CustomAttributeData クラス

定義

リフレクションのみのコンテキストに読み込まれるアセンブリ、モジュール、型、メンバー、およびパラメーターのカスタム属性データにアクセスできるようにします。Provides access to custom attribute data for assemblies, modules, types, members and parameters that are loaded into the reflection-only context.

public ref class CustomAttributeData
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
[System.Serializable]
public class CustomAttributeData
type CustomAttributeData = class
Public Class CustomAttributeData
継承
CustomAttributeData
属性

次の例では、4つのコンストラクターと4つのプロパティを持つカスタム属性を定義します。The following example defines a custom attribute with four constructors and four properties. 2つのプロパティは読み取り専用で、コンストラクターの位置指定パラメーターを使用して設定されます。Two of the properties are read-only, and are set by using the positional parameters of the constructors. 他の2つのプロパティは読み取り/書き込み可能であり、名前付き引数を使用することによってのみ設定できます。The other two properties are read/write, and can be set only by using named arguments. 1つの位置指定プロパティは文字列の配列であり、1つの名前付きプロパティは整数の配列です。One positional property is an array of strings, and one named property is an array of integers.

この属性は、アセンブリ、アセンブリで宣言された型、型のメソッド、メソッドのパラメーターに適用されます。The attribute is applied to the assembly, to a type declared in the assembly, to a method of the type, and to a parameter of the method. このような場合は、異なるコンストラクターが使用されます。Different constructors are used for these cases. 実行すると、アセンブリはリフレクションのみのコンテキストにそれ自体を読み込み、それに適用されたカスタム属性およびそれに含まれる型とメンバーに関する情報を表示します。When executed, the assembly loads itself into the reflection-only context and displays information about the custom attributes that were applied to it and to the type and members it contains.

型に適用される属性は、位置指定引数と名前付き引数の両方を使用した配列プロパティを示しています。The attribute that is applied to the type demonstrates array properties, with both positional and named arguments.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::Collections::Generic;
using namespace System::Collections::ObjectModel;

// An enumeration used by the ExampleAttribute class.
public enum class ExampleKind
{
   FirstKind, SecondKind, ThirdKind, FourthKind
};

// An example attribute. The attribute can be applied to all
// targets, from assemblies to parameters.
//
[AttributeUsage(AttributeTargets::All)]
public ref class ExampleAttribute: public Attribute
{
private:
   // Data for properties.
   ExampleKind kindValue;
   String^ noteValue;
   array<String^>^ arrayStrings;
   array<int>^ arrayNumbers;

   // Constructors. 
   void ExampleAttributeInitialize( ExampleKind initKind, array<String^>^ initStrings )
   {
      kindValue = initKind;
      arrayStrings = initStrings;
   }
public:
   ExampleAttribute()
   {
      ExampleAttributeInitialize( ExampleKind::FirstKind, nullptr );
   }
   ExampleAttribute( ExampleKind initKind )
   {
      ExampleAttributeInitialize( initKind, nullptr );
   }
   ExampleAttribute( ExampleKind initKind, array<String^>^ initStrings )
   {
      ExampleAttributeInitialize( initKind, initStrings );
   }

   // Properties. The Note and Numbers properties must be read/write, so they
   // can be used as named parameters.
   //
   property ExampleKind Kind 
   {
      ExampleKind get()
      {
         return kindValue;
      }
   }
   property array<String^>^ Strings
   {
      array<String^>^ get()
      {
         return arrayStrings;
      }
   }
   property String^ Note 
   {
      String^ get()
      {
         return noteValue;
      }

      void set( String^ value )
      {
         noteValue = value;
      }
   }
   property array<int>^ Numbers
   {
      array<int>^ get()
      {
         return arrayNumbers;
      }

      void set( array<int>^ value )
      {
         arrayNumbers = value;
      }
   }
};

// The example attribute is applied to the assembly.
[assembly:Example(ExampleKind::ThirdKind,Note="This is a note on the assembly.")];

// The example attribute is applied to the test class.
//
[Example(ExampleKind::SecondKind, 
         gcnew array<String^> { "String array argument, line 1", 
                        "String array argument, line 2", 
                        "String array argument, line 3" }, 
         Note="This is a note on the class.",
         Numbers = gcnew array<int> { 53, 57, 59 })] 
public ref class Test
{
public:
   // The example attribute is applied to a method, using the
   // parameterless constructor and supplying a named argument.
   // The attribute is also applied to the method parameter.
   //
   [Example(Note="This is a note on a method.")]
   void TestMethod( [Example] Object^ arg ){}

