AccessibleObject Classe

Définition

Fournit des informations utilisées par les applications d’accessibilité pour adapter l’interface utilisateur d’une application aux personnes présentant un handicap.Provides information that accessibility applications use to adjust an application's user interface (UI) for users with impairments.

public ref class AccessibleObject : System::Runtime::InteropServices::StandardOleMarshalObject, Accessibility::IAccessible, System::Reflection::IReflect
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public class AccessibleObject : System.Runtime.InteropServices.StandardOleMarshalObject, Accessibility.IAccessible, System.Reflection.IReflect
type AccessibleObject = class
    inherit StandardOleMarshalObject
    interface IReflect
    interface IAccessible
Public Class AccessibleObject
Inherits StandardOleMarshalObject
Implements IAccessible, IReflect
Héritage
AccessibleObject
Dérivé
Attributs
Implémente

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant illustre la création d’un contrôle de graphique prenant en charge l’accessibilité, à l’aide des classes AccessibleObject et Control.ControlAccessibleObject pour exposer des informations accessibles.The following code example demonstrates the creation of an accessibility-aware chart control, using the AccessibleObject and Control.ControlAccessibleObject classes to expose accessible information. Le contrôle trace deux courbes avec une légende.The control plots two curves along with a legend. La classe ChartControlAccessibleObject, qui dérive de ControlAccessibleObject, est utilisée dans la méthode CreateAccessibilityInstance pour fournir des informations accessibles personnalisées pour le contrôle Chart.The ChartControlAccessibleObject class, which derives from ControlAccessibleObject, is used in the CreateAccessibilityInstance method to provide custom accessible information for the chart control. Étant donné que la légende du graphique n’est pas un contrôle réel basé sur Control, mais qu’elle est dessinée par le contrôle Chart, elle n’a pas d’informations accessibles intégrées.Because the chart legend is not an actual Control -based control, but instead is drawn by the chart control, it does not have any built-in accessible information. Pour cette raison, la classe ChartControlAccessibleObject remplace la méthode GetChild pour retourner le CurveLegendAccessibleObject qui représente des informations accessibles pour chaque partie de la légende.Because of this, the ChartControlAccessibleObject class overrides the GetChild method to return the CurveLegendAccessibleObject that represents accessible information for each part of the legend. Lorsqu’une application qui prend en charge l’accès utilise ce contrôle, le contrôle peut fournir les informations accessibles nécessaires.When an accessible-aware application uses this control, the control can provide the necessary accessible information.

#using <Accessibility.dll>
#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>
#using <System.Drawing.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;

// Declare a chart control that demonstrates accessibility in Windows Forms.
public ref class ChartControl: public System::Windows::Forms::UserControl
{
public:
   ref class ChartControlAccessibleObject;

   // forward declaration
   // Inner Class that represents a legend for a curve in the chart.
   ref class CurveLegend
   {

      // Inner class CurveLegendAccessibleObject represents accessible information
      // associated with the CurveLegend object.
   public:
      ref class CurveLegendAccessibleObject: public AccessibleObject
      {
      private:
         CurveLegend^ curveLegend;

      public:
         CurveLegendAccessibleObject( CurveLegend^ curveLegend )
            : AccessibleObject()
         {
            this->curveLegend = curveLegend;
         }


      private:

         property ChartControlAccessibleObject^ ChartControl 
         {

            // Private property that helps get the reference to the parent ChartControl.
            ChartControlAccessibleObject^ get()
            {
               return dynamic_cast<ChartControlAccessibleObject^>(Parent);
            }

         }

      internal:

         property int ID 
         {

            // Internal helper function that returns the ID for this CurveLegend.
            int get()
            {
               for ( int i = 0; i < ChartControl->GetChildCount(); i++ )
               {
                  if ( ChartControl->GetChild( i ) == this )
                  {
                     return i;
                  }

               }
               return  -1;
            }

         }

      public:

         property Rectangle Bounds 
         {

            // Gets the Bounds for the CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
            virtual Rectangle get() override
            {
               
               // The bounds is in screen coordinates.
               Point loc = curveLegend->Location;
               return Rectangle(curveLegend->chart->PointToScreen( loc ),curveLegend->Size);
            }

         }

         property String^ Name 
         {

            // Gets or sets the Name for the CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
            virtual String^ get() override
            {
               return curveLegend->Name;
            }

            virtual void set( String^ value ) override
            {
               curveLegend->Name = value;
            }

         }

         property AccessibleObject^ Parent 
         {

            // Gets the Curve Legend Parent's Accessible object.
            // This is used by accessibility programs.
            virtual AccessibleObject^ get() override
            {
               return curveLegend->chart->AccessibilityObject;
            }

         }

         property System::Windows::Forms::AccessibleRole Role 
         {

            // Gets the role for the CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
            virtual System::Windows::Forms::AccessibleRole get() override
            {
               return ::AccessibleRole::StaticText;
            }

         }

         property AccessibleStates State 
         {

            // Gets the state based on the selection for the CurveLegend.
            // This is used by accessibility programs.
            virtual AccessibleStates get() override
            {
               AccessibleStates state = AccessibleStates::Selectable;
               if ( curveLegend->Selected )
               {
                  state = static_cast<AccessibleStates>(state | AccessibleStates::Selected);
               }

               return state;
            }

         }

         // Navigates through siblings of this CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
         virtual AccessibleObject^ Navigate( AccessibleNavigation navdir ) override
         {
            
            // Uses the internal NavigateFromChild helper function that exists
            // on ChartControlAccessibleObject.
            return ChartControl->NavigateFromChild( this, navdir );
         }


         // Selects or unselects this CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
         virtual void Select( AccessibleSelection selection ) override
         {
            
            // Uses the internal SelectChild helper function that exists
            // on ChartControlAccessibleObject.
            ChartControl->SelectChild( this, selection );
         }

      };


   private:

      // class CurveLgendAccessibleObject
      String^ name;
      ChartControl^ chart;
      CurveLegendAccessibleObject^ accObj;
      bool selected;
      Point location;

   public:
      CurveLegend( ChartControl^ chart, String^ name )
      {
         this->chart = chart;
         this->name = name;
         selected = true;
      }


      property AccessibleObject^ AccessibilityObject 
      {

         // Gets the accessibility object for the curve legend.
         AccessibleObject^ get()
         {
            if ( accObj == nullptr )
            {
               accObj = gcnew CurveLegendAccessibleObject( this );
            }

            return accObj;
         }

      }

      property Rectangle Bounds 
      {

         // Gets the bounds for the curve legend.
         Rectangle get()
         {
            return Rectangle(Location,Size);
         }

      }

      property Point Location 
      {

         // Gets or sets the location for the curve legend.
         Point get()
         {
            return location;
         }

         void set( Point value )
         {
            location = value;
            chart->Invalidate();
            
            // Notifies the chart of the location change. This is used for
            // the accessibility information. AccessibleEvents::LocationChange
            // tells the chart the reason for the notification.
            chart->AccessibilityNotifyClients( AccessibleEvents::LocationChange, (dynamic_cast<CurveLegendAccessibleObject^>(AccessibilityObject))->ID );
         }

      }

      property String^ Name 
      {

         // Gets or sets the Name for the curve legend.
         String^ get()
         {
            return name;
         }

         void set( String^ value )
         {
            if ( name != value )
            {
               name = value;
               chart->Invalidate();
               
               // Notifies the chart of the name change. This is used for
               // the accessibility information. AccessibleEvents::NameChange
               // tells the chart the reason for the notification.
               chart->AccessibilityNotifyClients( AccessibleEvents::NameChange, (dynamic_cast<CurveLegendAccessibleObject^>(AccessibilityObject))->ID );
            }
         }

      }

      property bool Selected 
      {

         // Gets or sets the Selected state for the curve legend.
         bool get()
         {
            return selected;
         }

         void set( bool value )
         {
            if ( selected != value )
            {
               selected = value;
               chart->Invalidate();
               
