DateTime.Kind DateTime.Kind DateTime.Kind DateTime.Kind Property

Definizione

Ottiene un valore che indica se l'ora rappresentata dall'istanza si basa sull'ora locale, sull'ora UTC (Coordinated Universal Time) o su nessuna delle due.Gets a value that indicates whether the time represented by this instance is based on local time, Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), or neither.

public:
 property DateTimeKind Kind { DateTimeKind get(); };
public DateTimeKind Kind { get; }
member this.Kind : DateTimeKind
Public ReadOnly Property Kind As DateTimeKind

Valore della proprietà

Uno dei valori di enumerazione che indica ciò che l'ora corrente rappresenta.One of the enumeration values that indicates what the current time represents. Il valore predefinito è Unspecified.The default is Unspecified.

Esempi

Nell'esempio seguente viene utilizzato il metodo SpecifyKind per illustrare il modo in cui la proprietà Kind influisce sui metodi di conversione ToLocalTime e ToUniversalTime.The following example uses the SpecifyKind method to demonstrate how the Kind property influences the ToLocalTime and ToUniversalTime conversion methods.

// This code example demonstrates the DateTime Kind, Now, and
// UtcNow properties, and the SpecifyKind(), ToLocalTime(), 
// and ToUniversalTime() methods.

using System;

class Sample 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
// Get the date and time for the current moment, adjusted 
// to the local time zone.

    DateTime saveNow = DateTime.Now;

// Get the date and time for the current moment expressed 
// as coordinated universal time (UTC).

    DateTime saveUtcNow = DateTime.UtcNow;
    DateTime myDt;

// Display the value and Kind property of the current moment 
// expressed as UTC and local time.

    DisplayNow("UtcNow: ..........", saveUtcNow);
    DisplayNow("Now: .............", saveNow);
    Console.WriteLine();

// Change the Kind property of the current moment to 
// DateTimeKind.Utc and display the result.

    myDt = DateTime.SpecifyKind(saveNow, DateTimeKind.Utc);
    Display("Utc: .............", myDt);

// Change the Kind property of the current moment to 
// DateTimeKind.Local and display the result.

    myDt = DateTime.SpecifyKind(saveNow, DateTimeKind.Local);
    Display("Local: ...........", myDt);

// Change the Kind property of the current moment to 
// DateTimeKind.Unspecified and display the result.

    myDt = DateTime.SpecifyKind(saveNow, DateTimeKind.Unspecified);
    Display("Unspecified: .....", myDt);
    }

// Display the value and Kind property of a DateTime structure, the 
// DateTime structure converted to local time, and the DateTime 
// structure converted to universal time. 

    public static string datePatt = @"M/d/yyyy hh:mm:ss tt";
    public static void Display(string title, DateTime inputDt)
    {
    DateTime dispDt = inputDt;
    string dtString;

// Display the original DateTime.

    dtString = dispDt.ToString(datePatt);
    Console.WriteLine("{0} {1}, Kind = {2}", 
                      title, dtString, dispDt.Kind);

// Convert inputDt to local time and display the result. 
// If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Utc, the conversion is performed.
// If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Local, the conversion is not performed.
// If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Unspecified, the conversion is 
// performed as if inputDt was universal time.

    dispDt = inputDt.ToLocalTime();
    dtString = dispDt.ToString(datePatt);
    Console.WriteLine("  ToLocalTime:     {0}, Kind = {1}", 
                      dtString, dispDt.Kind);

// Convert inputDt to universal time and display the result. 
// If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Utc, the conversion is not performed.
// If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Local, the conversion is performed.
// If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Unspecified, the conversion is 
// performed as if inputDt was local time.

    dispDt = inputDt.ToUniversalTime();
    dtString = dispDt.ToString(datePatt);
    Console.WriteLine("  ToUniversalTime: {0}, Kind = {1}", 
                      dtString, dispDt.Kind);
    Console.WriteLine();
    }

// Display the value and Kind property for DateTime.Now and DateTime.UtcNow.

    public static void DisplayNow(string title, DateTime inputDt)
    {
    string dtString = inputDt.ToString(datePatt);
    Console.WriteLine("{0} {1}, Kind = {2}", 
                      title, dtString, inputDt.Kind);
    }
}

/*
This code example produces the following results:

UtcNow: .......... 5/6/2005 09:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
Now: ............. 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Local

Utc: ............. 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
  ToLocalTime:     5/6/2005 07:34:42 AM, Kind = Local
  ToUniversalTime: 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc

Local: ........... 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Local
  ToLocalTime:     5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Local
  ToUniversalTime: 5/6/2005 09:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc

Unspecified: ..... 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Unspecified
  ToLocalTime:     5/6/2005 07:34:42 AM, Kind = Local
  ToUniversalTime: 5/6/2005 09:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc

*/

' This code example demonstrates the DateTime Kind, Now, and
' UtcNow properties, and the SpecifyKind(), ToLocalTime(), 
' and ToUniversalTime() methods.
Class Sample
    Public Shared Sub Main() 
        ' Get the date and time for the current moment, adjusted 
        ' to the local time zone.
        Dim saveNow As DateTime = DateTime.Now
        
        ' Get the date and time for the current moment expressed 
        ' as coordinated universal time (UTC).
        Dim saveUtcNow As DateTime = DateTime.UtcNow
        Dim myDt As DateTime
        
        ' Display the value and Kind property of the current moment 
        ' expressed as UTC and local time.
        DisplayNow("UtcNow: ..........", saveUtcNow)
        DisplayNow("Now: .............", saveNow)
        Console.WriteLine()
        
        ' Change the Kind property of the current moment to 
        ' DateTimeKind.Utc and display the result.
        myDt = DateTime.SpecifyKind(saveNow, DateTimeKind.Utc)
        Display("Utc: .............", myDt)
        
        ' Change the Kind property of the current moment to 
        ' DateTimeKind.Local and display the result.
        myDt = DateTime.SpecifyKind(saveNow, DateTimeKind.Local)
        Display("Local: ...........", myDt)
        
        ' Change the Kind property of the current moment to 
        ' DateTimeKind.Unspecified and display the result.
        myDt = DateTime.SpecifyKind(saveNow, DateTimeKind.Unspecified)
        Display("Unspecified: .....", myDt)
    End Sub
    
    ' Display the value and Kind property of a DateTime structure, the 
    ' DateTime structure converted to local time, and the DateTime 
    ' structure converted to universal time. 

    Public Shared datePatt As String = "M/d/yyyy hh:mm:ss tt"
    
    Public Shared Sub Display(ByVal title As String, ByVal inputDt As DateTime) 
        Dim dispDt As DateTime = inputDt
        Dim dtString As String
        
        ' Display the original DateTime.
        dtString = dispDt.ToString(datePatt)
        Console.WriteLine("{0} {1}, Kind = {2}", title, dtString, dispDt.Kind)
        
        ' Convert inputDt to local time and display the result. 
        ' If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Utc, the conversion is performed.
        ' If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Local, the conversion is not performed.
        ' If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Unspecified, the conversion is 
        ' performed as if inputDt was universal time.
        dispDt = inputDt.ToLocalTime()
        dtString = dispDt.ToString(datePatt)
        Console.WriteLine("  ToLocalTime:     {0}, Kind = {1}", dtString, dispDt.Kind)
        
        ' Convert inputDt to universal time and display the result. 
        ' If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Utc, the conversion is not performed.
        ' If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Local, the conversion is performed.
        ' If inputDt.Kind is DateTimeKind.Unspecified, the conversion is 
        ' performed as if inputDt was local time.
        dispDt = inputDt.ToUniversalTime()
        dtString = dispDt.ToString(datePatt)
        Console.WriteLine("  ToUniversalTime: {0}, Kind = {1}", dtString, dispDt.Kind)
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub
    
    
    ' Display the value and Kind property for DateTime.Now and DateTime.UtcNow.

    Public Shared Sub DisplayNow(ByVal title As String, ByVal inputDt As DateTime) 
        Dim dtString As String = inputDt.ToString(datePatt)
        Console.WriteLine("{0} {1}, Kind = {2}", title, dtString, inputDt.Kind)
    End Sub
End Class

'
'This code example produces the following results:
'
'UtcNow: .......... 5/6/2005 09:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
'Now: ............. 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Local
'
'Utc: ............. 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
'  ToLocalTime:     5/6/2005 07:34:42 AM, Kind = Local
'  ToUniversalTime: 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
'
'Local: ........... 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Local
'  ToLocalTime:     5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Local
'  ToUniversalTime: 5/6/2005 09:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
'
'Unspecified: ..... 5/6/2005 02:34:42 PM, Kind = Unspecified
'  ToLocalTime:     5/6/2005 07:34:42 AM, Kind = Local
'  ToUniversalTime: 5/6/2005 09:34:42 PM, Kind = Utc
'

Commenti

È possibile impostare in modo esplicito la proprietà Kind di un nuovo valore DateTime su un particolare valore di DateTimeKind chiamando il metodo SpecifyKind.You can explicitly set the Kind property of a new DateTime value to a particular DateTimeKind value by calling the SpecifyKind method.

La proprietà Kind consente a un valore DateTime di riflettere chiaramente l'ora UTC (Coordinated Universal Time) o l'ora locale.The Kind property allows a DateTime value to clearly reflect either Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) or the local time. Al contrario, la struttura DateTimeOffset può riflettere in modo non ambiguo qualsiasi ora in un fuso orario come un singolo momento.In contrast, the DateTimeOffset structure can unambiguously reflect any time in any time zone as a single point in time.

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