   // Main() gets objects representing the assembly, the test
   // type, the test method, and the method parameter. Custom
   // attribute data is displayed for each of these.
   //
   static void Main()
   {
      Assembly^ assembly = Assembly::ReflectionOnlyLoad( "Source" );
      Type^ t = assembly->GetType( "Test" );
      MethodInfo^ m = t->GetMethod( "TestMethod" );
      array<ParameterInfo^>^p = m->GetParameters();

      Console::WriteLine( "\r\nAttributes for assembly: '{0}'", assembly );
      ShowAttributeData( CustomAttributeData::GetCustomAttributes( assembly ) );
      Console::WriteLine( "\r\nAttributes for type: '{0}'", t );
      ShowAttributeData( CustomAttributeData::GetCustomAttributes( t ) );
      Console::WriteLine( "\r\nAttributes for member: '{0}'", m );
      ShowAttributeData( CustomAttributeData::GetCustomAttributes( m ) );
      Console::WriteLine( "\r\nAttributes for parameter: '{0}'", p );
      ShowAttributeData( CustomAttributeData::GetCustomAttributes( p[ 0 ] ) );
   }

private:
    static void ShowValueOrArray(CustomAttributeTypedArgument^ cata)
    {
        if (cata->Value->GetType() == ReadOnlyCollection<CustomAttributeTypedArgument>::typeid)
        {
            Console::WriteLine("         Array of '{0}':", cata->ArgumentType);

            for each (CustomAttributeTypedArgument^ cataElement in 
                (ReadOnlyCollection<CustomAttributeTypedArgument>^) cata->Value)
            {
                Console::WriteLine("             Type: '{0}'  Value: '{1}'",
                    cataElement->ArgumentType, cataElement->Value);
            }
        }
        else
        {
            Console::WriteLine( "         Type: '{0}'  Value: '{1}'",
               cata->ArgumentType, cata->Value );
        }
    }

   static void ShowAttributeData( IList< CustomAttributeData^ >^ attributes )
   {
      for each ( CustomAttributeData^ cad in attributes )
      {
         Console::WriteLine( "   {0}", cad );
         Console::WriteLine( "      Constructor: '{0}'", cad->Constructor );

         Console::WriteLine( "      Constructor arguments:" );
         for each ( CustomAttributeTypedArgument^ cata in cad->ConstructorArguments )
         {
            ShowValueOrArray(cata);
         }

         Console::WriteLine( "      Named arguments:" );
         for each ( CustomAttributeNamedArgument cana in cad->NamedArguments )
         {
            Console::WriteLine( "         MemberInfo: '{0}'", cana.MemberInfo );
            ShowValueOrArray(cana.TypedValue);
         }
      }
   }
};

int main()
{
   Test::Main();
}

/* This code example produces output similar to the following:

Attributes for assembly: 'source, Version=0.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=null'
   [System.Runtime.CompilerServices.CompilationRelaxationsAttribute((Int32)8)]
      Constructor: 'Void .ctor(Int32)'
      Constructor arguments:
         Type: 'System.Int32'  Value: '8'
      Named arguments:
   [System.Runtime.CompilerServices.RuntimeCompatibilityAttribute(WrapNonExceptionThrows = True)]
      Constructor: 'Void .ctor()'
      Constructor arguments:
      Named arguments:
         MemberInfo: 'Boolean WrapNonExceptionThrows'
         Type: 'System.Boolean'  Value: 'True'
   [ExampleAttribute((ExampleKind)2, Note = "This is a note on the assembly.")]
      Constructor: 'Void .ctor(ExampleKind)'
      Constructor arguments:
         Type: 'ExampleKind'  Value: '2'
      Named arguments:
         MemberInfo: 'System.String Note'
         Type: 'System.String'  Value: 'This is a note on the assembly.'

