ComboBox.FindStringExact ComboBox.FindStringExact ComboBox.FindStringExact ComboBox.FindStringExact Method

Definizione

Trova l'elemento che corrisponde esattamente alla stringa specificata.Finds the item that exactly matches the specified string.

Overload

FindStringExact(String) FindStringExact(String) FindStringExact(String) FindStringExact(String)

Trova il primo elemento nella casella combinata che corrisponde alla stringa specificata.Finds the first item in the combo box that matches the specified string.

FindStringExact(String, Int32) FindStringExact(String, Int32) FindStringExact(String, Int32) FindStringExact(String, Int32)

Trova il primo elemento dopo l'indice specificato che corrisponde alla stringa indicata.Finds the first item after the specified index that matches the specified string.

FindStringExact(String) FindStringExact(String) FindStringExact(String) FindStringExact(String)

Trova il primo elemento nella casella combinata che corrisponde alla stringa specificata.Finds the first item in the combo box that matches the specified string.

public:
 int FindStringExact(System::String ^ s);
public int FindStringExact (string s);
member this.FindStringExact : string -> int
Public Function FindStringExact (s As String) As Integer

Parametri

s
String String String String

Oggetto String da cercare.The String to search for.

Restituisce

Indice in base zero del primo elemento trovato; restituisce -1 se non vengono trovate corrispondenze oppure 0 se il parametro s specifica Empty.The zero-based index of the first item found; returns -1 if no match is found, or 0 if the s parameter specifies Empty.

Esempi

Nell'esempio di codice riportato di seguito viene illustrato ComboBox come inizializzare un MaxDropDownItems controllo DropDownStyle impostando le proprietà FindStringExact e e utilizzando i ComboBoxmetodi per eseguire la ricerca.The following code example demonstrates how to initialize a ComboBox control by setting the MaxDropDownItems and DropDownStyle properties and using the FindStringExact methods to search the ComboBox. Viene inoltre illustrato come gestire SelectedIndexChanged l'evento.It also shows handling the SelectedIndexChanged event.

#using <System.Drawing.dll>
#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>

using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
using namespace System;

public ref class Form1: public System::Windows::Forms::Form
{
public:
   Form1() : Form()
   {
      InitializeComboBox();
      InitializeTextBox();
      this->Label1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::Label;
      this->SuspendLayout();
      this->Label1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 8, 24 );
      this->Label1->Name = "Label1";
      this->Label1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 120, 32 );
      this->Label1->TabIndex = 1;
      this->Label1->Text = "Use drop-down to choose a name:";
      this->Label1->TextAlign = System::Drawing::ContentAlignment::MiddleRight;
      this->ClientSize = System::Drawing::Size( 292, 266 );
      this->Controls->Add( this->Label1 );
      this->Name = "Form1";
      this->Text = "Form1";
      this->ResumeLayout( false );
   }

internal:
   System::Windows::Forms::Label ^ Label1;

   // Declare and initialize the text box.
internal:
   // This text box text will be update programmatically. The user is not 
   // allowed to update it, so the ReadOnly property is set to true.
   System::Windows::Forms::TextBox^ TextBox1;

private:
   void InitializeTextBox()
   {
      this->TextBox1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::TextBox;
      this->TextBox1->ScrollBars = ScrollBars::Vertical;
      this->TextBox1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 64, 128 );
      this->TextBox1->Multiline = true;
      this->TextBox1->Name = "TextBox1";
      this->TextBox1->ReadOnly = true;
      this->TextBox1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 184, 120 );
      this->TextBox1->TabIndex = 4;
      this->TextBox1->Text = "Employee and Number of Awards:";
      this->Controls->Add( this->TextBox1 );
   }

   // Declare comboBox1 as a ComboBox.
internal:
   System::Windows::Forms::ComboBox^ ComboBox1;

private:
   // This method initializes the combo box, adding a large string array
   // but limiting the drop-down size to six rows so the combo box doesn't 
   // cover other controls when it expands.
   void InitializeComboBox()
   {
      this->ComboBox1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::ComboBox;
      array<String^>^ employees = {"Hamilton, David","Hensien, Kari",
         "Hammond, Maria","Harris, Keith","Henshaw, Jeff D.",
         "Hanson, Mark","Harnpadoungsataya, Sariya",
         "Harrington, Mark","Harris, Keith","Hartwig, Doris",
         "Harui, Roger","Hassall, Mark","Hasselberg, Jonas",
         "Harnpadoungsataya, Sariya","Henshaw, Jeff D.",
         "Henshaw, Jeff D.","Hensien, Kari","Harris, Keith",
         "Henshaw, Jeff D.","Hensien, Kari","Hasselberg, Jonas",
         "Harrington, Mark","Hedlund, Magnus","Hay, Jeff",
         "Heidepriem, Brandon D."};
      ComboBox1->Items->AddRange( employees );
      this->ComboBox1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 136, 32 );
      this->ComboBox1->IntegralHeight = false;
      this->ComboBox1->MaxDropDownItems = 5;
      this->ComboBox1->DropDownStyle = ComboBoxStyle::DropDownList;
      this->ComboBox1->Name = "ComboBox1";
      this->ComboBox1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 136, 81 );
      this->ComboBox1->TabIndex = 0;
      this->Controls->Add( this->ComboBox1 );
      
