Console.Read Console.Read Console.Read Console.Read Method

Définition

Lit le caractère suivant du flux d'entrée standard.Reads the next character from the standard input stream.

public:
 static int Read();
public static int Read ();
static member Read : unit -> int
Public Shared Function Read () As Integer

Retours

Caractère suivant du flux d'entrée, ou caractère négatif (-1) s'il n'y a pas d'autres caractères à lire.The next character from the input stream, or negative one (-1) if there are currently no more characters to be read.

Exceptions

Une erreur d'E/S s'est produite.An I/O error occurred.

Exemples

L’exemple suivant illustre la Read méthode.The following example demonstrates the Read method.

// This example demonstrates the Console.Read() method.
using namespace System;
int main()
{
   String^ m1 = "\nType a string of text then press Enter. "
   "Type '+' anywhere in the text to quit:\n";
   String^ m2 = "Character '{0}' is hexadecimal 0x{1:x4}.";
   String^ m3 = "Character     is hexadecimal 0x{0:x4}.";
   Char ch;
   int x;
   
   //
   Console::WriteLine( m1 );
   do
   {
      x = Console::Read();
      try
      {
         ch = Convert::ToChar( x );
         if ( Char::IsWhiteSpace( ch ) )
         {
            Console::WriteLine( m3, x );
            if ( ch == 0x0a )
                        Console::WriteLine( m1 );
         }
         else
                  Console::WriteLine( m2, ch, x );
      }
      catch ( OverflowException^ e ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( "{0} Value read = {1}.", e->Message, x );
         ch = Char::MinValue;
         Console::WriteLine( m1 );
      }

   }
   while ( ch != '+' );
}

/*
This example produces the following results:

Type a string of text then press Enter. Type '+' anywhere in the text to quit:

The quick brown fox.
Character 'T' is hexadecimal 0x0054.
Character 'h' is hexadecimal 0x0068.
Character 'e' is hexadecimal 0x0065.
Character     is hexadecimal 0x0020.
Character 'q' is hexadecimal 0x0071.
Character 'u' is hexadecimal 0x0075.
Character 'i' is hexadecimal 0x0069.
Character 'c' is hexadecimal 0x0063.
Character 'k' is hexadecimal 0x006b.
Character     is hexadecimal 0x0020.
Character 'b' is hexadecimal 0x0062.
Character 'r' is hexadecimal 0x0072.
Character 'o' is hexadecimal 0x006f.
Character 'w' is hexadecimal 0x0077.
Character 'n' is hexadecimal 0x006e.
Character     is hexadecimal 0x0020.
Character 'f' is hexadecimal 0x0066.
Character 'o' is hexadecimal 0x006f.
Character 'x' is hexadecimal 0x0078.
Character '.' is hexadecimal 0x002e.
Character     is hexadecimal 0x000d.
Character     is hexadecimal 0x000a.

Type a string of text then press Enter. Type '+' anywhere in the text to quit:

^Z
Value was either too large or too small for a character. Value read = -1.

Type a string of text then press Enter. Type '+' anywhere in the text to quit:

+
Character '+' is hexadecimal 0x002b.

*/
// This example demonstrates the Console.Read() method.
using System;

class Sample 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
    string m1 = "\nType a string of text then press Enter. " +
                "Type '+' anywhere in the text to quit:\n";
    string m2 = "Character '{0}' is hexadecimal 0x{1:x4}.";
    string m3 = "Character     is hexadecimal 0x{0:x4}.";
    char ch;
    int x;
//
    Console.WriteLine(m1);
    do  
        {
        x = Console.Read();
        try 
            {
            ch = Convert.ToChar(x);
            if (Char.IsWhiteSpace(ch))
               {
               Console.WriteLine(m3, x);
               if (ch == 0x0a) 
                   Console.WriteLine(m1);
               }
            else
               Console.WriteLine(m2, ch, x);
            }
        catch (OverflowException e) 
            {
            Console.WriteLine("{0} Value read = {1}.", e.Message, x);
            ch = Char.MinValue;
            Console.WriteLine(m1);
            }
        } while (ch != '+');
    }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

Type a string of text then press Enter. Type '+' anywhere in the text to quit:

The quick brown fox.
Character 'T' is hexadecimal 0x0054.
Character 'h' is hexadecimal 0x0068.
Character 'e' is hexadecimal 0x0065.
Character     is hexadecimal 0x0020.
Character 'q' is hexadecimal 0x0071.
Character 'u' is hexadecimal 0x0075.
Character 'i' is hexadecimal 0x0069.
Character 'c' is hexadecimal 0x0063.
Character 'k' is hexadecimal 0x006b.
Character     is hexadecimal 0x0020.
Character 'b' is hexadecimal 0x0062.
Character 'r' is hexadecimal 0x0072.
Character 'o' is hexadecimal 0x006f.
Character 'w' is hexadecimal 0x0077.
Character 'n' is hexadecimal 0x006e.
Character     is hexadecimal 0x0020.
Character 'f' is hexadecimal 0x0066.
Character 'o' is hexadecimal 0x006f.
Character 'x' is hexadecimal 0x0078.
Character '.' is hexadecimal 0x002e.
Character     is hexadecimal 0x000d.
Character     is hexadecimal 0x000a.

