IEqualityComparer<T> IEqualityComparer<T> IEqualityComparer<T> IEqualityComparer<T> Interface

Definizione

Definisce i metodi per supportare il confronto di uguaglianza di più oggetti.Defines methods to support the comparison of objects for equality.

generic <typename T>
public interface class IEqualityComparer
public interface IEqualityComparer<in T>
type IEqualityComparer<'T> = interface
Public Interface IEqualityComparer(Of In T)

Parametri di tipo

T

Tipo di oggetti da confrontare.The type of objects to compare.

Derivato

Esempi

L'esempio seguente aggiunge custom Box oggetti da una raccolta di dizionari.The following example adds custom Box objects to a dictionary collection. Il Box gli oggetti sono considerati uguali se hanno le stesse dimensioni.The Box objects are considered equal if their dimensions are the same.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

class Example
{
   static void Main()
   {
      BoxEqualityComparer boxEqC = new BoxEqualityComparer();

      var boxes = new Dictionary<Box, string>(boxEqC);

      var redBox = new Box(4, 3, 4);
      AddBox(boxes, redBox, "red");
      
      var blueBox = new Box(4, 3, 4);
      AddBox(boxes, blueBox, "blue");
      
      var greenBox = new Box(3, 4, 3);
      AddBox(boxes, greenBox, "green");
      Console.WriteLine();
      
      Console.WriteLine("The dictionary contains {0} Box objects.",
                        boxes.Count);
   }

   private static void AddBox(Dictionary<Box, String> dict, Box box, String name)
   {
      try {
         dict.Add(box, name);
      }
      catch (ArgumentException e) {
         Console.WriteLine("Unable to add {0}: {1}", box, e.Message);
      }
   }
}

public class Box
{
    public Box(int h,  int l, int w)
    {
        this.Height = h;
        this.Length = l;
        this.Width = w;
    }

    public int Height { get; set; }
    public int Length { get; set; }
    public int Width { get; set; }

    public override String ToString()
    {
       return String.Format("({0}, {1}, {2})", Height, Length, Width);
    }
}


class BoxEqualityComparer : IEqualityComparer<Box>
{
    public bool Equals(Box b1, Box b2)
    {
        if (b2 == null && b1 == null)
           return true;
        else if (b1 == null || b2 == null)
           return false;
        else if(b1.Height == b2.Height && b1.Length == b2.Length
                            && b1.Width == b2.Width)
            return true;
        else
            return false;
    }

    public int GetHashCode(Box bx)
    {
        int hCode = bx.Height ^ bx.Length ^ bx.Width;
        return hCode.GetHashCode();
    }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    Unable to add (4, 3, 4): An item with the same key has already been added.
//
//    The dictionary contains 2 Box objects.
Imports System.Collections.Generic

Module Example
   Public Sub Main()

      Dim boxEqC As New BoxEqualityComparer()

      Dim boxes As New Dictionary(Of Box, String)(boxEqC)

      Dim redBox = New Box(4, 3, 4)
      AddBox(boxes, redBox, "red")

      Dim blueBox = new Box(4, 3, 4)
      AddBox(boxes, blueBox, "blue")

      Dim greenBox = new Box(3, 4, 3)
      AddBox(boxes, greenBox, "green")
      Console.WriteLine()

      Console.WriteLine("The dictionary contains {0} Box objects.",
                        boxes.Count)
   End Sub

   Private Sub AddBox(dict As Dictionary(Of Box, String), box As Box, name As String)
      Try
         dict.Add(box, name)
      Catch e As ArgumentException
         Console.WriteLine("Unable to add {0}: {1}", box, e.Message)
      End Try
   End Sub
End Module

Public Class Box
    Private _Height As Integer
    Private _Length As Integer
    Private _Width As Integer

    Public Sub New(ByVal h As Integer, ByVal l As Integer,
                                        ByVal w As Integer)
        Me.Height = h
        Me.Length = l
        Me.Width = w
    End Sub

    Public Property Height() As Integer
        Get
            Return _Height
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Integer)
            _Height = value
        End Set
    End Property

