SoapTypeAttribute Classe

Définition

Contrôle le schéma généré par XmlSerializer lorsqu'une instance de classe est sérialisée comme du XML SOAP encodé.

public ref class SoapTypeAttribute : Attribute
[System.AttributeUsage(System.AttributeTargets.Class | System.AttributeTargets.Enum | System.AttributeTargets.Interface | System.AttributeTargets.Struct)]
public class SoapTypeAttribute : Attribute
[<System.AttributeUsage(System.AttributeTargets.Class | System.AttributeTargets.Enum | System.AttributeTargets.Interface | System.AttributeTargets.Struct)>]
type SoapTypeAttribute = class
    inherit Attribute
Public Class SoapTypeAttribute
Inherits Attribute
Héritage
SoapTypeAttribute
Attributs

Exemples

L’exemple suivant sérialise une classe nommée Group . SoapTypeAttributeEst appliqué à la classe, avec le TypeName défini sur « SoapGroupType ». Le SoapTypeAttribute est également substitué, en remplaçant la TypeName valeur par « Team ». Les deux versions sont sérialisées, ce qui donne deux fichiers : SoapType.xml et SoapType2.xml.

#using <System.Xml.dll>
#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Xml;
using namespace System::Xml::Serialization;

[SoapType("EmployeeType")]
public ref class Employee
{
public:
   String^ Name;
};


// The SoapType is overridden when the
// SerializeOverride  method is called.

[SoapType("SoapGroupType","http://www.cohowinery.com")]
public ref class Group
{
public:
   String^ GroupName;
   array<Employee^>^Employees;
};

public ref class Run
{
public:
   void SerializeOriginal( String^ filename )
   {
      // Create an instance of the XmlSerializer class that
      // can be used for serializing as a SOAP message.
      XmlTypeMapping^ mapp = (gcnew SoapReflectionImporter)->ImportTypeMapping( Group::typeid );
      XmlSerializer^ mySerializer = gcnew XmlSerializer( mapp );

      // Writing the file requires a TextWriter.
      TextWriter^ writer = gcnew StreamWriter( filename );

      // Create an XML text writer.
      XmlTextWriter^ xmlWriter = gcnew XmlTextWriter( writer );
      xmlWriter->Formatting = Formatting::Indented;
      xmlWriter->Indentation = 2;

      // Create an instance of the class that will be serialized.
      Group^ myGroup = gcnew Group;

      // Set the Object* properties.
      myGroup->GroupName = ".NET";
      Employee^ e1 = gcnew Employee;
      e1->Name = "Pat";
      myGroup->Employees = gcnew array<Employee^>(1);
      myGroup->Employees[ 0 ] = e1;

      // Write the root element.
      xmlWriter->WriteStartElement( "root" );

      // Serialize the class.
      mySerializer->Serialize( xmlWriter, myGroup );

      // Close the root tag.
      xmlWriter->WriteEndElement();

      // Close the XmlWriter.
      xmlWriter->Close();

      // Close the TextWriter.
      writer->Close();
   }

   void SerializeOverride( String^ filename )
   {
      // Create an instance of the XmlSerializer class that
      // uses a SoapAttributeOverrides Object*.
      XmlSerializer^ mySerializer = CreateOverrideSerializer();

      // Writing the file requires a TextWriter.
      TextWriter^ writer = gcnew StreamWriter( filename );

      // Create an XML text writer.
      XmlTextWriter^ xmlWriter = gcnew XmlTextWriter( writer );
      xmlWriter->Formatting = Formatting::Indented;
      xmlWriter->Indentation = 2;

      // Create an instance of the class that will be serialized.
      Group^ myGroup = gcnew Group;

      // Set the Object* properties.
      myGroup->GroupName = ".NET";
      Employee^ e1 = gcnew Employee;
      e1->Name = "Pat";
      myGroup->Employees = gcnew array<Employee^>(1);
      myGroup->Employees[ 0 ] = e1;

      // Write the root element.
      xmlWriter->WriteStartElement( "root" );

      // Serialize the class.
      mySerializer->Serialize( xmlWriter, myGroup );