               // Notifies the chart of the selection value change. This is used for
               // the accessibility information. The AccessibleEvents value depends upon
               // if the selection is true (AccessibleEvents::SelectionAdd) or
               // false (AccessibleEvents::SelectionRemove).
               chart->AccessibilityNotifyClients( selected ? AccessibleEvents::SelectionAdd : AccessibleEvents::SelectionRemove, (dynamic_cast<CurveLegendAccessibleObject^>(AccessibilityObject))->ID );
            }
         }

      }

      property System::Drawing::Size Size 
      {

         // Gets the Size for the curve legend.
         System::Drawing::Size get()
         {
            int legendHeight = chart->Font->Height + 4;
            Graphics^ g = chart->CreateGraphics();
            int legendWidth = (int)g->MeasureString( Name, chart->Font ).Width + 4;
            return System::Drawing::Size( legendWidth, legendHeight );
         }

      }

   };


private:

   // class CurveLegend
   CurveLegend^ legend1;
   CurveLegend^ legend2;

public:
   ChartControl()
   {
      
      // The ChartControl draws the chart in the OnPaint .
      SetStyle( ControlStyles::ResizeRedraw, true );
      SetStyle( ControlStyles::DoubleBuffer, true );
      SetStyle( ControlStyles::AllPaintingInWmPaint, true );
      this->BackColor = System::Drawing::Color::White;
      this->Name = "ChartControl";
      this->Click += gcnew System::EventHandler( this, &ChartControl::ChartControl_Click );
      this->QueryAccessibilityHelp += gcnew System::Windows::Forms::QueryAccessibilityHelpEventHandler( this, &ChartControl::ChartControl_QueryAccessibilityHelp );
      
      // The CurveLengend is not Control-based, it just
      // represents the parts of the legend.
      legend1 = gcnew CurveLegend( this,"A" );
      legend1->Location = Point(20,30);
      legend2 = gcnew CurveLegend( this,"B" );
      legend2->Location = Point(20,50);
   }



protected:
   // Overridden to return the custom AccessibleObject
   // for the entire chart.
   virtual AccessibleObject^ CreateAccessibilityInstance() override
   {
      return gcnew ChartControlAccessibleObject( this );
   }

   virtual void OnPaint( PaintEventArgs^ e ) override
   {
      
      // The ChartControl draws the chart in the OnPaint .
      System::Windows::Forms::UserControl::OnPaint( e );
      Rectangle bounds = this->ClientRectangle;
      int border = 5;
      
      // Draws the legends first.
      StringFormat^ format = gcnew StringFormat;
      format->Alignment = StringAlignment::Center;
      format->LineAlignment = StringAlignment::Center;
      if ( legend1 != nullptr )
      {
         if ( legend1->Selected )
         {
            e->Graphics->FillRectangle( gcnew SolidBrush( Color::Blue ), legend1->Bounds );
         }
         else
         {
            e->Graphics->DrawRectangle( Pens::Blue, legend1->Bounds );
         }

         e->Graphics->DrawString( legend1->Name, this->Font, Brushes::Black, legend1->Bounds, format );
      }

      if ( legend2 != nullptr )
      {
         if ( legend2->Selected )
         {
            e->Graphics->FillRectangle( gcnew SolidBrush( Color::Red ), legend2->Bounds );
         }
         else
         {
            e->Graphics->DrawRectangle( Pens::Red, legend2->Bounds );
         }

         e->Graphics->DrawString( legend2->Name, this->Font, Brushes::Black, legend2->Bounds, format );
      }

      
      // Charts out the actual curves that represent data in the Chart.
      bounds.Inflate(  -border,  -border );
      array<Point>^ temp1 = {Point(bounds.Left,bounds.Bottom),Point(bounds.Left + bounds.Width / 3,bounds.Top + bounds.Height / 5),Point(bounds.Right - bounds.Width / 3,(bounds.Top + bounds.Bottom) / 2),Point(bounds.Right,bounds.Top)};
      array<Point>^curve1 = temp1;
      array<Point>^ temp2 = {Point(bounds.Left,bounds.Bottom - bounds.Height / 3),Point(bounds.Left + bounds.Width / 3,bounds.Top + bounds.Height / 5),Point(bounds.Right - bounds.Width / 3,(bounds.Top + bounds.Bottom) / 2),Point(bounds.Right,bounds.Top + bounds.Height / 2)};
      array<Point>^curve2 = temp2;
      
      // Draws the actual curve only if it is selected.
      if ( legend1->Selected )
            e->Graphics->DrawCurve( Pens::Blue, curve1 );

      if ( legend2->Selected )
            e->Graphics->DrawCurve( Pens::Red, curve2 );

      e->Graphics->DrawRectangle( Pens::Blue, bounds );
   }

   // Handles the QueryAccessibilityHelp event.
   void ChartControl_QueryAccessibilityHelp( Object^ /*sender*/, System::Windows::Forms::QueryAccessibilityHelpEventArgs^ e )
   {
      e->HelpString = "Displays chart data";
   }

   // Handles the Click event for the chart.
   // Toggles the selection of whatever legend was clicked on
   void ChartControl_Click( Object^ /*sender*/, System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      Point pt = this->PointToClient( Control::MousePosition );
      if ( legend1->Bounds.Contains( pt ) )
      {
         legend1->Selected =  !legend1->Selected;
      }
      else
      if ( legend2->Bounds.Contains( pt ) )
      {
         legend2->Selected =  !legend2->Selected;
      }
   }


public:

   property array<CurveLegend^>^ Legends 
   {

      // Gets an array of CurveLengends used in the Chart.
      array<CurveLegend^>^ get()
      {
         array<CurveLegend^>^temp3 = {legend1,legend2};
         return temp3;
      }

   }

   // Inner class ChartControlAccessibleObject represents accessible information associated with the ChartControl.
   // The ChartControlAccessibleObject is returned in the ChartControl::CreateAccessibilityInstance .
   ref class ChartControlAccessibleObject: public ControlAccessibleObject
   {
   private:
      ChartControl^ chartControl;

   public:
      ChartControlAccessibleObject( ChartControl^ ctrl )
         : ControlAccessibleObject( ctrl )
      {
         chartControl = ctrl;
      }


      property System::Windows::Forms::AccessibleRole Role 
      {

         // Gets the role for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.
         virtual System::Windows::Forms::AccessibleRole get() override
         {
            return ::AccessibleRole::Chart;
         }

      }

      property AccessibleStates State 
      {

         // Gets the state for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.
         virtual AccessibleStates get() override
         {
            return AccessibleStates::ReadOnly;
         }

      }

      // The CurveLegend objects are "child" controls in terms of accessibility so
      // return the number of ChartLengend objects.
      virtual int GetChildCount() override
      {
         return chartControl->Legends->Length;
      }


      // Gets the Accessibility object of the child CurveLegend idetified by index.
      virtual AccessibleObject^ GetChild( int index ) override
      {
         if ( index >= 0 && index < chartControl->Legends->Length )
         {
            return chartControl->Legends[ index ]->AccessibilityObject;
         }

         return nullptr;
      }


   internal:

      // Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
      // to navigate between sibiling controls. Specifically, this function is used in
      // the CurveLegend::CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Navigate function.
      AccessibleObject^ NavigateFromChild( CurveLegend::CurveLegendAccessibleObject^ child, AccessibleNavigation navdir )
      {
         switch ( navdir )
         {
            case AccessibleNavigation::Down:
            case AccessibleNavigation::Next:
               return GetChild( child->ID + 1 );

            case AccessibleNavigation::Up:
            case AccessibleNavigation::Previous:
               return GetChild( child->ID - 1 );
         }
         return nullptr;
      }


      // Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
      // to select a specific CurveLegend control. Specifically, this function is used
      // in the CurveLegend::CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Select function.
      void SelectChild( CurveLegend::CurveLegendAccessibleObject^ child, AccessibleSelection selection )
      {
         int childID = child->ID;
         
