0} has the description ""{1}"".", _
                    modType.Name, descAttr.Description)

            ' Check for the CLSCompliant attribute.
            ElseIf TypeOf attr Is CLSCompliantAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim CLSCompAttr As CLSCompliantAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, CLSCompliantAttribute)
                Dim strCompliant As String
                If CLSCompAttr.IsCompliant Then
                    strCompliant = "is"
                Else
                    strCompliant = "is not"
                End If
                Console.WriteLine("Module {0} {1} CLSCompliant.", _
                    modType.Name, strCompliant)
            End If
        Next
    End Sub
End Module

' Output:
' Module CustAttrs2VB.exe has the description "A sample description".
' Module CustAttrs2VB.exe is not CLSCompliant.

S’applique à

GetCustomAttributes(MemberInfo)

Récupère le tableau des attributs personnalisés appliqué à un membre d'un type.Retrieves an array of the custom attributes applied to a member of a type. Un paramètre spécifie le membre.A parameter specifies the member.

public:
 static cli::array <Attribute ^> ^ GetCustomAttributes(System::Reflection::MemberInfo ^ element);
public static Attribute[] GetCustomAttributes (System.Reflection.MemberInfo element);
static member GetCustomAttributes : System.Reflection.MemberInfo -> Attribute[]
Public Shared Function GetCustomAttributes (element As MemberInfo) As Attribute()

Paramètres

element
MemberInfo

Objet dérivé de la classe MemberInfo qui décrit un constructeur, un événement, un champ, une méthode ou un membre de propriété d'une classe.An object derived from the MemberInfo class that describes a constructor, event, field, method, or property member of a class.

Retours

Attribute[]

Tableau Attribute qui contient les attributs personnalisés appliqués à element ou tableau vide en l’absence de tels attributs personnalisés.An Attribute array that contains the custom attributes applied to element, or an empty array if no such custom attributes exist.

Exceptions

element a la valeur null.element is null.

element n'est pas un constructeur, une méthode, une propriété, un événement, un type ou un champ.element is not a constructor, method, property, event, type, or field.

Un type d’attribut personnalisé ne peut pas être chargé.A custom attribute type cannot be loaded.

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant illustre l’utilisation de GetCustomAttribute , MemberInfo en utilisant comme paramètre.The following code example demonstrates the use of GetCustomAttribute, taking a MemberInfo as a parameter.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::Security;
using namespace System::Runtime::InteropServices;

namespace CustAttrs4CS
{
   // Create a class for Win32 imported unmanaged functions.
   public ref class Win32
   {
   public:

      [DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet = CharSet::Unicode)]
      static int MessageBox( int hWnd, String^ text, String^ caption, UInt32 type );
   };

   public ref class AClass
   {
   public:

      // Add some attributes to the Win32CallMethod.

      [Obsolete("This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead.")]
      void Win32CallMethod()
      {
         Win32::MessageBox( 0, "This is an unmanaged call.", "Be Careful!", 0 );
      }

   };

   ref class DemoClass
   {
   public:
      static void Main()
      {
         // Get the Class type to access its metadata.
         Type^ clsType = AClass::typeid;

         // Get the type information for the Win32CallMethod.
         MethodInfo^ mInfo = clsType->GetMethod( "Win32CallMethod" );
         if ( mInfo != nullptr )
         {
            // Iterate through all the attributes for the method.
            System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum3 = Attribute::GetCustomAttributes( mInfo )->GetEnumerator();
            while ( myEnum3->MoveNext() )
            {
               Attribute^ attr = safe_cast<Attribute^>(myEnum3->Current);

               // Check for the Obsolete attribute.
               if ( attr->GetType() == ObsoleteAttribute::typeid )
               {
                  Console::WriteLine( "Method {0} is obsolete. "
                  "The message is:", mInfo->Name );
                  Console::WriteLine( (dynamic_cast<ObsoleteAttribute^>(attr))->Message );
               }
               // Check for the SuppressUnmanagedCodeSecurity attribute.
               else

