PingCompletedEventHandler Délégué

Définition

Représente la méthode destinée à gérer l’événement PingCompleted d’un objet Ping.Represents the method that will handle the PingCompleted event of a Ping object.

public delegate void PingCompletedEventHandler(System::Object ^ sender, PingCompletedEventArgs ^ e);
public delegate void PingCompletedEventHandler(object sender, PingCompletedEventArgs e);
type PingCompletedEventHandler = delegate of obj * PingCompletedEventArgs -> unit
Public Delegate Sub PingCompletedEventHandler(sender As Object, e As PingCompletedEventArgs)

Paramètres

sender
Object

Source de l'événement PingCompleted.The source of the PingCompleted event.

e
PingCompletedEventArgs

Objet PingCompletedEventArgs qui contient les données d'événement.A PingCompletedEventArgs object that contains the event data.

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant montre comment spécifier un PingCompletedEventHandler pour répondre à un PingCompleted événement.The following code example demonstrates specifying a PingCompletedEventHandler to respond to a PingCompleted event.

#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Text;
using namespace System::Net;
using namespace System::Net::NetworkInformation;
using namespace System::ComponentModel;
using namespace System::Threading;
void PingCompletedCallback( Object^ sender, PingCompletedEventArgs^ e );
void DisplayReply( PingReply^ reply );
int main()
{
   array<String^>^args = Environment::GetCommandLineArgs();
   if ( args->Length == 1 )
      throw gcnew ArgumentException( "Ping needs a host or IP Address." );

   String^ who = args[ 1 ];
   AutoResetEvent^ waiter = gcnew AutoResetEvent( false );
   
   Ping ^ pingSender = gcnew Ping;
   
   // When the PingCompleted event is raised,
   // the PingCompletedCallback method is called.
   pingSender->PingCompleted += gcnew PingCompletedEventHandler( PingCompletedCallback );
   
   // Create a buffer of 32 bytes of data to be transmitted.
   String^ data = "aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa";
   array<Byte>^buffer = Encoding::ASCII->GetBytes( data );
   
   // Wait 12 seconds for a reply.
   int timeout = 12000;
   
   // Set options for transmission:
   // The data can go through 64 gateways or routers
   // before it is destroyed, and the data packet
   // cannot be fragmented.
   PingOptions ^ options = gcnew PingOptions( 64,true );
   Console::WriteLine( "Time to live: {0}", options->Ttl );
   Console::WriteLine( "Don't fragment: {0}", options->DontFragment );
   
   // Send the ping asynchronously.
   // Use the waiter as the user token.
   // When the callback completes, it can wake up this thread.
   pingSender->SendAsync( who, timeout, buffer, options, waiter );
   
   // Prevent this example application from ending.
   // A real application should do something useful
   // when possible.
   waiter->WaitOne();
   Console::WriteLine( "Ping example completed." );
}


void PingCompletedCallback( Object^ /*sender*/, PingCompletedEventArgs^ e )
{
   
   // If the operation was canceled, display a message to the user.
   if ( e->Cancelled )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "Ping canceled." );
      
      // Let the main thread resume. 
      // UserToken is the AutoResetEvent object that the main thread 
      // is waiting for.
      (dynamic_cast<AutoResetEvent^>(e->UserState))->Set();
   }

   
   // If an error occurred, display the exception to the user.
   if ( e->Error != nullptr )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "Ping failed:" );
      Console::WriteLine( e->Error->ToString() );
      
      // Let the main thread resume. 
      (dynamic_cast<AutoResetEvent^>(e->UserState))->Set();
   }

   PingReply ^ reply = e->Reply;
   DisplayReply( reply );
   
   // Let the main thread resume.
   (dynamic_cast<AutoResetEvent^>(e->UserState))->Set();
}


void DisplayReply( PingReply ^ reply )
{
   if ( reply == nullptr )
      return;

