String.CompareTo Méthode

Définition

Compare cette instance à un objet spécifié ou String et retourne un entier qui indique si cette instance précède, suit ou apparaît à la même position dans l'ordre de tri que l'objet spécifié ou String.Compares this instance with a specified object or String and returns an integer that indicates whether this instance precedes, follows, or appears in the same position in the sort order as the specified object or String.

Surcharges

CompareTo(Object)

Compare cette instance avec un Object spécifié et indique si cette instance précède, suit ou apparaît à la même position dans l'ordre de tri que le Object spécifié.Compares this instance with a specified Object and indicates whether this instance precedes, follows, or appears in the same position in the sort order as the specified Object.

CompareTo(String)

Compare cette instance avec un objet String spécifié et indique si cette instance précède, suit ou apparaît à la même position dans l'ordre de tri que la chaîne spécifiée.Compares this instance with a specified String object and indicates whether this instance precedes, follows, or appears in the same position in the sort order as the specified string.

Remarques

Les deux surcharges de la méthode CompareTo effectuent une comparaison dépendante de la culture et qui respecte la casse.Both overloads of the CompareTo method perform culture-sensitive and case-sensitive comparison. Vous ne pouvez pas utiliser cette méthode pour effectuer des comparaisons indépendantes de la culture ou des ordinaux.You cannot use this method to perform culture-insensitive or ordinal comparisons. Pour plus de clarté du code, nous vous recommandons d’éviter la méthode CompareTo et d’appeler à la place la méthode Compare.For code clarity, we recommend that you avoid the CompareTo method and call the Compare method instead.

CompareTo(Object)

Compare cette instance avec un Object spécifié et indique si cette instance précède, suit ou apparaît à la même position dans l'ordre de tri que le Object spécifié.Compares this instance with a specified Object and indicates whether this instance precedes, follows, or appears in the same position in the sort order as the specified Object.

public:
 virtual int CompareTo(System::Object ^ value);
public int CompareTo (object value);
abstract member CompareTo : obj -> int
override this.CompareTo : obj -> int
Public Function CompareTo (value As Object) As Integer

Paramètres

value
Object

Objet qui prend pour valeur String.An object that evaluates to a String.

Retours

Entier signé 32 bits qui indique si cette instance précède, suit ou apparaît dans la même position dans l'ordre de tri que le paramètre value.A 32-bit signed integer that indicates whether this instance precedes, follows, or appears in the same position in the sort order as the value parameter.

ValueValue ConditionCondition
Inférieure à zéroLess than zero Cette instance précède value.This instance precedes value.
ZéroZero Cette instance a la même position dans l'ordre de tri que value.This instance has the same position in the sort order as value.
Supérieure à zéroGreater than zero Cette instance suit value.This instance follows value. - ou --or- value a la valeur null.value is null.

Implémente

Exceptions

value n’est pas un String.value is not a String.

Exemples

L’exemple suivant utilise la méthode CompareTo avec une Object.The following example uses the CompareTo method with an Object. Étant donné qu’il tente de comparer une instance de String à un objet TestClass, la méthode lève une ArgumentException.Because it attempts to compare a String instance to a TestClass object, the method throws an ArgumentException.

using namespace System;

public ref class TestClass{};

int main()
{
   TestClass^ test = gcnew TestClass;
   array<Object^>^ objectsToCompare = { test, test->ToString(), 123,
                                        (123).ToString(), "some text",
                                        "Some Text" };
   String^ s = "some text";
   for each (Object^ objectToCompare in objectsToCompare) {
      try {
         Int32 i = s->CompareTo(objectToCompare);
         Console::WriteLine("Comparing '{0}' with '{1}': {2}",
                            s, objectToCompare, i);
      }
      catch (ArgumentException^ e) {
         Console::WriteLine("Bad argument: {0} (type {1})",
                            objectToCompare,
                            objectToCompare->GetType()->Name);
      }
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    Bad argument: TestClass (type TestClass)
//    Comparing 'some text' with 'TestClass': -1
//    Bad argument: 123 (type Int32)
//    Comparing 'some text' with '123': 1
//    Comparing 'some text' with 'some text': 0
//    Comparing 'some text' with 'Some Text': -1
using System;