               // Check for the SuppressUnmanagedCodeSecurity attribute.
               if ( attr->GetType() == SuppressUnmanagedCodeSecurityAttribute::typeid )
               {
                  Console::WriteLine( "This method calls unmanaged code "
                  "with no security check." );
                  Console::WriteLine( "Please do not use unless absolutely necessary." );
                  AClass^ myCls = gcnew AClass;
                  myCls->Win32CallMethod();
               }
            }
         }
      }
   };
}


/*
 * Output:
 * Method Win32CallMethod is obsolete. The message is:
 * This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead.
 * This method calls unmanaged code with no security check.
 * Please do not use unless absolutely necessary.
 */
using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Security;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;

namespace CustAttrs4CS
{

    // Define an enumeration of Win32 unmanaged types
    public enum UnmanagedType
    {
        User,
        GDI,
        Kernel,
        Shell,
        Networking,
        Multimedia
    }

    // Define the Unmanaged attribute.
    public class UnmanagedAttribute : Attribute
    {
        // Storage for the UnmanagedType value.
        protected UnmanagedType thisType;

        // Set the unmanaged type in the constructor.
        public UnmanagedAttribute(UnmanagedType type)
        {
            thisType = type;
        }

        // Define a property to get and set the UnmanagedType value.
        public UnmanagedType Win32Type
        {
            get { return thisType; }
            set { thisType = Win32Type; }
        }
    }

    // Create a class for an imported Win32 unmanaged function.
    public class Win32 {
        [DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Unicode)]
        public static extern int MessageBox(int hWnd, String text,
            String caption, uint type);
    }

    public class AClass {
        // Add some attributes to Win32CallMethod.
        [Obsolete("This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead.")]
        [Unmanaged(UnmanagedType.User)]
        public void Win32CallMethod()
        {
            Win32.MessageBox(0, "This is an unmanaged call.", "Caution!", 0);
        }
    }

    class DemoClass {
        static void Main(string[] args)
            {
            // Get the AClass type to access its metadata.
            Type clsType = typeof(AClass);
            // Get the type information for Win32CallMethod.
            MethodInfo mInfo = clsType.GetMethod("Win32CallMethod");
            if (mInfo != null)
            {
                // Iterate through all the attributes of the method.
                foreach(Attribute attr in
                    Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(mInfo)) {
                    // Check for the Obsolete attribute.
                    if (attr.GetType() == typeof(ObsoleteAttribute))
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine("Method {0} is obsolete. " +
                            "The message is:",
                            mInfo.Name);
                        Console.WriteLine("  \"{0}\"",
                            ((ObsoleteAttribute)attr).Message);
                    }

                    // Check for the Unmanaged attribute.
                    else if (attr.GetType() == typeof(UnmanagedAttribute))
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine(
                            "This method calls unmanaged code.");
                        Console.WriteLine(
                            String.Format("The Unmanaged attribute type is {0}.",
                                          ((UnmanagedAttribute)attr).Win32Type));
                        AClass myCls = new AClass();
                        myCls.Win32CallMethod();
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

/*

This code example produces the following results.

First, the compilation yields the warning, "... This method is
obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
Second, execution yields a message box with a title of "Caution!"
and message text of "This is an unmanaged call."
Third, the following text is displayed in the console window:

Method Win32CallMethod is obsolete. The message is:
  "This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
This method calls unmanaged code.
The Unmanaged attribute type is User.

*/

Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.Security
Imports System.Runtime.InteropServices

' Define an enumeration of Win32 unmanaged types
Public Enum UnmanagedType
    User
    GDI
    Kernel
    Shell
    Networking
    Multimedia
End Enum 'UnmanagedType

' Define the Unmanaged attribute.
Public Class UnmanagedAttribute 
             Inherits Attribute

    ' Storage for the UnmanagedType value.
    Protected thisType As UnmanagedType
    
    ' Set the unmanaged type in the constructor.
    Public Sub New(ByVal type As UnmanagedType) 
        thisType = type
    End Sub
    
    ' Define a property to get and set the UnmanagedType value.
    Public Property Win32Type() As UnmanagedType 
        Get
            Return thisType
        End Get
        Set
            thisType = Win32Type
        End Set
    End Property
End Class