      // Associate the event-handling method with the 
      // SelectedIndexChanged event.
      this->ComboBox1->SelectedIndexChanged +=
         gcnew System::EventHandler( this, &Form1::ComboBox1_SelectedIndexChanged );
   }

private:
   // This method is called when the user changes his or her selection.
   // It searches for all occurrences of the selected employee's
   // name in the Items array and adds the employee's name and 
   // the number of occurrences to TextBox1.Text.

   // CAUTION   This code exposes a known bug: If the index passed to the 
   // FindStringExact(searchString, index) method is the last index 
   // of the array, the code throws an exception.
   void ComboBox1_SelectedIndexChanged( Object^ sender,
      System::EventArgs^ e )
   {
      ComboBox^ comboBox = (ComboBox^)(sender);
      
      // Save the selected employee's name, because we will remove
      // the employee's name from the list.
      String^ selectedEmployee = (String^)(ComboBox1->SelectedItem);

      int count = 0;
      int resultIndex = -1;
      
      // Call the FindStringExact method to find the first 
      // occurrence in the list.
      resultIndex = ComboBox1->FindStringExact( selectedEmployee );
      
      // Remove the name as it is found, and increment the found count. 
      // Then call the FindStringExact method again, passing in the 
      // index of the current found item so the search starts there 
      // instead of at the beginning of the list.
      while ( resultIndex != -1 )
      {
         ComboBox1->Items->RemoveAt( resultIndex );
         count += 1;
         resultIndex = ComboBox1->FindStringExact( selectedEmployee,
            resultIndex );
      }

      TextBox1->Text = TextBox1->Text + "\r\n" + selectedEmployee + ": " +
         count;
   }
};

int main()
{
   Application::Run( gcnew Form1 );
}
using System.Windows.Forms;

public class Form1:
    System.Windows.Forms.Form

{
    public Form1() : base()
    {        
        InitializeComboBox();
        InitializeTextBox();
        this.Label1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
        this.SuspendLayout();
        this.Label1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 24);
        this.Label1.Name = "Label1";
        this.Label1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(120, 32);
        this.Label1.TabIndex = 1;
        this.Label1.Text = "Use drop-down to choose a name:";
        this.Label1.TextAlign = System.Drawing.ContentAlignment.MiddleRight;
        this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(292, 266);
        this.Controls.Add(this.Label1);
        this.Name = "Form1";
        this.Text = "Form1";
        this.ResumeLayout(false);
    }

    public static void Main()
    {
        Application.Run(new Form1());
    }

   
    internal System.Windows.Forms.Label Label1;
    
    
    

    // Declare and initialize the text box.
    // This text box text will be update programmatically. The user is not 
    // allowed to update it, so the ReadOnly property is set to true.
    internal System.Windows.Forms.TextBox TextBox1;

    private void InitializeTextBox()
    {
        this.TextBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
        this.TextBox1.ScrollBars = ScrollBars.Vertical;
        this.TextBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(64, 128);
        this.TextBox1.Multiline = true;
        this.TextBox1.Name = "TextBox1";
        this.TextBox1.ReadOnly = true;
        this.TextBox1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(184, 120);
        this.TextBox1.TabIndex = 4;
        this.TextBox1.Text = "Employee and Number of Awards:";
        this.Controls.Add(this.TextBox1);
    }

    // Declare comboBox1 as a ComboBox.
    internal System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox ComboBox1;
    
    // This method initializes the combo box, adding a large string array
    // but limiting the drop-down size to six rows so the combo box doesn't 
    // cover other controls when it expands.
    private void InitializeComboBox()
    {
        this.ComboBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox();
        string[] employees = new string[]{"Hamilton, David", "Hensien, Kari",
                "Hammond, Maria", "Harris, Keith", "Henshaw, Jeff D.", 
                "Hanson, Mark", "Harnpadoungsataya, Sariya", 
                "Harrington, Mark", "Harris, Keith", "Hartwig, Doris", 
                "Harui, Roger", "Hassall, Mark", "Hasselberg, Jonas", 
                "Harnpadoungsataya, Sariya", "Henshaw, Jeff D.", 
                "Henshaw, Jeff D.", "Hensien, Kari", "Harris, Keith", 
                "Henshaw, Jeff D.", "Hensien, Kari", "Hasselberg, Jonas",
                "Harrington, Mark", "Hedlund, Magnus", "Hay, Jeff", 
                "Heidepriem, Brandon D."};