public class TestClass
{}

public class Example 
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      var test = new TestClass();
      Object[] objectsToCompare = { test, test.ToString(), 123,
                                    123.ToString(), "some text",
                                    "Some Text" };
      string s = "some text";
      foreach (var objectToCompare in objectsToCompare) {
         try {
            int i = s.CompareTo(objectToCompare);
            Console.WriteLine("Comparing '{0}' with '{1}': {2}",
                              s, objectToCompare, i);
         }
         catch (ArgumentException) {
            Console.WriteLine("Bad argument: {0} (type {1})",
                              objectToCompare,
                              objectToCompare.GetType().Name);
         }
      }
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    Bad argument: TestClass (type TestClass)
//    Comparing 'some text' with 'TestClass': -1
//    Bad argument: 123 (type Int32)
//    Comparing 'some text' with '123': 1
//    Comparing 'some text' with 'some text': 0
//    Comparing 'some text' with 'Some Text': -1
Public Class TestClass
End Class 


Public Class Example
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim test As New TestClass()
      Dim objectsToCompare() As Object = { test, test.ToString(), 123,
                                           123.ToString(), "some text",
                                           "Some Text" }
      Dim s As String = "some text"
      For Each objectToCompare In objectsToCompare
         Try
            Dim i As Integer = s.CompareTo(objectToCompare)
            Console.WriteLine("Comparing '{0}' with '{1}': {2}",
                              s, objectToCompare, i)
         Catch e As ArgumentException
            Console.WriteLine("Bad argument: {0} (type {1})",
                              objectToCompare,
                              objectToCompare.GetType().Name)
         End Try
      Next
   End Sub 
End Class 
' The example displays the following output:
'       Bad argument: TestClass (type TestClass)
'       Comparing 'some text' with 'TestClass': -1
'       Bad argument: 123 (type Int32)
'       Comparing 'some text' with '123': 1
'       Comparing 'some text' with 'some text': 0
'       Comparing 'some text' with 'Some Text': -1

Remarques

value doit être un objet String.value must be a String object.

Attention

La méthode CompareTo a été conçue principalement pour une utilisation dans les opérations de tri ou de classement par ordre alphabétique.The CompareTo method was designed primarily for use in sorting or alphabetizing operations. Elle ne doit pas être utilisée lorsque l’objectif principal de l’appel de méthode est de déterminer si deux chaînes sont équivalentes.It should not be used when the primary purpose of the method call is to determine whether two strings are equivalent. Pour déterminer si deux chaînes sont équivalentes, appelez la méthode Equals.To determine whether two strings are equivalent, call the Equals method.

Cette méthode effectue une comparaison de mots (respectant la casse et dépendante de la culture) à l’aide de la culture actuelle.This method performs a word (case-sensitive and culture-sensitive) comparison using the current culture. Pour plus d’informations sur les tris de mot, de chaîne et ordinal, consultez System.Globalization.CompareOptions.For more information about word, string, and ordinal sorts, see System.Globalization.CompareOptions.

Pour plus d’informations sur le comportement de cette méthode, consultez la section Notes de la méthode String.Compare(String, String).For more information about the behavior of this method, see the Remarks section of the String.Compare(String, String) method.

Notes pour les appelants

Les jeux de caractères incluent les caractères ignorables.Character sets include ignorable characters. La méthode CompareTo(Object) ne prend pas en compte ces caractères lorsqu’elle effectue une comparaison dépendante de la culture.The CompareTo(Object) method does not consider such characters when it performs a culture-sensitive comparison. Par exemple, si le code suivant est exécuté sur la .NET Framework 4.NET Framework 4 ou une version ultérieure, une comparaison de « animal » avec « Ani-mal » (à l’aide d’un trait d’union conditionnel ou de U + 00AD) indique que les deux chaînes sont équivalentes.For example, if the following code is run on the .NET Framework 4.NET Framework 4 or later, a comparison of "animal" with "ani-mal" (using a soft hyphen, or U+00AD) indicates that the two strings are equivalent.

[!code-csharpSystem.String.CompareTo#1] [!code-vbSystem.String.CompareTo#1][!code-csharpSystem.String.CompareTo#1] [!code-vbSystem.String.CompareTo#1] Pour reconnaître les caractères ignorables dans une comparaison de chaînes, appelez la méthode CompareOrdinal(String, String).To recognize ignorable characters in a string comparison, call the CompareOrdinal(String, String) method.