         // Determine which selection action should occur, based on the
         // AccessibleSelection value.
         if ( (selection & AccessibleSelection::TakeSelection) != (AccessibleSelection)0 )
         {
            for ( int i = 0; i < chartControl->Legends->Length; i++ )
            {
               if ( i == childID )
               {
                  chartControl->Legends[ i ]->Selected = true;
               }
               else
               {
                  chartControl->Legends[ i ]->Selected = false;
               }

            }
            
            // AccessibleSelection->AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be selected.
            if ( (selection & AccessibleSelection::AddSelection) != (AccessibleSelection)0 )
            {
               chartControl->Legends[ childID ]->Selected = true;
            }
            
            // AccessibleSelection->AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be unselected.
            if ( (selection & AccessibleSelection::RemoveSelection) != (AccessibleSelection)0 )
            {
               chartControl->Legends[ childID ]->Selected = false;
            }
         }
      }

   };

   // class ChartControlAccessibleObject
};


// class ChartControl
public ref class Form1: public System::Windows::Forms::Form
{
private:

   // Test out the Chart Control.
   ChartControl^ chart1;

public:
   Form1()
   {
      
      // Create a chart control and add it to the form.
      this->chart1 = gcnew ChartControl;
      this->ClientSize = System::Drawing::Size( 920, 566 );
      this->chart1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 47, 16 );
      this->chart1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 600, 400 );
      this->Controls->Add( this->chart1 );
   }

};


// class Form1

[STAThread]
int main()
{
   Application::Run( gcnew Form1 );
}

using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;

namespace ChartControl
{
    public class Form1 : System.Windows.Forms.Form
    {
        // Test out the Chart Control.
        private ChartControl chart1;

        [STAThread]
        static void Main() 
        {
            Application.Run(new Form1());
        }

        public Form1() {
            // Create a chart control and add it to the form.
            this.chart1 = new ChartControl();
            this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(920, 566);

            this.chart1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(47, 16);
            this.chart1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(600, 400);

            this.Controls.Add(this.chart1);
        }
    }

    // Declare a chart control that demonstrates accessibility in Windows Forms.
    public class ChartControl : System.Windows.Forms.UserControl
    {
        private CurveLegend legend1;
        private CurveLegend legend2; 

        public ChartControl()
        {
            // The ChartControl draws the chart in the OnPaint override.
            SetStyle(ControlStyles.ResizeRedraw, true);
            SetStyle(ControlStyles.DoubleBuffer, true);
            SetStyle(ControlStyles.AllPaintingInWmPaint, true);

            this.BackColor = System.Drawing.Color.White;
            this.Name = "ChartControl";

            this.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.ChartControl_Click);
            this.QueryAccessibilityHelp += 
                new System.Windows.Forms.QueryAccessibilityHelpEventHandler(
                                        this.ChartControl_QueryAccessibilityHelp);

            // The CurveLengend is not Control-based, it just
            // represents the parts of the legend.
            legend1 = new CurveLegend(this, "A");
            legend1.Location = new Point(20, 30);
            legend2 = new CurveLegend(this, "B");        
            legend2.Location = new Point(20, 50);
        }

        // Overridden to return the custom AccessibleObject 
        // for the entire chart.
        protected override AccessibleObject CreateAccessibilityInstance() 
        {            
            return new ChartControlAccessibleObject(this);
        }

        protected override void OnPaint(PaintEventArgs e) 
        {
            // The ChartControl draws the chart in the OnPaint override.
            base.OnPaint(e);

            Rectangle bounds = this.ClientRectangle;
            int border = 5;

            // Draws the legends first.
            StringFormat format = new StringFormat();
            format.Alignment = StringAlignment.Center;
            format.LineAlignment = StringAlignment.Center;
            
            if (legend1 != null) {
                if (legend1.Selected) {
                    e.Graphics.FillRectangle(new SolidBrush(Color.Blue), legend1.Bounds);
                } else {
                    e.Graphics.DrawRectangle(Pens.Blue, legend1.Bounds);
                }

                e.Graphics.DrawString(legend1.Name, this.Font, Brushes.Black, legend1.Bounds, format);                
            }
            if (legend2 != null) {
                if (legend2.Selected) {
                    e.Graphics.FillRectangle(new SolidBrush(Color.Red), legend2.Bounds);
                } else {
                    e.Graphics.DrawRectangle(Pens.Red, legend2.Bounds);
                }
                e.Graphics.DrawString(legend2.Name, this.Font, Brushes.Black, legend2.Bounds, format);
            }            

            // Charts out the actual curves that represent data in the Chart.
            bounds.Inflate(-border, -border);
            Point[] curve1 = new Point[] {new Point(bounds.Left, bounds.Bottom),
                            new Point(bounds.Left + bounds.Width / 3, bounds.Top + bounds.Height / 5),
                            new Point(bounds.Right - bounds.Width / 3, (bounds.Top + bounds.Bottom) / 2),
                            new Point(bounds.Right, bounds.Top)};

            Point[] curve2 = new Point[] {new Point(bounds.Left, bounds.Bottom - bounds.Height / 3),
                            new Point(bounds.Left + bounds.Width / 3, bounds.Top + bounds.Height / 5),
                            new Point(bounds.Right - bounds.Width / 3, (bounds.Top + bounds.Bottom) / 2),
                            new Point(bounds.Right, bounds.Top + bounds.Height / 2)};

            // Draws the actual curve only if it is selected.
            if (legend1.Selected) e.Graphics.DrawCurve(Pens.Blue, curve1);
            if (legend2.Selected) e.Graphics.DrawCurve(Pens.Red, curve2);

            e.Graphics.DrawRectangle(Pens.Blue, bounds);            
        }

        // Handles the QueryAccessibilityHelp event.
        private void ChartControl_QueryAccessibilityHelp(object sender, 
                                    System.Windows.Forms.QueryAccessibilityHelpEventArgs e)
        {            
            e.HelpString = "Displays chart data";
        }          

        // Handles the Click event for the chart. 
        // Toggles the selection of whatever legend was clicked on
        private void ChartControl_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
        {
            Point pt = this.PointToClient(Control.MousePosition);
            if (legend1.Bounds.Contains(pt)) {
                legend1.Selected = !legend1.Selected;

            } else if (legend2.Bounds.Contains(pt)) {
                legend2.Selected = !legend2.Selected;
            }
        }

        // Gets an array of CurveLengends used in the Chart.
        public CurveLegend[] Legends
        {   
            get {                
                return new CurveLegend[] { legend1, legend2 };
            }            
        }                

        // Inner class ChartControlAccessibleObject represents accessible information associated with the ChartControl.
        // The ChartControlAccessibleObject is returned in the ChartControl.CreateAccessibilityInstance override.
        public class ChartControlAccessibleObject : ControlAccessibleObject
        {
            ChartControl chartControl;

            public ChartControlAccessibleObject(ChartControl ctrl) : base(ctrl) 
            {
                chartControl = ctrl;
            }

            // Gets the role for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.
            public override AccessibleRole Role
            {  
                get {
                    return AccessibleRole.Chart;
                }
            }

            // Gets the state for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.
            public override AccessibleStates State
            {  
                get {                    
                    return AccessibleStates.ReadOnly;
                }
            }

            // The CurveLegend objects are "child" controls in terms of accessibility so 
            // return the number of ChartLengend objects.
            public override int GetChildCount()
            {  
                return chartControl.Legends.Length;
            }

            // Gets the Accessibility object of the child CurveLegend idetified by index.
            public override AccessibleObject GetChild(int index)
            {  
                if (index >= 0 && index < chartControl.Legends.Length) {
                    return chartControl.Legends[index].AccessibilityObject;
                }                
                return null;
            }

            // Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
            // to navigate between sibiling controls. Specifically, this function is used in
            // the CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Navigate function.
            internal AccessibleObject NavigateFromChild(CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject child, 
                                                        AccessibleNavigation navdir) 
            {  
                switch(navdir) {
                    case AccessibleNavigation.Down:
                    case AccessibleNavigation.Next:
                        return GetChild(child.ID + 1);
                        
                    case AccessibleNavigation.Up:
                    case AccessibleNavigation.Previous:
                        return GetChild(child.ID - 1);                        
                }
                return null;
            }

            // Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
            // to select a specific CurveLegend control. Specifically, this function is used
            // in the CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Select function.
            internal void SelectChild(CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject child, AccessibleSelection selection) 
            {   
                int childID = child.ID;

                // Determine which selection action should occur, based on the
                // AccessibleSelection value.
                if ((selection & AccessibleSelection.TakeSelection) != 0) {
                    for(int i = 0; i < chartControl.Legends.Length; i++) {
                        if (i == childID) {
                            chartControl.Legends[i].Selected = true;                        
                        } else {
                            chartControl.Legends[i].Selected = false;
                        }
                    }

                    // AccessibleSelection.AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be selected.
                    if ((selection & AccessibleSelection.AddSelection) != 0) {
                        chartControl.Legends[childID].Selected = true;                        
                    }

                    // AccessibleSelection.AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be unselected.
                    if ((selection & AccessibleSelection.RemoveSelection) != 0) {
                        chartControl.Legends[childID].Selected = false;                        
                    }
                }            
            }
        }

        // Inner Class that represents a legend for a curve in the chart.
        public class CurveLegend 
        {
            private string name;
            private ChartControl chart;
            private CurveLegendAccessibleObject accObj;
            private bool selected = true;
            private Point location;

            public CurveLegend(ChartControl chart, string name) 
            {
                this.chart = chart;
                this.name = name;
            }

            // Gets the accessibility object for the curve legend.
            public AccessibleObject AccessibilityObject
            {
                get
                {
                    accObj ??= new CurveLegendAccessibleObject(this);
                    return accObj;
                }
            }
            
            // Gets the bounds for the curve legend.
            public Rectangle Bounds
            {   
                get
                {
                    return new Rectangle(Location, Size);
                }
            }

            // Gets or sets the location for the curve legend.
            public Point Location
            {   
                get {
                    return location;
                }
                set {
                    location = value;
                    chart.Invalidate();

                    // Notifies the chart of the location change. This is used for
                    // the accessibility information. AccessibleEvents.LocationChange
                    // tells the chart the reason for the notification.

                    chart.AccessibilityNotifyClients(AccessibleEvents.LocationChange, 
                        ((CurveLegendAccessibleObject)AccessibilityObject).ID);
                }
            }            
        
            // Gets or sets the Name for the curve legend.
            public string Name
            {   
                get {
                    return name;
                }
                set {
                    if (name != value) 
                    {
                        name = value;
                        chart.Invalidate();

                        // Notifies the chart of the name change. This is used for
                        // the accessibility information. AccessibleEvents.NameChange
                        // tells the chart the reason for the notification.

                        chart.AccessibilityNotifyClients(AccessibleEvents.NameChange, 
                            ((CurveLegendAccessibleObject)AccessibilityObject).ID);
                    }
                }
            }

            // Gets or sets the Selected state for the curve legend.
            public bool Selected
            {   
                get {
                    return selected;
                }
                set {
                    if (selected != value) 
                    {
                        selected = value;
                        chart.Invalidate();

                        // Notifies the chart of the selection value change. This is used for
                        // the accessibility information. The AccessibleEvents value depends upon
                        // if the selection is true (AccessibleEvents.SelectionAdd) or 
                        // false (AccessibleEvents.SelectionRemove).
                        chart.AccessibilityNotifyClients(
                            selected ? AccessibleEvents.SelectionAdd : AccessibleEvents.SelectionRemove, 
                            ((CurveLegendAccessibleObject)AccessibilityObject).ID);
                    }
                }
            }

            // Gets the Size for the curve legend.
            public Size Size
            {   
                get {                    
                    int legendHeight = chart.Font.Height + 4;
                    Graphics g = chart.CreateGraphics();
                    int legendWidth = (int)g.MeasureString(Name, chart.Font).Width + 4;            

                    return new Size(legendWidth, legendHeight);
                }
            }
    
            // Inner class CurveLegendAccessibleObject represents accessible information 
            // associated with the CurveLegend object.
            public class CurveLegendAccessibleObject : AccessibleObject
            {
                private CurveLegend curveLegend;

                public CurveLegendAccessibleObject(CurveLegend curveLegend) : base() 
                {
                    this.curveLegend = curveLegend;                    
                }                

                // Private property that helps get the reference to the parent ChartControl.
                private ChartControlAccessibleObject ChartControl
                {   
                    get {
                        return Parent as ChartControlAccessibleObject;
                    }
                }

                // Internal helper function that returns the ID for this CurveLegend.
                internal int ID
                {
                    get {
                        for(int i = 0; i < ChartControl.GetChildCount(); i++) {
                            if (ChartControl.GetChild(i) == this) {
                                return i;
                            }
                        }
                        return -1;
                    }
                }

                // Gets the Bounds for the CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
                public override Rectangle Bounds
                {
                    get {                        
                        // The bounds is in screen coordinates.
                        Point loc = curveLegend.Location;
                        return new Rectangle(curveLegend.chart.PointToScreen(loc), curveLegend.Size);
                    }
                }

                // Gets or sets the Name for the CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
                public override string Name
                {
                    get {
                        return curveLegend.Name;
                    }
                    set {
                        curveLegend.Name = value;                        
                    }
                }

                // Gets the Curve Legend Parent's Accessible object.
                // This is used by accessibility programs.
                public override AccessibleObject Parent
                {
                    get {
                        return curveLegend.chart.AccessibilityObject;
                    }
                }

                // Gets the role for the CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
                public override AccessibleRole Role 
                {
                    get {
                        return AccessibleRole.StaticText;
                    }
                }

                // Gets the state based on the selection for the CurveLegend. 
                // This is used by accessibility programs.
                public override AccessibleStates State 
                {
                    get {
                        AccessibleStates state = AccessibleStates.Selectable;
                        if (curveLegend.Selected) 
                        {
                            state |= AccessibleStates.Selected;
                        }
                        return state;
                    }
                }

                // Navigates through siblings of this CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
                public override AccessibleObject Navigate(AccessibleNavigation navdir) 
                {
                    // Uses the internal NavigateFromChild helper function that exists
                    // on ChartControlAccessibleObject.
                    return ChartControl.NavigateFromChild(this, navdir);
                }

                // Selects or unselects this CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
                public override void Select(AccessibleSelection selection) 
                {
                    // Uses the internal SelectChild helper function that exists
                    // on ChartControlAccessibleObject.
                    ChartControl.SelectChild(this, selection);
                }
            }
        }
    }
}
Option Explicit

Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Windows.Forms

Namespace ChartControlNameSpace
    
    Public Class Form1 
        Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form

        ' Test out the Chart Control.
        Private chart1 As ChartControl

        <System.STAThread()> _
        Public Shared Sub Main()
            System.Windows.Forms.Application.Run(New Form1())
        End Sub

        Public Sub New() 
            ' Create a chart control and add it to the form.
            Me.chart1 = New ChartControl()
            Me.ClientSize = New System.Drawing.Size(920, 566)

            Me.chart1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(47, 16)
            Me.chart1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(600, 400)

            Me.Controls.Add(Me.chart1)
        End Sub
    End Class

    ' Declares a chart control that demonstrates Accessibility in Windows Forms.
    Public Class ChartControl
        Inherits System.Windows.Forms.UserControl

        Private legend1 As CurveLegend
        Private legend2 As CurveLegend
        
        Public Sub New()
            ' The ChartControl draws the chart in the OnPaint override.
            SetStyle(ControlStyles.ResizeRedraw, True)
            SetStyle(ControlStyles.DoubleBuffer, True)
            SetStyle(ControlStyles.AllPaintingInWmPaint, True)
            
            Me.BackColor = System.Drawing.Color.White
            Me.Name = "ChartControl"

            ' The CurveLengend is not Control-based, it just
            ' represent the parts of the legend.
            legend1 = New CurveLegend(Me, "A")
            legend1.Location = New Point(20, 30)
            legend2 = New CurveLegend(Me, "B")
            legend2.Location = New Point(20, 50)
        End Sub
              