Attributes for type: 'Test'
   [ExampleAttribute((ExampleKind)1, new String[3] { "String array argument, line 1", "String array argument, line 2", "String array argument, line 3" }, Note = "This is a note on the class.", Numbers = new Int32[3] { 53, 57, 59 })]
      Constructor: 'Void .ctor(ExampleKind, System.String[])'
      Constructor arguments:
         Type: 'ExampleKind'  Value: '1'
         Array of 'System.String[]':
             Type: 'System.String'  Value: 'String array argument, line 1'
             Type: 'System.String'  Value: 'String array argument, line 2'
             Type: 'System.String'  Value: 'String array argument, line 3'
      Named arguments:
         MemberInfo: 'System.String Note'
         Type: 'System.String'  Value: 'This is a note on the class.'
         MemberInfo: 'Int32[] Numbers'
         Array of 'System.Int32[]':
             Type: 'System.Int32'  Value: '53'
             Type: 'System.Int32'  Value: '57'
             Type: 'System.Int32'  Value: '59'

Attributes for member: 'Void TestMethod(System.Object)'
   [ExampleAttribute(Note = "This is a note on a method.")]
      Constructor: 'Void .ctor()'
      Constructor arguments:
      Named arguments:
         MemberInfo: 'System.String Note'
         Type: 'System.String'  Value: 'This is a note on a method.'

Attributes for parameter: 'System.Object arg'
   [ExampleAttribute()]
      Constructor: 'Void .ctor()'
      Constructor arguments:
      Named arguments:
*/
using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Collections.ObjectModel;

// The example attribute is applied to the assembly.
[assembly:Example(ExampleKind.ThirdKind, Note="This is a note on the assembly.")]

// An enumeration used by the ExampleAttribute class.
public enum ExampleKind
{
    FirstKind, 
    SecondKind, 
    ThirdKind, 
    FourthKind
};

// An example attribute. The attribute can be applied to all
// targets, from assemblies to parameters.
//
[AttributeUsage(AttributeTargets.All)]
public class ExampleAttribute : Attribute
{
    // Data for properties.
    private ExampleKind kindValue;
    private string noteValue;
    private string[] arrayStrings;
    private int[] arrayNumbers;

    // Constructors. The parameterless constructor (.ctor) calls
    // the constructor that specifies ExampleKind and an array of 
    // strings, and supplies the default values.
    //
    public ExampleAttribute(ExampleKind initKind, string[] initStrings)
    {
        kindValue = initKind;
        arrayStrings = initStrings;
    }
    public ExampleAttribute(ExampleKind initKind) : this(initKind, null) {}
    public ExampleAttribute() : this(ExampleKind.FirstKind, null) {}

    // Properties. The Note and Numbers properties must be read/write, so they
    // can be used as named parameters.
    //
    public ExampleKind Kind { get { return kindValue; }}
    public string[] Strings { get { return arrayStrings; }}
    public string Note    
    {
        get { return noteValue; }
        set { noteValue = value; }
    }
    public int[] Numbers
    {
        get { return arrayNumbers; }
        set { arrayNumbers = value; }
    }
}

// The example attribute is applied to the test class.
//
[Example(ExampleKind.SecondKind, 
         new string[] { "String array argument, line 1", 
                        "String array argument, line 2", 
                        "String array argument, line 3" }, 
         Note="This is a note on the class.",
         Numbers = new int[] { 53, 57, 59 })] 
public class Test
{
    // The example attribute is applied to a method, using the
    // parameterless constructor and supplying a named argument.
    // The attribute is also applied to the method parameter.
    //
    [Example(Note="This is a note on a method.")]
    public void TestMethod([Example] object arg) { }

    // Main() gets objects representing the assembly, the test
    // type, the test method, and the method parameter. Custom
    // attribute data is displayed for each of these.
    //
    public static void Main()
    {
        Assembly asm = Assembly.ReflectionOnlyLoad("Source");
        Type t = asm.GetType("Test");
        MethodInfo m = t.GetMethod("TestMethod");
        ParameterInfo[] p = m.GetParameters();

        Console.WriteLine("\r\nAttributes for assembly: '{0}'", asm);
        ShowAttributeData(CustomAttributeData.GetCustomAttributes(asm));
        Console.WriteLine("\r\nAttributes for type: '{0}'", t);
        ShowAttributeData(CustomAttributeData.GetCustomAttributes(t));
        Console.WriteLine("\r\nAttributes for member: '{0}'", m);
        ShowAttributeData(CustomAttributeData.GetCustomAttributes(m));
        Console.WriteLine("\r\nAttributes for parameter: '{0}'", p);
        ShowAttributeData(CustomAttributeData.GetCustomAttributes(p[0]));
    }

    private static void ShowAttributeData(
        IList<CustomAttributeData> attributes)
    {
        foreach( CustomAttributeData cad in attributes )
        {
            Console.WriteLine("   {0}", cad);
            Console.WriteLine("      Constructor: '{0}'", cad.Constructor);