Voir aussi

CompareTo(String)

Compare cette instance avec un objet String spécifié et indique si cette instance précède, suit ou apparaît à la même position dans l'ordre de tri que la chaîne spécifiée.Compares this instance with a specified String object and indicates whether this instance precedes, follows, or appears in the same position in the sort order as the specified string.

public:
 int CompareTo(System::String ^ strB);
public int CompareTo (string strB);
member this.CompareTo : string -> int
Public Function CompareTo (strB As String) As Integer

Paramètres

strB
String

Chaîne à comparer à cette instance.The string to compare with this instance.

Retours

Entier signé 32 bits qui indique si cette instance précède, suit ou apparaît dans la même position dans l'ordre de tri que le paramètre strB.A 32-bit signed integer that indicates whether this instance precedes, follows, or appears in the same position in the sort order as the strB parameter.

ValueValue ConditionCondition
Inférieure à zéroLess than zero Cette instance précède strB.This instance precedes strB.
ZéroZero Cette instance a la même position dans l'ordre de tri que strB.This instance has the same position in the sort order as strB.
Supérieure à zéroGreater than zero Cette instance suit strB.This instance follows strB. - ou --or- strB a la valeur null.strB is null.

Implémente

Exemples

L’exemple suivant utilise la méthode CompareTo pour comparer l’instance de chaîne actuelle à une autre chaîne.The following example uses the CompareTo method to compare the current string instance with another string.

using namespace System;

String^ CompareStrings(String^ str1, String^ str2)
{
   // compare the values, using the CompareTo method on the first string
   int cmpVal = str1->CompareTo(str2);
   if (cmpVal == 0)
      // the values are the same
      return "The strings occur in the same position in the sort order.";
   else if (cmpVal < 0)
      return "The first string precedes the second in the sort order.";
   else
      return "The first string follows the second in the sort order.";
}

int main()
{
   String^ strFirst = "Goodbye";
   String^ strSecond = "Hello";
   String^ strThird = "a small String*";
   String^ strFourth = "goodbye";
   
   // Compare a string to itself.
   Console::WriteLine(CompareStrings(strFirst, strFirst));
   Console::WriteLine(CompareStrings(strFirst, strSecond));
   Console::WriteLine(CompareStrings(strFirst, strThird));
   
   // Compare a string to another string that varies only by case.
   Console::WriteLine(CompareStrings(strFirst, strFourth));
   Console::WriteLine(CompareStrings(strFourth, strFirst));
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       The strings occur in the same position in the sort order.
//       The first string precedes the second in the sort order.
//       The first string follows the second in the sort order.
//       The first string follows the second in the sort order.
//       The first string precedes the second in the sort order.
using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      string strFirst = "Goodbye";
      string strSecond = "Hello";
      string strThird = "a small string";
      string strFourth = "goodbye";

      // Compare a string to itself.
      Console.WriteLine(CompareStrings(strFirst, strFirst));

      Console.WriteLine(CompareStrings(strFirst, strSecond));
      Console.WriteLine(CompareStrings(strFirst, strThird));

      // Compare a string to another string that varies only by case.
      Console.WriteLine(CompareStrings(strFirst, strFourth));
      Console.WriteLine(CompareStrings(strFourth, strFirst));
   }

   private static string CompareStrings( string str1, string str2 )
   {
      // Compare the values, using the CompareTo method on the first string.
      int cmpVal = str1.CompareTo(str2);

       if (cmpVal == 0) // The strings are the same.
         return "The strings occur in the same position in the sort order.";
      else if (cmpVal < 0)
         return "The first string precedes the second in the sort order.";
      else
         return "The first string follows the second in the sort order.";
    }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       The strings occur in the same position in the sort order.
//       The first string precedes the second in the sort order.
//       The first string follows the second in the sort order.
//       The first string follows the second in the sort order.
//       The first string precedes the second in the sort order.
Public Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim strFirst As String = "Goodbye"
      Dim strSecond As String = "Hello"
      Dim strThird As String = "a small string"
      Dim strFourth As String = "goodbye"

      ' Compare a string to itself.
      Console.WriteLine(CompareStrings(strFirst, strFirst))
        
      Console.WriteLine(CompareStrings(strFirst, strSecond))
      Console.WriteLine(CompareStrings(strFirst, strThird))
        
      ' Compare a string to another string that varies only by case.
      Console.WriteLine(CompareStrings(strFirst, strFourth))
      Console.WriteLine(CompareStrings(strFourth, strFirst))
   End Sub
    
   Private Function CompareStrings(str1 As String, str2 As String) As String
      Dim cmpVal As Integer = str1.CompareTo(str2)
      If cmpVal = 0 Then
         ' The values are the same.
         Return "The strings occur in the same position in the sort order."
      ElseIf cmpVal < 0 Then
         Return "The first string precedes the second in the sort order."
      Else
         Return "The first string follows the second in the sort order."
      End If
   End Function
End Module
' This example displays the following output:
'       The strings occur in the same position in the sort order.
'       The strings occur in the same position in the sort order.
'       The first string precedes the second in the sort order.
'       The first string follows the second in the sort order.
'       The first string follows the second in the sort order.
'       The first string precedes the second in the sort order.