        ' Overridden to return the custom AccessibleObject 
        ' for the entire chart.
        Protected Overrides Function CreateAccessibilityInstance() As AccessibleObject
            Return New ChartControlAccessibleObject(Me)
        End Function 

        Protected Overrides Sub OnPaint(e As PaintEventArgs)
            ' The ChartControl draws the chart in the OnPaint override.
            MyBase.OnPaint(e)
            
            Dim bounds As Rectangle = Me.ClientRectangle
            Dim border As Integer = 5
            
            ' Draw the legends first.
            Dim format As New StringFormat()
            format.Alignment = StringAlignment.Center
            format.LineAlignment = StringAlignment.Center
            
            If (legend1 IsNot Nothing) Then
                If legend1.Selected Then
                    e.Graphics.FillRectangle(New SolidBrush(Color.Blue), legend1.Bounds)
                Else
                    e.Graphics.DrawRectangle(Pens.Blue, legend1.Bounds)
                End If
                e.Graphics.DrawString(legend1.Name, Me.Font, Brushes.Black, RectangleF.op_Implicit(legend1.Bounds), format)
            End If
            If (legend2 IsNot Nothing) Then
                If legend2.Selected Then
                    e.Graphics.FillRectangle(New SolidBrush(Color.Red), legend2.Bounds)
                Else
                    e.Graphics.DrawRectangle(Pens.Red, legend2.Bounds)
                End If
                e.Graphics.DrawString(legend2.Name, Me.Font, Brushes.Black, RectangleF.op_Implicit(legend2.Bounds), format)
            End If
            
            ' Chart out the actual curves that represent data in the Chart.
            bounds.Inflate(-border, -border)
            Dim curve1() As Point = {New Point(bounds.Left, bounds.Bottom), _
                                     New Point(bounds.Left + bounds.Width / 3, bounds.Top + bounds.Height / 5), _
                                     New Point(bounds.Right - bounds.Width / 3,(bounds.Top + bounds.Bottom) / 2), _
                                     New Point(bounds.Right, bounds.Top)}

            Dim curve2() As Point = {New Point(bounds.Left, bounds.Bottom - bounds.Height / 3), _
                                     New Point(bounds.Left + bounds.Width / 3, bounds.Top + bounds.Height / 5), _
                                     New Point(bounds.Right - bounds.Width / 3,(bounds.Top + bounds.Bottom) / 2), _
                                     New Point(bounds.Right, bounds.Top + bounds.Height / 2)}
            
            ' Draw the actual curve only if it is selected.
            If legend1.Selected Then
                e.Graphics.DrawCurve(Pens.Blue, curve1)
            End If
            If legend2.Selected Then
                e.Graphics.DrawCurve(Pens.Red, curve2)
            End If 
            e.Graphics.DrawRectangle(Pens.Blue, bounds)
        End Sub
        
        ' Handle the QueryAccessibilityHelp event.
        Private Sub ChartControl_QueryAccessibilityHelp(sender As Object, _
                           e As System.Windows.Forms.QueryAccessibilityHelpEventArgs) Handles MyBase.QueryAccessibilityHelp
            e.HelpString = "Displays chart data"
        End Sub 

        ' Handle the Click event for the chart. 
        ' Toggle the selection of whatever legend was clicked.     
        Private Sub ChartControl_Click(sender As Object, e As System.EventArgs) Handles MyBase.Click

            Dim pt As Point = Me.PointToClient(Control.MousePosition)
            If legend1.Bounds.Contains(pt) Then
                legend1.Selected = Not legend1.Selected
            Else
                If legend2.Bounds.Contains(pt) Then
                    legend2.Selected = Not legend2.Selected
                End If
            End If
        End Sub

        ' Get an array of the CurveLengends used in the Chart.
        Public ReadOnly Property Legends() As CurveLegend()
            Get
                Return New CurveLegend() {legend1, legend2}
            End Get
        End Property
        
        Protected Sub ExposeAccessibilityNotifyClients(ByVal accEvent As AccessibleEvents, ByVal childID As Integer)
            AccessibilityNotifyClients(accEvent, childID) 
        End Sub

        ' Inner Class ChartControlAccessibleObject represents accessible information 
        ' associated with the ChartControl.
        ' The ChartControlAccessibleObject is returned in the         ' ChartControl.CreateAccessibilityInstance override.
        Public Class ChartControlAccessibleObject
            Inherits Control.ControlAccessibleObject

            Private chartControl As ChartControl
            
            Public Sub New(ctrl As ChartControl)
                MyBase.New(ctrl)
                chartControl = ctrl
            End Sub
            
            ' Get the role for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.            
            Public Overrides ReadOnly Property Role() As AccessibleRole
                Get
                    Return System.Windows.Forms.AccessibleRole.Chart
                End Get
            End Property
            
            ' Get the state for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.            
            Public Overrides ReadOnly Property State() As AccessibleStates
                Get
                    Return AccessibleStates.ReadOnly
                End Get
            End Property                        
            
            ' The CurveLegend objects are "child" controls in terms of accessibility so 
            ' return the number of ChartLengend objects.            
            Public Overrides Function GetChildCount() As Integer
                Return chartControl.Legends.Length
            End Function 
            
            ' Get the Accessibility object of the child CurveLegend idetified by index.
            Public Overrides Function GetChild(index As Integer) As AccessibleObject
                If index >= 0 And index < chartControl.Legends.Length Then
                    Return chartControl.Legends(index).AccessibilityObject
                End If
                Return Nothing
            End Function 
            
            ' Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
            ' to navigate between sibiling controls. Specifically, this function is used in
            ' the CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Navigate function.
            Friend Function NavigateFromChild(child As CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject, _
                                            navdir As AccessibleNavigation) As AccessibleObject
                Select Case navdir
                    Case AccessibleNavigation.Down, AccessibleNavigation.Next
                            Return GetChild(child.ID + 1)
                    
                    Case AccessibleNavigation.Up, AccessibleNavigation.Previous
                            Return GetChild(child.ID - 1)
                End Select
                Return Nothing
            End Function            

            ' Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
            ' to select a specific CurveLegend control. Specifically, this function is used 
            ' in the CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Select function.            
            Friend Sub SelectChild(child As CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject, selection As AccessibleSelection)
                Dim childID As Integer = child.ID
                
                ' Determine which selection action should occur, based on the
                ' AccessibleSelection value.
                If (selection And AccessibleSelection.TakeSelection) <> 0 Then
                    Dim i As Integer
                    For i = 0 To chartControl.Legends.Length - 1
                        If i = childID Then
                            chartControl.Legends(i).Selected = True
                        Else
                            chartControl.Legends(i).Selected = False
                        End If
                    Next i
                    
                    ' AccessibleSelection.AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be selected.
                    If (selection And AccessibleSelection.AddSelection) <> 0 Then
                        chartControl.Legends(childID).Selected = True
                    End If

                    ' AccessibleSelection.AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be unselected.                    
                    If (selection And AccessibleSelection.RemoveSelection) <> 0 Then
                        chartControl.Legends(childID).Selected = False
                    End If
                End If
            End Sub
        End Class

        ' Inner Class that represents a legend for a curve in the chart.
        Public Class CurveLegend
            Private m_name As String
            Private chart As ChartControl
            Private accObj As CurveLegendAccessibleObject
            Private m_selected As Boolean = True
            Private m_location As Point
            
            Public Sub New(chart As ChartControl, name As String)
                Me.chart = chart
                Me.m_name = name
            End Sub

            ' Gets the accessibility object for the curve legend.            
            Public ReadOnly Property AccessibilityObject() As AccessibleObject
                Get
                    If accObj Is Nothing Then
                        accObj = New CurveLegendAccessibleObject(Me)
                    End If
                    Return accObj
                End Get
            End Property
            
            ' Gets the bounds for the curve legend.            
            Public ReadOnly Property Bounds() As Rectangle
                Get
                    Return New Rectangle(Location, Size)
                End Get
            End Property

            ' Gets or sets the location for the curve legend.            
            Public Property Location() As Point
                Get
                    Return m_location
                End Get
                Set
                    m_location = value
                    chart.Invalidate()

