ArrayList.Item[Int32] ArrayList.Item[Int32] ArrayList.Item[Int32] ArrayList.Item[Int32] Property

Definizione

Ottiene o imposta l'elemento in corrispondenza dell'indice specificato.Gets or sets the element at the specified index.

public:
 virtual property System::Object ^ default[int] { System::Object ^ get(int index); void set(int index, System::Object ^ value); };
public virtual object this[int index] { get; set; }
member this.Item(int) : obj with get, set
Default Public Overridable Property Item(index As Integer) As Object

Parametri

index
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

Indice in base zero dell'elemento da ottenere o impostare.The zero-based index of the element to get or set.

Valore della proprietà

Elemento in corrispondenza dell'indice specificato.The element at the specified index.

Implementazioni

Eccezioni

index è minore di zero.index is less than zero.

In alternativa-or- index è uguale a o maggiore di Count.index is equal to or greater than Count.

Esempi

L'esempio di codice seguente crea un ArrayList e vengono aggiunti diversi elementi.The following code example creates an ArrayList and adds several items. Nell'esempio viene illustrato l'accesso agli elementi con il Item[Int32] proprietà (l'indicizzatore in c#) e la modifica di un elemento tramite l'assegnazione di un nuovo valore per il Item[Int32] proprietà per un indice specificato.The example demonstrates accessing elements with the Item[Int32] property (the indexer in C#), and changing an element by assigning a new value to the Item[Int32] property for a specified index. L'esempio mostra anche che il Item[Int32] proprietà non può essere utilizzata per accedere o aggiungere elementi di fuori di dimensione corrente dell'elenco.The example also shows that the Item[Int32] property cannot be used to access or add elements outside the current size of the list.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;

public ref class Example
{
public:
    static void Main()
    {
        // Create an empty ArrayList, and add some elements.
        ArrayList^ stringList = gcnew ArrayList();

        stringList->Add("a");
        stringList->Add("abc");
        stringList->Add("abcdef");
        stringList->Add("abcdefg");

        // The Item property is an indexer, so the property name is
        // not required.
        Console::WriteLine("Element {0} is \"{1}\"", 2, stringList[2]);

        // Assigning a value to the property changes the value of
        // the indexed element.
        stringList[2] = "abcd";
        Console::WriteLine("Element {0} is \"{1}\"", 2, stringList[2]);

        // Accessing an element outside the current element count
        // causes an exception.
        Console::WriteLine("Number of elements in the list: {0}", 
            stringList->Count);
        try
        {
            Console::WriteLine("Element {0} is \"{1}\"", 
                stringList->Count, stringList[stringList->Count]);
        }
        catch (ArgumentOutOfRangeException^ aoore)
        {
            Console::WriteLine("stringList({0}) is out of range.", 
                stringList->Count);
        }

        // You cannot use the Item property to add new elements.
        try
        {
            stringList[stringList->Count] = "42";
        }
        catch (ArgumentOutOfRangeException^ aoore)
        {
            Console::WriteLine("stringList({0}) is out of range.", 
                stringList->Count);
        }

        Console::WriteLine();
        for (int i = 0; i < stringList->Count; i++)
        {
            Console::WriteLine("Element {0} is \"{1}\"", i, 
                stringList[i]);
        }

        Console::WriteLine();
        for each (Object^ o in stringList)
        {
            Console::WriteLine(o);
        }
    }
};

int main()
{
   Example::Main();
}
/*
 This code example produces the following output:

Element 2 is "abcdef"
Element 2 is "abcd"
Number of elements in the list: 4
stringList(4) is out of range.
stringList(4) is out of range.

Element 0 is "a"
Element 1 is "abc"
Element 2 is "abcd"
Element 3 is "abcdefg"

a
abc
abcd
abcdefg
 */
using System;
using System.Collections;

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        // Create an empty ArrayList, and add some elements.
        ArrayList stringList = new ArrayList();

        stringList.Add("a");
        stringList.Add("abc");
        stringList.Add("abcdef");
        stringList.Add("abcdefg");

        // The Item property is an indexer, so the property name is
        // not required.
        Console.WriteLine("Element {0} is \"{1}\"", 2, stringList[2]);

        // Assigning a value to the property changes the value of
        // the indexed element.
        stringList[2] = "abcd";
        Console.WriteLine("Element {0} is \"{1}\"", 2, stringList[2]);

        // Accessing an element outside the current element count
        // causes an exception. 
        Console.WriteLine("Number of elements in the list: {0}", 
            stringList.Count);
        try
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Element {0} is \"{1}\"", 
                stringList.Count, stringList[stringList.Count]);
        }
        catch(ArgumentOutOfRangeException aoore)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("stringList({0}) is out of range.", 
                stringList.Count);
        }

