Semaphore.SetAccessControl(SemaphoreSecurity) Semaphore.SetAccessControl(SemaphoreSecurity) Semaphore.SetAccessControl(SemaphoreSecurity) Method

Définition

Définit la sécurité de contrôle d'accès pour un sémaphore système nommé.Sets the access control security for a named system semaphore.

public:
 void SetAccessControl(System::Security::AccessControl::SemaphoreSecurity ^ semaphoreSecurity);
public void SetAccessControl (System.Security.AccessControl.SemaphoreSecurity semaphoreSecurity);
member this.SetAccessControl : System.Security.AccessControl.SemaphoreSecurity -> unit

Paramètres

semaphoreSecurity
SemaphoreSecurity SemaphoreSecurity SemaphoreSecurity

Objet SemaphoreSecurity qui représente la sécurité de contrôle d'accès à appliquer au sémaphore système nommé.A SemaphoreSecurity object that represents the access control security to be applied to the named system semaphore.

Exceptions

semaphoreSecurity a la valeur null.semaphoreSecurity is null.

L'utilisateur ne détient pas d'autorisations ChangePermissions.The user does not have ChangePermissions rights.

- ou --or- Le sémaphore n'a pas été ouvert avec les droits ChangePermissions.The semaphore was not opened with ChangePermissions rights.

L'objet Semaphore actuel ne représente pas de sémaphore système nommé.The current Semaphore object does not represent a named system semaphore.

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant illustre le comportement inter-processus d’un sémaphore nommé avec la sécurité de contrôle d’accès.The following code example demonstrates the cross-process behavior of a named semaphore with access control security. L’exemple utilise la OpenExisting(String) surcharge de méthode pour vérifier l’existence d’un sémaphore nommé.The example uses the OpenExisting(String) method overload to test for the existence of a named semaphore.

Si le sémaphore n’existe pas, il est créé avec un nombre maximal de deux et avec la sécurité de contrôle d’accès qui refuse à l’utilisateur actuel le droit d’utiliser le sémaphore, mais accorde le droit de lire et de modifier les autorisations sur le sémaphore.If the semaphore does not exist, it is created with a maximum count of two and with access control security that denies the current user the right to use the semaphore but grants the right to read and change permissions on the semaphore.

Si vous exécutez l’exemple compilé à partir de deux fenêtres de commande, la deuxième copie lèvera une exception de violation d’accès sur OpenExisting(String) l’appel à la méthode.If you run the compiled example from two command windows, the second copy will throw an access violation exception on the call to the OpenExisting(String) method. L’exception est interceptée et l’exemple utilise la OpenExisting(String, SemaphoreRights) surcharge de méthode pour ouvrir le sémaphore avec les droits nécessaires à la lecture et à la modification des autorisations.The exception is caught, and the example uses the OpenExisting(String, SemaphoreRights) method overload to open the semaphore with the rights needed to read and change the permissions.

Une fois les autorisations modifiées, à l' SetAccessControl aide de la méthode, le sémaphore est ouvert avec les droits requis pour entrer et libérer.After the permissions are changed, using the SetAccessControl method, the semaphore is opened with the rights required to enter and release. Si vous exécutez l’exemple compilé à partir d’une troisième fenêtre de commande, il s’exécute avec les nouvelles autorisations.If you run the compiled example from a third command window, it runs using the new permissions.

#using <System.dll>
using namespace System;
using namespace System::Threading;
using namespace System::Security::AccessControl;
using namespace System::Security::Permissions;

public ref class Example
{
public:
   [SecurityPermissionAttribute(SecurityAction::Demand, Flags = SecurityPermissionFlag::UnmanagedCode)]
   static void main()
   {
      String^ semaphoreName = L"SemaphoreExample5";

      Semaphore^ sem = nullptr;
      bool doesNotExist = false;
      bool unauthorized = false;
      
      // Attempt to open the named semaphore.
      try
      {
         // Open the semaphore with (SemaphoreRights.Synchronize
         // | SemaphoreRights.Modify), to enter and release the
         // named semaphore.
         //
         sem = Semaphore::OpenExisting( semaphoreName );
      }
      catch ( WaitHandleCannotBeOpenedException^ ex ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( L"Semaphore does not exist." );
         doesNotExist = true;
      }
      catch ( UnauthorizedAccessException^ ex ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( L"Unauthorized access: {0}", ex->Message );
         unauthorized = true;
      }

      // There are three cases: (1) The semaphore does not exist.
      // (2) The semaphore exists, but the current user doesn't
      // have access. (3) The semaphore exists and the user has
      // access.
      //
      if ( doesNotExist )
      {
         // The semaphore does not exist, so create it.
         //
         // The value of this variable is set by the semaphore
         // constructor. It is true if the named system semaphore was
         // created, and false if the named semaphore already existed.
         //
         bool semaphoreWasCreated;
         