' Create a class for an imported Win32 unmanaged function.
Public Class Win32
    <DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet:=CharSet.Unicode)> _
    Public Shared Function MessageBox(ByVal hWnd As Integer, _
                                      ByVal Text As String, _
                                      ByVal caption As String, _
                                      ByVal type As Integer) As Integer
    End Function 'MessageBox
End Class

Public Class AClass
    ' Add some attributes to Win32CallMethod.
    <Obsolete("This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."), _
     Unmanaged(UnmanagedType.User)>  _
    Public Sub Win32CallMethod() 
        Win32.MessageBox(0, "This is an unmanaged call.", "Caution!", 0)    
    End Sub
End Class

Class DemoClass
    Shared Sub Main(ByVal args() As String) 
        ' Get the AClass type to access its metadata.
        Dim clsType As Type = GetType(AClass)
        ' Get the type information for Win32CallMethod.
        Dim mInfo As MethodInfo = clsType.GetMethod("Win32CallMethod")
        If Not (mInfo Is Nothing) Then
            ' Iterate through all the attributes of the method.
            Dim attr As Attribute
            For Each attr In  Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(mInfo)
                ' Check for the Obsolete attribute.
                If attr.GetType().Equals(GetType(ObsoleteAttribute)) Then
                    Console.WriteLine("Method {0} is obsolete. The message is:", mInfo.Name)
                    Console.WriteLine("  ""{0}""", CType(attr, ObsoleteAttribute).Message)
                ' Check for the Unmanaged attribute.
                ElseIf attr.GetType().Equals(GetType(UnmanagedAttribute)) Then
                    Console.WriteLine("This method calls unmanaged code.")
                    Console.WriteLine( _
                            String.Format("The Unmanaged attribute type is {0}.", _
                            CType(attr, UnmanagedAttribute).Win32Type))
                    Dim myCls As New AClass()
                    myCls.Win32CallMethod()
                End If
            Next attr
        End If
    End Sub
End Class

'
'This code example produces the following results. 
'
'First, the compilation yields the warning, "... This method is 
'obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
'Second, execution yields a message box with a title of "Caution!" 
'and message text of "This is an unmanaged call." 
'Third, the following text is displayed in the console window:
'
'Method Win32CallMethod is obsolete. The message is:
'  "This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
'This method calls unmanaged code.
'The Unmanaged attribute type is User.
' 

Remarques

La valeur de retour contient les attributs personnalisés pour les ancêtres de element .The return value contains the custom attributes for ancestors of element.

Notes

À partir de la version .NET Framework 2,0, cette méthode retourne des attributs de sécurité sur les méthodes, constructeurs et types si les attributs sont stockés dans le nouveau format de métadonnées.Starting with the .NET Framework version 2.0, this method returns security attributes on methods, constructors, and types if the attributes are stored in the new metadata format. Les assemblys compilés avec la version 2,0 ou une version ultérieure utilisent le nouveau format.Assemblies compiled with version 2.0 or later use the new format. Les assemblys dynamiques et les assemblys compilés avec des versions antérieures du .NET Framework utilisent l’ancien format XML.Dynamic assemblies and assemblies compiled with earlier versions of the .NET Framework use the old XML format. Consultez émission d’attributs de sécurité déclaratifs.See Emitting Declarative Security Attributes.

S’applique à

GetCustomAttributes(Assembly)

Récupère un tableau des attributs personnalisés appliqués à un assembly.Retrieves an array of the custom attributes applied to an assembly. Un paramètre spécifie l’assembly.A parameter specifies the assembly.

public:
 static cli::array <Attribute ^> ^ GetCustomAttributes(System::Reflection::Assembly ^ element);
public static Attribute[] GetCustomAttributes (System.Reflection.Assembly element);
static member GetCustomAttributes : System.Reflection.Assembly -> Attribute[]
Public Shared Function GetCustomAttributes (element As Assembly) As Attribute()

Paramètres

element
Assembly

Objet dérivé de la classe Assembly qui décrit une collection de modules réutilisable.An object derived from the Assembly class that describes a reusable collection of modules.

Retours

Attribute[]

Tableau Attribute qui contient les attributs personnalisés appliqués à element ou tableau vide en l’absence de tels attributs personnalisés.An Attribute array that contains the custom attributes applied to element, or an empty array if no such custom attributes exist.