L’exemple suivant montre les versions génériques et non génériques de la méthode CompareTo pour plusieurs types valeur et référence.The following example demonstrates generic and non-generic versions of the CompareTo method for several value and reference types.

// This example demonstrates the two versions of the 
// CompareTo method for several base types.
// The general version takes a parameter of type Object, while the specific
// version takes a type-specific parameter, such as Boolean, Int32, or Double.
using namespace System;

void Show( String^ caption, Object^ var1, Object^ var2, int resultGeneric, int resultNonGeneric )
{
   String^ relation;
   Console::Write( caption );
   if ( resultGeneric == resultNonGeneric )
   {
      if ( resultGeneric < 0 )
            relation = "less than";
      else
      if ( resultGeneric > 0 )
            relation = "greater than";
      else
            relation = "equal to";
      Console::WriteLine( "{0} is {1} {2}", var1, relation, var2 );
   }
   // The following condition will never occur because the generic and non-generic
   // CompareTo methods are equivalent.
   else
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "Generic CompareTo = {0}; non-generic CompareTo = {1}", resultGeneric, resultNonGeneric );
   }
}

int main()
{
   String^ nl = Environment::NewLine;
   String^ msg = "{0}The following is the result of using the generic and non-generic{0}"
   "versions of the CompareTo method for several base types:{0}";
   Object^ obj; // An Object used to insure CompareTo(Object) is called.

   DateTime now = DateTime::Now;
   
   // Time span = 11 days, 22 hours, 33 minutes, 44 seconds
   TimeSpan tsX = TimeSpan(11,22,33,44);
   
   // Version = 1.2.333.4
   Version^ versX = gcnew Version(  "1.2.333.4" );
   
   // Guid = CA761232-ED42-11CE-BACD-00AA0057B223
   Guid guidX = Guid( "{CA761232-ED42-11CE-BACD-00AA0057B223}");
   Boolean a1 = true,a2 = true;
   Byte b1 = 1,b2 = 1;
   Int16 c1 = -2,c2 = 2;
   Int32 d1 = 3,d2 = 3;
   Int64 e1 = 4,e2 = -4;
   Decimal f1 = Decimal(-5.5), f2 = Decimal(5.5);
   Single g1 = 6.6f,g2 = 6.6f;
   Double h1 = 7.7,h2 = -7.7;
   Char i1 = 'A',i2 = 'A';
   String^ j1 = "abc", ^j2 = "abc";
   DateTime k1 = now,k2 = now;
   TimeSpan l1 = tsX,l2 = tsX;
   Version^ m1 = versX, ^m2 = gcnew Version(  "2.0" );
   Guid n1 = guidX,n2 = guidX;
   
   // The following types are not CLS-compliant.
   SByte w1 = 8,w2 = 8;
   UInt16 x1 = 9,x2 = 9;
   UInt32 y1 = 10,y2 = 10;
   UInt64 z1 = 11,z2 = 11;
   
   //
   Console::WriteLine( msg, nl );
   try
   {
      Show( "Boolean: ", a1, a2, a1.CompareTo( a2 ), a1.CompareTo( a2 ) );
      Show( "Byte:    ", b1, b2, b1.CompareTo( b2 ), b1.CompareTo( b2 ) );
      Show( "Int16:   ", c1, c2, c1.CompareTo( c2 ), c1.CompareTo( c2 ) );
      Show( "Int32:   ", d1, d2, d1.CompareTo( d2 ), d1.CompareTo( d2 ) );
      Show( "Int64:   ", e1, e2, e1.CompareTo( e2 ), e1.CompareTo( e2 ) );
      Show( "Decimal: ", f1, f2, f1.CompareTo( f2 ), f1.CompareTo( f2 ) );
      Show( "Single:  ", g1, g2, g1.CompareTo( g2 ), g1.CompareTo( g2 ) );
      Show( "Double:  ", h1, h2, h1.CompareTo( h2 ), h1.CompareTo( h2 ) );
      Show( "Char:    ", i1, i2, i1.CompareTo( i2 ), i1.CompareTo( i2 ) );
      