         // Create an access control list (ACL) that denies the
         // current user the right to enter or release the
         // semaphore, but allows the right to read and change
         // security information for the semaphore.
         //
         String^ user = String::Concat( Environment::UserDomainName,
            L"\\", Environment::UserName );
         SemaphoreSecurity^ semSec = gcnew SemaphoreSecurity;

         SemaphoreAccessRule^ rule = gcnew SemaphoreAccessRule( user,
            static_cast<SemaphoreRights>(
               SemaphoreRights::Synchronize |
               SemaphoreRights::Modify ),
            AccessControlType::Deny );
         semSec->AddAccessRule( rule );

         rule = gcnew SemaphoreAccessRule( user,
            static_cast<SemaphoreRights>(
               SemaphoreRights::ReadPermissions |
               SemaphoreRights::ChangePermissions ),
            AccessControlType::Allow );
         semSec->AddAccessRule( rule );
         
         // Create a Semaphore object that represents the system
         // semaphore named by the constant 'semaphoreName', with
         // maximum count three, initial count three, and the
         // specified security access. The Boolean value that
         // indicates creation of the underlying system object is
         // placed in semaphoreWasCreated.
         //
         sem = gcnew Semaphore( 3,3,semaphoreName,semaphoreWasCreated,semSec );
         
         // If the named system semaphore was created, it can be
         // used by the current instance of this program, even
         // though the current user is denied access. The current
         // program enters the semaphore. Otherwise, exit the
         // program.
         //
         if ( semaphoreWasCreated )
         {
            Console::WriteLine( L"Created the semaphore." );
         }
         else
         {
            Console::WriteLine( L"Unable to create the semaphore." );
            return;
         }

      }
      else if ( unauthorized )
      {
         // Open the semaphore to read and change the access
         // control security. The access control security defined
         // above allows the current user to do this.
         //
         try
         {
            sem = Semaphore::OpenExisting( semaphoreName,
               static_cast<SemaphoreRights>(
                  SemaphoreRights::ReadPermissions |
                  SemaphoreRights::ChangePermissions ));
            
            // Get the current ACL. This requires
            // SemaphoreRights.ReadPermissions.
            SemaphoreSecurity^ semSec = sem->GetAccessControl();

            String^ user = String::Concat( Environment::UserDomainName,
               L"\\", Environment::UserName );
            
            // First, the rule that denied the current user
            // the right to enter and release the semaphore must
            // be removed.
            SemaphoreAccessRule^ rule = gcnew SemaphoreAccessRule( user,
               static_cast<SemaphoreRights>(
                  SemaphoreRights::Synchronize |
                  SemaphoreRights::Modify ),
               AccessControlType::Deny );
            semSec->RemoveAccessRule( rule );
            
            // Now grant the user the correct rights.
            //
            rule = gcnew SemaphoreAccessRule( user,
               static_cast<SemaphoreRights>(
                  SemaphoreRights::Synchronize |
                  SemaphoreRights::Modify ),
               AccessControlType::Allow );
            semSec->AddAccessRule( rule );
            
            // Update the ACL. This requires
            // SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions.
            sem->SetAccessControl( semSec );

            Console::WriteLine( L"Updated semaphore security." );
            
            // Open the semaphore with (SemaphoreRights.Synchronize
            // | SemaphoreRights.Modify), the rights required to
            // enter and release the semaphore.
            //
            sem = Semaphore::OpenExisting( semaphoreName );

         }
         catch ( UnauthorizedAccessException^ ex ) 
         {
            Console::WriteLine( L"Unable to change permissions: {0}", ex->Message );
            return;
         }
      }
      
      // Enter the semaphore, and hold it until the program
      // exits.
      //
      try
      {
         sem->WaitOne();
         Console::WriteLine( L"Entered the semaphore." );
         Console::WriteLine( L"Press the Enter key to exit." );
         Console::ReadLine();
         sem->Release();
      }
      catch ( UnauthorizedAccessException^ ex ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( L"Unauthorized access: {0}", ex->Message );
      }
   }
};
using System;
using System.Threading;
using System.Security.AccessControl;

internal class Example
{
    internal static void Main()
    {
        const string semaphoreName = "SemaphoreExample5";

        Semaphore sem = null;
        bool doesNotExist = false;
        bool unauthorized = false;

        // Attempt to open the named semaphore.
        try
        {
            // Open the semaphore with (SemaphoreRights.Synchronize
            // | SemaphoreRights.Modify), to enter and release the
            // named semaphore.
            //
            sem = Semaphore.OpenExisting(semaphoreName);
        }
        catch(WaitHandleCannotBeOpenedException)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Semaphore does not exist.");
            doesNotExist = true;
        }
        catch(UnauthorizedAccessException ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Unauthorized access: {0}", ex.Message);
            unauthorized = true;
        }