Exceptions

element a la valeur null.element is null.

Exemples

L’exemple suivant récupère les attributs personnalisés trouvés dans l’assembly actuel.The following example retrieves the custom attributes found in the current assembly.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;

[assembly:AssemblyTitle("CustAttrs1CPP")];
[assembly:AssemblyDescription("GetCustomAttributes() Demo")];
[assembly:AssemblyCompany("Microsoft")];

ref class Example
{};

static void main()
{
    Type^ clsType = Example::typeid;

    // Get the Assembly type to access its metadata.
    Assembly^ assy = clsType->Assembly;

    // Iterate through the attributes for the assembly.
    System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = Attribute::GetCustomAttributes( assy )->GetEnumerator();
    while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
    {
       Attribute^ attr = safe_cast<Attribute^>(myEnum->Current);

       // Check for the AssemblyTitle attribute.
       if ( attr->GetType() == AssemblyTitleAttribute::typeid )
          Console::WriteLine( "Assembly title is \"{0}\".", (dynamic_cast<AssemblyTitleAttribute^>(attr))->Title );
          // Check for the AssemblyDescription attribute.
       else
          // Check for the AssemblyDescription attribute.
          if ( attr->GetType() == AssemblyDescriptionAttribute::typeid )
             Console::WriteLine( "Assembly description is \"{0}\".", (dynamic_cast<AssemblyDescriptionAttribute^>(attr))->Description );
          // Check for the AssemblyCompany attribute.
          else if ( attr->GetType() == AssemblyCompanyAttribute::typeid )
             Console::WriteLine( "Assembly company is {0}.", (dynamic_cast<AssemblyCompanyAttribute^>(attr))->Company );
    }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//     Assembly description is "GetCustomAttributes() Demo".
//     Assembly company is Microsoft.
//     Assembly title is "CustAttrs1CPP".
using System;
using System.Reflection;

[assembly: AssemblyTitle("CustAttrs1CS")]
[assembly: AssemblyDescription("GetCustomAttributes() Demo")]
[assembly: AssemblyCompany("Microsoft")]

class Example {
    static void Main() {
        // Get the Assembly object to access its metadata.
        Assembly assy = typeof(Example).Assembly;

        // Iterate through the attributes for the assembly.
        foreach(Attribute attr in Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(assy)) {
            // Check for the AssemblyTitle attribute.
            if (attr.GetType() == typeof(AssemblyTitleAttribute))
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly title is \"{0}\".",
                    ((AssemblyTitleAttribute)attr).Title);

            // Check for the AssemblyDescription attribute.
            else if (attr.GetType() ==
                typeof(AssemblyDescriptionAttribute))
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly description is \"{0}\".",
                    ((AssemblyDescriptionAttribute)attr).Description);

            // Check for the AssemblyCompany attribute.
            else if (attr.GetType() == typeof(AssemblyCompanyAttribute))
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly company is {0}.",
                    ((AssemblyCompanyAttribute)attr).Company);
        }
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//     Assembly title is "CustAttrs1CS".
//     Assembly description is "GetCustomAttributes() Demo".
//     Assembly company is Microsoft.
Imports System.Reflection

<Assembly: AssemblyTitle("CustAttrs1VB")> 
<Assembly: AssemblyDescription("GetCustomAttributes() Demo")> 
<Assembly: AssemblyCompany("Microsoft")> 

Module Example
    Sub Main()
        ' Get the Assembly type to access its metadata.
        Dim assy As Reflection.Assembly = GetType(Example).Assembly

        ' Iterate through all the attributes for the assembly.
        For Each attr As Attribute In Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(assy)
            ' Check for the AssemblyTitle attribute.
            If TypeOf attr Is AssemblyTitleAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim attrTitle As AssemblyTitleAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, AssemblyTitleAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly title is ""{0}"".", _
                    attrTitle.Title)

            ' Check for the AssemblyDescription attribute.
            ElseIf TypeOf attr Is AssemblyDescriptionAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim attrDesc As AssemblyDescriptionAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, AssemblyDescriptionAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly description is ""{0}"".", _
                    attrDesc.Description)

            ' Check for the AssemblyCompany attribute.
            ElseIf TypeOf attr Is AssemblyCompanyAttribute Then
                ' Convert the attribute to access its data.
                Dim attrComp As AssemblyCompanyAttribute = _
                    CType(attr, AssemblyCompanyAttribute)
                Console.WriteLine("Assembly company is {0}.", _
                    attrComp.Company)
            End If
        Next
    End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'     Assembly company is Microsoft.
'     Assembly description is "GetCustomAttributes() Demo".
'     Assembly title is "CustAttrs1VB".