   Console::WriteLine( "ping status: {0}", reply->Status );
   if ( reply->Status == IPStatus::Success )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "Address: {0}", reply->Address->ToString() );
      Console::WriteLine( "RoundTrip time: {0}", reply->RoundtripTime );
      Console::WriteLine( "Time to live: {0}", reply->Options->Ttl );
      Console::WriteLine( "Don't fragment: {0}", reply->Options->DontFragment );
      Console::WriteLine( "Buffer size: {0}", reply->Buffer->Length );
   }
}

using System;
using System.Text;
using System.Net;
using System.Net.NetworkInformation;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Threading;

namespace Examples.System.Net.NetworkInformation.PingTest
{
    public class PingExample
    {
        public static void Main (string[] args)
        {
            if (args.Length == 0)
                throw new ArgumentException ("Ping needs a host or IP Address.");

            string who = args[0];
            AutoResetEvent waiter = new AutoResetEvent (false);

            Ping pingSender = new Ping ();

            // When the PingCompleted event is raised,
            // the PingCompletedCallback method is called.
            pingSender.PingCompleted += new PingCompletedEventHandler (PingCompletedCallback);

            // Create a buffer of 32 bytes of data to be transmitted.
            string data = "aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa";
            byte[] buffer = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes (data);

            // Wait 12 seconds for a reply.
            int timeout = 12000;

            // Set options for transmission:
            // The data can go through 64 gateways or routers
            // before it is destroyed, and the data packet
            // cannot be fragmented.
            PingOptions options = new PingOptions (64, true);

            Console.WriteLine ("Time to live: {0}", options.Ttl);
            Console.WriteLine ("Don't fragment: {0}", options.DontFragment);

            // Send the ping asynchronously.
            // Use the waiter as the user token.
            // When the callback completes, it can wake up this thread.
            pingSender.SendAsync(who, timeout, buffer, options, waiter);

            // Prevent this example application from ending.
            // A real application should do something useful
            // when possible.
            waiter.WaitOne ();
            Console.WriteLine ("Ping example completed.");
        }

        private static void PingCompletedCallback (object sender, PingCompletedEventArgs e)
        {
            // If the operation was canceled, display a message to the user.
            if (e.Cancelled)
            {
                Console.WriteLine ("Ping canceled.");

                // Let the main thread resume.
                // UserToken is the AutoResetEvent object that the main thread
                // is waiting for.
                ((AutoResetEvent)e.UserState).Set ();
            }

            // If an error occurred, display the exception to the user.
            if (e.Error != null)
            {
                Console.WriteLine ("Ping failed:");
                Console.WriteLine (e.Error.ToString ());

                // Let the main thread resume.
                ((AutoResetEvent)e.UserState).Set();
            }

            PingReply reply = e.Reply;

            DisplayReply (reply);

            // Let the main thread resume.
            ((AutoResetEvent)e.UserState).Set();
        }

        public static void DisplayReply (PingReply reply)
        {
            if (reply == null)
                return;

            Console.WriteLine ("ping status: {0}", reply.Status);
            if (reply.Status == IPStatus.Success)
            {
                Console.WriteLine ("Address: {0}", reply.Address.ToString ());
                Console.WriteLine ("RoundTrip time: {0}", reply.RoundtripTime);
                Console.WriteLine ("Time to live: {0}", reply.Options.Ttl);
                Console.WriteLine ("Don't fragment: {0}", reply.Options.DontFragment);
                Console.WriteLine ("Buffer size: {0}", reply.Buffer.Length);
            }
        }
    }
}

Remarques

Les données utilisateur spécifiées dans un SendAsync appel sont disponibles pour la méthode appelée par ce délégué dans la UserState propriété.User data that is specified in a SendAsync call is available to the method invoked by this delegate in the UserState property.

Méthodes d’extension

GetMethodInfo(Delegate)

Obtient un objet qui représente la méthode représentée par le délégué spécifié.Gets an object that represents the method represented by the specified delegate.

S’applique à