CompareInfo.IsPrefix Metodo

Definizione

Determina se una stringa inizia con un prefisso specifico.Determines whether a string starts with a specific prefix.

Overload

IsPrefix(String, String)

Determina se la stringa di origine specificata inizia con il prefisso specificato.Determines whether the specified source string starts with the specified prefix.

IsPrefix(String, String, CompareOptions)

Determina se la stringa di origine specificata inizia con il prefisso specificato usando il valore CompareOptions specificato.Determines whether the specified source string starts with the specified prefix using the specified CompareOptions value.

IsPrefix(String, String)

Determina se la stringa di origine specificata inizia con il prefisso specificato.Determines whether the specified source string starts with the specified prefix.

public:
 virtual bool IsPrefix(System::String ^ source, System::String ^ prefix);
public virtual bool IsPrefix (string source, string prefix);
abstract member IsPrefix : string * string -> bool
override this.IsPrefix : string * string -> bool
Public Overridable Function IsPrefix (source As String, prefix As String) As Boolean

Parametri

source
String

Stringa in cui effettuare la ricerca.The string to search in.

prefix
String

Stringa da confrontare con l'inizio di source.The string to compare with the beginning of source.

Restituisce

true se la lunghezza di prefix è minore o uguale alla lunghezza di source e se source inizia con prefix. In caso contrario, false.true if the length of prefix is less than or equal to the length of source and source starts with prefix; otherwise, false.

Eccezioni

source è null.source is null.

-oppure--or-

prefix è null.prefix is null.

Esempi

Nell'esempio seguente viene determinato se una stringa è il prefisso o il suffisso di un'altra stringa.The following example determines whether a string is the prefix or suffix of another string.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
int main()
{
   
   // Defines the strings to compare.
   String^ myStr1 = "calle";
   String^ myStr2 = "llegar";
   String^ myXfix = "lle";
   
   // Uses the CompareInfo property of the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // Determines whether myXfix is a prefix of S"calle" and S"llegar".
   Console::WriteLine( "IsPrefix( {0}, {1}) : {2}", myStr1, myXfix, myComp->IsPrefix( myStr1, myXfix ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IsPrefix( {0}, {1}) : {2}", myStr2, myXfix, myComp->IsPrefix( myStr2, myXfix ) );
   
   // Determines whether myXfix is a suffix of S"calle" and S"llegar".
   Console::WriteLine( "IsSuffix( {0}, {1}) : {2}", myStr1, myXfix, myComp->IsSuffix( myStr1, myXfix ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IsSuffix( {0}, {1}) : {2}", myStr2, myXfix, myComp->IsSuffix( myStr2, myXfix ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

IsPrefix(calle, lle) : False
IsPrefix(llegar, lle) : True
IsSuffix(calle, lle) : True
IsSuffix(llegar, lle) : False

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Defines the strings to compare.
      String myStr1 = "calle";
      String myStr2 = "llegar";
      String myXfix = "lle";

      // Uses the CompareInfo property of the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // Determines whether myXfix is a prefix of "calle" and "llegar".
      Console.WriteLine( "IsPrefix( {0}, {1} ) : {2}", myStr1, myXfix, myComp.IsPrefix( myStr1, myXfix ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IsPrefix( {0}, {1} ) : {2}", myStr2, myXfix, myComp.IsPrefix( myStr2, myXfix ) );

      // Determines whether myXfix is a suffix of "calle" and "llegar".
      Console.WriteLine( "IsSuffix( {0}, {1} ) : {2}", myStr1, myXfix, myComp.IsSuffix( myStr1, myXfix ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IsSuffix( {0}, {1} ) : {2}", myStr2, myXfix, myComp.IsSuffix( myStr2, myXfix ) );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

IsPrefix( calle, lle ) : False
IsPrefix( llegar, lle ) : True
IsSuffix( calle, lle ) : True
IsSuffix( llegar, lle ) : False

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Defines the strings to compare.
      Dim myStr1 As [String] = "calle"
      Dim myStr2 As [String] = "llegar"
      Dim myXfix As [String] = "lle"

      ' Uses the CompareInfo property of the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' Determines whether myXfix is a prefix of "calle" and "llegar".
      Console.WriteLine("IsPrefix( {0}, {1} ) : {2}", myStr1, myXfix, myComp.IsPrefix(myStr1, myXfix))
      Console.WriteLine("IsPrefix( {0}, {1} ) : {2}", myStr2, myXfix, myComp.IsPrefix(myStr2, myXfix))

