FormView.ItemInserted FormView.ItemInserted FormView.ItemInserted FormView.ItemInserted Event

Definizione

Si verifica quando viene fatto clic su un pulsante Inserisci in un controllo FormView, ma dopo l'operazione di inserimento.Occurs when an Insert button within a FormView control is clicked, but after the insert operation.

public:
 event System::Web::UI::WebControls::FormViewInsertedEventHandler ^ ItemInserted;
public event System.Web.UI.WebControls.FormViewInsertedEventHandler ItemInserted;
member this.ItemInserted : System.Web.UI.WebControls.FormViewInsertedEventHandler 
Public Custom Event ItemInserted As FormViewInsertedEventHandler 

Esempi

Nell'esempio seguente viene illustrato come utilizzare l' ItemInserted evento per determinare se si è verificata un'eccezione durante un'operazione di inserimento.The following example demonstrates how to use the ItemInserted event to determine whether an exception occurred during an insert operation.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void EmployeeFormView_ItemInserted(Object sender, FormViewInsertedEventArgs e)
  {
    // Use the Exception property to determine whether an exception
    // occurred during the insert operation.
    if (e.Exception == null)
    {
      // Use the AffectedRows property to determine whether the
      // record was inserted. Sometimes an error might occur that 
      // does not raise an exception, but prevents the insert
      // operation from completing.
      if (e.AffectedRows == 1)
      {
        MessageLabel.Text = "Record inserted successfully.";
      }
      else
      {
        MessageLabel.Text = "An error occurred during the insert operation.";
        
        // Use the KeepInInsertMode property to remain in insert mode
        // when an error occurs during the insert operation.
        e.KeepInInsertMode = true;
      }
    }
    else
    {
      // Insert the code to handle the exception.
      MessageLabel.Text = e.Exception.Message;
      
      // Use the ExceptionHandled property to indicate that the 
      // exception has already been handled.
      e.ExceptionHandled = true;
      e.KeepInInsertMode = true;
    }
  }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>FormViewInsertedEventArgs Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>FormViewInsertedEventArgs Example</h3>
                       
      <asp:formview id="EmployeeFormView"
        datasourceid="EmployeeSource"
        allowpaging="true"
        datakeynames="EmployeeID"
        emptydatatext="No employees found."
        oniteminserted="EmployeeFormView_ItemInserted"  
        runat="server">

        <itemtemplate>
          <table>
            <tr>
              <td rowspan="5">
                <asp:image id="CompanyLogoImage"
                  imageurl="~/Images/Logo.jpg"
                  alternatetext="Company logo"
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
              <td colspan="2">
                  &nbsp; 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Name:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("FirstName") %> <%# Eval("LastName") %>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Title:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("Title") %>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td colspan="2">
                <asp:linkbutton id="NewButton"
                  text="New"
                  commandname="New"
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
          </table>       
        </itemtemplate>
        <insertitemtemplate>
          <table>
            <tr>
              <td rowspan="4">
                <asp:image id="CompanyLogoEditImage"
                  imageurl="~/Images/Logo.jpg"
                  alternatetext="Company logo"
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
              <td colspan="2">
                  &nbsp; 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b><asp:Label
                  runat="server" 
                  AssociatedControlID="FirstNameInsertTextBox" 
                  Text="Name" />:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="FirstNameInsertTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("FirstName") %>'
                  runat="server"/>
                <asp:textbox id="LastNameInsertTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("LastName") %>'
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b><asp:Label
                  runat="server" 
                  AssociatedControlID="TitleInsertTextBox" 
                  Text="Title" />:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="TitleInsertTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("Title") %>'
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td colspan="2">
                <asp:linkbutton id="InsertButton"
                  text="Insert"
                  commandname="Insert"
                  runat="server"/>
                <asp:linkbutton id="CancelButton"
                  text="Cancel"
                  commandname="Cancel"
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
          </table>       
        </insertitemtemplate> 
                  
      </asp:formview>
      
      <br/><br/>
      
      <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
        forecolor="Red"
        runat="server"/>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="EmployeeSource"
        selectcommand="Select [EmployeeID], [LastName], [FirstName], [Title], [PhotoPath] From [Employees]"
        insertcommand="Insert Into [Employees] ([LastName], [FirstName], [Title]) VALUES (@LastName, @FirstName, @Title)"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>
            
    </form>
  </body>
</html>


<%@ Page language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  Sub EmployeeFormView_ItemInserted(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As FormViewInsertedEventArgs)
  
    ' Use the Exception property to determine whether an exception
    ' occurred during the insert operation.
    If e.Exception Is Nothing Then
    
      ' Use the AffectedRows property to determine whether the
      ' record was inserted. Sometimes an error might occur that 
      ' does not raise an exception, but prevents the insert
      ' operation from completing.
      If e.AffectedRows = 1 Then
      
        MessageLabel.Text = "Record inserted successfully."
      
      Else
      
        MessageLabel.Text = "An error occurred during the insert operation."
        