            Console.WriteLine("      Constructor arguments:");
            foreach( CustomAttributeTypedArgument cata 
                in cad.ConstructorArguments )
            {
                ShowValueOrArray(cata);
            }

            Console.WriteLine("      Named arguments:");
            foreach( CustomAttributeNamedArgument cana 
                in cad.NamedArguments )
            {
                Console.WriteLine("         MemberInfo: '{0}'", 
                    cana.MemberInfo);
                ShowValueOrArray(cana.TypedValue);
            }
        }
    }

    private static void ShowValueOrArray(CustomAttributeTypedArgument cata)
    {
        if (cata.Value.GetType() == typeof(ReadOnlyCollection<CustomAttributeTypedArgument>))
        {
            Console.WriteLine("         Array of '{0}':", cata.ArgumentType);

            foreach (CustomAttributeTypedArgument cataElement in 
                (ReadOnlyCollection<CustomAttributeTypedArgument>) cata.Value)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("             Type: '{0}'  Value: '{1}'",
                    cataElement.ArgumentType, cataElement.Value);
            }
        }
        else
        {
            Console.WriteLine("         Type: '{0}'  Value: '{1}'", 
                cata.ArgumentType, cata.Value);
        }
    }
}

/* This code example produces output similar to the following:

Attributes for assembly: 'source, Version=0.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=null'
   [System.Runtime.CompilerServices.CompilationRelaxationsAttribute((Int32)8)]
      Constructor: 'Void .ctor(Int32)'
      Constructor arguments:
         Type: 'System.Int32'  Value: '8'
      Named arguments:
   [System.Runtime.CompilerServices.RuntimeCompatibilityAttribute(WrapNonExceptionThrows = True)]
      Constructor: 'Void .ctor()'
      Constructor arguments:
      Named arguments:
         MemberInfo: 'Boolean WrapNonExceptionThrows'
         Type: 'System.Boolean'  Value: 'True'
   [ExampleAttribute((ExampleKind)2, Note = "This is a note on the assembly.")]
      Constructor: 'Void .ctor(ExampleKind)'
      Constructor arguments:
         Type: 'ExampleKind'  Value: '2'
      Named arguments:
         MemberInfo: 'System.String Note'
         Type: 'System.String'  Value: 'This is a note on the assembly.'

Attributes for type: 'Test'
   [ExampleAttribute((ExampleKind)1, new String[3] { "String array argument, line 1", "String array argument, line 2", "String array argument, line 3" }, Note = "This is a note on the class.", Numbers = new Int32[3] { 53, 57, 59 })]
      Constructor: 'Void .ctor(ExampleKind, System.String[])'
      Constructor arguments:
         Type: 'ExampleKind'  Value: '1'
         Array of 'System.String[]':
             Type: 'System.String'  Value: 'String array argument, line 1'
             Type: 'System.String'  Value: 'String array argument, line 2'
             Type: 'System.String'  Value: 'String array argument, line 3'
      Named arguments:
         MemberInfo: 'System.String Note'
         Type: 'System.String'  Value: 'This is a note on the class.'
         MemberInfo: 'Int32[] Numbers'
         Array of 'System.Int32[]':
             Type: 'System.Int32'  Value: '53'
             Type: 'System.Int32'  Value: '57'
             Type: 'System.Int32'  Value: '59'

Attributes for member: 'Void TestMethod(System.Object)'
   [ExampleAttribute(Note = "This is a note on a method.")]
      Constructor: 'Void .ctor()'
      Constructor arguments:
      Named arguments:
         MemberInfo: 'System.String Note'
         Type: 'System.String'  Value: 'This is a note on a method.'

Attributes for parameter: 'System.Object arg'
   [ExampleAttribute()]
      Constructor: 'Void .ctor()'
      Constructor arguments:
      Named arguments:
*/
Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.Collections.Generic
Imports System.Collections.ObjectModel

' The example attribute is applied to the assembly.
<Assembly:Example(ExampleKind.ThirdKind, Note:="This is a note on the assembly.")>

' An enumeration used by the ExampleAttribute class.
Public Enum ExampleKind
    FirstKind
    SecondKind
    ThirdKind
    FourthKind
End Enum

' An example attribute. The attribute can be applied to all
' targets, from assemblies to parameters.
'
<AttributeUsage(AttributeTargets.All)> _
Public Class ExampleAttribute
    Inherits Attribute

    ' Data for properties.
    Private kindValue As ExampleKind
    Private noteValue As String
    Private arrayStrings() As String
    Private arrayNumbers() As Integer

