DataGrid.AlternatingItemStyle Proprietà

Definizione

Ottiene le proprietà di stile per gli elementi alternativi del controllo DataGrid.Gets the style properties for alternating items in the DataGrid control.

public:
 virtual property System::Web::UI::WebControls::TableItemStyle ^ AlternatingItemStyle { System::Web::UI::WebControls::TableItemStyle ^ get(); };
[System.Web.UI.PersistenceMode(System.Web.UI.PersistenceMode.InnerProperty)]
public virtual System.Web.UI.WebControls.TableItemStyle AlternatingItemStyle { get; }
member this.AlternatingItemStyle : System.Web.UI.WebControls.TableItemStyle
Public Overridable ReadOnly Property AlternatingItemStyle As TableItemStyle

Valore della proprietà

TableItemStyle

Un oggetto TableItemStyle che rappresenta le proprietà di stile per gli elementi alternativi nel controllo DataGrid.A TableItemStyle object that represents the style properties for alternating items in the DataGrid. Il valore predefinito è un oggetto TableItemStyle vuoto.The default value is an empty TableItemStyle object.

Attributi

Esempio

Nell'esempio di codice riportato di seguito viene illustrato come utilizzare la proprietà AlternatingItemStyle per specificare un colore di sfondo diverso per gli elementi alternativi nel controllo DataGrid.The following code example demonstrates how to use the AlternatingItemStyle property to specify a different background color for alternating items in the DataGrid control.


<%@ Page Language="C#" %>

<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
 
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
   <script runat="server">
 
      ICollection CreateDataSource() 
      {
         DataTable dt = new DataTable();
         DataRow dr;
 
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("IntegerValue", typeof(Int32)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("StringValue", typeof(string)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("CurrencyValue", typeof(double)));
 
         for (int i = 0; i <= 8; i++) 
         {
            dr = dt.NewRow();
 
            dr[0] = i;
            dr[1] = "Item " + i.ToString();
            dr[2] = 1.23 * (i + 1);
 
            dt.Rows.Add(dr);
         }
 
         DataView dv = new DataView(dt);
         return dv;
      }
 
      void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e) 
      {
 
         if (!IsPostBack) 
         {
            // Load this data only once.
            ItemsGrid.DataSource= CreateDataSource();
            ItemsGrid.DataBind();
         }
      }
 
   </script>
 
<head runat="server">
    <title>DataGrid AlternatingItemStyle Example</title>
</head>
<body>
 
   <form id="form1" runat="server">
 
      <h3>DataGrid AlternatingItemStyle Example</h3>
 
      <b>Product List</b>
 
      <asp:DataGrid id="ItemsGrid"
           BorderColor="black"
           BorderWidth="1"
           CellPadding="3"
           AutoGenerateColumns="false"
           runat="server">

         <HeaderStyle BackColor="#00aaaa">
         </HeaderStyle>

         <ItemStyle BackColor="Yellow">
         </ItemStyle>

         <AlternatingItemStyle BackColor="LightGreen">
         </AlternatingItemStyle>

         <Columns>

            <asp:BoundColumn
                 HeaderText="Number" 
                 DataField="IntegerValue">
            </asp:BoundColumn>

            <asp:BoundColumn
                 HeaderText="Description" 
                 DataField="StringValue">
            </asp:BoundColumn>

            <asp:BoundColumn
                 HeaderText="Price" 
                 DataField="CurrencyValue" 
                 DataFormatString="{0:c}">
            </asp:BoundColumn>

         </Columns>
 
      </asp:DataGrid>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>


<%@ Page Language="VB" %>

<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
 
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
   <script runat="server">
 
      Function CreateDataSource() As ICollection 
   
         Dim dt As DataTable = New DataTable()
         Dim dr As DataRow
         Dim i As Integer
         Dim dv As DataView
 
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("IntegerValue", GetType(Integer)))
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("StringValue", GetType(String)))
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("CurrencyValue", GetType(Double)))
 
         For i = 0 to 8

            dr = dt.NewRow()
   
            dr(0) = i
            dr(1) = "Item " + i.ToString()
            dr(2) = 1.23 * (i+1)
    
            dt.Rows.Add(dr)
      