                    ' Notifies the chart of the location change. This is used for
                    ' the accessibility information. AccessibleEvents.LocationChange
                    ' tells the chart the reason for the notification.
                    chart.ExposeAccessibilityNotifyClients(AccessibleEvents.LocationChange, _
                            CType(AccessibilityObject, CurveLegendAccessibleObject).ID)
                End Set
            End Property
            
            ' Gets or sets the Name for the curve legend.            
            Public Property Name() As String
                Get
                    Return m_name
                End Get
                Set
                    If m_name <> value Then
                        m_name = value
                        chart.Invalidate()

                        ' Notifies the chart of the name change. This is used for
                        ' the accessibility information. AccessibleEvents.NameChange
                        ' tells the chart the reason for the notification. 
                        chart.ExposeAccessibilityNotifyClients(AccessibleEvents.NameChange, _
                                CType(AccessibilityObject, CurveLegendAccessibleObject).ID)
                    End If
                End Set
            End Property
            
            ' Gets or sets the Selected state for the curve legend.            
            Public Property Selected() As Boolean
                Get
                    Return m_selected
                End Get
                Set
                    If m_selected <> value Then
                        m_selected = value
                        chart.Invalidate()

                        ' Notifies the chart of the selection value change. This is used for
                        ' the accessibility information. The AccessibleEvents value varies
                        ' on whether the selection is true (AccessibleEvents.SelectionAdd) or 
                        ' false (AccessibleEvents.SelectionRemove). 
                        If m_selected Then
                            chart.ExposeAccessibilityNotifyClients(AccessibleEvents.SelectionAdd, _
                                    CType(AccessibilityObject, CurveLegendAccessibleObject).ID) 
                        Else
                            chart.ExposeAccessibilityNotifyClients(AccessibleEvents.SelectionRemove, _
                                    CType(AccessibilityObject, CurveLegendAccessibleObject).ID) 
                        End If
                    End If
                End Set
            End Property
            
            ' Gets the Size for the curve legend.            
            Public ReadOnly Property Size() As Size
                Get
                    Dim legendHeight As Integer = chart.Font.Height + 4
                    Dim g As Graphics = chart.CreateGraphics()
                    Dim legendWidth As Integer = CInt(g.MeasureString(Name, chart.Font).Width) + 4
                    
                    Return New Size(legendWidth, legendHeight)
                End Get
            End Property
            
            
            ' Inner class CurveLegendAccessibleObject represents accessible information 
            ' associated with the CurveLegend object.
            Public Class CurveLegendAccessibleObject
                Inherits AccessibleObject

                Private curveLegend As CurveLegend
                
                Public Sub New(curveLegend As CurveLegend)
                    Me.curveLegend = curveLegend
                End Sub
                
                ' Private property that helps get the reference to the parent ChartControl.                
                Private ReadOnly Property ChartControl() As ChartControlAccessibleObject
                    Get
                        Return CType(Parent, ChartControlAccessibleObject)
                    End Get
                End Property

                ' Friend helper function that returns the ID for this CurveLegend.                
                Friend ReadOnly Property ID() As Integer
                    Get
                        Dim i As Integer
                        For i = 0 To (ChartControl.GetChildCount()) - 1
                            If ChartControl.GetChild(i) Is Me Then
                                Return i
                            End If
                        Next i
                        Return - 1
                    End Get
                End Property
                
                ' Gets the Bounds for the CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
                Public Overrides ReadOnly Property Bounds() As Rectangle
                    Get
                        ' The bounds is in screen coordinates.
                        Dim loc As Point = curveLegend.Location
                        Return New Rectangle(curveLegend.chart.PointToScreen(loc), curveLegend.Size)
                    End Get
                End Property

                ' Gets or sets the Name for the CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.                
                Public Overrides Property Name() As String
                    Get
                        Return curveLegend.Name
                    End Get
                    Set
                        curveLegend.Name = value
                    End Set
                End Property
                
                ' Gets the Curve Legend Parent's Accessible object.
                ' This is used by accessibility programs.                
                Public Overrides ReadOnly Property Parent() As AccessibleObject
                    Get
                        Return curveLegend.chart.AccessibilityObject
                    End Get
                End Property
                
                ' Gets the role for the CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.                
                Public Overrides ReadOnly Property Role() As AccessibleRole
                    Get
                        Return System.Windows.Forms.AccessibleRole.StaticText
                    End Get
                End Property

                ' Gets the state based on the selection for the CurveLegend. 
                ' This is used by accessibility programs.                
                Public Overrides ReadOnly Property State() As AccessibleStates
                    Get
                        Dim stateTemp As AccessibleStates = AccessibleStates.Selectable
                        If curveLegend.Selected Then
                            stateTemp = stateTemp Or AccessibleStates.Selected
                        End If
                        Return stateTemp
                    End Get
                End Property
                
                ' Navigates through siblings of this CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.                
                Public Overrides Function Navigate(navdir As AccessibleNavigation) As AccessibleObject
                    ' Use the Friend NavigateFromChild helper function that exists
                    ' on ChartControlAccessibleObject.
                    Return ChartControl.NavigateFromChild(Me, navdir)
                End Function
                
                ' Selects or unselects this CurveLegend. This is used by accessibility programs.
                Public Overrides Sub [Select](selection As AccessibleSelection)

                    ' Use the internal SelectChild helper function that exists
                    ' on ChartControlAccessibleObject.
                    ChartControl.SelectChild(Me, selection)
                End Sub

            End Class

        End Class

    End Class

End Namespace 'ChartControlNameSpace

Remarques

Les applications d’accessibilité peuvent ajuster les fonctionnalités de l’application pour améliorer la convivialité pour les utilisateurs handicapés.Accessibility applications can adjust features of the application to improve usability for users with disabilities.

Pour les utilisateurs qui sont malvoyants, vous pouvez ajuster les fonctionnalités des logiciels et du système d’exploitation pour répondre à leurs besoins.For users who are visually impaired, you can adjust software and operating system features to comply with their needs. Par exemple, vous pouvez agrandir le texte et les images et les afficher avec un contraste.For example, you can enlarge text and images and render them with a contrast. En outre, vous pouvez prendre en charge la cécité des couleurs avec l’utilisation appropriée des couleurs.In addition, you can accommodate color-blindness with the appropriate use of colors. Pour les utilisateurs qui sont gravement malvoyants, les ordinateurs sont accessibles à l’aide d’outils de vérification de l’écran qui traduisent le texte à l’écran en discours ou en affichage braille dynamique, actualisable.For users who are severely visually impaired, computers are accessible with screen review aids that translate on-screen text to speech or to a dynamic, refreshable, Braille display.

Pour les utilisateurs malentendants, vous pouvez concevoir des programmes qui utilisent des signaux visuels, tels qu’une barre d’outils clignotante ; vous pouvez aussi afficher des messages prononcés en tant que texte.For users who are hard of hearing, you can design programs that use visual cues, such as a flashing toolbar; or you can display spoken messages as text. Par exemple, lorsqu’elle est activée, la fonctionnalité SoundSentry, une option d’accessibilité dans le panneau de configuration, fournit un avertissement visuel chaque fois que le système émet un signal sonore.For example, when turned on, the SoundSentry feature, an accessibility option in Control Panel, provides a visual warning whenever the system makes an alarm sound.

Pour les utilisateurs présentant un handicap moteur, vous pouvez concevoir des contrôles qui affinent ou éliminent l’utilisation du clavier et de la souris, améliorant ainsi l’accessibilité des ordinateurs.For users with motion disabilities, you can design controls that refine or eliminate keyboard and mouse use, thereby improving computer accessibility. Le panneau de configuration offre de l’aide.Control Panel offers assistance. Par exemple, une alternative consiste à utiliser le pavé numérique au lieu de la souris pour la navigation.For example, one alternative is to use the numeric keypad instead of the mouse for navigation. Une autre option, appelée StickyKeys, permet aux utilisateurs qui ne peuvent pas maintenir au moins deux clés à la fois (par exemple CTRL + P) d’obtenir le même résultat en tapant une clé à la fois.Another option, called StickyKeys, enables users who cannot hold down two or more keys at a time (such as CTRL+P) to get the same result by typing one key at a time.