Remarques

Notes

À partir de la version .NET Framework 2,0, cette méthode retourne des attributs de sécurité si les attributs sont stockés dans le nouveau format de métadonnées.Starting with the .NET Framework version 2.0, this method returns security attributes if the attributes are stored in the new metadata format. Les assemblys compilés avec la version 2,0 ou une version ultérieure utilisent le nouveau format.Assemblies compiled with version 2.0 or later use the new format. Les assemblys dynamiques et les assemblys compilés avec des versions antérieures du .NET Framework utilisent l’ancien format XML.Dynamic assemblies and assemblies compiled with earlier versions of the .NET Framework use the old XML format. Consultez émission d’attributs de sécurité déclaratifs.See Emitting Declarative Security Attributes.

S’applique à

GetCustomAttributes(MemberInfo, Type)

Récupère le tableau des attributs personnalisés appliqué à un membre d'un type.Retrieves an array of the custom attributes applied to a member of a type. Les paramètres spécifient le membre, et le type de l'attribut personnalisé à rechercher.Parameters specify the member, and the type of the custom attribute to search for.

public:
 static cli::array <Attribute ^> ^ GetCustomAttributes(System::Reflection::MemberInfo ^ element, Type ^ type);
public static Attribute[] GetCustomAttributes (System.Reflection.MemberInfo element, Type type);
static member GetCustomAttributes : System.Reflection.MemberInfo * Type -> Attribute[]
Public Shared Function GetCustomAttributes (element As MemberInfo, type As Type) As Attribute()

Paramètres

element
MemberInfo

Objet dérivé de la classe MemberInfo qui décrit un constructeur, un événement, un champ, une méthode ou un membre de propriété d'une classe.An object derived from the MemberInfo class that describes a constructor, event, field, method, or property member of a class.

type
Type

Type ou type de base de l'attribut personnalisé à rechercher.The type, or a base type, of the custom attribute to search for.

Retours

Attribute[]

Tableau Attribute qui contient les attributs personnalisés de type type appliqués à element, ou tableau vide en l'absence de tels attributs personnalisés.An Attribute array that contains the custom attributes of type type applied to element, or an empty array if no such custom attributes exist.

Exceptions

element ou type est null.element or type is null.

type n'est pas dérivé de Attribute.type is not derived from Attribute.

element n'est pas un constructeur, une méthode, une propriété, un événement, un type ou un champ.element is not a constructor, method, property, event, type, or field.

Un type d’attribut personnalisé ne peut pas être chargé.A custom attribute type cannot be loaded.

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant illustre l’utilisation de GetCustomAttribute , MemberInfo en utilisant comme paramètre.The following code example demonstrates the use of GetCustomAttribute, taking a MemberInfo as a parameter.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::Security;
using namespace System::Runtime::InteropServices;

namespace CustAttrs4CS
{
   // Create a class for Win32 imported unmanaged functions.
   public ref class Win32
   {
   public:

      [DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet = CharSet::Unicode)]
      static int MessageBox( int hWnd, String^ text, String^ caption, UInt32 type );
   };

   public ref class AClass
   {
   public:

      // Add some attributes to the Win32CallMethod.

