GridView.RowUpdating Événement

Définition

Se produit lors d'un clic sur le bouton Mise à jour d'une ligne, mais avant que le contrôle GridView ne mette la ligne à jour.Occurs when a row's Update button is clicked, but before the GridView control updates the row.

public:
 event System::Web::UI::WebControls::GridViewUpdateEventHandler ^ RowUpdating;
public event System.Web.UI.WebControls.GridViewUpdateEventHandler RowUpdating;
member this.RowUpdating : System.Web.UI.WebControls.GridViewUpdateEventHandler 
Public Custom Event RowUpdating As GridViewUpdateEventHandler 

Type d'événement

GridViewUpdateEventHandler

Exemples

L’exemple suivant montre comment utiliser l' RowUpdating événement pour mettre à jour les valeurs de l’objet source de données lorsque la source de données est définie par programme.The following example demonstrates how to use the RowUpdating event to update the values in the data source object when the data source is set programmatically.

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<script runat="server">

  protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
          
    if (!Page.IsPostBack)
    {
      // Create a new table.
      DataTable taskTable = new DataTable("TaskList");
      
      // Create the columns.
      taskTable.Columns.Add("Id", typeof(int));
      taskTable.Columns.Add("Description", typeof(string));
      taskTable.Columns.Add("IsComplete", typeof(bool) );

      //Add data to the new table.
      for (int i = 0; i < 20; i++)
      {
        DataRow tableRow = taskTable.NewRow();
        tableRow["Id"] = i;
        tableRow["Description"] = "Task " + i.ToString();
        tableRow["IsComplete"] = false;            
        taskTable.Rows.Add(tableRow);
      }

      //Persist the table in the Session object.
      Session["TaskTable"] = taskTable;

      //Bind data to the GridView control.
      BindData();
    }

  }

  protected void TaskGridView_PageIndexChanging(object sender, GridViewPageEventArgs e)
  {
    TaskGridView.PageIndex = e.NewPageIndex;
    //Bind data to the GridView control.
    BindData();
  }

  protected void TaskGridView_RowEditing(object sender, GridViewEditEventArgs e)
  {
    //Set the edit index.
    TaskGridView.EditIndex = e.NewEditIndex;
    //Bind data to the GridView control.
    BindData();
  }

  protected void TaskGridView_RowCancelingEdit(object sender, GridViewCancelEditEventArgs e)
  {
    //Reset the edit index.
    TaskGridView.EditIndex = -1;
    //Bind data to the GridView control.
    BindData();
  }

  protected void TaskGridView_RowUpdating(object sender, GridViewUpdateEventArgs e)
  {    
    //Retrieve the table from the session object.
    DataTable dt = (DataTable)Session["TaskTable"];

    //Update the values.
    GridViewRow row = TaskGridView.Rows[e.RowIndex];
    dt.Rows[row.DataItemIndex]["Id"] = ((TextBox)(row.Cells[1].Controls[0])).Text;
    dt.Rows[row.DataItemIndex]["Description"] = ((TextBox)(row.Cells[2].Controls[0])).Text;
    dt.Rows[row.DataItemIndex]["IsComplete"] = ((CheckBox)(row.Cells[3].Controls[0])).Checked;

    //Reset the edit index.
    TaskGridView.EditIndex = -1;

    //Bind data to the GridView control.
    BindData();
  }

  private void BindData()
  {
    TaskGridView.DataSource = Session["TaskTable"];
    TaskGridView.DataBind();
  }
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head runat="server">
    <title>GridView example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
    <div>
    
      <asp:GridView ID="TaskGridView" runat="server" 
        AutoGenerateEditButton="True" 
        AllowPaging="true"
        OnRowEditing="TaskGridView_RowEditing"         
        OnRowCancelingEdit="TaskGridView_RowCancelingEdit" 
        OnRowUpdating="TaskGridView_RowUpdating"
        OnPageIndexChanging="TaskGridView_PageIndexChanging">
      </asp:GridView>
    
    </div>
    </form>
</body>
</html>
<%@ Page Language="VB" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<script runat="server">

  Protected Sub Page_Load()

    If Not Page.IsPostBack Then
      ' Create a new table.
      Dim taskTable As New DataTable("TaskList")

      ' Create the columns.
      taskTable.Columns.Add("Id", GetType(Integer))
      taskTable.Columns.Add("Description", GetType(String))
      taskTable.Columns.Add("IsComplete", GetType(Boolean))

      'Add data to the new table.
      For i = 0 To 19
        Dim tableRow = taskTable.NewRow()
        tableRow("Id") = i
        tableRow("Description") = "Task " + i.ToString()
        tableRow("IsComplete") = False
        taskTable.Rows.Add(tableRow)
      Next