      ' Determines whether myXfix is a suffix of "calle" and "llegar".
      Console.WriteLine("IsSuffix( {0}, {1} ) : {2}", myStr1, myXfix, myComp.IsSuffix(myStr1, myXfix))
      Console.WriteLine("IsSuffix( {0}, {1} ) : {2}", myStr2, myXfix, myComp.IsSuffix(myStr2, myXfix))

   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'IsPrefix( calle, lle ) : False
'IsPrefix( llegar, lle ) : True
'IsSuffix( calle, lle ) : True
'IsSuffix( llegar, lle ) : False

Commenti

Ogni stringa inizia e termina con una sottostringa vuota (""); Se prefix pertanto è una stringa vuota, questo metodo restituisce true.Every string starts and ends with an empty substring (""); therefore, if prefix is an empty string, this method returns true.

Nota

Quando possibile, è necessario chiamare i metodi di confronto tra stringhe con un parametro CompareOptions di tipo per specificare il tipo di confronto previsto.When possible, you should call string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. Come regola generale, usare le opzioni linguistiche (usando le impostazioni cultura correnti) per confrontare le stringhe visualizzate nell'interfaccia utente CompareOptions.Ordinal e CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase specificare o per i confronti di sicurezza.As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

Vedi anche

IsPrefix(String, String, CompareOptions)

Determina se la stringa di origine specificata inizia con il prefisso specificato usando il valore CompareOptions specificato.Determines whether the specified source string starts with the specified prefix using the specified CompareOptions value.

public:
 virtual bool IsPrefix(System::String ^ source, System::String ^ prefix, System::Globalization::CompareOptions options);
public virtual bool IsPrefix (string source, string prefix, System.Globalization.CompareOptions options);
abstract member IsPrefix : string * string * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> bool
override this.IsPrefix : string * string * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> bool
Public Overridable Function IsPrefix (source As String, prefix As String, options As CompareOptions) As Boolean

Parametri

source
String

Stringa in cui effettuare la ricerca.The string to search in.

prefix
String

Stringa da confrontare con l'inizio di source.The string to compare with the beginning of source.

options
CompareOptions

Valore che definisce la modalità di confronto di source e prefix.A value that defines how source and prefix should be compared. options è il valore di enumerazione Ordinal o la combinazione bit per bit di uno o più dei seguenti valori: IgnoreCase, IgnoreSymbols, IgnoreNonSpace, IgnoreWidth e IgnoreKanaType.options is either the enumeration value Ordinal, or a bitwise combination of one or more of the following values: IgnoreCase, IgnoreSymbols, IgnoreNonSpace, IgnoreWidth, and IgnoreKanaType.

Restituisce

true se la lunghezza di prefix è minore o uguale alla lunghezza di source e se source inizia con prefix. In caso contrario, false.true if the length of prefix is less than or equal to the length of source and source starts with prefix; otherwise, false.

Eccezioni

source è null.source is null.

-oppure--or-

prefix è null.prefix is null.

options contiene un valore di CompareOptions non valido.options contains an invalid CompareOptions value.

Esempi

Nell'esempio seguente viene determinato se una stringa è il prefisso o il suffisso di CompareOptionsun'altra stringa utilizzando.The following example determines whether a string is the prefix or suffix of another string using CompareOptions.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
int main()
{
   
   // Defines the strings to compare.
   String^ myStr1 = "calle";
   String^ myStr2 = "llegar";
   String^ myXfix = "LLE";
   
   // Uses the CompareInfo property of the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   Console::WriteLine( "IsSuffix \"{0}\", \"{1}\"", myStr1, myXfix );
   Console::WriteLine( "   With no CompareOptions            : {0}", myComp->IsSuffix( myStr1, myXfix ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "   With None                         : {0}", myComp->IsSuffix( myStr1, myXfix, CompareOptions::None ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "   With Ordinal                      : {0}", myComp->IsSuffix( myStr1, myXfix, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "   With IgnoreCase                   : {0}", myComp->IsSuffix( myStr1, myXfix, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IsPrefix \"{0}\", \"{1}\"", myStr2, myXfix );
   Console::WriteLine( "   With no CompareOptions            : {0}", myComp->IsPrefix( myStr2, myXfix ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "   With None                         : {0}", myComp->IsPrefix( myStr2, myXfix, CompareOptions::None ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "   With Ordinal                      : {0}", myComp->IsPrefix( myStr2, myXfix, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "   With IgnoreCase                   : {0}", myComp->IsPrefix( myStr2, myXfix, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