        // There are three cases: (1) The semaphore does not exist.
        // (2) The semaphore exists, but the current user doesn't 
        // have access. (3) The semaphore exists and the user has
        // access.
        //
        if (doesNotExist)
        {
            // The semaphore does not exist, so create it.
            //
            // The value of this variable is set by the semaphore
            // constructor. It is true if the named system semaphore was
            // created, and false if the named semaphore already existed.
            //
            bool semaphoreWasCreated;

            // Create an access control list (ACL) that denies the
            // current user the right to enter or release the 
            // semaphore, but allows the right to read and change
            // security information for the semaphore.
            //
            string user = Environment.UserDomainName + "\\" 
                + Environment.UserName;
            SemaphoreSecurity semSec = new SemaphoreSecurity();

            SemaphoreAccessRule rule = new SemaphoreAccessRule(
                user, 
                SemaphoreRights.Synchronize | SemaphoreRights.Modify, 
                AccessControlType.Deny);
            semSec.AddAccessRule(rule);

            rule = new SemaphoreAccessRule(
                user, 
                SemaphoreRights.ReadPermissions | SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions,
                AccessControlType.Allow);
            semSec.AddAccessRule(rule);

            // Create a Semaphore object that represents the system
            // semaphore named by the constant 'semaphoreName', with
            // maximum count three, initial count three, and the
            // specified security access. The Boolean value that 
            // indicates creation of the underlying system object is
            // placed in semaphoreWasCreated.
            //
            sem = new Semaphore(3, 3, semaphoreName, 
                out semaphoreWasCreated, semSec);

            // If the named system semaphore was created, it can be
            // used by the current instance of this program, even 
            // though the current user is denied access. The current
            // program enters the semaphore. Otherwise, exit the
            // program.
            // 
            if (semaphoreWasCreated)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Created the semaphore.");
            }
            else
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Unable to create the semaphore.");
                return;
            }

        }
        else if (unauthorized)
        {
            // Open the semaphore to read and change the access
            // control security. The access control security defined
            // above allows the current user to do this.
            //
            try
            {
                sem = Semaphore.OpenExisting(
                    semaphoreName, 
                    SemaphoreRights.ReadPermissions 
                        | SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions);

                // Get the current ACL. This requires 
                // SemaphoreRights.ReadPermissions.
                SemaphoreSecurity semSec = sem.GetAccessControl();
                
                string user = Environment.UserDomainName + "\\" 
                    + Environment.UserName;

                // First, the rule that denied the current user 
                // the right to enter and release the semaphore must
                // be removed.
                SemaphoreAccessRule rule = new SemaphoreAccessRule(
                    user, 
                    SemaphoreRights.Synchronize | SemaphoreRights.Modify, 
                    AccessControlType.Deny);
                semSec.RemoveAccessRule(rule);

                // Now grant the user the correct rights.
                // 
                rule = new SemaphoreAccessRule(user, 
                     SemaphoreRights.Synchronize | SemaphoreRights.Modify, 
                     AccessControlType.Allow);
                semSec.AddAccessRule(rule);

                // Update the ACL. This requires
                // SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions.
                sem.SetAccessControl(semSec);

                Console.WriteLine("Updated semaphore security.");

                // Open the semaphore with (SemaphoreRights.Synchronize 
                // | SemaphoreRights.Modify), the rights required to
                // enter and release the semaphore.
                //
                sem = Semaphore.OpenExisting(semaphoreName);

            }
            catch(UnauthorizedAccessException ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Unable to change permissions: {0}", ex.Message);
                return;
            }
        }

        // Enter the semaphore, and hold it until the program
        // exits.
        //
        try
        {
            sem.WaitOne();
            Console.WriteLine("Entered the semaphore.");
            Console.WriteLine("Press the Enter key to exit.");
            Console.ReadLine();
            sem.Release();
        }
        catch(UnauthorizedAccessException ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Unauthorized access: {0}", ex.Message);
        }
    }
}
Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Security.AccessControl

Friend Class Example

    <MTAThread> _
    Friend Shared Sub Main()
        Const semaphoreName As String = "SemaphoreExample5"

        Dim sem As Semaphore = Nothing
        Dim doesNotExist as Boolean = False
        Dim unauthorized As Boolean = False

        ' Attempt to open the named semaphore.
        Try
            ' Open the semaphore with (SemaphoreRights.Synchronize
            ' Or SemaphoreRights.Modify), to enter and release the
            ' named semaphore.
            '
            sem = Semaphore.OpenExisting(semaphoreName)
        Catch ex As WaitHandleCannotBeOpenedException
            Console.WriteLine("Semaphore does not exist.")
            doesNotExist = True
        Catch ex As UnauthorizedAccessException
            Console.WriteLine("Unauthorized access: {0}", ex.Message)
            unauthorized = True
        End Try