      'Persist the table in the Session object.
      Session("TaskTable") = taskTable

      'Bind data to the GridView control.
      BindData()
    End If

  End Sub
  
  Protected Sub TaskGridView_PageIndexChanging(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As GridViewPageEventArgs)
    TaskGridView.PageIndex = e.NewPageIndex
    'Bind data to the GridView control.
    BindData()
  End Sub

  Protected Sub TaskGridView_RowEditing(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As GridViewEditEventArgs)
    'Set the edit index.
    TaskGridView.EditIndex = e.NewEditIndex
    'Bind data to the GridView control.
    BindData()
  End Sub

  Protected Sub TaskGridView_RowCancelingEdit()
    'Reset the edit index.
    TaskGridView.EditIndex = -1
    'Bind data to the GridView control.
    BindData()
  End Sub

  Protected Sub TaskGridView_RowUpdating(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As GridViewUpdateEventArgs)
    'Retrieve the table from the session object.
    Dim dt = CType(Session("TaskTable"), DataTable)

    'Update the values.
    Dim row = TaskGridView.Rows(e.RowIndex)
    dt.Rows(row.DataItemIndex)("Id") = (CType((row.Cells(1).Controls(0)), TextBox)).Text
    dt.Rows(row.DataItemIndex)("Description") = (CType((row.Cells(2).Controls(0)), TextBox)).Text
    dt.Rows(row.DataItemIndex)("IsComplete") = (CType((row.Cells(3).Controls(0)), CheckBox)).Checked

    'Reset the edit index.
    TaskGridView.EditIndex = -1

    'Bind data to the GridView control.
    BindData()
  End Sub

  Private Sub BindData()
    TaskGridView.DataSource = Session("TaskTable")
    TaskGridView.DataBind()
  End Sub

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head runat="server">
    <title>GridView example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
    <div>
    
      <asp:GridView ID="TaskGridView" runat="server" 
        AutoGenerateEditButton="True" 
        AllowPaging="true"
        OnRowEditing="TaskGridView_RowEditing"         
        OnRowCancelingEdit="TaskGridView_RowCancelingEdit" 
        OnRowUpdating="TaskGridView_RowUpdating"
        OnPageIndexChanging="TaskGridView_PageIndexChanging">
      </asp:GridView>
    
    </div>
    </form>
</body>
</html>

Remarques

L' RowUpdating événement est déclenché lorsque l’utilisateur clique sur le bouton mettre à jour d’une ligne, mais avant que le GridView contrôle ne met à jour la ligne.The RowUpdating event is raised when a row's Update button is clicked, but before the GridView control updates the row. Cela vous permet de fournir une méthode de gestion des événements qui exécute une routine personnalisée, telle que l’annulation de l’opération de mise à jour, chaque fois que cet événement se produit.This enables you to provide an event-handling method that performs a custom routine, such as canceling the update operation, whenever this event occurs.

Un GridViewUpdateEventArgs objet est passé à la méthode de gestion d’événements, ce qui vous permet de déterminer l’index de la ligne actuelle et d’indiquer que l’opération de mise à jour doit être annulée.A GridViewUpdateEventArgs object is passed to the event-handling method, which enables you to determine the index of the current row and to indicate that the update operation should be canceled. Pour annuler l’opération de mise à jour, affectez la valeur Cancel à la propriété de l' GridViewUpdateEventArgs objet true .To cancel the update operation, set the Cancel property of the GridViewUpdateEventArgs object to true. Vous pouvez également manipuler les Keys OldValues Collections, et NewValues , si nécessaire, avant que les valeurs soient passées à la source de données.You can also manipulate the Keys, OldValues, and NewValues collections, if necessary, before the values are passed to the data source. Une façon courante d’utiliser ces collections est d’encoder en HTML les valeurs fournies par l’utilisateur avant qu’elles ne soient stockées dans la source de données.A common way to use these collections is to HTML-encode the values supplied by the user before they are stored in the data source. Cela permet d’éviter les attaques par injection de script.This helps to prevent script injection attacks.

Notes

Les Keys OldValues Collections, et NewValues sont automatiquement remplies uniquement lorsque le GridView contrôle est lié aux données à l’aide de la DataSourceID propriété.The Keys, OldValues and NewValues collections are automatically populated only when the GridView control is bound to data by using the DataSourceID property.

Pour plus d’informations sur la façon de gérer les événements, consultez gestion et déclenchement d’événements.For more information about how to handle events, see Handling and Raising Events.

S’applique à

Voir aussi