        ComboBox1.Items.AddRange(employees);
        this.ComboBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(136, 32);
        this.ComboBox1.IntegralHeight = false;
        this.ComboBox1.MaxDropDownItems = 5;
        this.ComboBox1.DropDownStyle = ComboBoxStyle.DropDownList;
        this.ComboBox1.Name = "ComboBox1";
        this.ComboBox1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(136, 81);
        this.ComboBox1.TabIndex = 0;
        this.Controls.Add(this.ComboBox1);
        
        // Associate the event-handling method with the 
        // SelectedIndexChanged event.
        this.ComboBox1.SelectedIndexChanged += 
            new System.EventHandler(ComboBox1_SelectedIndexChanged);
    }

    // This method is called when the user changes his or her selection.
    // It searches for all occurrences of the selected employee's
    // name in the Items array and adds the employee's name and 
    // the number of occurrences to TextBox1.Text.

    // CAUTION   This code exposes a known bug: If the index passed to the 
    // FindStringExact(searchString, index) method is the last index 
    // of the array, the code throws an exception.
    private void ComboBox1_SelectedIndexChanged(object sender, 
        System.EventArgs e)
    {

        ComboBox comboBox = (ComboBox) sender;

        // Save the selected employee's name, because we will remove
        // the employee's name from the list.
        string selectedEmployee = (string) ComboBox1.SelectedItem;

        int count = 0;
        int resultIndex = -1;

        // Call the FindStringExact method to find the first 
        // occurrence in the list.
        resultIndex = ComboBox1.FindStringExact(selectedEmployee);

        // Remove the name as it is found, and increment the found count. 
        // Then call the FindStringExact method again, passing in the 
        // index of the current found item so the search starts there 
        // instead of at the beginning of the list.
        while (resultIndex!=-1)
        {
            ComboBox1.Items.RemoveAt(resultIndex);
            count += 1;
            resultIndex = ComboBox1.FindStringExact(selectedEmployee, 
                resultIndex);
        }
        // Update the text in Textbox1.
        TextBox1.Text = TextBox1.Text+ "\r\n" + selectedEmployee + ": "
            + count;
    }

}
Imports System.Windows.Forms

Public Class Form1
    Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form

    Public Sub New()
        MyBase.New()
        InitializeComboBox()
        InitializeTextBox()
        Me.Label1 = New System.Windows.Forms.Label
        Me.SuspendLayout()
        Me.Label1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(8, 24)
        Me.Label1.Name = "Label1"
        Me.Label1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(120, 32)
        Me.Label1.TabIndex = 1
        Me.Label1.Text = "Use drop-down to choose a name:"
        Me.Label1.TextAlign = System.Drawing.ContentAlignment.MiddleRight
        Me.ClientSize = New System.Drawing.Size(292, 266)
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.Label1)
        Me.Name = "Form1"
        Me.Text = "Form1"
        Me.ResumeLayout(False)
    End Sub

    Shared Sub Main()
        Application.Run(New Form1)
    End Sub

   
    Friend WithEvents Label1 As System.Windows.Forms.Label
    
    
    

    ' Declare and initialize the text box.
    ' This text box text will be update programmatically. The user is not 
    ' allowed to update it, so the ReadOnly property is set to true.
    Friend WithEvents TextBox1 As System.Windows.Forms.TextBox

    Private Sub InitializeTextBox()
        Me.TextBox1 = New System.Windows.Forms.TextBox
        Me.TextBox1.ScrollBars = ScrollBars.Vertical
        Me.TextBox1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(64, 128)
        Me.TextBox1.Multiline = True
        Me.TextBox1.Name = "TextBox1"
        Me.TextBox1.ReadOnly = True
        Me.TextBox1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(184, 120)
        Me.TextBox1.TabIndex = 4
        Me.TextBox1.Text = "Employee and Number of Awards:"
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.TextBox1)
    End Sub


    ' Declare comboBox1 as a ComboBox.
    Friend WithEvents ComboBox1 As System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox

