Page.FindControl(String) Metodo

Definizione

Cerca un controllo server con l'identificatore specificato nel contenitore dei nomi della pagina.

public:
 override System::Web::UI::Control ^ FindControl(System::String ^ id);
public override System.Web.UI.Control FindControl (string id);
override this.FindControl : string -> System.Web.UI.Control
Public Overrides Function FindControl (id As String) As Control

Parametri

id
String

Identificatore del controllo da ricercare.

Restituisce

Control

Il controllo specificato oppure null se il controllo specificato non esiste.

Esempio

Nell'esempio di codice seguente viene illustrato come usare il FindControl metodo per individuare i controlli all'interno dei modelli. In questo esempio vengono definiti due controlli , ognuno dei quali mostra un modo diverso per intercettare l'evento di un oggetto all'interno del Repeater Click modello di elemento LinkButton repeater.

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<script runat="server">

  private class RepeaterObject
  {
    private string _string;

    public RepeaterObject(string label)
    {
      _string = label;
    }

    public string RepeaterLabel
    {
      get { return _string; }
      set { _string = value; }
    }
  }

  protected void Page_Load()
  {
    if (!IsPostBack)
    {
      ArrayList al = new ArrayList();

      al.Add(new RepeaterObject("RepeaterObject1"));
      al.Add(new RepeaterObject("RepeaterObject2"));
      al.Add(new RepeaterObject("RepeaterObject3"));
      Repeater1.DataSource = al;
      Repeater2.DataSource = al;
      DataBind();
    }
  }


  // This occurs for Repeater1 and originates from LinkButton onClick.
  protected void OnMyCommand1(object sender, CommandEventArgs e)
  {
    LinkButton b = sender as LinkButton;
    if (b != null)
    {
      Label c = (Label)b.Parent.FindControl("Label1");
      if (c != null)
      {
        c.Text = "text changed in handler";
        c.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Green;
      }
    }
  }

  // This occurs for Repeater2 and comes from the Repeater onItemCommand.
  protected void OnMyCommand2(object sender, RepeaterCommandEventArgs e)
  {
    Label l = (Label)e.Item.FindControl("Label1");
    if (l != null)
    {
      l.Text = "text changed in handler";
      l.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Red;
    }
  }
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>Page FindControl Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
    <div>

    <asp:Panel ID="Panel1" runat="server" >
        This repeater sample shows the bubbled event and FindControl when the repeater item OnCommand event occurs.<br />
        <asp:Repeater ID="Repeater1" runat="server">
            <ItemTemplate>
                <asp:Label runat="server" ID="Label1" Text='<%#Eval("RepeaterLabel")%>' />&nbsp;
                <asp:LinkButton Text="Change" runat="server" OnCommand="OnMyCommand1" /> <br />
            </ItemTemplate>
        </asp:Repeater>
        <hr />

        This repeater shows the bubbled event and FindControl when the repeater OnItemCommand event occurs. <br />
        <asp:Repeater ID="Repeater2" runat="server" OnItemCommand="OnMyCommand2">
            <ItemTemplate>
                <asp:Label runat="server" ID="Label1" Text='<%#Eval("RepeaterLabel")%>' />&nbsp;
                <asp:LinkButton Text="Change" runat="server" /> <br />
            </ItemTemplate>
        </asp:Repeater>
    </asp:Panel>

    </div>
    </form>
</body>
</html>
<%@ Page Language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<script runat="server">

  Private Class RepeaterObject
    
    Private _string As String
    
    Public Sub New(ByVal label As String)
      _string = label
    End Sub
    
    Public Property RepeaterLabel() As String
      Get
        Return _string
      End Get
      Set(ByVal value As String)
        _string = value
      End Set
    End Property
  
  End Class
    
    
  Protected Sub Page_Load(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs)

    If (Not IsPostBack) Then
    
      Dim al As New ArrayList()
      al.Add(New RepeaterObject("RepeaterObject1"))
      al.Add(New RepeaterObject("RepeaterObject2"))
      al.Add(New RepeaterObject("RepeaterObject3"))
      Repeater1.DataSource = al
      Repeater2.DataSource = al
      DataBind()
    End If
    
  End Sub


  ' This occurs for Repeater1 and originates from LinkButton onClick.
  Protected Sub OnMyCommand1(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.Web.UI.WebControls.CommandEventArgs)
    Dim b As LinkButton = sender
    If Not (b Is Nothing) Then
      Dim c As Label = CType(b.Parent.FindControl("Label1"), Label)
      If Not (c Is Nothing) Then
        c.Text = "text changed in handler"
        c.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Green
      End If
    End If
    
  End Sub
  
  ' This occurs for Repeater2 and comes from the Repeater onItemCommand.
  Protected Sub OnMyCommand2(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.Web.UI.WebControls.RepeaterCommandEventArgs)
    Dim l As Label = CType(e.Item.FindControl("Label1"), Label)
    If Not (l Is Nothing) Then
      l.Text = "text changed in handler"
      l.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Red
    End If
  End Sub
  
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>Page FindControl Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
    <div>

    <asp:Panel ID="Panel1" runat="server" >
        This repeater sample shows the bubbled event and FindControl when the repeater item OnCommand event occurs.<br />
        <asp:Repeater ID="Repeater1" runat="server">
            <ItemTemplate>
                <asp:Label runat="server" ID="Label1" Text='<%#Eval("RepeaterLabel")%>' />&nbsp;
                <asp:LinkButton ID="LinkButton1" Text="Change" runat="server" OnCommand="OnMyCommand1" /> <br />
            </ItemTemplate>
        </asp:Repeater>
        <hr />

        This repeater shows the bubbled event and FindControl when the repeater OnItemCommand event occurs. <br />
        <asp:Repeater ID="Repeater2" runat="server" OnItemCommand="OnMyCommand2">
            <ItemTemplate>
                <asp:Label runat="server" ID="Label1" Text='<%#Eval("RepeaterLabel")%>' />&nbsp;
                <asp:LinkButton ID="LinkButton2" Text="Change" runat="server" /> <br />
            </ItemTemplate>
        </asp:Repeater>
    </asp:Panel>

    </div>
    </form>
</body>
</html>

Commenti

Il FindControl metodo può essere utilizzato per accedere a un controllo il cui non è disponibile in fase di ID progettazione. Il metodo cerca solo il contenitore immediato o di primo livello della pagina; non cerca in modo ricorsivo i controlli nei contenitori di denominazione contenuti nella pagina. Per accedere ai controlli in un contenitore di denominazione subordinato, chiamare il FindControl metodo di tale contenitore.

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