      [Obsolete("This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead.")]
      void Win32CallMethod()
      {
         Win32::MessageBox( 0, "This is an unmanaged call.", "Be Careful!", 0 );
      }

   };

   ref class DemoClass
   {
   public:
      static void Main()
      {
         // Get the Class type to access its metadata.
         Type^ clsType = AClass::typeid;

         // Get the type information for the Win32CallMethod.
         MethodInfo^ mInfo = clsType->GetMethod( "Win32CallMethod" );
         if ( mInfo != nullptr )
         {
            // Iterate through all the attributes for the method.
            System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum3 = Attribute::GetCustomAttributes( mInfo )->GetEnumerator();
            while ( myEnum3->MoveNext() )
            {
               Attribute^ attr = safe_cast<Attribute^>(myEnum3->Current);

               // Check for the Obsolete attribute.
               if ( attr->GetType() == ObsoleteAttribute::typeid )
               {
                  Console::WriteLine( "Method {0} is obsolete. "
                  "The message is:", mInfo->Name );
                  Console::WriteLine( (dynamic_cast<ObsoleteAttribute^>(attr))->Message );
               }
               // Check for the SuppressUnmanagedCodeSecurity attribute.
               else

               // Check for the SuppressUnmanagedCodeSecurity attribute.
               if ( attr->GetType() == SuppressUnmanagedCodeSecurityAttribute::typeid )
               {
                  Console::WriteLine( "This method calls unmanaged code "
                  "with no security check." );
                  Console::WriteLine( "Please do not use unless absolutely necessary." );
                  AClass^ myCls = gcnew AClass;
                  myCls->Win32CallMethod();
               }
            }
         }
      }
   };
}


/*
 * Output:
 * Method Win32CallMethod is obsolete. The message is:
 * This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead.
 * This method calls unmanaged code with no security check.
 * Please do not use unless absolutely necessary.
 */
using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Security;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;

namespace CustAttrs4CS
{

    // Define an enumeration of Win32 unmanaged types
    public enum UnmanagedType
    {
        User,
        GDI,
        Kernel,
        Shell,
        Networking,
        Multimedia
    }

    // Define the Unmanaged attribute.
    public class UnmanagedAttribute : Attribute
    {
        // Storage for the UnmanagedType value.
        protected UnmanagedType thisType;

        // Set the unmanaged type in the constructor.
        public UnmanagedAttribute(UnmanagedType type)
        {
            thisType = type;
        }

        // Define a property to get and set the UnmanagedType value.
        public UnmanagedType Win32Type
        {
            get { return thisType; }
            set { thisType = Win32Type; }
        }
    }

    // Create a class for an imported Win32 unmanaged function.
    public class Win32 {
        [DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Unicode)]
        public static extern int MessageBox(int hWnd, String text,
            String caption, uint type);
    }

    public class AClass {
        // Add some attributes to Win32CallMethod.
        [Obsolete("This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead.")]
        [Unmanaged(UnmanagedType.User)]
        public void Win32CallMethod()
        {
            Win32.MessageBox(0, "This is an unmanaged call.", "Caution!", 0);
        }
    }

    class DemoClass {
        static void Main(string[] args)
            {
            // Get the AClass type to access its metadata.
            Type clsType = typeof(AClass);
            // Get the type information for Win32CallMethod.
            MethodInfo mInfo = clsType.GetMethod("Win32CallMethod");
            if (mInfo != null)
            {
                // Iterate through all the attributes of the method.
                foreach(Attribute attr in
                    Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(mInfo)) {
                    // Check for the Obsolete attribute.
                    if (attr.GetType() == typeof(ObsoleteAttribute))
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine("Method {0} is obsolete. " +
                            "The message is:",
                            mInfo.Name);
                        Console.WriteLine("  \"{0}\"",
                            ((ObsoleteAttribute)attr).Message);
                    }

                    // Check for the Unmanaged attribute.
                    else if (attr.GetType() == typeof(UnmanagedAttribute))
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine(
                            "This method calls unmanaged code.");
                        Console.WriteLine(
                            String.Format("The Unmanaged attribute type is {0}.",
                                          ((UnmanagedAttribute)attr).Win32Type));
                        AClass myCls = new AClass();
                        myCls.Win32CallMethod();
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

/*

This code example produces the following results.

First, the compilation yields the warning, "... This method is
obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
Second, execution yields a message box with a title of "Caution!"
and message text of "This is an unmanaged call."
Third, the following text is displayed in the console window:

Method Win32CallMethod is obsolete. The message is:
  "This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
This method calls unmanaged code.
The Unmanaged attribute type is User.

