Enum.Equals(Object) Méthode

Définition

Retourne une valeur indiquant si cette instance équivaut à un objet spécifié.Returns a value indicating whether this instance is equal to a specified object.

public:
 override bool Equals(System::Object ^ obj);
public override bool Equals (object obj);
override this.Equals : obj -> bool
Public Overrides Function Equals (obj As Object) As Boolean

Paramètres

obj
Object

Objet à comparer à cette instance ou null.An object to compare with this instance, or null.

Retours

true si obj est une valeur d’énumération du même type et avec la même valeur sous-jacente que cette instance. Sinon, false.true if obj is an enumeration value of the same type and with the same underlying value as this instance; otherwise, false.

Exemples

L'exemple suivant illustre l'utilisation de la méthode Equals.The following example illustrates the use of the Equals method.

using namespace System;
public enum class Colors
{
   Red, Green, Blue, Yellow
};

public enum class Mammals
{
   Cat, Dog, Horse, Dolphin
};

int main()
{
   Mammals myPet = Mammals::Cat;
   Colors myColor = Colors::Red;
   Mammals yourPet = Mammals::Dog;
   Colors yourColor = Colors::Red;
   Console::WriteLine(  "My favorite animal is a {0}", myPet );
   Console::WriteLine(  "Your favorite animal is a {0}", yourPet );
   Console::WriteLine(  "Do we like the same animal? {0}", myPet.Equals( yourPet ) ? (String^)"Yes" : "No" );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine(  "My favorite color is {0}", myColor );
   Console::WriteLine(  "Your favorite color is {0}", yourColor );
   Console::WriteLine(  "Do we like the same color? {0}", myColor.Equals( yourColor ) ? (String^)"Yes" : "No" );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine(  "The value of my color ({0}) is {1}", myColor, Enum::Format( Colors::typeid, myColor,  "d" ) );
   Console::WriteLine(  "The value of my pet (a {0}) is {1}", myPet, Enum::Format( Mammals::typeid, myPet,  "d" ) );
   Console::WriteLine(  "Even though they have the same value, are they equal? {0}", myColor.Equals( myPet ) ? (String^)"Yes" : "No" );
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    My favorite animal is a Cat
//    Your favorite animal is a Dog
//    Do we like the same animal? No
//    
//    My favorite color is Red
//    Your favorite color is Red
//    Do we like the same color? Yes
//    
//    The value of my color (Red) is 0
//    The value of my pet (a Cat) is 0
//    Even though they have the same value, are they equal? No
using System;

public class EqualsTest {
    enum Colors { Red, Green, Blue, Yellow };
    enum Mammals { Cat, Dog, Horse, Dolphin };

    public static void Main() {
        Mammals myPet = Mammals.Cat;
        Colors myColor = Colors.Red;
        Mammals yourPet = Mammals.Dog;
        Colors yourColor = Colors.Red;

        Console.WriteLine("My favorite animal is a {0}", myPet);
        Console.WriteLine("Your favorite animal is a {0}", yourPet);
        Console.WriteLine("Do we like the same animal? {0}", myPet.Equals(yourPet) ? "Yes" : "No");

        Console.WriteLine();
        Console.WriteLine("My favorite color is {0}", myColor);
        Console.WriteLine("Your favorite color is {0}", yourColor);
        Console.WriteLine("Do we like the same color? {0}", myColor.Equals(yourColor) ? "Yes" : "No");

        Console.WriteLine();
        Console.WriteLine("The value of my color ({0}) is {1}", myColor, Enum.Format(typeof(Colors), myColor, "d"));
        Console.WriteLine("The value of my pet (a {0}) is {1}", myPet, Enum.Format(typeof(Mammals), myPet, "d"));
        Console.WriteLine("Even though they have the same value, are they equal? {0}", 
                    myColor.Equals(myPet) ? "Yes" : "No");
    }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    My favorite animal is a Cat
//    Your favorite animal is a Dog
//    Do we like the same animal? No
//    
//    My favorite color is Red
//    Your favorite color is Red
//    Do we like the same color? Yes
//    
//    The value of my color (Red) is 0
//    The value of my pet (a Cat) is 0
//    Even though they have the same value, are they equal? No
Public Class EqualsTest
    Enum Colors
        Red
        Green
        Blue
        Yellow
    End Enum 
    
    Enum Mammals
        Cat
        Dog
        Horse
        Dolphin
    End Enum 
    
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim myPet As Mammals = Mammals.Cat
        Dim myColor As Colors = Colors.Red
        Dim yourPet As Mammals = Mammals.Dog
        Dim yourColor As Colors = Colors.Red
        Dim output as string
        