        ' Use the KeepInInsertMode property to remain in insert mode
        ' when an error occurs during the insert operation.
        e.KeepInInsertMode = True
      
      End If
    
    Else
    
      ' Insert the code to handle the exception.
      MessageLabel.Text = e.Exception.Message
      
      ' Use the ExceptionHandled property to indicate that the 
      ' exception has already been handled.
      e.ExceptionHandled = True
      e.KeepInInsertMode = True
    
    End If
        
  End Sub

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>FormViewInsertedEventArgs Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>FormViewInsertedEventArgs Example</h3>
                       
      <asp:formview id="EmployeeFormView"
        datasourceid="EmployeeSource"
        allowpaging="true"
        datakeynames="EmployeeID"
        emptydatatext="No employees found."
        oniteminserted="EmployeeFormView_ItemInserted"  
        runat="server">

        <itemtemplate>
          <table>
            <tr>
              <td rowspan="5">
                <asp:image id="CompanyLogoImage"
                  imageurl="~/Images/Logo.jpg"
                  alternatetext="Company logo"
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
              <td colspan="2">
                  &nbsp; 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Name:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("FirstName") %> <%# Eval("LastName") %>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Title:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("Title") %>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td colspan="2">
                <asp:linkbutton id="NewButton"
                  text="New"
                  commandname="New"
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
          </table>       
        </itemtemplate>
        <insertitemtemplate>
          <table>
            <tr>
              <td rowspan="4">
                <asp:image id="CompanyLogoEditImage"
                  imageurl="~/Images/Logo.jpg"
                  alternatetext="Company logo"
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
              <td colspan="2">
                  &nbsp; 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b><asp:Label
                  runat="server" 
                  AssociatedControlID="FirstNameInsertTextBox" 
                  Text="Name" />:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="FirstNameInsertTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("FirstName") %>'
                  runat="server"/>
                <asp:textbox id="LastNameInsertTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("LastName") %>'
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b><asp:Label
                  runat="server" 
                  AssociatedControlID="TitleInsertTextBox" 
                  Text="Title" />:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="TitleInsertTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("Title") %>'
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td colspan="2">
                <asp:linkbutton id="InsertButton"
                  text="Insert"
                  commandname="Insert"
                  runat="server"/>
                <asp:linkbutton id="CancelButton"
                  text="Cancel"
                  commandname="Cancel"
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
          </table>       
        </insertitemtemplate> 
                  
      </asp:formview>
      
      <br/><br/>
      
      <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
        forecolor="Red"
        runat="server"/>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="EmployeeSource"
        selectcommand="Select [EmployeeID], [LastName], [FirstName], [Title], [PhotoPath] From [Employees]"
        insertcommand="Insert Into [Employees] ([LastName], [FirstName], [Title]) VALUES (@LastName, @FirstName, @Title)"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>
            
    </form>
  </body>
</html>

Commenti

Il FormView controllo genera l' ItemInserted evento quando viene fatto clic su un pulsante di inserimento CommandName (un pulsante con la relativa proprietà impostata su "Insert") all'interno del controllo FormView , ma dopo l'inserimento del record da parte del controllo.The FormView control raises the ItemInserted event when an Insert button (a button with its CommandName property set to "Insert") within the control is clicked, but after the FormView control inserts the record. Questo consente di fornire un metodo di gestione degli eventi che esegue una routine personalizzata, ad esempio il controllo dei risultati di un'operazione di inserimento, ogni volta che si verifica questo evento.This allows you to provide an event-handling method that performs a custom routine, such as checking the results of an insert operation, whenever this event occurs.

Un FormViewInsertedEventArgs oggetto viene passato al metodo di gestione degli eventi, che consente di determinare il numero di record interessati ed eventuali eccezioni che potrebbero essersi verificate.A FormViewInsertedEventArgs object is passed to the event-handling method, which allows you to determine the number of records affected and any exceptions that might have occurred. Per determinare il numero di record interessati dall'operazione di inserimento, utilizzare la AffectedRows proprietà.To determine the number of records affected by the insert operation, use the AffectedRows property. Utilizzare la Exception proprietà per determinare se si sono verificate eccezioni.Use the Exception property to determine whether any exceptions occurred. È inoltre possibile indicare se l'eccezione è stata gestita nel metodo di gestione degli eventi impostando ExceptionHandled la proprietà.You can also indicate whether the exception was handled in the event-handling method by setting the ExceptionHandled property. Se è necessario accedere ai valori del record inserito, utilizzare la Values proprietà.If you need to access the values of the inserted record, use the Values property.

Per impostazione predefinita, FormView il controllo torna alla modalità specificata DefaultMode dalla proprietà dopo un'operazione di inserimento.By default, the FormView control returns to the mode specified by the DefaultMode property after an insert operation. Per rendere il FormView controllo in modalità di inserimento, impostare KeepInInsertMode la proprietà truesu.To keep the FormView control in insert mode, set the KeepInInsertMode property to true.

Per altre informazioni su come gestire gli eventi, vedere la gestione e generazione di eventi.For more information about how to handle events, see Handling and Raising Events.

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