Pour les utilisateurs ayant des handicaps cognitifs et de la langue, vous pouvez concevoir des programmes logiciels pour mieux répondre à leurs besoins.For users with cognitive and language disabilities, you can design software programs to better accommodate their needs. Par exemple, l’utilisation de la mise en séquence visible ou de la numérotation, des affichages peu compliqués, de moins de mots et d’un niveau de lecture ciblant les normes scolaires élémentaires peut tirer parti de ces utilisateurs.For example, using conspicuous or cued sequencing, uncomplicated displays, fewer words, and a reading level targeted to elementary school standards can benefit these users.

Pour les utilisateurs ayant des troubles de la cessation, vous pouvez concevoir des programmes logiciels pour éliminer les modèles de crises.For users with seizure disorders, you can design software programs to eliminate seizure provoking patterns.

Pour plus d’informations sur l’accessibilité, y compris des informations sur les applications d’accessibilité, consultez la documentation relative à l’accessibilité Microsoft dans MSDN Library ou sur le site Web de Microsoft.For more information about accessibility, including information about accessibility applications, see the documentation for Microsoft Accessibility in the MSDN library or at the Microsoft Web site.

Notes

Pour utiliser la AccessibleObject, vous devez ajouter une référence à l’assembly Accessibility installé avec le .NET Framework.NET Framework.To use the AccessibleObject, you must add a reference to the Accessibility assembly installed with the .NET Framework.NET Framework. Windows Forms prend en charge uniquement Active Accessibility 2,0.Windows Forms only supports Active Accessibility 2.0.

Notes pour les héritiers

Lorsque vous héritez de cette classe, vous pouvez substituer tous les membres.When you inherit from this class, you can override all the members.

Constructeurs

AccessibleObject()

Initialise une nouvelle instance de la classe AccessibleObject.Initializes a new instance of the AccessibleObject class.

Propriétés

Bounds

Obtient l'emplacement et la taille de l'objet accessible.Gets the location and size of the accessible object.

DefaultAction

Obtient une chaîne qui décrit l’action par défaut de l’objet.Gets a string that describes the default action of the object. Les objets n'ont pas tous une action par défaut.Not all objects have a default action.

Description

Obtient une chaîne qui décrit l'apparence visuelle de l'objet spécifié.Gets a string that describes the visual appearance of the specified object. Les objets n'ont pas tous une description.Not all objects have a description.

Help

Obtient une description de ce que fait l'objet ou comment il est utilisé.Gets a description of what the object does or how the object is used.

KeyboardShortcut

Obtient la touche de raccourci ou la touche d'accès rapide pour l'objet accessible.Gets the shortcut key or access key for the accessible object.

Name

Obtient ou définit le nom de l'objet.Gets or sets the object name.

Parent

Obtient le parent d'un objet accessible.Gets the parent of an accessible object.

Role

Obtient le rôle de l'objet accessible.Gets the role of this accessible object.

State

Obtient l'état de l'objet accessible.Gets the state of this accessible object.

Value

Obtient ou définit la valeur d'un objet accessible.Gets or sets the value of an accessible object.

Méthodes

CreateObjRef(Type)

Crée un objet contenant toutes les informations appropriées requises pour générer un proxy permettant de communiquer avec un objet distant.Creates an object that contains all the relevant information required to generate a proxy used to communicate with a remote object.

(Hérité de MarshalByRefObject)
DoDefaultAction()

Exécute l'action associée par défaut à l'objet accessible.Performs the default action associated with this accessible object.

Equals(Object)

Détermine si l'objet spécifié est égal à l'objet actuel.Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Hérité de Object)
GetChild(Int32)

Récupère l’enfant accessible correspondant à l’index spécifié.Retrieves the accessible child corresponding to the specified index.

GetChildCount()

Récupère le nombre d’enfants qui appartiennent à un objet accessible.Retrieves the number of children belonging to an accessible object.

GetFocused()

Récupère l'objet qui a le focus clavier.Retrieves the object that has the keyboard focus.

GetHashCode()

Sert de fonction de hachage par défaut.Serves as the default hash function.

(Hérité de Object)
GetHelpTopic(String)

Obtient un identificateur d'une rubrique d'aide et le chemin d'accès du fichier d'aide associé à l'objet accessible.Gets an identifier for a Help topic identifier and the path to the Help file associated with this accessible object.

GetLifetimeService()

Récupère l'objet de service de durée de vie en cours qui contrôle la stratégie de durée de vie de cette instance.Retrieves the current lifetime service object that controls the lifetime policy for this instance.

(Hérité de MarshalByRefObject)
GetSelected()

Récupère l'enfant actuellement sélectionné.Retrieves the currently selected child.

GetType()

Obtient le Type de l'instance actuelle.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Hérité de Object)
HitTest(Int32, Int32)

Récupère l'objet enfant qui est situé aux coordonnées d'écran spécifiées.Retrieves the child object at the specified screen coordinates.

InitializeLifetimeService()

Obtient un objet de service de durée de vie pour contrôler la stratégie de durée de vie de cette instance.Obtains a lifetime service object to control the lifetime policy for this instance.

(Hérité de MarshalByRefObject)
MemberwiseClone()

Crée une copie superficielle du Object actuel.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Hérité de Object)
MemberwiseClone(Boolean)

Crée une copie superficielle de l'objet MarshalByRefObject actuel.Creates a shallow copy of the current MarshalByRefObject object.

(Hérité de MarshalByRefObject)
Navigate(AccessibleNavigation)

Navigue vers un autre objet accessible.Navigates to another accessible object.

RaiseAutomationNotification(AutomationNotificationKind, AutomationNotificationProcessing, String)

Déclenche l’événement de notification d’UI Automation.Raises the UI automation notification event.

RaiseLiveRegionChanged()

Déclenche l’événement UI Automation LiveRegionChanged.Raises the LiveRegionChanged UI automation event.

Select(AccessibleSelection)

Modifie la sélection ou déplace le focus clavier de l'objet accessible.Modifies the selection or moves the keyboard focus of the accessible object.

ToString()

Retourne une chaîne qui représente l'objet en cours.Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Hérité de Object)
UseStdAccessibleObjects(IntPtr)

Associe un objet à une instance d'un AccessibleObject basé sur le handle de l'objet.Associates an object with an instance of an AccessibleObject based on the handle of the object.

UseStdAccessibleObjects(IntPtr, Int32)

Associe un objet à une instance d'un AccessibleObject basé sur le handle et l'ID d'objet de l'objet.Associates an object with an instance of an AccessibleObject based on the handle and the object id of the object.

Implémentations d’interfaces explicites

IAccessible.accChildCount

Obtient le nombre d'interfaces enfants qui appartiennent à cet objet.Gets the number of child interfaces that belong to this object. Pour obtenir une description de ce membre, consultez accChildCount.For a description of this member, see accChildCount.

IAccessible.accDoDefaultAction(Object)

Exécute l'action par défaut de l'objet spécifié.Performs the specified object's default action. Les objets n'ont pas tous une action par défaut.Not all objects have a default action. Pour obtenir une description de ce membre, consultez accDoDefaultAction(Object).For a description of this member, see accDoDefaultAction(Object).

IAccessible.accFocus

Obtient l'objet qui a le focus clavier.Gets the object that has the keyboard focus. Pour obtenir une description de ce membre, consultez accFocus.For a description of this member, see accFocus.

IAccessible.accHitTest(Int32, Int32)

Obtient l'objet enfant qui est situé aux coordonnées d'écran spécifiées.Gets the child object at the specified screen coordinates. Pour obtenir une description de ce membre, consultez accHitTest(Int32, Int32).For a description of this member, see accHitTest(Int32, Int32).