        // You cannot use the Item property to add new elements.
        try
        {
            stringList[stringList.Count] = "42";
        }
        catch(ArgumentOutOfRangeException aoore)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("stringList({0}) is out of range.", 
                stringList.Count);
        }

        Console.WriteLine();
        for (int i = 0; i < stringList.Count; i++)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Element {0} is \"{1}\"", i, 
                stringList[i]);
        }

        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach (object o in stringList)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(o);
        }
    }
}
/*
 This code example produces the following output:

Element 2 is "abcdef"
Element 2 is "abcd"
Number of elements in the list: 4
stringList(4) is out of range.
stringList(4) is out of range.

Element 0 is "a"
Element 1 is "abc"
Element 2 is "abcd"
Element 3 is "abcdefg"

a
abc
abcd
abcdefg
 */
Imports System
Imports System.Collections
Imports Microsoft.VisualBasic

Public Class Example

    Public Shared Sub Main

        ' Create an empty ArrayList, and add some elements.
        Dim stringList As New ArrayList

        stringList.Add("a")
        stringList.Add("abc")
        stringList.Add("abcdef")
        stringList.Add("abcdefg")

        ' Item is the default property, so the property name is
        ' not required.
        Console.WriteLine("Element {0} is ""{1}""", 2, stringList(2))

        ' Assigning a value to the property changes the value of
        ' the indexed element.
        stringList(2) = "abcd"
        Console.WriteLine("Element {0} is ""{1}""", 2, stringList(2))

        ' Accessing an element outside the current element count
        ' causes an exception. The ArrayList index is zero-based,
        ' so the index of the last element is (Count - 1). 
        Console.WriteLine("Number of elements in the list: {0}", _
            stringList.Count)
        Try
            Console.WriteLine("Element {0} is ""{1}""", _
                stringList.Count, _
                stringList(stringList.Count))
        Catch aoore As ArgumentOutOfRangeException
            Console.WriteLine("stringList({0}) is out of range.", _
                stringList.Count)
        End Try

        ' You cannot use the Item property to add new elements.
        Try
            stringList(stringList.Count) = "42"
        Catch aoore As ArgumentOutOfRangeException
            Console.WriteLine("stringList({0}) is out of range.", _
                stringList.Count)
        End Try

        Console.WriteLine()
        For i As Integer = 0 To stringList.Count - 1
            Console.WriteLine("Element {0} is ""{1}""", i, stringList(i))
        Next

        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each o As Object In stringList
            Console.WriteLine(o)
        Next

    End Sub

End Class
'
' This code example produces the following output:
'
'Element 2 is "abcdef"
'Element 2 is "abcd"
'Number of elements in the list: 4
'stringList(4) is out of range.
'stringList(4) is out of range.
'
'Element 0 is "a"
'Element 1 is "abc"
'Element 2 is "abcd"
'Element 3 is "abcdefg"
'
'a
'abc
'abcd
'abcdefg

L'esempio seguente usa il Item[Int32] proprietà in modo esplicito per assegnare valori alle voci dell'elenco.The following example uses the Item[Int32] property explicitly to assign values to items in the list. L'esempio definisce una classe che eredita un ArrayList e aggiunge un metodo per decodificare gli elementi dell'elenco.The example defines a class that inherits an ArrayList and adds a method to scramble the list items.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;

public ref class ScrambleList : public ArrayList
{
public:
    static void Main()
    {
        // Create an empty ArrayList, and add some elements.
        ScrambleList^ integerList = gcnew ScrambleList();

        for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
        {
            integerList->Add(i);
        }

        Console::WriteLine("Ordered:\n");
        for each (int value in integerList)
        {
            Console::Write("{0}, ", value);
        }
        Console::WriteLine("<end>\n\nScrambled:\n");

        // Scramble the order of the items in the list.
        integerList->Scramble();

        for each (int value in integerList)
        {
            Console::Write("{0}, ", value);
        }
        Console::WriteLine("<end>\n");
    }

    void Scramble()
    {
        int limit = this->Count;
        int temp;
        int swapindex;
        Random^ rnd = gcnew Random();
        for (int i = 0; i < limit; i++)
        {
            // The Item property of ArrayList is the default indexer. Thus,
            // this->default[i] and this[i] are used interchangeably.
            temp = (int)this->default[i];
            swapindex = rnd->Next(0, limit - 1);
            this[i] = this->default[swapindex];
            this[swapindex] = temp;
        }
    }
};

int main()
{
    ScrambleList::Main();
}
// The program produces output similar to the following:
//
// Ordered:
//
// 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, <end>
//
// Scrambled:
//
// 5, 2, 8, 9, 6, 1, 7, 0, 4, 3, <end>
using System;
using System.Collections;

public class ScrambleList : ArrayList
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        // Create an empty ArrayList, and add some elements.
        ScrambleList integerList = new ScrambleList();

        for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
        {
            integerList.Add(i);
        }