    ' Constructors. The parameterless constructor (.ctor) calls
    ' the constructor that specifies ExampleKind and an array of
    ' strings, and supplies the default values.
    '
    Public Sub New(ByVal initKind As ExampleKind, ByVal initStrings() As String)
        kindValue = initKind
        arrayStrings = initStrings
    End Sub
    Public Sub New(ByVal initKind As ExampleKind)
        Me.New(initKind, Nothing)
    End Sub
    Public Sub New()
        Me.New(ExampleKind.FirstKind, Nothing)
    End Sub

    ' Properties. The Note and Numbers properties must be read/write, so they 
    ' can be used as named parameters.
    '
    Public ReadOnly Property Kind As ExampleKind
        Get
            Return kindValue 
        End Get
    End Property
    Public ReadOnly Property Strings As String()
        Get
            Return arrayStrings 
        End Get
    End Property
    Public Property Note As String
        Get
            Return noteValue 
        End Get
        Set
            noteValue = value
        End Set
    End Property
    Public Property Numbers As Integer()
        Get
            Return arrayNumbers 
        End Get
        Set
            arrayNumbers = value
        End Set
    End Property
End Class

' The example attribute is applied to the test class.
'
<Example(ExampleKind.SecondKind, _
         New String() { "String array argument, line 1", _
                        "String array argument, line 2", _
                        "String array argument, line 3" }, _
         Note := "This is a note on the class.", _
         Numbers := New Integer() { 53, 57, 59 })> _
Public Class Test
    ' The example attribute is applied to a method, using the
    ' parameterless constructor and supplying a named argument.
    ' The attribute is also applied to the method parameter.
    '
    <Example(Note:="This is a note on a method.")> _
    Public Sub TestMethod(<Example()> ByVal arg As Object)
    End Sub

    ' Sub Main gets objects representing the assembly, the test
    ' type, the test method, and the method parameter. Custom
    ' attribute data is displayed for each of these.
    '
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim asm As [Assembly] = Assembly.ReflectionOnlyLoad("source")
        Dim t As Type = asm.GetType("Test")
        Dim m As MethodInfo = t.GetMethod("TestMethod")
        Dim p() As ParameterInfo = m.GetParameters()

        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "Attributes for assembly: '{0}'", asm)
        ShowAttributeData(CustomAttributeData.GetCustomAttributes(asm))
        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "Attributes for type: '{0}'", t)
        ShowAttributeData(CustomAttributeData.GetCustomAttributes(t))
        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "Attributes for member: '{0}'", m)
        ShowAttributeData(CustomAttributeData.GetCustomAttributes(m))
        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "Attributes for parameter: '{0}'", p)
        ShowAttributeData(CustomAttributeData.GetCustomAttributes(p(0)))
    End Sub

    Private Shared Sub ShowAttributeData( _
        ByVal attributes As IList(Of CustomAttributeData))

        For Each cad As CustomAttributeData _
            In CType(attributes, IEnumerable(Of CustomAttributeData))

            Console.WriteLine("   {0}", cad)
            Console.WriteLine("      Constructor: '{0}'", cad.Constructor)

            Console.WriteLine("      Constructor arguments:")
            For Each cata As CustomAttributeTypedArgument _
                In CType(cad.ConstructorArguments, IEnumerable(Of CustomAttributeTypedArgument))

                ShowValueOrArray(cata)
            Next

            Console.WriteLine("      Named arguments:")
            For Each cana As CustomAttributeNamedArgument _
                In CType(cad.NamedArguments, IEnumerable(Of CustomAttributeNamedArgument))

                Console.WriteLine("         MemberInfo: '{0}'", _
                    cana.MemberInfo)
                ShowValueOrArray(cana.TypedValue)
            Next
        Next
    End Sub

    Private Shared Sub ShowValueOrArray(ByVal cata As CustomAttributeTypedArgument)
        If cata.Value.GetType() Is GetType(ReadOnlyCollection(Of CustomAttributeTypedArgument)) Then
            Console.WriteLine("         Array of '{0}':", cata.ArgumentType)

            For Each cataElement As CustomAttributeTypedArgument In cata.Value
                Console.WriteLine("             Type: '{0}'  Value: '{1}'", _
                    cataElement.ArgumentType, cataElement.Value)
            Next
        Else
            Console.WriteLine("         Type: '{0}'  Value: '{1}'", _
                cata.ArgumentType, cata.Value)
        End If       
    End Sub
End Class