*/

Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.Security
Imports System.Runtime.InteropServices

' Define an enumeration of Win32 unmanaged types
Public Enum UnmanagedType
    User
    GDI
    Kernel
    Shell
    Networking
    Multimedia
End Enum 'UnmanagedType

' Define the Unmanaged attribute.
Public Class UnmanagedAttribute 
             Inherits Attribute

    ' Storage for the UnmanagedType value.
    Protected thisType As UnmanagedType
    
    ' Set the unmanaged type in the constructor.
    Public Sub New(ByVal type As UnmanagedType) 
        thisType = type
    End Sub
    
    ' Define a property to get and set the UnmanagedType value.
    Public Property Win32Type() As UnmanagedType 
        Get
            Return thisType
        End Get
        Set
            thisType = Win32Type
        End Set
    End Property
End Class

' Create a class for an imported Win32 unmanaged function.
Public Class Win32
    <DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet:=CharSet.Unicode)> _
    Public Shared Function MessageBox(ByVal hWnd As Integer, _
                                      ByVal Text As String, _
                                      ByVal caption As String, _
                                      ByVal type As Integer) As Integer
    End Function 'MessageBox
End Class

Public Class AClass
    ' Add some attributes to Win32CallMethod.
    <Obsolete("This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."), _
     Unmanaged(UnmanagedType.User)>  _
    Public Sub Win32CallMethod() 
        Win32.MessageBox(0, "This is an unmanaged call.", "Caution!", 0)    
    End Sub
End Class

Class DemoClass
    Shared Sub Main(ByVal args() As String) 
        ' Get the AClass type to access its metadata.
        Dim clsType As Type = GetType(AClass)
        ' Get the type information for Win32CallMethod.
        Dim mInfo As MethodInfo = clsType.GetMethod("Win32CallMethod")
        If Not (mInfo Is Nothing) Then
            ' Iterate through all the attributes of the method.
            Dim attr As Attribute
            For Each attr In  Attribute.GetCustomAttributes(mInfo)
                ' Check for the Obsolete attribute.
                If attr.GetType().Equals(GetType(ObsoleteAttribute)) Then
                    Console.WriteLine("Method {0} is obsolete. The message is:", mInfo.Name)
                    Console.WriteLine("  ""{0}""", CType(attr, ObsoleteAttribute).Message)
                ' Check for the Unmanaged attribute.
                ElseIf attr.GetType().Equals(GetType(UnmanagedAttribute)) Then
                    Console.WriteLine("This method calls unmanaged code.")
                    Console.WriteLine( _
                            String.Format("The Unmanaged attribute type is {0}.", _
                            CType(attr, UnmanagedAttribute).Win32Type))
                    Dim myCls As New AClass()
                    myCls.Win32CallMethod()
                End If
            Next attr
        End If
    End Sub
End Class

'
'This code example produces the following results. 
'
'First, the compilation yields the warning, "... This method is 
'obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
'Second, execution yields a message box with a title of "Caution!" 
'and message text of "This is an unmanaged call." 
'Third, the following text is displayed in the console window:
'
'Method Win32CallMethod is obsolete. The message is:
'  "This method is obsolete. Use managed MsgBox instead."
'This method calls unmanaged code.
'The Unmanaged attribute type is User.
' 

Remarques

La valeur de retour contient les attributs personnalisés pour les ancêtres de element .The return value contains the custom attributes for ancestors of element.

Notes

À partir de la version .NET Framework 2,0, cette méthode retourne des attributs de sécurité sur les méthodes, constructeurs et types si les attributs sont stockés dans le nouveau format de métadonnées.Starting with the .NET Framework version 2.0, this method returns security attributes on methods, constructors, and types if the attributes are stored in the new metadata format. Les assemblys compilés avec la version 2,0 ou une version ultérieure utilisent le nouveau format.Assemblies compiled with version 2.0 or later use the new format. Les assemblys dynamiques et les assemblys compilés avec des versions antérieures du .NET Framework utilisent l’ancien format XML.Dynamic assemblies and assemblies compiled with earlier versions of the .NET Framework use the old XML format. Consultez émission d’attributs de sécurité déclaratifs.See Emitting Declarative Security Attributes.

S’applique à