OleDbConnectionStringBuilder.TryGetValue(String, Object) Méthode

Définition

Récupère une valeur correspondant à la clé fournie à partir de l'instance de OleDbConnectionStringBuilder.

public:
 override bool TryGetValue(System::String ^ keyword, [Runtime::InteropServices::Out] System::Object ^ % value);
public override bool TryGetValue (string keyword, out object value);
public override bool TryGetValue (string keyword, out object? value);
override this.TryGetValue : string * obj -> bool
Public Overrides Function TryGetValue (keyword As String, ByRef value As Object) As Boolean

Paramètres

keyword
String

Clé de l'élément à récupérer.

value
Object

Valeur correspondant à keyword.

Retours

Boolean

true si keyword a été trouvé dans la chaîne de connexion ; sinon, false.

Exceptions

keyword contient une valeur Null (Nothing en Visual Basic).

Exemples

L’exemple suivant illustre le comportement de la TryGetValue méthode.

using System.Data.OleDb;

class Program
{
    static void Main()
    {
        OleDbConnectionStringBuilder builder =
            new OleDbConnectionStringBuilder();
        builder.ConnectionString = GetConnectionString();

        // Call TryGetValue method for multiple
        // key names.
        DisplayValue(builder, "Data Source");
        DisplayValue(builder, "Extended Properties");
        // How about implicitly added key/value pairs?
        DisplayValue(builder, "Jet OLEDB:System database");
        // Invalid keys?
        DisplayValue(builder, "Invalid Key");
        // Null values?
        DisplayValue(builder, null);

        Console.WriteLine("Press any key to continue.");
        Console.ReadLine();
    }

    static private void DisplayValue(OleDbConnectionStringBuilder builder, string key)
    {
        object value = null;

        // Although TryGetValue handles missing keys,
        // it does not handle passing in a null (Nothing in Visual Basic)
        // key. This example traps for that particular error, but
        // throws any other unknown exceptions back out to the
        // caller.
        try
        {
            if (builder.TryGetValue(key, out value))
            {
                Console.WriteLine("{0}='{1}'", key, value);
            }
            else
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Unable to retrieve value for '{0}'", key);
            }
        }
        catch (ArgumentNullException)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Unable to retrieve value for null key.");
        }
    }

    static private string GetConnectionString()
    {
        // To avoid storing the connection string in your code,
        // you can retrieve it from a configuration file using the
        // System.Configuration.ConfigurationSettings.AppSettings property.
        return "Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;" +
            "Data Source=C:\\ExcelDemo.xls;" +
            "Extended Properties=\"Excel 8.0;HDR=Yes;IMEX=1\"";
    }
}
Imports System.Data.OleDb    

Module Module1
  Sub Main()
    Dim builder As New OleDbConnectionStringBuilder
    builder.ConnectionString = GetConnectionString()

    ' Call TryGetValue method for multiple
    ' key names. 
    DisplayValue(builder, "Data Source")
    DisplayValue(builder, "Extended Properties")
    ' How about implicitly added key/value pairs?
    DisplayValue(builder, "Jet OLEDB:System database")
    ' Invalid keys?
    DisplayValue(builder, "Invalid Key")
    ' Null values?
    DisplayValue(builder, Nothing)

    Console.WriteLine("Press any key to continue.")
    Console.ReadLine()
  End Sub

  Private Sub DisplayValue( _
   ByVal builder As OleDbConnectionStringBuilder, ByVal key As String)
    Dim value As Object = Nothing

    ' Although TryGetValue handles missing keys,
    ' it does not handle passing in a null (Nothing in Visual Basic)
    ' key. This example traps for that particular error, but
    ' throws any other unknown exceptions back out to the
    ' caller. 
    Try
      If builder.TryGetValue(key, value) Then
        Console.WriteLine("{0}='{1}'", key, value)
      Else
        Console.WriteLine("Unable to retrieve value for '{0}'", key)
      End If
    Catch ex As ArgumentNullException
      Console.WriteLine("Unable to retrieve value for null key.")
    End Try
  End Sub

  Private Function GetConnectionString() As String
    ' To avoid storing the connection string in your code,
    ' you can retrieve it from a configuration file using the 
    ' System.Configuration.ConfigurationSettings.AppSettings property. 
    Return "Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;" & _
      "Data Source=C:\ExcelDemo.xls;" & _
      "Extended Properties=""Excel 8.0;HDR=Yes;IMEX=1"""
  End Function
End Module

Remarques

La méthode TryGetValue permet aux développeurs de récupérer en toute sécurité une valeur à partir d'un OleDbConnectionStringBuilder sans avoir à vérifier que le nom de clé fourni est valide. Étant donné que TryGetValue ne lève pas d’exception quand vous l’appelez, en passant une clé inexistante, il n’est pas nécessaire de rechercher une clé avant de récupérer sa valeur. l’appel de TryGetValue avec une clé inexistante place la valeur null ( Nothing en Visual Basic) dans le value paramètre.

S’applique à

Voir aussi