    ' This method initializes the combo box, adding a large string 
    ' array but limiting the drop-down size to six rows so the combo box
    ' doesn't cover other controls when it expands.
    Private Sub InitializeComboBox()
        Me.ComboBox1 = New System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox
        Dim employees() As String = New String() {"Hamilton, David", _
            "Hensien, Kari", "Hammond, Maria", "Harris, Keith", _
            "Henshaw, Jeff D.", "Hanson, Mark", "Harnpadoungsataya, Sariya", _
            "Harrington, Mark", "Harris, Keith", "Hartwig, Doris", _
            "Harui, Roger", "Hassall, Mark", "Hasselberg, Jonas", _
            "Harnpadoungsataya, Sariya", "Henshaw, Jeff D.", "Henshaw, Jeff D.", _
            "Hensien, Kari", "Harris, Keith", "Henshaw, Jeff D.", _
            "Hensien, Kari", "Hasselberg, Jonas", "Harrington, Mark", _
            "Hedlund, Magnus", "Hay, Jeff", "Heidepriem, Brandon D."}

        ComboBox1.Items.AddRange(employees)
        Me.ComboBox1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(136, 32)
        Me.ComboBox1.IntegralHeight = False
        Me.ComboBox1.MaxDropDownItems = 5
        Me.ComboBox1.DropDownStyle = ComboBoxStyle.DropDown
        Me.ComboBox1.Name = "ComboBox1"
        Me.ComboBox1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(136, 81)
        Me.ComboBox1.TabIndex = 0
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.ComboBox1)
    End Sub



    ' This method is called when the user changes his or her selection.
    ' It searches for all occurrences of the selected employee's
    ' name in the Items array and adds the employee's name and 
    ' the number of occurrences to TextBox1.Text.

    ' CAUTION   This code exposes a known bug: If the index passed to the 
    ' FindStringExact(searchString, index) method is the last index 
    ' of the array, the code throws an exception.
    Private Sub ComboBox1_SelectedIndexChanged(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles ComboBox1.SelectedIndexChanged

        Dim comboBox As comboBox = CType(sender, comboBox)

        ' Save the selected employee's name, because we will remove
        ' the employee's name from the list.
        Dim selectedEmployee = CType(ComboBox1.SelectedItem, String)

        Dim count As Integer = 0
        Dim resultIndex As Integer = -1

        ' Call the FindStringExact method to find the first 
        ' occurrence in the list.
        resultIndex = ComboBox1.FindStringExact(ComboBox1.SelectedItem)

        ' Remove the name as it is found, and increment the found count. 
        ' Then call the FindStringExact method again, passing in the index of the
        ' current found item so the search starts there instead of 
        ' at the beginning of the list.
        While (resultIndex <> -1)
            ComboBox1.Items.RemoveAt(resultIndex)
            count += 1
            resultIndex = ComboBox1.FindStringExact _
            (selectedEmployee, resultIndex)
        End While

        ' Update the text in Textbox1.
        TextBox1.Text = TextBox1.Text & Microsoft.VisualBasic.vbCrLf _
            & selectedEmployee & ": " & count
    End Sub

End Class

Commenti

La ricerca eseguita da questo metodo non fa distinzione tra maiuscole e minuscole.The search performed by this method is not case-sensitive. Il s parametro è una stringa da confrontare con il testo associato agli elementi nell'elenco di caselle combinate.The s parameter is a string to compare against the text associated with the items in the combo box list. La ricerca Cerca una corrispondenza a partire dall'inizio del testo, restituendo il primo elemento dell'elenco che corrisponde alla sottostringa specificata.The search looks for a match starting from the beginning of the text, returning the first item in the list that matches the specified substring. È quindi possibile eseguire attività, ad esempio la rimozione dell'elemento che contiene il testo di ricerca Remove usando il metodo o la modifica del testo dell'elemento.You can then perform tasks, such as removing the item that contains the search text using the Remove method or changing the item's text. Una volta trovato il testo specificato, se si desidera cercare altre istanze del testo in ComboBox, è necessario utilizzare la versione FindStringExact del metodo che fornisce un parametro per specificare ComboBoxun indice iniziale all'interno di.Once you have found the specified text, if you want to search for other instances of the text in the ComboBox, you must use the version of the FindStringExact method that provides a parameter for specifying a starting index within the ComboBox. Se si desidera eseguire la ricerca parziale di parole anziché una corrispondenza esatta, utilizzare il FindString metodo.If you want to perform partial word search instead of an exact word match, use the FindString method.