      // Use an anonymous object to hide the String object.
      obj = j2;
      Show( "String:  ", j1, j2, j1->CompareTo( j2 ), j1->CompareTo( obj ) );
      Show( "DateTime:", k1, k2, k1.CompareTo( k2 ), k1.CompareTo( k2 ) );
      Show(  "TimeSpan: ", l1, l2, l1.CompareTo( l2 ), l1.CompareTo( l2 ) );
      
      // Use an anonymous object to hide the Version object.
      obj = m2;
      Show(  "Version:  ", m1, m2, m1->CompareTo( m2 ), m1->CompareTo( obj ) );
      Show(  "Guid:     ", n1, n2, n1.CompareTo( n2 ), n1.CompareTo( n2 ) );
      
      //
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}The following types are not CLS-compliant:", nl );
      Show( "SByte:   ", w1, w2, w1.CompareTo( w2 ), w1.CompareTo( w2 ) );
      Show( "UInt16:  ", x1, x2, x1.CompareTo( x2 ), x1.CompareTo( x2 ) );
      Show( "UInt32:  ", y1, y2, y1.CompareTo( y2 ), y1.CompareTo( y2 ) );
      Show( "UInt64:  ", z1, z2, z1.CompareTo( z2 ), z1.CompareTo( z2 ) );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e );
   }

}
//     This example displays the following output:
//     
//     The following is the result of using the generic and non-generic versions of the
//     CompareTo method for several base types:
//     
//     Boolean:  True is equal to True
//     Byte:     1 is equal to 1
//     Int16:    -2 is less than 2
//     Int32:    3 is equal to 3
//     Int64:    4 is greater than -4
//     Decimal:  -5.5 is less than 5.5
//     Single:   6.6 is equal to 6.6
//     Double:   7.7 is greater than -7.7
//     Char:     A is equal to A
//     String:   abc is equal to abc
//     DateTime: 12/1/2003 5:37:46 PM is equal to 12/1/2003 5:37:46 PM
//     TimeSpan: 11.22:33:44 is equal to 11.22:33:44
//     Version:  1.2.333.4 is less than 2.0
//     Guid:     ca761232-ed42-11ce-bacd-00aa0057b223 is equal to ca761232-ed42-11ce-bacd-00
//     aa0057b223
//     
//     The following types are not CLS-compliant:
//     SByte:    8 is equal to 8
//     UInt16:   9 is equal to 9
//     UInt32:   10 is equal to 10
//     UInt64:   11 is equal to 11
// This example demonstrates the generic and non-generic versions of the 
// CompareTo method for several base types.
// The non-generic version takes a parameter of type Object, while the generic
// version takes a type-specific parameter, such as Boolean, Int32, or Double.

using System;

class Sample 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
    string    nl = Environment.NewLine;
    string    msg = "{0}The following is the result of using the generic and non-generic{0}" +
                    "versions of the CompareTo method for several base types:{0}";

    DateTime  now = DateTime.Now;
// Time span = 11 days, 22 hours, 33 minutes, 44 seconds
    TimeSpan  tsX = new TimeSpan(11, 22, 33, 44); 
// Version = 1.2.333.4
    Version   versX = new Version("1.2.333.4");  
// Guid = CA761232-ED42-11CE-BACD-00AA0057B223
    Guid      guidX = new Guid("{CA761232-ED42-11CE-BACD-00AA0057B223}");

    Boolean  a1 = true,  a2 = true;
    Byte     b1 = 1,     b2 = 1;
    Int16    c1 = -2,    c2 = 2;
    Int32    d1 = 3,     d2 = 3;
    Int64    e1 = 4,     e2 = -4;
    Decimal  f1 = -5.5m, f2 = 5.5m;
    Single   g1 = 6.6f,  g2 = 6.6f;
    Double   h1 = 7.7d,  h2 = -7.7d;
    Char     i1 = 'A',   i2 = 'A';
    String   j1 = "abc", j2 = "abc";
    DateTime k1 = now,   k2 = now;
    TimeSpan l1 = tsX,   l2 = tsX;
    Version  m1 = versX, m2 = new Version("2.0");
    Guid     n1 = guidX, n2 = guidX;

// The following types are not CLS-compliant.
    SByte    w1 = 8,     w2 = 8;
    UInt16   x1 = 9,     x2 = 9;
    UInt32   y1 = 10,    y2 = 10;
    UInt64   z1 = 11,    z2 = 11;
//
    Console.WriteLine(msg, nl);
    try 
        {
// The second and third Show method call parameters are automatically boxed because
// the second and third Show method declaration arguments expect type Object.