      // Close the root tag.
      xmlWriter->WriteEndElement();

      // Close the XmlWriter.
      xmlWriter->Close();

      // Close the TextWriter.
      writer->Close();
   }

   void DeserializeObject( String^ filename )
   {
      // Create an instance of the XmlSerializer class.
      XmlSerializer^ mySerializer = CreateOverrideSerializer();

      // Reading the file requires a TextReader.
      TextReader^ reader = gcnew StreamReader( filename );

      // Create an XML text reader.
      XmlTextReader^ xmlReader = gcnew XmlTextReader( reader );
      xmlReader->ReadStartElement();

      // Deserialize and cast the object.
      Group^ myGroup;
      myGroup = dynamic_cast<Group^>(mySerializer->Deserialize( xmlReader ));
      xmlReader->ReadEndElement();
      Console::WriteLine( "The GroupName is {0}", myGroup->GroupName );
      Console::WriteLine( "Look at the SoapType.xml and SoapType2.xml "
      "files for the generated XML." );

      // Close the readers.
      xmlReader->Close();
      reader->Close();
   }

private:
   XmlSerializer^ CreateOverrideSerializer()
   {
      // Create and return an XmlSerializer instance used to
      //  and create SOAP messages.
      SoapAttributeOverrides^ mySoapAttributeOverrides = gcnew SoapAttributeOverrides;
      SoapAttributes^ soapAtts = gcnew SoapAttributes;

      // Override the SoapTypeAttribute.
      SoapTypeAttribute^ soapType = gcnew SoapTypeAttribute;
      soapType->TypeName = "Team";
      soapType->IncludeInSchema = false;
      soapType->Namespace = "http://www.microsoft.com";
      soapAtts->SoapType = soapType;
      mySoapAttributeOverrides->Add( Group::typeid, soapAtts );

      // Create an XmlTypeMapping that is used to create an instance 
      // of the XmlSerializer. Then return the XmlSerializer Object*.
      XmlTypeMapping^ myMapping = (gcnew SoapReflectionImporter( mySoapAttributeOverrides ))->ImportTypeMapping( Group::typeid );
      XmlSerializer^ ser = gcnew XmlSerializer( myMapping );
      return ser;
   }
};

int main()
{
   Run^ test = gcnew Run;
   test->SerializeOriginal( "SoapType.xml" );
   test->SerializeOverride( "SoapType2.xml" );
   test->DeserializeObject( "SoapType2.xml" );
}
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml;
using System.Xml.Serialization;

// The SoapType is overridden when the
// SerializeOverride  method is called.
[SoapType("SoapGroupType", "http://www.cohowinery.com")]
public class Group
{
   public string GroupName;
   public Employee[] Employees;
}

[SoapType("EmployeeType")]
public class Employee
{
   public string Name;
}

public class Run
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Run test = new Run();
      test.SerializeOriginal("SoapType.xml");
      test.SerializeOverride("SoapType2.xml");
      test.DeserializeObject("SoapType2.xml");
   }

   public void SerializeOriginal(string filename)
   {
      // Create an instance of the XmlSerializer class that
      // can be used for serializing as a SOAP message.
      XmlTypeMapping mapp =
         (new SoapReflectionImporter()).ImportTypeMapping(typeof(Group));
      XmlSerializer mySerializer = new XmlSerializer(mapp);

      // Writing the file requires a TextWriter.
      TextWriter writer = new StreamWriter(filename);

      // Create an XML text writer.
      XmlTextWriter xmlWriter = new XmlTextWriter(writer);
      xmlWriter.Formatting = Formatting.Indented;
      xmlWriter.Indentation = 2;

      // Create an instance of the class that will be serialized.
      Group myGroup = new Group();

      // Set the object properties.
      myGroup.GroupName = ".NET";
      Employee e1 = new Employee();
      e1.Name = "Pat";
      myGroup.Employees=new Employee[]{e1};

      // Write the root element.
      xmlWriter.WriteStartElement("root");

      // Serialize the class.
      mySerializer.Serialize(xmlWriter, myGroup);

      // Close the root tag.
      xmlWriter.WriteEndElement();

      // Close the XmlWriter.
      xmlWriter.Close();

      // Close the TextWriter.
      writer.Close();
   }

   public void SerializeOverride(string filename)
   {
      // Create an instance of the XmlSerializer class that
      // uses a SoapAttributeOverrides object.