FindStringExact(String, Int32) FindStringExact(String, Int32) FindStringExact(String, Int32) FindStringExact(String, Int32)

Trova il primo elemento dopo l'indice specificato che corrisponde alla stringa indicata.Finds the first item after the specified index that matches the specified string.

public:
 int FindStringExact(System::String ^ s, int startIndex);
public int FindStringExact (string s, int startIndex);
member this.FindStringExact : string * int -> int
Public Function FindStringExact (s As String, startIndex As Integer) As Integer

Parametri

s
String String String String

Oggetto String da cercare.The String to search for.

startIndex
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

Indice in base zero dell'elemento che precede il primo elemento da cercare.The zero-based index of the item before the first item to be searched. Impostare su -1 per avviare la ricerca dall'inizio del controllo.Set to -1 to search from the beginning of the control.

Restituisce

Indice in base zero del primo elemento trovato; restituisce -1 se non vengono trovate corrispondenze oppure 0 se il parametro s specifica Empty.The zero-based index of the first item found; returns -1 if no match is found, or 0 if the s parameter specifies Empty.

Eccezioni

startIndex è minore di -1.The startIndex is less than -1.

-oppure--or- Il parametro startIndex è uguale all'ultimo indice contenuto nell'insieme.The startIndex is equal to the last index in the collection.

Esempi

Nell'esempio di codice riportato di seguito viene illustrato ComboBox come inizializzare un MaxDropDownItems controllo DropDownStyle impostando le proprietà FindStringExact e e utilizzando i ComboBoxmetodi per eseguire la ricerca.The following code example demonstrates how to initialize a ComboBox control by setting the MaxDropDownItems and DropDownStyle properties and using the FindStringExact methods to search the ComboBox. Viene inoltre illustrato come gestire SelectedIndexChanged l'evento.It also shows handling the SelectedIndexChanged event.

#using <System.Drawing.dll>
#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>

using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
using namespace System;

public ref class Form1: public System::Windows::Forms::Form
{
public:
   Form1() : Form()
   {
      InitializeComboBox();
      InitializeTextBox();
      this->Label1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::Label;
      this->SuspendLayout();
      this->Label1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 8, 24 );
      this->Label1->Name = "Label1";
      this->Label1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 120, 32 );
      this->Label1->TabIndex = 1;
      this->Label1->Text = "Use drop-down to choose a name:";
      this->Label1->TextAlign = System::Drawing::ContentAlignment::MiddleRight;
      this->ClientSize = System::Drawing::Size( 292, 266 );
      this->Controls->Add( this->Label1 );
      this->Name = "Form1";
      this->Text = "Form1";
      this->ResumeLayout( false );
   }

internal:
   System::Windows::Forms::Label ^ Label1;

   // Declare and initialize the text box.
internal:
   // This text box text will be update programmatically. The user is not 
   // allowed to update it, so the ReadOnly property is set to true.
   System::Windows::Forms::TextBox^ TextBox1;

private:
   void InitializeTextBox()
   {
      this->TextBox1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::TextBox;
      this->TextBox1->ScrollBars = ScrollBars::Vertical;
      this->TextBox1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 64, 128 );
      this->TextBox1->Multiline = true;
      this->TextBox1->Name = "TextBox1";
      this->TextBox1->ReadOnly = true;
      this->TextBox1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 184, 120 );
      this->TextBox1->TabIndex = 4;
      this->TextBox1->Text = "Employee and Number of Awards:";
      this->Controls->Add( this->TextBox1 );
   }

   // Declare comboBox1 as a ComboBox.
internal:
   System::Windows::Forms::ComboBox^ ComboBox1;

private:
   // This method initializes the combo box, adding a large string array
   // but limiting the drop-down size to six rows so the combo box doesn't 
   // cover other controls when it expands.
   void InitializeComboBox()
   {
      this->ComboBox1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::ComboBox;
      array<String^>^ employees = {"Hamilton, David","Hensien, Kari",
         "Hammond, Maria","Harris, Keith","Henshaw, Jeff D.",
         "Hanson, Mark","Harnpadoungsataya, Sariya",
         "Harrington, Mark","Harris, Keith","Hartwig, Doris",
         "Harui, Roger","Hassall, Mark","Hasselberg, Jonas",
         "Harnpadoungsataya, Sariya","Henshaw, Jeff D.",
         "Henshaw, Jeff D.","Hensien, Kari","Harris, Keith",
         "Henshaw, Jeff D.","Hensien, Kari","Hasselberg, Jonas",
         "Harrington, Mark","Hedlund, Magnus","Hay, Jeff",
         "Heidepriem, Brandon D."};
      ComboBox1->Items->AddRange( employees );
      this->ComboBox1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 136, 32 );
      this->ComboBox1->IntegralHeight = false;
      this->ComboBox1->MaxDropDownItems = 5;
      this->ComboBox1->DropDownStyle = ComboBoxStyle::DropDownList;
      this->ComboBox1->Name = "ComboBox1";
      this->ComboBox1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 136, 81 );
      this->ComboBox1->TabIndex = 0;
      this->Controls->Add( this->ComboBox1 );
      
      // Associate the event-handling method with the 
      // SelectedIndexChanged event.
      this->ComboBox1->SelectedIndexChanged +=
         gcnew System::EventHandler( this, &Form1::ComboBox1_SelectedIndexChanged );
   }

private:
   // This method is called when the user changes his or her selection.
   // It searches for all occurrences of the selected employee's
   // name in the Items array and adds the employee's name and 
   // the number of occurrences to TextBox1.Text.