IsSuffix "calle", "LLE"
   With no CompareOptions            : False
   With None                         : False
   With Ordinal                      : False
   With IgnoreCase                   : True
IsPrefix "llegar", "LLE"
   With no CompareOptions            : False
   With None                         : False
   With Ordinal                      : False
   With IgnoreCase                   : True
*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Defines the strings to compare.
      String myStr1 = "calle";
      String myStr2 = "llegar";
      String myXfix = "LLE";

      // Uses the CompareInfo property of the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      Console.WriteLine( "IsSuffix \"{0}\", \"{1}\"", myStr1, myXfix );
      Console.WriteLine( "   With no CompareOptions            : {0}", myComp.IsSuffix( myStr1, myXfix ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "   With None                         : {0}", myComp.IsSuffix( myStr1, myXfix, CompareOptions.None ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "   With Ordinal                      : {0}", myComp.IsSuffix( myStr1, myXfix, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "   With IgnoreCase                   : {0}", myComp.IsSuffix( myStr1, myXfix, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      Console.WriteLine( "IsPrefix \"{0}\", \"{1}\"", myStr2, myXfix );
      Console.WriteLine( "   With no CompareOptions            : {0}", myComp.IsPrefix( myStr2, myXfix ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "   With None                         : {0}", myComp.IsPrefix( myStr2, myXfix, CompareOptions.None ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "   With Ordinal                      : {0}", myComp.IsPrefix( myStr2, myXfix, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "   With IgnoreCase                   : {0}", myComp.IsPrefix( myStr2, myXfix, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

IsSuffix "calle", "LLE"
   With no CompareOptions            : False
   With None                         : False
   With Ordinal                      : False
   With IgnoreCase                   : True
IsPrefix "llegar", "LLE"
   With no CompareOptions            : False
   With None                         : False
   With Ordinal                      : False
   With IgnoreCase                   : True

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Defines the strings to compare.
      Dim myStr1 As [String] = "calle"
      Dim myStr2 As [String] = "llegar"
      Dim myXfix As [String] = "LLE"

      ' Uses the CompareInfo property of the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      Console.WriteLine("IsSuffix ""{0}"", ""{1}""", myStr1, myXfix)
      Console.WriteLine("   With no CompareOptions            : {0}", myComp.IsSuffix(myStr1, myXfix))
      Console.WriteLine("   With None                         : {0}", myComp.IsSuffix(myStr1, myXfix, CompareOptions.None))
      Console.WriteLine("   With Ordinal                      : {0}", myComp.IsSuffix(myStr1, myXfix, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("   With IgnoreCase                   : {0}", myComp.IsSuffix(myStr1, myXfix, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      Console.WriteLine("IsPrefix ""{0}"", ""{1}""", myStr2, myXfix)
      Console.WriteLine("   With no CompareOptions            : {0}", myComp.IsPrefix(myStr2, myXfix))
      Console.WriteLine("   With None                         : {0}", myComp.IsPrefix(myStr2, myXfix, CompareOptions.None))
      Console.WriteLine("   With Ordinal                      : {0}", myComp.IsPrefix(myStr2, myXfix, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("   With IgnoreCase                   : {0}", myComp.IsPrefix(myStr2, myXfix, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'IsSuffix "calle", "LLE"
'   With no CompareOptions            : False
'   With None                         : False
'   With Ordinal                      : False
'   With IgnoreCase                   : True
'IsPrefix "llegar", "LLE"
'   With no CompareOptions            : False
'   With None                         : False
'   With Ordinal                      : False
'   With IgnoreCase                   : True

Commenti

Ogni stringa inizia e termina con una sottostringa vuota (""); Se prefix pertanto è una stringa vuota, questo metodo restituisce true.Every string starts and ends with an empty substring (""); therefore, if prefix is an empty string, this method returns true.

Il CompareOptions.StringSort valore non è valido per questo metodo.The CompareOptions.StringSort value is not valid for this method.

Nota

Quando possibile, è necessario chiamare i metodi di confronto tra stringhe con un parametro CompareOptions di tipo per specificare il tipo di confronto previsto.When possible, you should call string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. Come regola generale, usare le opzioni linguistiche (usando le impostazioni cultura correnti) per confrontare le stringhe visualizzate nell'interfaccia utente CompareOptions.Ordinal e CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase specificare o per i confronti di sicurezza.As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

Vedi anche

Si applica a