    Public Property Length() As Integer
        Get
            Return _Length
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Integer)
            _Length = value
        End Set
    End Property

    Public Property Width() As Integer
        Get
            Return _Width
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Integer)
            _Width = value
        End Set
    End Property

    Public Overrides Function ToString() As String
       Return String.Format("({0}, {1}, {2})", _Height, _Length, _Width)
    End Function
End Class

Class BoxEqualityComparer
    Implements IEqualityComparer(Of Box)

    Public Overloads Function Equals(ByVal b1 As Box, ByVal b2 As Box) _
                   As Boolean Implements IEqualityComparer(Of Box).Equals

        If b1 Is Nothing AndAlso b2 Is Nothing Then
            Return True
        ElseIf b1 Is Nothing Or b2 Is Nothing Then
            Return False
        ElseIf b1.Height = b2.Height AndAlso b1.Length =
                b2.Length AndAlso b1.Width = b2.Width Then
            Return True
        Else
            Return False
        End If
    End Function

    Public Overloads Function GetHashCode(ByVal bx As Box) _
                As Integer Implements IEqualityComparer(Of Box).GetHashCode
        Dim hCode As Integer = bx.Height Xor bx.Length Xor bx.Width
        Return hCode.GetHashCode()
    End Function

End Class
' The example displays the following output:
'    Unable to add (4, 3, 4): An item with the same key has already been added.
'
'    The dictionary contains 2 Box objects.

Commenti

Questa interfaccia consente l'implementazione di confronto di uguaglianza personalizzati per le raccolte.This interface allows the implementation of customized equality comparison for collections. Vale a dire, è possibile creare la definizione dell'uguaglianza per il tipo Te specificare che questa definizione di essere usato con un tipo di raccolta che accetta il IEqualityComparer<T> interfaccia generica.That is, you can create your own definition of equality for type T, and specify that this definition be used with a collection type that accepts the IEqualityComparer<T> generic interface. In .NET Framework, i costruttori del Dictionary<TKey,TValue> il tipo di raccolta generica supporta questa interfaccia.In the .NET Framework, constructors of the Dictionary<TKey,TValue> generic collection type accept this interface.

Un'implementazione predefinita di questa interfaccia avviene tramite il Default proprietà del EqualityComparer<T> classe generica.A default implementation of this interface is provided by the Default property of the EqualityComparer<T> generic class. Il StringComparer classe implementa IEqualityComparer<T> di tipo String.The StringComparer class implements IEqualityComparer<T> of type String.

Questa interfaccia supporta solo confronti di uguaglianza.This interface supports only equality comparisons. Personalizzazione dei confronti per l'ordinamento avviene tramite il IComparer<T> interfaccia generica.Customization of comparisons for sorting and ordering is provided by the IComparer<T> generic interface.

È consigliabile eseguire la derivazione dal EqualityComparer<T> classe anziché implementare il IEqualityComparer<T> dell'interfaccia, in quanto il EqualityComparer<T> verifica l'uguaglianza con il IEquatable<T>.Equals invece del metodo il Object.Equals (metodo).We recommend that you derive from the EqualityComparer<T> class instead of implementing the IEqualityComparer<T> interface, because the EqualityComparer<T> class tests for equality using the IEquatable<T>.Equals method instead of the Object.Equals method. Questo comportamento è coerente con il Contains, IndexOf, LastIndexOf, e Remove metodi del Dictionary<TKey,TValue> classe e altre raccolte generiche.This is consistent with the Contains, IndexOf, LastIndexOf, and Remove methods of the Dictionary<TKey,TValue> class and other generic collections.

Metodi

Equals(T, T) Equals(T, T) Equals(T, T) Equals(T, T)

Determina se gli oggetti specificati sono uguali.Determines whether the specified objects are equal.

GetHashCode(T) GetHashCode(T) GetHashCode(T) GetHashCode(T)

Viene restituito un codice hash per l'oggetto specificato.Returns a hash code for the specified object.

Si applica a

Vedi anche