   // CAUTION   This code exposes a known bug: If the index passed to the 
   // FindStringExact(searchString, index) method is the last index 
   // of the array, the code throws an exception.
   void ComboBox1_SelectedIndexChanged( Object^ sender,
      System::EventArgs^ e )
   {
      ComboBox^ comboBox = (ComboBox^)(sender);
      
      // Save the selected employee's name, because we will remove
      // the employee's name from the list.
      String^ selectedEmployee = (String^)(ComboBox1->SelectedItem);

      int count = 0;
      int resultIndex = -1;
      
      // Call the FindStringExact method to find the first 
      // occurrence in the list.
      resultIndex = ComboBox1->FindStringExact( selectedEmployee );
      
      // Remove the name as it is found, and increment the found count. 
      // Then call the FindStringExact method again, passing in the 
      // index of the current found item so the search starts there 
      // instead of at the beginning of the list.
      while ( resultIndex != -1 )
      {
         ComboBox1->Items->RemoveAt( resultIndex );
         count += 1;
         resultIndex = ComboBox1->FindStringExact( selectedEmployee,
            resultIndex );
      }

      TextBox1->Text = TextBox1->Text + "\r\n" + selectedEmployee + ": " +
         count;
   }
};

int main()
{
   Application::Run( gcnew Form1 );
}
using System.Windows.Forms;

public class Form1:
    System.Windows.Forms.Form

{
    public Form1() : base()
    {        
        InitializeComboBox();
        InitializeTextBox();
        this.Label1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
        this.SuspendLayout();
        this.Label1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 24);
        this.Label1.Name = "Label1";
        this.Label1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(120, 32);
        this.Label1.TabIndex = 1;
        this.Label1.Text = "Use drop-down to choose a name:";
        this.Label1.TextAlign = System.Drawing.ContentAlignment.MiddleRight;
        this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(292, 266);
        this.Controls.Add(this.Label1);
        this.Name = "Form1";
        this.Text = "Form1";
        this.ResumeLayout(false);
    }

    public static void Main()
    {
        Application.Run(new Form1());
    }

   
    internal System.Windows.Forms.Label Label1;
    
    
    

    // Declare and initialize the text box.
    // This text box text will be update programmatically. The user is not 
    // allowed to update it, so the ReadOnly property is set to true.
    internal System.Windows.Forms.TextBox TextBox1;

    private void InitializeTextBox()
    {
        this.TextBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
        this.TextBox1.ScrollBars = ScrollBars.Vertical;
        this.TextBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(64, 128);
        this.TextBox1.Multiline = true;
        this.TextBox1.Name = "TextBox1";
        this.TextBox1.ReadOnly = true;
        this.TextBox1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(184, 120);
        this.TextBox1.TabIndex = 4;
        this.TextBox1.Text = "Employee and Number of Awards:";
        this.Controls.Add(this.TextBox1);
    }

    // Declare comboBox1 as a ComboBox.
    internal System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox ComboBox1;
    
    // This method initializes the combo box, adding a large string array
    // but limiting the drop-down size to six rows so the combo box doesn't 
    // cover other controls when it expands.
    private void InitializeComboBox()
    {
        this.ComboBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox();
        string[] employees = new string[]{"Hamilton, David", "Hensien, Kari",
                "Hammond, Maria", "Harris, Keith", "Henshaw, Jeff D.", 
                "Hanson, Mark", "Harnpadoungsataya, Sariya", 
                "Harrington, Mark", "Harris, Keith", "Hartwig, Doris", 
                "Harui, Roger", "Hassall, Mark", "Hasselberg, Jonas", 
                "Harnpadoungsataya, Sariya", "Henshaw, Jeff D.", 
                "Henshaw, Jeff D.", "Hensien, Kari", "Harris, Keith", 
                "Henshaw, Jeff D.", "Hensien, Kari", "Hasselberg, Jonas",
                "Harrington, Mark", "Hedlund, Magnus", "Hay, Jeff", 
                "Heidepriem, Brandon D."};