      XmlSerializer mySerializer =  CreateOverrideSerializer();

      // Writing the file requires a TextWriter.
      TextWriter writer = new StreamWriter(filename);

      // Create an XML text writer.
      XmlTextWriter xmlWriter = new XmlTextWriter(writer);
      xmlWriter.Formatting = Formatting.Indented;
      xmlWriter.Indentation = 2;

      // Create an instance of the class that will be serialized.
      Group myGroup = new Group();

      // Set the object properties.
      myGroup.GroupName = ".NET";
      Employee e1 = new Employee();
      e1.Name = "Pat";
      myGroup.Employees=new Employee[]{e1};

      // Write the root element.
      xmlWriter.WriteStartElement("root");

      // Serialize the class.
      mySerializer.Serialize(xmlWriter, myGroup);

      // Close the root tag.
      xmlWriter.WriteEndElement();

      // Close the XmlWriter.
      xmlWriter.Close();

      // Close the TextWriter.
      writer.Close();
   }

   private XmlSerializer CreateOverrideSerializer()
   {
      // Create and return an XmlSerializer instance used to
      // override and create SOAP messages.
      SoapAttributeOverrides mySoapAttributeOverrides =
          new SoapAttributeOverrides();
      SoapAttributes soapAtts = new SoapAttributes();

      // Override the SoapTypeAttribute.
      SoapTypeAttribute soapType = new SoapTypeAttribute();
      soapType.TypeName = "Team";
      soapType.IncludeInSchema = false;
      soapType.Namespace = "http://www.microsoft.com";
      soapAtts.SoapType = soapType;

      mySoapAttributeOverrides.Add(typeof(Group),soapAtts);

      // Create an XmlTypeMapping that is used to create an instance
      // of the XmlSerializer. Then return the XmlSerializer object.
      XmlTypeMapping myMapping = (new SoapReflectionImporter(
      mySoapAttributeOverrides)).ImportTypeMapping(typeof(Group));

      XmlSerializer ser = new XmlSerializer(myMapping);
      return ser;
   }

   public void DeserializeObject(string filename)
   {
      // Create an instance of the XmlSerializer class.
      XmlSerializer mySerializer =  CreateOverrideSerializer();

      // Reading the file requires a TextReader.
      TextReader reader = new StreamReader(filename);

      // Create an XML text reader.
      XmlTextReader xmlReader = new XmlTextReader(reader);
      xmlReader.ReadStartElement();

      // Deserialize and cast the object.
      Group myGroup = (Group) mySerializer.Deserialize(xmlReader);
      xmlReader.ReadEndElement();
      Console.WriteLine("The GroupName is " + myGroup.GroupName);
      Console.WriteLine("Look at the SoapType.xml and SoapType2.xml " +
        "files for the generated XML.");

      // Close the readers.
      xmlReader.Close();
      reader.Close();
   }
}
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Xml.Serialization

' The SoapType is overridden when the
' SerializeOverride  method is called.
<SoapType("SoapGroupType", "http://www.cohowinery.com")> _
Public class Group
   Public GroupName As String
   Public Employees() As Employee
End Class

<SoapType("EmployeeType")> _
Public Class Employee
   Public Name As String
End Class
   
Public class Run
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim test As Run = New Run()
      test.SerializeOriginal("SoapType.xml")
      test.SerializeOverride("SoapType2.xml")
      test.DeserializeObject("SoapType2.xml")
   End Sub

   Public Sub SerializeOriginal(filename As String )
      ' Create an instance of the XmlSerializer class that
      ' can be used for serializing as a SOAP message.
     Dim mapp  As XmlTypeMapping = _
      (New SoapReflectionImporter()).ImportTypeMapping(GetType(Group))
      Dim mySerializer As XmlSerializer =  _
      New XmlSerializer(mapp)
      