         Next i
 
         dv = New DataView(dt)
         CreateDataSource = dv
   
      End Function
 
      Sub Page_Load(sender As Object, e As EventArgs) 
 
         If Not IsPostBack 
         
            ' Load this data only once.
            ItemsGrid.DataSource = CreateDataSource()
            ItemsGrid.DataBind()
          
         End If
         
      End Sub
 
   </script>
 
<head runat="server">
    <title>DataGrid AlternatingItemStyle Example</title>
</head>
<body>
 
   <form id="form1" runat="server">
 
      <h3>DataGrid AlternatingItemStyle Example</h3>
 
      <b>Product List</b>
 
      <asp:DataGrid id="ItemsGrid"
           BorderColor="black"
           BorderWidth="1"
           CellPadding="3"
           AutoGenerateColumns="false"
           runat="server">

         <HeaderStyle BackColor="#00aaaa">
         </HeaderStyle>

         <ItemStyle BackColor="Yellow">
         </ItemStyle>

         <AlternatingItemStyle BackColor="LightGreen">
         </AlternatingItemStyle>

         <Columns>

            <asp:BoundColumn
                 HeaderText="Number" 
                 DataField="IntegerValue">
            </asp:BoundColumn>

            <asp:BoundColumn
                 HeaderText="Description" 
                 DataField="StringValue">
            </asp:BoundColumn>

            <asp:BoundColumn
                 HeaderText="Price" 
                 DataField="CurrencyValue" 
                 DataFormatString="{0:c}">
            </asp:BoundColumn>

         </Columns>
 
      </asp:DataGrid>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>


<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
 
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
   <script runat="server">
 
      ICollection CreateDataSource() 
      {
      
         // Create sample data for the DataGrid control.
         DataTable dt = new DataTable();
         DataRow dr;
 
         // Define the columns of the table.
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("IntegerValue", typeof(Int32)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("StringValue", typeof(string)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("CurrencyValue", typeof(double)));
 
         // Populate the table with sample values.
         for (int i = 0; i < 5; i++) 
         {
            dr = dt.NewRow();
 
            dr[0] = i;
            dr[1] = "Item " + i.ToString();
            dr[2] = 1.23 * (i + 1);
 
            dt.Rows.Add(dr);
         }
 
         DataView dv = new DataView(dt);
         return dv;
      }
 
      void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e) 
      {
 
         // Load sample data only once, when the page is first loaded.
         if (!IsPostBack) 
         {
            ItemsGrid.DataSource = CreateDataSource();
            ItemsGrid.DataBind();
         }

      }

      void Selection_Change(Object sender, EventArgs e)
      {

         // Set the background color for the items and alternating items in
         // the DataGrid control. Notice that the ItemStyle property affects
         // the even-numbered items, while the AlternatingItemStyle property 
         // affects the odd-numbered items.
         ItemsGrid.ItemStyle.BackColor = 
             System.Drawing.Color.FromName(ItemBackColorList.SelectedItem.Value);
         ItemsGrid.AlternatingItemStyle.BackColor = 
             System.Drawing.Color.FromName(AltItemBackColorList.SelectedItem.Value);

      }

   </script>
 
<head runat="server">
    <title>DataGrid ItemStyle and AlternatingItemStyle Example</title>
</head>
<body>
 
   <form id="form1" runat="server">
 
      <h3>DataGrid ItemStyle and AlternatingItemStyle Example</h3>

      Select background colors for the items and alternating items.

      <br /><br />
 
      <b>Product List</b>
 
      <asp:DataGrid id="ItemsGrid"
           BorderColor="black"
           BorderWidth="1"
           CellPadding="3"
           AutoGenerateColumns="False"
           runat="server">

         <HeaderStyle BackColor="#00aaaa">
         </HeaderStyle>

         <ItemStyle BackColor="White">
         </ItemStyle>

         <AlternatingItemStyle BackColor="White">
         </AlternatingItemStyle>

         <Columns>

            <asp:BoundColumn DataField="IntegerValue" 
                 HeaderText="Item"/>

            <asp:BoundColumn DataField="StringValue" 
                 HeaderText="Description"/>

            <asp:BoundColumn DataField="CurrencyValue" 
                 HeaderText="Price"
                 DataFormatString="{0:c}">