IAccessible.accLocation(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Object)

Obtient l'emplacement d'affichage actuel de l'objet.Gets the object's current screen location. Pour obtenir une description de ce membre, consultez accLocation(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Object).For a description of this member, see accLocation(Int32, Int32, Int32, Int32, Object).

IAccessible.accNavigate(Int32, Object)

Navigue vers un objet accessible relatif à l'objet actuel.Navigates to an accessible object relative to the current object. Pour obtenir une description de ce membre, consultez accNavigate(Int32, Object).For a description of this member, see accNavigate(Int32, Object).

IAccessible.accParent

Obtient l'objet accessible aux parents de cet objet.Gets the parent accessible object of this object. Pour obtenir une description de ce membre, consultez accParent.For a description of this member, see accParent.

IAccessible.accSelect(Int32, Object)

Modifie la sélection ou déplace le focus clavier de l'objet accessible.Modifies the selection or moves the keyboard focus of the accessible object. Pour obtenir une description de ce membre, consultez accSelect(Int32, Object).For a description of this member, see accSelect(Int32, Object).

IAccessible.accSelection

Obtient les objets enfants sélectionnés d'un objet accessible.Gets the selected child objects of an accessible object. Pour obtenir une description de ce membre, consultez accSelection.For a description of this member, see accSelection.

IAccessible.get_accChild(Object)

Récupère un objet enfant spécifié.Retrieves a specified child object.

IAccessible.get_accDefaultAction(Object)

Retourne une chaîne qui décrit l’action par défaut de l’objet spécifié.Returns a string that indicates the specified object's default action.

IAccessible.get_accDescription(Object)

Retourne une chaîne qui décrit l’apparence visuelle de l’objet accessible spécifié.Returns a string that describes the visual appearance of the specified accessible object.

IAccessible.get_accHelp(Object)

Récupère le chemin d’accès complet du fichier WinHelp associé à l’objet accessible spécifié.Retrieves the full path of the WinHelp file that is associated with the specified accessible object.

IAccessible.get_accHelpTopic(String, Object)

Récupère le chemin complet d’un fichier WinHelp associé à l’objet spécifié, ainsi que l’identificateur d’une rubrique spécifique dans le fichier.Retrieves the full path of a WinHelp file that is associated with the specified object along with the identifier of a specific topic in the file.

IAccessible.get_accKeyboardShortcut(Object)

Récupère la clé d’accès ou le raccourci clavier de l’objet spécifié.Retrieves the specified object's keyboard shortcut or access key.

IAccessible.get_accName(Object)

Récupère le nom de l’objet spécifié.Retrieves the name of the specified object.

IAccessible.get_accRole(Object)

Récupère des informations qui décrivent le rôle de l'objet spécifié.Retrieves information that describes the role of the specified object.

IAccessible.get_accState(Object)

Récupère l’état actuel de l’objet accessible spécifié.Retrieves the current state of the specified accessible object.

IAccessible.get_accValue(Object)

Récupère la valeur de l’objet accessible spécifié.Retrieves the value of the specified accessible object. Les objets n'ont pas tous une valeur.Not all objects have a value.

IAccessible.set_accName(Object, String)

Attribue un nouveau nom accessible à l'élément spécifié.Assigns a new accessible name to the specified element.

IAccessible.set_accValue(Object, String)

Attribue une nouvelle valeur à l'élément spécifié.Assigns a new value to the specified element.

IReflect.GetField(String, BindingFlags)

Obtient l'objet FieldInfo correspondant au champ et à l'indicateur de liaison spécifiés.Gets the FieldInfo object corresponding to the specified field and binding flag. Pour obtenir une description de ce membre, consultez GetField(String, BindingFlags).For a description of this member, see GetField(String, BindingFlags).

IReflect.GetFields(BindingFlags)

Obtient un tableau d'objets FieldInfo correspondant à tous les champs de la classe en cours.Gets an array of FieldInfo objects corresponding to all fields of the current class. Pour obtenir une description de ce membre, consultez GetFields(BindingFlags).For a description of this member, see GetFields(BindingFlags).

IReflect.GetMember(String, BindingFlags)

Obtient un tableau d'objets MemberInfo représentant tous les membres publics ou tous les membres qui correspondent à un nom spécifié.Gets an array of MemberInfo objects corresponding to all public members or to all members that match a specified name. Pour obtenir une description de ce membre, consultez GetMember(String, BindingFlags).For a description of this member, see GetMember(String, BindingFlags).

IReflect.GetMembers(BindingFlags)

Obtient un tableau d'objets MemberInfo correspondant à tous les membres publics ou à tous les membres de la classe en cours.Gets an array of MemberInfo objects corresponding either to all public members or to all members of the current class. Pour obtenir une description de ce membre, consultez GetMembers(BindingFlags).For a description of this member, see GetMembers(BindingFlags).

IReflect.GetMethod(String, BindingFlags)

Obtient un objet MethodInfo correspondant à une méthode spécifiée avec les contraintes de recherche données.Gets a MethodInfo object corresponding to a specified method under specified search constraints. Pour obtenir une description de ce membre, consultez GetMethod(String, BindingFlags).For a description of this member, see GetMethod(String, BindingFlags).

IReflect.GetMethod(String, BindingFlags, Binder, Type[], ParameterModifier[])

Obtient un objet MethodInfo correspondant à une méthode spécifiée en sélectionnant une des méthodes surchargées à l'aide d'un tableau Type.Gets a MethodInfo object corresponding to a specified method, using a Type array to choose from among overloaded methods. Pour obtenir une description de ce membre, consultez GetMethod(String, BindingFlags, Binder, Type[], ParameterModifier[]).For a description of this member, see GetMethod(String, BindingFlags, Binder, Type[], ParameterModifier[]).

IReflect.GetMethods(BindingFlags)

Obtient un tableau d'objets MethodInfo contenant toutes les méthodes publiques ou toutes les méthodes de la classe en cours.Gets an array of MethodInfo objects with all public methods or all methods of the current class. Pour obtenir une description de ce membre, consultez GetMethods(BindingFlags).For a description of this member, see GetMethods(BindingFlags).

IReflect.GetProperties(BindingFlags)

Obtient un tableau d'objets PropertyInfo correspondant à toutes les propriétés publiques ou à toutes les propriétés de la classe en cours.Gets an array of PropertyInfo objects corresponding to all public properties or to all properties of the current class. Pour obtenir une description de ce membre, consultez GetProperties(BindingFlags).For a description of this member, see GetProperties(BindingFlags).

IReflect.GetProperty(String, BindingFlags)

Obtient un objet PropertyInfo correspondant à une propriété spécifiée avec les contraintes de recherche données.Gets a PropertyInfo object corresponding to a specified property under specified search constraints. Pour obtenir une description de ce membre, consultez GetProperty(String, BindingFlags).For a description of this member, see GetProperty(String, BindingFlags).

IReflect.GetProperty(String, BindingFlags, Binder, Type, Type[], ParameterModifier[])

Obtient un objet PropertyInfo correspondant à une propriété spécifiée avec les contraintes de recherche données.Gets a PropertyInfo object corresponding to a specified property with specified search constraints. Pour obtenir une description de ce membre, consultez GetProperty(String, BindingFlags, Binder, Type, Type[], ParameterModifier[]).For a description of this member, see GetProperty(String, BindingFlags, Binder, Type, Type[], ParameterModifier[]).

IReflect.InvokeMember(String, BindingFlags, Binder, Object, Object[], ParameterModifier[], CultureInfo, String[])

Appelle un membre spécifié.Invokes a specified member. Pour obtenir une description de ce membre, consultez InvokeMember(String, BindingFlags, Binder, Object, Object[], ParameterModifier[], CultureInfo, String[]).For a description of this member, see InvokeMember(String, BindingFlags, Binder, Object, Object[], ParameterModifier[], CultureInfo, String[]).

IReflect.UnderlyingSystemType

Obtient le type sous-jacent qui représente l'objet IReflect.Gets the underlying type that represents the IReflect object. Pour obtenir une description de ce membre, consultez UnderlyingSystemType.For a description of this member, see UnderlyingSystemType.

S’applique à