Type a string of text then press Enter. Type '+' anywhere in the text to quit:

^Z
Value was either too large or too small for a character. Value read = -1.

Type a string of text then press Enter. Type '+' anywhere in the text to quit:

+
Character '+' is hexadecimal 0x002b.

*/
' This example demonstrates the Console.Read() method.
Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim m1 As String = _
                vbCrLf & _
                "Type a string of text then press Enter. " & _
                "Type '+' anywhere in the text to quit:" & _
                vbCrLf
      Dim m2 As String = "Character '{0}' is hexadecimal 0x{1:x4}."
      Dim m3 As String = "Character     is hexadecimal 0x{0:x4}."
      Dim ch As Char
      Dim x As Integer
      '
      Console.WriteLine(m1)
      Do
         x = Console.Read()
         Try
            ch = Convert.ToChar(x)
            If Char.IsWhiteSpace(ch) Then
               Console.WriteLine(m3, x)
               If ch = vbLf Then
                  Console.WriteLine(m1)
               End If
            Else
               Console.WriteLine(m2, ch, x)
            End If
         Catch e As OverflowException
            Console.WriteLine("{0} Value read = {1}.", e.Message, x)
            ch = Char.MinValue
            Console.WriteLine(m1)
         End Try
      Loop While ch <> "+"c
   End Sub
End Class
'
'This example produces the following results:
'
'Type a string of text then press Enter. Type '+' anywhere in the text to quit:
'
'The quick brown fox.
'Character 'T' is hexadecimal 0x0054.
'Character 'h' is hexadecimal 0x0068.
'Character 'e' is hexadecimal 0x0065.
'Character     is hexadecimal 0x0020.
'Character 'q' is hexadecimal 0x0071.
'Character 'u' is hexadecimal 0x0075.
'Character 'i' is hexadecimal 0x0069.
'Character 'c' is hexadecimal 0x0063.
'Character 'k' is hexadecimal 0x006b.
'Character     is hexadecimal 0x0020.
'Character 'b' is hexadecimal 0x0062.
'Character 'r' is hexadecimal 0x0072.
'Character 'o' is hexadecimal 0x006f.
'Character 'w' is hexadecimal 0x0077.
'Character 'n' is hexadecimal 0x006e.
'Character     is hexadecimal 0x0020.
'Character 'f' is hexadecimal 0x0066.
'Character 'o' is hexadecimal 0x006f.
'Character 'x' is hexadecimal 0x0078.
'Character '.' is hexadecimal 0x002e.
'Character     is hexadecimal 0x000d.
'Character     is hexadecimal 0x000a.
'
'Type a string of text then press Enter. Type '+' anywhere in the text to quit:
'
'^Z
'Value was either too large or too small for a character. Value read = -1.
'
'Type a string of text then press Enter. Type '+' anywhere in the text to quit:
'
'+
'Character '+' is hexadecimal 0x002b.
'

Remarques

La Read méthode bloque son retour pendant que vous tapez des caractères d’entrée ; elle se termine lorsque vous appuyez sur la Enter touche.The Read method blocks its return while you type input characters; it terminates when you press the Enter key. Appuyez sur entrée pour ajouter une séquence de terminaison de ligne dépendante de la plateforme à votre entrée (par exemple, Windows ajoute une séquence retour chariot-saut de ligne).Pressing Enter appends a platform-dependent line termination sequence to your input (for example, Windows appends a carriage return-linefeed sequence). Les appels suivants à Read la méthode récupèrent votre entrée un caractère à la fois.Subsequent calls to the Read method retrieve your input one character at a time. Une fois le caractère final récupéré, Read bloque à nouveau son retour et le cycle se répète.After the final character is retrieved, Read blocks its return again and the cycle repeats.

Important

La ReadLine méthode, ou la KeyAvailable propriété et ReadKey la méthode sont préférables à l' Read utilisation de la méthode.The ReadLine method, or the KeyAvailable property and ReadKey method are preferable to using the Read method.

Notez que la méthode ne retourne pas-1, sauf si vous effectuez l’une des actions suivantes :Note that the method does not return -1 unless you perform one of the following actions:

  • Appuyez simultanément sur Control la touche de modification Z et sur la touche de console (Ctrl + Z), qui signale la condition de fin de fichier.Simultaneously press the Control modifier key and Z console key (Ctrl+Z), which signals the end-of-file condition.

  • Appuyez sur une touche équivalente qui signale la condition de fin de fichier, telle que la touche F6 de la fonction dans Windows.Press an equivalent key that signals the end-of-file condition, such as the F6 function key in Windows.

  • Redirigez le flux d’entrée vers une source, telle qu’un fichier texte, qui contient un caractère de fin de fichier réel.Redirect the input stream to a source, such as a text file, that has an actual end-of-file character.

S’applique à

Voir aussi