        ComboBox1.Items.AddRange(employees);
        this.ComboBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(136, 32);
        this.ComboBox1.IntegralHeight = false;
        this.ComboBox1.MaxDropDownItems = 5;
        this.ComboBox1.DropDownStyle = ComboBoxStyle.DropDownList;
        this.ComboBox1.Name = "ComboBox1";
        this.ComboBox1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(136, 81);
        this.ComboBox1.TabIndex = 0;
        this.Controls.Add(this.ComboBox1);
        
        // Associate the event-handling method with the 
        // SelectedIndexChanged event.
        this.ComboBox1.SelectedIndexChanged += 
            new System.EventHandler(ComboBox1_SelectedIndexChanged);
    }

    // This method is called when the user changes his or her selection.
    // It searches for all occurrences of the selected employee's
    // name in the Items array and adds the employee's name and 
    // the number of occurrences to TextBox1.Text.

    // CAUTION   This code exposes a known bug: If the index passed to the 
    // FindStringExact(searchString, index) method is the last index 
    // of the array, the code throws an exception.
    private void ComboBox1_SelectedIndexChanged(object sender, 
        System.EventArgs e)
    {

        ComboBox comboBox = (ComboBox) sender;

        // Save the selected employee's name, because we will remove
        // the employee's name from the list.
        string selectedEmployee = (string) ComboBox1.SelectedItem;

        int count = 0;
        int resultIndex = -1;

        // Call the FindStringExact method to find the first 
        // occurrence in the list.
        resultIndex = ComboBox1.FindStringExact(selectedEmployee);

        // Remove the name as it is found, and increment the found count. 
        // Then call the FindStringExact method again, passing in the 
        // index of the current found item so the search starts there 
        // instead of at the beginning of the list.
        while (resultIndex!=-1)
        {
            ComboBox1.Items.RemoveAt(resultIndex);
            count += 1;
            resultIndex = ComboBox1.FindStringExact(selectedEmployee, 
                resultIndex);
        }
        // Update the text in Textbox1.
        TextBox1.Text = TextBox1.Text+ "\r\n" + selectedEmployee + ": "
            + count;
    }

}
Imports System.Windows.Forms

Public Class Form1
    Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form

    Public Sub New()
        MyBase.New()
        InitializeComboBox()
        InitializeTextBox()
        Me.Label1 = New System.Windows.Forms.Label
        Me.SuspendLayout()
        Me.Label1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(8, 24)
        Me.Label1.Name = "Label1"
        Me.Label1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(120, 32)
        Me.Label1.TabIndex = 1
        Me.Label1.Text = "Use drop-down to choose a name:"
        Me.Label1.TextAlign = System.Drawing.ContentAlignment.MiddleRight
        Me.ClientSize = New System.Drawing.Size(292, 266)
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.Label1)
        Me.Name = "Form1"
        Me.Text = "Form1"
        Me.ResumeLayout(False)
    End Sub

    Shared Sub Main()
        Application.Run(New Form1)
    End Sub

   
    Friend WithEvents Label1 As System.Windows.Forms.Label
    
    
    

    ' Declare and initialize the text box.
    ' This text box text will be update programmatically. The user is not 
    ' allowed to update it, so the ReadOnly property is set to true.
    Friend WithEvents TextBox1 As System.Windows.Forms.TextBox

    Private Sub InitializeTextBox()
        Me.TextBox1 = New System.Windows.Forms.TextBox
        Me.TextBox1.ScrollBars = ScrollBars.Vertical
        Me.TextBox1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(64, 128)
        Me.TextBox1.Multiline = True
        Me.TextBox1.Name = "TextBox1"
        Me.TextBox1.ReadOnly = True
        Me.TextBox1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(184, 120)
        Me.TextBox1.TabIndex = 4
        Me.TextBox1.Text = "Employee and Number of Awards:"
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.TextBox1)
    End Sub


    ' Declare comboBox1 as a ComboBox.
    Friend WithEvents ComboBox1 As System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox

    ' This method initializes the combo box, adding a large string 
    ' array but limiting the drop-down size to six rows so the combo box
    ' doesn't cover other controls when it expands.
    Private Sub InitializeComboBox()
        Me.ComboBox1 = New System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox
        Dim employees() As String = New String() {"Hamilton, David", _
            "Hensien, Kari", "Hammond, Maria", "Harris, Keith", _
            "Henshaw, Jeff D.", "Hanson, Mark", "Harnpadoungsataya, Sariya", _
            "Harrington, Mark", "Harris, Keith", "Hartwig, Doris", _
            "Harui, Roger", "Hassall, Mark", "Hasselberg, Jonas", _
            "Harnpadoungsataya, Sariya", "Henshaw, Jeff D.", "Henshaw, Jeff D.", _
            "Hensien, Kari", "Harris, Keith", "Henshaw, Jeff D.", _
            "Hensien, Kari", "Hasselberg, Jonas", "Harrington, Mark", _
            "Hedlund, Magnus", "Hay, Jeff", "Heidepriem, Brandon D."}