        Show("Boolean:  ", a1, a2, a1.CompareTo(a2), a1.CompareTo((Object)a2));
        Show("Byte:     ", b1, b2, b1.CompareTo(b2), b1.CompareTo((Object)b2));
        Show("Int16:    ", c1, c2, c1.CompareTo(c2), c1.CompareTo((Object)c2));
        Show("Int32:    ", d1, d2, d1.CompareTo(d2), d1.CompareTo((Object)d2));
        Show("Int64:    ", e1, e2, e1.CompareTo(e2), e1.CompareTo((Object)e2));
        Show("Decimal:  ", f1, f2, f1.CompareTo(f2), f1.CompareTo((Object)f2));
        Show("Single:   ", g1, g2, g1.CompareTo(g2), g1.CompareTo((Object)g2));
        Show("Double:   ", h1, h2, h1.CompareTo(h2), h1.CompareTo((Object)h2));
        Show("Char:     ", i1, i2, i1.CompareTo(i2), i1.CompareTo((Object)i2));
        Show("String:   ", j1, j2, j1.CompareTo(j2), j1.CompareTo((Object)j2));
        Show("DateTime: ", k1, k2, k1.CompareTo(k2), k1.CompareTo((Object)k2));
        Show("TimeSpan: ", l1, l2, l1.CompareTo(l2), l1.CompareTo((Object)l2));
        Show("Version:  ", m1, m2, m1.CompareTo(m2), m1.CompareTo((Object)m2));
        Show("Guid:     ", n1, n2, n1.CompareTo(n2), n1.CompareTo((Object)n2));
//
        Console.WriteLine("{0}The following types are not CLS-compliant:", nl);
        Show("SByte:    ", w1, w2, w1.CompareTo(w2), w1.CompareTo((Object)w2));
        Show("UInt16:   ", x1, x2, x1.CompareTo(x2), x1.CompareTo((Object)x2));
        Show("UInt32:   ", y1, y2, y1.CompareTo(y2), y1.CompareTo((Object)y2));
        Show("UInt64:   ", z1, z2, z1.CompareTo(z2), z1.CompareTo((Object)z2));
        }
    catch (Exception e)
        {
        Console.WriteLine(e);
        }
    }

    public static void Show(string caption, Object var1, Object var2, 
                            int resultGeneric, int resultNonGeneric)
    {
    string relation;

    Console.Write(caption);
    if (resultGeneric == resultNonGeneric) 
        {
        if      (resultGeneric < 0) relation = "less than";
        else if (resultGeneric > 0) relation = "greater than";
        else                        relation = "equal to";
        Console.WriteLine("{0} is {1} {2}", var1, relation, var2);
        }

// The following condition will never occur because the generic and non-generic
// CompareTo methods are equivalent.

    else
        {
        Console.WriteLine("Generic CompareTo = {0}; non-generic CompareTo = {1}", 
                           resultGeneric, resultNonGeneric);
        }
   }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

The following is the result of using the generic and non-generic versions of the
CompareTo method for several base types:

Boolean:  True is equal to True
Byte:     1 is equal to 1
Int16:    -2 is less than 2
Int32:    3 is equal to 3
Int64:    4 is greater than -4
Decimal:  -5.5 is less than 5.5
Single:   6.6 is equal to 6.6
Double:   7.7 is greater than -7.7
Char:     A is equal to A
String:   abc is equal to abc
DateTime: 12/1/2003 5:37:46 PM is equal to 12/1/2003 5:37:46 PM
TimeSpan: 11.22:33:44 is equal to 11.22:33:44
Version:  1.2.333.4 is less than 2.0
Guid:     ca761232-ed42-11ce-bacd-00aa0057b223 is equal to ca761232-ed42-11ce-bacd-00
aa0057b223

The following types are not CLS-compliant:
SByte:    8 is equal to 8
UInt16:   9 is equal to 9
UInt32:   10 is equal to 10
UInt64:   11 is equal to 11
*/
' This example demonstrates the generic and non-generic versions of the 
' CompareTo method for several base types.
' The non-generic version takes a parameter of type Object, while the generic
' version takes a type-specific parameter, such as Boolean, Int32, or Double.

Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim nl As String = Environment.NewLine
      Dim msg As String = _
          "{0}The following is the result of using the generic and non-generic{0}" & _
          "versions of the CompareTo method for several base types:{0}"
      
      Dim now As DateTime = DateTime.Now
      ' Time span = 11 days, 22 hours, 33 minutes, 44 seconds
      Dim tsX As New TimeSpan(11, 22, 33, 44)
      ' Version = 1.2.333.4
      Dim versX As New Version("1.2.333.4")
      ' Guid = CA761232-ED42-11CE-BACD-00AA0057B223
      Dim guidX As New Guid("{CA761232-ED42-11CE-BACD-00AA0057B223}")
      
      Dim a1 As [Boolean] = True,    a2 As [Boolean] = True
      Dim b1 As [Byte] = 1,          b2 As [Byte] = 1
      Dim c1 As Int16 = -2,          c2 As Int16 = 2
      Dim d1 As Int32 = 3,           d2 As Int32 = 3
      Dim e1 As Int64 = 4,           e2 As Int64 = -4
      Dim f1 As [Decimal] = -5.5D,   f2 As [Decimal] = 5.5D
      Dim g1 As [Single] = 6.6F,     g2 As [Single] = 6.6F
      Dim h1 As [Double] = 7.7,      h2 As [Double] = -7.7
      Dim i1 As [Char] = "A"c,       i2 As [Char] = "A"c
      Dim j1 As String = "abc",      j2 As String = "abc"
      Dim k1 As DateTime = now,      k2 As DateTime = now
      Dim l1 As TimeSpan = tsX,      l2 As TimeSpan = tsX
      Dim m1 As Version = versX,     m2 As New Version("2.0")
      Dim n1 As Guid = guidX,        n2 As Guid = guidX
      
      ' The following types are not CLS-compliant.
      ' SByte, UInt16, UInt32, UInt64

      Console.WriteLine(msg, nl)
      Try
         ' The second and third Show method call parameters are automatically boxed because
         ' the second and third Show method declaration arguments expect type Object.

         Show("Boolean:  ", a1, a2, a1.CompareTo(a2), a1.CompareTo(CObj(a2)))
         Show("Byte:     ", b1, b2, b1.CompareTo(b2), b1.CompareTo(CObj(b2)))
         Show("Int16:    ", c1, c2, c1.CompareTo(c2), c1.CompareTo(CObj(c2)))
         Show("Int32:    ", d1, d2, d1.CompareTo(d2), d1.CompareTo(CObj(d2)))
         Show("Int64:    ", e1, e2, e1.CompareTo(e2), e1.CompareTo(CObj(e2)))
         Show("Decimal:  ", f1, f2, f1.CompareTo(f2), f1.CompareTo(CObj(f2)))
         Show("Single:   ", g1, g2, g1.CompareTo(g2), g1.CompareTo(CObj(g2)))
         Show("Double:   ", h1, h2, h1.CompareTo(h2), h1.CompareTo(CObj(h2)))
         Show("Char:     ", i1, i2, i1.CompareTo(i2), i1.CompareTo(CObj(i2)))
         Show("String:   ", j1, j2, j1.CompareTo(j2), j1.CompareTo(CObj(j2)))
         Show("DateTime: ", k1, k2, k1.CompareTo(k2), k1.CompareTo(CObj(k2)))
         Show("TimeSpan: ", l1, l2, l1.CompareTo(l2), l1.CompareTo(CObj(l2)))
         Show("Version:  ", m1, m2, m1.CompareTo(m2), m1.CompareTo(CObj(m2)))
         Show("Guid:     ", n1, n2, n1.CompareTo(n2), n1.CompareTo(CObj(n2)))
         '
         Console.WriteLine("{0}The following types are not CLS-compliant:", nl)
         Console.WriteLine("SByte, UInt16, UInt32, UInt64")

      Catch e As Exception
         Console.WriteLine(e)
      End Try
   End Sub
   
   Public Shared Sub Show(caption As String, var1 As [Object], var2 As [Object], _
                          resultGeneric As Integer, resultNonGeneric As Integer)
      Dim relation As String
      
      Console.Write(caption)
      If resultGeneric = resultNonGeneric Then
         If resultGeneric < 0 Then
            relation = "less than"
         ElseIf resultGeneric > 0 Then
            relation = "greater than"
         Else
            relation = "equal to"
         End If
         Console.WriteLine("{0} is {1} {2}", var1, relation, var2)
      
      ' The following condition will never occur because the generic and non-generic
      ' CompareTo methods are equivalent.