               <ItemStyle HorizontalAlign="Right">
               </ItemStyle>

            </asp:BoundColumn>
 
         </Columns> 
 
      </asp:DataGrid>

      <hr />

      <table cellpadding="5">

         <tr>

            <td>

               Item BackColor:

            </td>

            <td>

               Alternating item BackColor:

            </td>

         </tr>

         <tr>

            <td>

               <asp:DropDownList id="ItemBackColorList"
                    AutoPostBack="True"
                    OnSelectedIndexChanged="Selection_Change"
                    runat="server">

                  <asp:ListItem Selected="True" Value="White"> White </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="Silver"> Silver </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="DarkGray"> Dark Gray </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="Khaki"> Khaki </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="DarkKhaki"> Dark Khaki </asp:ListItem>

               </asp:DropDownList>

            </td>

            <td>

               <asp:DropDownList id="AltItemBackColorList"
                    AutoPostBack="True"
                    OnSelectedIndexChanged="Selection_Change"
                    runat="server">

                  <asp:ListItem Selected="True" Value="White"> White </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="Silver"> Silver </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="DarkGray"> Dark Gray </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="Khaki"> Khaki </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="DarkKhaki"> Dark Khaki </asp:ListItem>

               </asp:DropDownList>

            </td>

         </tr>

      </table>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>


<%@ Page Language="VB" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
 
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
   <script runat="server">
 
      Function CreateDataSource() As ICollection 
      
         ' Create sample data for the DataGrid control.
         Dim dt As DataTable = New DataTable()
         Dim dr As DataRow
 
         ' Define the columns of the table.
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("IntegerValue", GetType(Int32)))
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("StringValue", GetType(string)))
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("CurrencyValue", GetType(double)))
 
         ' Populate the table with sample values.
         Dim i As Integer

         For i = 0 to 4 
        
            dr = dt.NewRow()
 
            dr(0) = i
            dr(1) = "Item " & i.ToString()
            dr(2) = 1.23 * (i + 1)
 
            dt.Rows.Add(dr)

         Next i
 
         Dim dv As DataView = New DataView(dt)
         Return dv

      End Function
 
      Sub Page_Load(sender As Object, e As EventArgs) 
 
         ' Load sample data only once, when the page is first loaded.
         If Not IsPostBack Then 
  
            ItemsGrid.DataSource = CreateDataSource()
            ItemsGrid.DataBind()

         End If

      End Sub

      Sub Selection_Change(sender As Object, e As EventArgs)

         ' Set the background color for the items and alternating items in
         ' the DataGrid control. Notice that the ItemStyle property affects
         ' the even-numbered items, while the AlternatingItemStyle property 
         ' affects the odd-numbered items.
         ItemsGrid.ItemStyle.BackColor = _
             System.Drawing.Color.FromName(ItemBackColorList.SelectedItem.Value)
         ItemsGrid.AlternatingItemStyle.BackColor = _
             System.Drawing.Color.FromName(AltItemBackColorList.SelectedItem.Value)

      End Sub

   </script>
 
<head runat="server">
    <title>DataGrid ItemStyle and AlternatingItemStyle Example</title>
</head>
<body>
 
   <form id="form1" runat="server">
 
      <h3>DataGrid ItemStyle and AlternatingItemStyle Example</h3>

      Select background colors for the items and alternating items.

      <br /><br />
 
      <b>Product List</b>
 
      <asp:DataGrid id="ItemsGrid"
           BorderColor="black"
           BorderWidth="1"
           CellPadding="3"
           AutoGenerateColumns="False"
           runat="server">

         <HeaderStyle BackColor="#00aaaa">
         </HeaderStyle>

         <ItemStyle BackColor="White">
         </ItemStyle>

         <AlternatingItemStyle BackColor="White">
         </AlternatingItemStyle>

         <Columns>

            <asp:BoundColumn DataField="IntegerValue" 
                 HeaderText="Item"/>

            <asp:BoundColumn DataField="StringValue" 
                 HeaderText="Description"/>

            <asp:BoundColumn DataField="CurrencyValue" 
                 HeaderText="Price"
                 DataFormatString="{0:c}">