        Console.WriteLine("My favorite animal is a {0}", myPet)
        Console.WriteLine("Your favorite animal is a {0}", yourPet)
        If myPet.Equals(yourPet) Then output = "Yes" Else output = "No"
        Console.WriteLine("Do we like the same animal? {0}", output)
        
        Console.WriteLine()
        Console.WriteLine("My favorite color is {0}", myColor)
        Console.WriteLine("Your favorite color is {0}", yourColor)
        If myColor.Equals(yourColor) Then output = "Yes" Else output = "No"
        Console.WriteLine("Do we like the same color? {0}", output)
        
        Console.WriteLine()
        Console.WriteLine("The value of my color ({0}) is {1}", myColor, [Enum].Format(GetType(Colors), myColor, "d"))
        Console.WriteLine("The value of my pet (a {0}) is {1}", myPet, [Enum].Format(GetType(Mammals), myPet, "d"))
        Console.WriteLine("Even though they have the same value, are they equal? {0}", 
                          If(myColor.Equals(myPet), "Yes", "No"))
    End Sub 
End Class 
' The example displays the following output:
'    My favorite animal is a Cat
'    Your favorite animal is a Dog
'    Do we like the same animal? No
'    
'    My favorite color is Red
'    Your favorite color is Red
'    Do we like the same color? Yes
'    
'    The value of my color (Red) is 0
'    The value of my pet (a Cat) is 0
'    Even though they have the same value, are they equal? No

L’exemple suivant définit deux types d’énumération, SledDog et WorkDog.The following example defines two enumeration types, SledDog and WorkDog. L’énumération SledDog a deux membres, SledDog.AlaskanMalamute et SledDog.Malamute, qui ont la même valeur sous-jacente.The SledDog enumeration has two members, SledDog.AlaskanMalamute and SledDog.Malamute, that have the same underlying value. L’appel à la méthode Equals indique que ces valeurs sont égales, car leurs valeurs sous-jacentes sont identiques.The call to the Equals method indicates that these values are equal because their underlying values are the same. Les membres SledDog.Malamute et WorkDog.Newfoundland ont la même valeur sous-jacente, bien qu’ils représentent des types d’énumération différents.The SledDog.Malamute and WorkDog.Newfoundland members have the same underlying value, although they represent different enumeration types. Un appel à la méthode Equals indique que ces valeurs ne sont pas égales.A call to the Equals method indicates that these values are not equal.

using System;

public enum SledDog { Unknown=0, AlaskanMalamute=1, Malamute=1, 
                      Husky=2, SiberianHusky=2 };

public enum WorkDog { Unknown=0, Newfoundland=1, GreatPyrennes=2 };

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      SledDog dog1 = SledDog.Malamute;
      SledDog dog2 = SledDog.AlaskanMalamute;
      WorkDog dog3 = WorkDog.Newfoundland;
      
      Console.WriteLine("{0:F} ({0:D}) = {1:F} ({1:D}): {2}", 
                        dog1, dog2, dog1.Equals(dog2));
      Console.WriteLine("{0:F} ({0:D}) = {1:F} ({1:D}): {2}",
                        dog1, dog3, dog1.Equals(dog3));
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       Malamute (1) = Malamute (1): True
//       Malamute (1) = Newfoundland (1): False
Public Enum SledDog As Integer
   Unknown=0
   AlaskanMalamute=1
   Malamute=1
   Husky=2
   SiberianHusky=2
End Enum

Public Enum WorkDog As Integer
   Unknown=0
   Newfoundland=1
   GreatPyrennes=2
End Enum

Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim dog1 As SledDog = SledDog.Malamute
      Dim dog2 As SledDog = SledDog.AlaskanMalamute
      Dim dog3 As WorkDog = WorkDog.Newfoundland
      
      Console.WriteLine("{0:F} ({0:D}) = {1:F} ({1:D}): {2}", 
                        dog1, dog2, dog1.Equals(dog2))
      Console.WriteLine("{0:F} ({0:D}) = {1:F} ({1:D}): {2}",
                        dog1, dog3, dog1.Equals(dog3))
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       Malamute (1) = Malamute (1): True
'       Malamute (1) = Newfoundland (1): False

Remarques

La méthode Enum.Equals(Object) remplace ValueType.Equals(Object) pour définir le mode d’évaluation de l’égalité des membres de l’énumération.The Enum.Equals(Object) method overrides ValueType.Equals(Object) to define how enumeration members are evaluated for equality.

S’applique à

Voir aussi