        ComboBox1.Items.AddRange(employees)
        Me.ComboBox1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(136, 32)
        Me.ComboBox1.IntegralHeight = False
        Me.ComboBox1.MaxDropDownItems = 5
        Me.ComboBox1.DropDownStyle = ComboBoxStyle.DropDown
        Me.ComboBox1.Name = "ComboBox1"
        Me.ComboBox1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(136, 81)
        Me.ComboBox1.TabIndex = 0
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.ComboBox1)
    End Sub



    ' This method is called when the user changes his or her selection.
    ' It searches for all occurrences of the selected employee's
    ' name in the Items array and adds the employee's name and 
    ' the number of occurrences to TextBox1.Text.

    ' CAUTION   This code exposes a known bug: If the index passed to the 
    ' FindStringExact(searchString, index) method is the last index 
    ' of the array, the code throws an exception.
    Private Sub ComboBox1_SelectedIndexChanged(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles ComboBox1.SelectedIndexChanged

        Dim comboBox As comboBox = CType(sender, comboBox)

        ' Save the selected employee's name, because we will remove
        ' the employee's name from the list.
        Dim selectedEmployee = CType(ComboBox1.SelectedItem, String)

        Dim count As Integer = 0
        Dim resultIndex As Integer = -1

        ' Call the FindStringExact method to find the first 
        ' occurrence in the list.
        resultIndex = ComboBox1.FindStringExact(ComboBox1.SelectedItem)

        ' Remove the name as it is found, and increment the found count. 
        ' Then call the FindStringExact method again, passing in the index of the
        ' current found item so the search starts there instead of 
        ' at the beginning of the list.
        While (resultIndex <> -1)
            ComboBox1.Items.RemoveAt(resultIndex)
            count += 1
            resultIndex = ComboBox1.FindStringExact _
            (selectedEmployee, resultIndex)
        End While

        ' Update the text in Textbox1.
        TextBox1.Text = TextBox1.Text & Microsoft.VisualBasic.vbCrLf _
            & selectedEmployee & ": " & count
    End Sub

End Class

Commenti

La ricerca eseguita da questo metodo non fa distinzione tra maiuscole e minuscole.The search performed by this method is not case-sensitive. Il s parametro è una stringa da confrontare con il testo associato agli elementi nell'elenco di caselle combinate.The s parameter is a string to compare against the text associated with the items in the combo box list. La ricerca Cerca una corrispondenza a partire dall'inizio del testo, restituendo il primo elemento dell'elenco che corrisponde alla sottostringa specificata.The search looks for a match starting from the beginning of the text, returning the first item in the list that matches the specified substring. È quindi possibile eseguire attività, ad esempio la rimozione dell'elemento che contiene il testo di ricerca Remove usando il metodo o la modifica del testo dell'elemento.You can then perform tasks, such as removing the item that contains the search text using the Remove method or changing the item's text. Questo metodo viene in genere utilizzato dopo che è stata effettuata una chiamata utilizzando la versione di questo metodo che non specifica un indice iniziale.This method is typically used after a call has been made using the version of this method that does not specify a starting index. Una volta individuato un elemento iniziale nell'elenco, questo metodo viene in genere usato per trovare altre istanze del testo di ricerca specificando la posizione di indice nel startIndex parametro dell'elemento dopo la prima istanza trovata del testo di ricerca.Once an initial item has been found in the list, this method is typically used to find further instances of the search text by specifying the index position in the startIndex parameter of the item after the first found instance of the search text. Se si desidera eseguire la ricerca parziale di parole anziché una corrispondenza esatta, utilizzare il FindString metodo.If you want to perform partial word search instead of an exact word match, use the FindString method.

La ricerca eseguita da questo metodo è circolare.The search performed by this method is circular. Anche se la ricerca inizia in corrispondenza dell'indice successivo startIndex dopo il parametro, la ricerca viene riavviata a 0 quando viene raggiunta la fine della raccolta.Although the search starts at the next index after the startIndex parameter, the search restarts at 0 when the end of the collection is reached. Si noti tuttavia che se il startIndex parametro è uguale all'ultimo indice della raccolta, viene generata un'eccezione.However, note that if the startIndex parameter itself is equal to the last index in the collection, an exception is thrown.

Si applica a