        Console.WriteLine("Ordered:\n");
        foreach (int value in integerList)
        {
            Console.Write("{0}, ", value);
        }
        Console.WriteLine("<end>\n\nScrambled:\n");
        
        // Scramble the order of the items in the list.
        integerList.Scramble();
        
        foreach (int value in integerList)
        {
            Console.Write("{0}, ", value);
        }
        Console.WriteLine("<end>\n");
    }

    public void Scramble()
    {
        int limit = this.Count;
        int temp;
        int swapindex;
        Random rnd = new Random();
        for (int i = 0; i < limit; i++)
        {
            // The Item property of ArrayList is the default indexer. Thus,
            // this[i] is used instead of Item[i].
            temp = (int)this[i];
            swapindex = rnd.Next(0, limit - 1);
            this[i] = this[swapindex];
            this[swapindex] = temp;
        }
    }
}

// The program produces output similar to the following:
//
// Ordered:
//
// 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, <end>
//
// Scrambled:
//
// 5, 2, 8, 9, 6, 1, 7, 0, 4, 3, <end>
Imports System
Imports System.Collections

Public Class ScrambleList
    Inherits ArrayList

    Public Shared Sub Main()
        ' Create an empty ArrayList, and add some elements.
        Dim integerList As New ScrambleList()

        For i As Integer = 0 To 9
            integerList.Add(i)
        Next i

        Console.WriteLine("Ordered:" + vbNewLine)
        For Each value As Integer In integerList
            Console.Write("{0}, ", value)
        Next value
        Console.WriteLine("<end>" + vbNewLine + vbNewLine + "Scrambled:" + vbNewLine)

        ' Scramble the order of the items in the list.
        integerList.Scramble()

        For Each value As Integer In integerList
            Console.Write("{0}, ", value)
        Next value
        Console.WriteLine("<end>" + vbNewLine)
    End Sub

    Public Sub Scramble()
        Dim limit As Integer = MyClass.Count
        Dim temp As Integer
        Dim swapindex As Integer
        Dim rnd As New Random()
        For i As Integer = 0 To limit - 1
            ' The Item property of ArrayList is the default indexer. Thus,
            ' Me(i) and MyClass.Item(i) are used interchangeably.
            temp = CType(Me(i), Integer)
            swapindex = rnd.Next(0, limit - 1)
            MyClass.Item(i) = Me(swapindex)
            MyClass.Item(swapindex) = temp
        Next i
    End Sub
End Class

' The program produces output similar to the following:
'
' Ordered:
'
' 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, <end>
'
' Scrambled:
'
' 5, 2, 8, 9, 6, 1, 7, 0, 4, 3, <end>

Commenti

Item[Int32] restituisce Object, pertanto potrebbe essere necessario eseguire il cast del valore restituito nel tipo originale per modificarlo.The Item[Int32] returns an Object, so you may need to cast the returned value to the original type in order to manipulate it. È importante notare che la ArrayList non è una raccolta fortemente tipizzata.It is important to note that ArrayList is not a strongly-typed collection. Per un'alternativa fortemente tipizzata, vedere List<T>.For a strongly-typed alternative, see List<T>.

ArrayList accetta null come un valore valido e consente gli elementi duplicati.ArrayList accepts null as a valid value and allows duplicate elements.

Questa proprietà consente di accedere a un elemento specifico della raccolta utilizzando la sintassi seguente: myCollection[index].This property provides the ability to access a specific element in the collection by using the following syntax: myCollection[index].

Il C# linguaggio Usa la this parola chiave per definire gli indicizzatori anziché implementare la Item[Int32] proprietà.The C# language uses the this keyword to define the indexers instead of implementing the Item[Int32] property. In Visual Basic la proprietà Item[Int32] viene implementata come predefinita per fornire la stessa funzionalità di indicizzazione.Visual Basic implements Item[Int32] as a default property, which provides the same indexing functionality.

Il recupero del valore di questa proprietà è un'operazione o (1); impostazione della proprietà è anche un'operazione o (1).Retrieving the value of this property is an O(1) operation; setting the property is also an O(1) operation.

Si applica a

Vedi anche