      ' Writing the file requires a TextWriter.
      Dim writer As TextWriter = New StreamWriter(filename)

      ' Create an XML text writer.
      Dim xmlWriter As XmlTextWriter = New XmlTextWriter(writer)
      xmlWriter.Formatting = Formatting.Indented
      xmlWriter.Indentation = 2

      ' Create an instance of the class that will be serialized.
      Dim myGroup As Group = New Group()

      ' Set the object properties.
      myGroup.GroupName = ".NET"
      Dim e1 As Employee = New Employee()
      e1.Name = "Pat"
      myGroup.Employees=New Employee(){e1}

      ' Write the root element.
      xmlWriter.WriteStartElement("root")

      ' Serialize the class.
      mySerializer.Serialize(xmlWriter, myGroup)

      ' Close the root tag.
      xmlWriter.WriteEndElement()

      ' Close the XmlWriter.
      xmlWriter.Close()

      ' Close the TextWriter.
      writer.Close()
   End Sub

   Public Sub SerializeOverride(filename As string )
   
      ' Create an instance of the XmlSerializer class that
      ' uses a SoapAttributeOverrides object.
      Dim mySerializer As XmlSerializer =  CreateOverrideSerializer()

      ' Writing the file requires a TextWriter.
      Dim writer As TextWriter = New StreamWriter(filename)

      ' Create an XML text writer.
      Dim xmlWriter As XmlTextWriter = New XmlTextWriter(writer)
      xmlWriter.Formatting = Formatting.Indented
      xmlWriter.Indentation = 2

      ' Create an instance of the class that will be serialized.
      Dim myGroup As Group = New Group()

      ' Set the object properties.
      myGroup.GroupName = ".NET"
      Dim e1 As Employee = New Employee()
      e1.Name = "Pat"
      myGroup.Employees = New Employee(){e1}

      ' Write the root element.
      xmlWriter.WriteStartElement("root")

      ' Serialize the class.
      mySerializer.Serialize(xmlWriter, myGroup)

      ' Close the root tag.
      xmlWriter.WriteEndElement()

      ' Close the XmlWriter.
      xmlWriter.Close()

      ' Close the TextWriter.
      writer.Close()
   End Sub

   Private Function CreateOverrideSerializer() As XmlSerializer 
      ' Create and return an XmlSerializer instance used to
      ' override and create SOAP messages.
      Dim mySoapAttributeOverrides As SoapAttributeOverrides = _
        New SoapAttributeOverrides()
      Dim soapAtts As SoapAttributes = New SoapAttributes()

      ' Override the SoapTypeAttribute.
      Dim soapType As SoapTypeAttribute = New SoapTypeAttribute()
      soapType.TypeName = "Team"
      soapType.IncludeInSchema = false
      soapType.Namespace = "http://www.microsoft.com"
      soapAtts.SoapType = soapType
      
      mySoapAttributeOverrides.Add(GetType(Group),soapAtts)

      ' Create an XmlTypeMapping that is used to create an instance 
      ' of the XmlSerializer. Then return the XmlSerializer object.
      Dim myMapping As XmlTypeMapping = (New SoapReflectionImporter( _
      mySoapAttributeOverrides)).ImportTypeMapping(GetType(Group))
    
      Dim  ser As XmlSerializer = New XmlSerializer(myMapping)
      
      return ser
   End Function

   Public Sub DeserializeObject(filename As String)
      ' Create an instance of the XmlSerializer class.
      Dim mySerializer As XmlSerializer =  CreateOverrideSerializer()

      ' Reading the file requires a TextReader.
      Dim reader As TextReader = New StreamReader(filename)

      ' Create an XML text reader.
      Dim xmlReader As XmlTextReader = New XmlTextReader(reader)
      xmlReader.ReadStartElement()

      ' Deserialize and cast the object.
      Dim myGroup As Group = CType(mySerializer.Deserialize(xmlReader), Group)
      xmlReader.ReadEndElement()
      Console.WriteLine("The GroupName is " + myGroup.GroupName)
      Console.WriteLine("Look at the SoapType.xml and SoapType2.xml " + _
        "files for the generated XML.")