               <ItemStyle HorizontalAlign="Right">
               </ItemStyle>

            </asp:BoundColumn>
 
         </Columns> 
 
      </asp:DataGrid>

      <hr />

      <table cellpadding="5">

         <tr>

            <td>

               Item BackColor:

            </td>

            <td>

               Alternating item BackColor:

            </td>

         </tr>

         <tr>

            <td>

               <asp:DropDownList id="ItemBackColorList"
                    AutoPostBack="True"
                    OnSelectedIndexChanged="Selection_Change"
                    runat="server">

                  <asp:ListItem Selected="True" Value="White"> White </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="Silver"> Silver </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="DarkGray"> Dark Gray </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="Khaki"> Khaki </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="DarkKhaki"> Dark Khaki </asp:ListItem>

               </asp:DropDownList>

            </td>

            <td>

               <asp:DropDownList id="AltItemBackColorList"
                    AutoPostBack="True"
                    OnSelectedIndexChanged="Selection_Change"
                    runat="server">

                  <asp:ListItem Selected="True" Value="White"> White </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="Silver"> Silver </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="DarkGray"> Dark Gray </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="Khaki"> Khaki </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="DarkKhaki"> Dark Khaki </asp:ListItem>

               </asp:DropDownList>

            </td>

         </tr>

      </table>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>

Commenti

Utilizzare la proprietà AlternatingItemStyle per fornire uno stile personalizzato per gli elementi alternativi nel controllo DataGrid.Use the AlternatingItemStyle property to provide a custom style for the alternating items in the DataGrid control. Gli attributi di stile comuni che possono essere modificati includono ForeColor, BackColor, font e l'allineamento del contenuto all'interno della cella.Common style attributes that can be adjusted include forecolor, backcolor, font, and content alignment within the cell. Fornire uno stile diverso migliora l'aspetto del controllo DataGrid.Providing a different style enhances the appearance of the DataGrid control.

Le proprietà dello stile di elemento nel controllo DataGrid vengono ereditate da una proprietà di stile elemento a un'altra tramite una gerarchia.Item style properties in the DataGrid control are inherited from one item style property to another through a hierarchy. Le proprietà dello stile di elemento impostate più in basso nella gerarchia vengono ereditate dalle proprietà dello stile di elemento superiori nella gerarchia.Item style properties set lower in the hierarchy are inherited by item style properties higher in the hierarchy. Se, ad esempio, si specifica un tipo di carattere rosso per la proprietà ItemStyle, tutte le altre proprietà dello stile di elemento nel controllo DataGrid avranno anche un tipo di carattere rosso.For example, if you specify a red font for the ItemStyle property, all other item style properties in the DataGrid control will also have a red font. Ciò consente di fornire un aspetto comune per il controllo impostando una proprietà dello stile di un singolo elemento.This allows you to provide a common appearance for the control by setting a single item style property. È possibile eseguire l'override delle impostazioni di stile ereditate per una proprietà dello stile di elemento maggiore nella gerarchia impostando le proprietà di stile.You can override the inherited style settings for an item style property that is higher in the hierarchy by setting its style properties. È ad esempio possibile specificare un tipo di carattere blu per la proprietà AlternatingItemStyle, eseguendo l'override del tipo di carattere rosso specificato nella proprietà ItemStyle.For example, you can specify a blue font for the AlternatingItemStyle property, overriding the red font specified in the ItemStyle property. La tabella seguente elenca l'ordine gerarchico dal più alto al più basso.The following table lists the hierarchy order from highest to lowest.

PrecedenzaPrecedence Style (proprietà)Style Property
11 EditItemStyle
22 SelectedItemStyle
33 AlternatingItemStyle
44 ItemStyle
55 ControlStyle

Per specificare uno stile personalizzato per gli elementi alternativi, inserire i tag <AlternatingItemStyle> tra i tag di apertura e di chiusura del controllo DataGrid.To specify a custom style for the alternating items, place the <AlternatingItemStyle> tags between the opening and closing tags of the DataGrid control. È quindi possibile elencare gli attributi di stile all'interno del tag <AlternatingItemStyle> di apertura.You can then list the style attributes within the opening <AlternatingItemStyle> tag.

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