      Else
         Console.WriteLine("Generic CompareTo = {0}; non-generic CompareTo = {1}", _
                            resultGeneric, resultNonGeneric)
      End If
   End Sub
End Class
'
'This example produces the following results:
'
'The following is the result of using the generic and non-generic versions of the
'CompareTo method for several base types:
'
'Boolean:  True is equal to True
'Byte:     1 is equal to 1
'Int16:    -2 is less than 2
'Int32:    3 is equal to 3
'Int64:    4 is greater than -4
'Decimal:  -5.5 is less than 5.5
'Single:   6.6 is equal to 6.6
'Double:   7.7 is greater than -7.7
'Char:     A is equal to A
'String:   abc is equal to abc
'DateTime: 12/1/2003 5:37:46 PM is equal to 12/1/2003 5:37:46 PM
'TimeSpan: 11.22:33:44 is equal to 11.22:33:44
'Version:  1.2.333.4 is less than 2.0
'Guid:     ca761232-ed42-11ce-bacd-00aa0057b223 is equal to ca761232-ed42-11ce-bacd-00
'aa0057b223
'
'The following types are not CLS-compliant:
'SByte, UInt16, UInt32, UInt64
'

Remarques

Cette méthode effectue une comparaison de mots (respectant la casse et dépendante de la culture) à l’aide de la culture actuelle.This method performs a word (case-sensitive and culture-sensitive) comparison using the current culture. Pour plus d’informations sur les tris de mot, de chaîne et ordinal, consultez System.Globalization.CompareOptions.For more information about word, string, and ordinal sorts, see System.Globalization.CompareOptions.

Attention

La méthode CompareTo a été conçue principalement pour une utilisation dans les opérations de tri ou de classement par ordre alphabétique.The CompareTo method was designed primarily for use in sorting or alphabetizing operations. Elle ne doit pas être utilisée lorsque l’objectif principal de l’appel de méthode est de déterminer si deux chaînes sont équivalentes.It should not be used when the primary purpose of the method call is to determine whether two strings are equivalent. Pour déterminer si deux chaînes sont équivalentes, appelez la méthode Equals.To determine whether two strings are equivalent, call the Equals method.

Pour plus d’informations sur le comportement de cette méthode, consultez la section Notes de la méthode Compare(String, String).For more information about the behavior of this method, see the Remarks section of the Compare(String, String) method.

Cette méthode implémente l’interface System.IComparable<T> et s’exécute légèrement mieux que la méthode String.CompareTo(Object), car elle n’a pas à déterminer si l’argument strB est un type valeur mutable qui doit être boxed et qu’il n’a pas besoin d’effectuer un cast de son paramètre d’une Object à une String.This method implements the System.IComparable<T> interface and performs slightly better than the String.CompareTo(Object) method, because it does not have to determine whether the strB argument is a mutable value type that must be boxed, and it does not have to cast its parameter from an Object to a String.

Notes pour les appelants

Les jeux de caractères incluent les caractères ignorables.Character sets include ignorable characters. La méthode CompareTo(String) ne prend pas en compte ces caractères lorsqu’elle effectue une comparaison dépendante de la culture.The CompareTo(String) method does not consider such characters when it performs a culture-sensitive comparison. Par exemple, si le code suivant est exécuté sur la .NET Framework 4.NET Framework 4 ou une version ultérieure, une comparaison de « animal » avec « Ani-mal » (à l’aide d’un trait d’union conditionnel ou de U + 00AD) indique que les deux chaînes sont équivalentes.For example, if the following code is run on the .NET Framework 4.NET Framework 4 or later, a comparison of "animal" with "ani-mal" (using a soft hyphen, or U+00AD) indicates that the two strings are equivalent.

[!code-csharpSystem.String.CompareTo#2] [!code-vbSystem.String.CompareTo#2][!code-csharpSystem.String.CompareTo#2] [!code-vbSystem.String.CompareTo#2] Pour reconnaître les caractères ignorables dans une comparaison de chaînes, appelez la méthode CompareOrdinal(String, String).To recognize ignorable characters in a string comparison, call the CompareOrdinal(String, String) method.

Voir aussi

S’applique à