        ' There are three cases: (1) The semaphore does not exist.
        ' (2) The semaphore exists, but the current user doesn't 
        ' have access. (3) The semaphore exists and the user has
        ' access.
        '
        If doesNotExist Then
            ' The semaphore does not exist, so create it.
            '
            ' The value of this variable is set by the semaphore
            ' constructor. It is True if the named system semaphore was
            ' created, and False if the named semaphore already existed.
            '
            Dim semaphoreWasCreated As Boolean

            ' Create an access control list (ACL) that denies the
            ' current user the right to enter or release the 
            ' semaphore, but allows the right to read and change
            ' security information for the semaphore.
            '
            Dim user As String = Environment.UserDomainName _ 
                & "\" & Environment.UserName
            Dim semSec As New SemaphoreSecurity()

            Dim rule As New SemaphoreAccessRule(user, _
                SemaphoreRights.Synchronize Or SemaphoreRights.Modify, _
                AccessControlType.Deny)
            semSec.AddAccessRule(rule)

            rule = New SemaphoreAccessRule(user, _
                SemaphoreRights.ReadPermissions Or _
                SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions, _
                AccessControlType.Allow)
            semSec.AddAccessRule(rule)

            ' Create a Semaphore object that represents the system
            ' semaphore named by the constant 'semaphoreName', with
            ' maximum count three, initial count three, and the
            ' specified security access. The Boolean value that 
            ' indicates creation of the underlying system object is
            ' placed in semaphoreWasCreated.
            '
            sem = New Semaphore(3, 3, semaphoreName, _
                semaphoreWasCreated, semSec)

            ' If the named system semaphore was created, it can be
            ' used by the current instance of this program, even 
            ' though the current user is denied access. The current
            ' program enters the semaphore. Otherwise, exit the
            ' program.
            ' 
            If semaphoreWasCreated Then
                Console.WriteLine("Created the semaphore.")
            Else
                Console.WriteLine("Unable to create the semaphore.")
                Return
            End If

        ElseIf unauthorized Then

            ' Open the semaphore to read and change the access
            ' control security. The access control security defined
            ' above allows the current user to do this.
            '
            Try
                sem = Semaphore.OpenExisting(semaphoreName, _
                    SemaphoreRights.ReadPermissions Or _
                    SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions)

                ' Get the current ACL. This requires 
                ' SemaphoreRights.ReadPermissions.
                Dim semSec As SemaphoreSecurity = sem.GetAccessControl()
                
                Dim user As String = Environment.UserDomainName _ 
                    & "\" & Environment.UserName

                ' First, the rule that denied the current user 
                ' the right to enter and release the semaphore must
                ' be removed.
                Dim rule As New SemaphoreAccessRule(user, _
                    SemaphoreRights.Synchronize Or SemaphoreRights.Modify, _
                    AccessControlType.Deny)
                semSec.RemoveAccessRule(rule)

                ' Now grant the user the correct rights.
                ' 
                rule = New SemaphoreAccessRule(user, _
                    SemaphoreRights.Synchronize Or SemaphoreRights.Modify, _
                    AccessControlType.Allow)
                semSec.AddAccessRule(rule)

                ' Update the ACL. This requires
                ' SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions.
                sem.SetAccessControl(semSec)

                Console.WriteLine("Updated semaphore security.")

                ' Open the semaphore with (SemaphoreRights.Synchronize 
                ' Or SemaphoreRights.Modify), the rights required to
                ' enter and release the semaphore.
                '
                sem = Semaphore.OpenExisting(semaphoreName)

            Catch ex As UnauthorizedAccessException
                Console.WriteLine("Unable to change permissions: {0}", _
                    ex.Message)
                Return
            End Try

        End If

        ' Enter the semaphore, and hold it until the program
        ' exits.
        '
        Try
            sem.WaitOne()
            Console.WriteLine("Entered the semaphore.")
            Console.WriteLine("Press the Enter key to exit.")
            Console.ReadLine()
            sem.Release()
        Catch ex As UnauthorizedAccessException
            Console.WriteLine("Unauthorized access: {0}", _
                ex.Message)
        End Try
    End Sub 
End Class 

Remarques

Vous pouvez définir la sécurité de contrôle d' Semaphore accès uniquement sur les objets qui représentent des sémaphores système nommés.You can set access control security only on Semaphore objects that represent named system semaphores.

L’utilisateur doit disposer SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions des droits pour appeler cette méthode, et le sémaphore doit avoir été ouvert SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions avec les droits.The user must have SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions rights to call this method, and the semaphore must have been opened with SemaphoreRights.ChangePermissions rights.

S’applique à

Voir aussi