      ' Close the readers.
      xmlReader.Close()
      reader.Close()
   End Sub
End Class

Remarques

La SoapTypeAttribute classe appartient à une famille d’attributs qui contrôle la manière dont XmlSerializer sérialise ou désérialise un objet en tant que code XML SOAP encodé. Le XML obtenu est conforme à la section 5 du document World Wide Web Consortium, SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol) 1,1. Pour obtenir la liste complète des attributs similaires, consultez attributs qui contrôlent la sérialisation encodée selon le protocole SOAP.

Pour sérialiser un objet en tant que message SOAP encodé, construisez XmlSerializer à l’aide d’un XmlTypeMapping créé avec la ImportTypeMapping méthode de la SoapReflectionImporter classe.

Le SoapTypeAttribute ne peut être appliqué qu’aux déclarations de classe.

La IncludeInSchema propriété détermine si le type d’élément XML résultant est inclus dans le document de schéma XML (. xsd) pour le flux XML généré. Pour afficher le schéma, compilez la classe dans un fichier DLL. Transmettez le fichier résultant en tant qu’argument à l' outil XML Schema Definition (Xsd.exe). L’outil génère le schéma XML pour le flux de données XML généré lorsque la classe est sérialisée par une instance de la XmlSerializer classe.

La définition d’un espace de noms différent amène Xsd.exe à écrire un fichier de schéma (. xsd) différent pour le flux XML généré lorsque la classe est sérialisée.

Constructeurs

SoapTypeAttribute()

Initialise une nouvelle instance de la classe SoapTypeAttribute.

SoapTypeAttribute(String)

Initialise une nouvelle instance de la classe SoapTypeAttribute et spécifie le nom du type XML.

SoapTypeAttribute(String, String)

Initialise une nouvelle instance de la classe SoapTypeAttribute et spécifie le nom et l'espace de noms XML du type.

Propriétés

IncludeInSchema

Obtient ou définit une valeur qui indique si le type doit être inclus dans des documents de schéma XML encodés en SOAP.

Namespace

Obtient ou définit l'espace de noms du type XML.

TypeId

Lors de l'implémentation dans une classe dérivée, obtient un identificateur unique pour l'objet Attribute.

(Hérité de Attribute)
TypeName

Obtient ou définit le nom du type XML.

Méthodes

Equals(Object)

Retourne une valeur qui indique si cette instance est égale à un objet spécifié.

(Hérité de Attribute)
GetHashCode()

Retourne le code de hachage de cette instance.

(Hérité de Attribute)
GetType()

Obtient le Type de l'instance actuelle.

(Hérité de Object)
IsDefaultAttribute()

En cas de substitution dans une classe dérivée, indique si la valeur de cette instance est la valeur par défaut pour la classe dérivée.

(Hérité de Attribute)
Match(Object)

En cas de substitution dans une classe dérivée, retourne une valeur indiquant si cette instance équivaut à un objet spécifié.

(Hérité de Attribute)
MemberwiseClone()

Crée une copie superficielle du Object actuel.

(Hérité de Object)
ToString()

Retourne une chaîne qui représente l'objet actuel.

(Hérité de Object)

Implémentations d’interfaces explicites

_Attribute.GetIDsOfNames(Guid, IntPtr, UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

Mappe un jeu de noms avec un jeu correspondant d'identificateurs de dispatch.

(Hérité de Attribute)
_Attribute.GetTypeInfo(UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

Récupère les informations de type pour un objet, qui peuvent être utilisées pour obtenir les informations de type d'une interface.

(Hérité de Attribute)
_Attribute.GetTypeInfoCount(UInt32)

Récupère le nombre d'interfaces d'informations de type fourni par un objet (0 ou 1).

(Hérité de Attribute)
_Attribute.Invoke(UInt32, Guid, UInt32, Int16, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr)

Fournit l'accès aux propriétés et aux méthodes exposées par un objet.

(Hérité de Attribute)

S’applique à