' This code example produces output similar to the following:
'
'Attributes for assembly: 'source, Version=0.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=null'
'   [System.Runtime.CompilerServices.CompilationRelaxationsAttribute((Int32)8)]
'      Constructor: 'Void .ctor(Int32)'
'      Constructor arguments:
'         Type: 'System.Int32'  Value: '8'
'      Named arguments:
'   [System.Runtime.CompilerServices.RuntimeCompatibilityAttribute(WrapNonExceptionThrows = True)]
'      Constructor: 'Void .ctor()'
'      Constructor arguments:
'      Named arguments:
'         MemberInfo: 'Boolean WrapNonExceptionThrows'
'         Type: 'System.Boolean'  Value: 'True'
'   [ExampleAttribute((ExampleKind)2, Note = "This is a note on the assembly.")]
'      Constructor: 'Void .ctor(ExampleKind)'
'      Constructor arguments:
'         Type: 'ExampleKind'  Value: '2'
'      Named arguments:
'         MemberInfo: 'System.String Note'
'         Type: 'System.String'  Value: 'This is a note on the assembly.'
'
'Attributes for type: 'Test'
'   [ExampleAttribute((ExampleKind)1, new String[3] { "String array argument, line 1", "String array argument, line 2", "String array argument, line 3" }, Note = "This is a note on the class.", Numbers = new Int32[3] { 53, 57, 59 })]
'      Constructor: 'Void .ctor(ExampleKind, System.String[])'
'      Constructor arguments:
'         Type: 'ExampleKind'  Value: '1'
'         Array of 'System.String[]':
'             Type: 'System.String'  Value: 'String array argument, line 1'
'             Type: 'System.String'  Value: 'String array argument, line 2'
'             Type: 'System.String'  Value: 'String array argument, line 3'
'      Named arguments:
'         MemberInfo: 'System.String Note'
'         Type: 'System.String'  Value: 'This is a note on the class.'
'         MemberInfo: 'Int32[] Numbers'
'         Array of 'System.Int32[]':
'             Type: 'System.Int32'  Value: '53'
'             Type: 'System.Int32'  Value: '57'
'             Type: 'System.Int32'  Value: '59'
'
'Attributes for member: 'Void TestMethod(System.Object)'
'   [ExampleAttribute(Note = "This is a note on a method.")]
'      Constructor: 'Void .ctor()'
'      Constructor arguments:
'      Named arguments:
'         MemberInfo: 'System.String Note'
'         Type: 'System.String'  Value: 'This is a note on a method.'
'
'Attributes for parameter: 'System.Object arg'
'   [ExampleAttribute()]
'      Constructor: 'Void .ctor()'
'      Constructor arguments:
'      Named arguments:

注釈

リフレクションのみのコンテキストで検証されているコードは実行できないので、カスタム属性を確認してからインスタンスを作成し、そのプロパティを調べることができるとはAttribute.GetCustomAttributes限りMemberInfo.GetCustomAttributesません。そのためには、、などのメソッドを使用します。.Code that is being examined in the reflection-only context cannot be executed, so it is not always possible to examine custom attributes by creating instances of them and then examining their properties, using methods like Attribute.GetCustomAttributes, MemberInfo.GetCustomAttributes, and so on. 属性の型自体のコードがリフレクションのみのコンテキストに読み込まれる場合は、実行できません。If the code for the attribute type itself is loaded into the reflection-only context, it cannot be executed.

クラスCustomAttributeDataでは、属性の抽象化を提供することによって、リフレクションのみのコンテキストでカスタム属性を調べることができます。The CustomAttributeData class allows examination of custom attributes in the reflection-only context by providing an abstraction for attributes. このクラスのメンバーは、属性の位置指定引数と名前付き引数を取得するために使用できます。The members of this class can be used to obtain the positional arguments and named arguments of the attribute. プロパティを使用して、位置NamedArguments指定CustomAttributeTypedArgument引数を表す構造体の一覧を取得し、プロパティを使用してCustomAttributeNamedArgument名前付き引数を表す構造体の一覧を取得します。 ConstructorArgumentsUse the ConstructorArguments property to get a list of CustomAttributeTypedArgument structures that represent the positional arguments, and use the NamedArguments property to get a list of CustomAttributeNamedArgument structures that represent the named arguments.

注意

構造CustomAttributeNamedArgument体は、引数の値を取得および設定するために使用される属性プロパティに関する情報のみを提供します。The CustomAttributeNamedArgument structure only provides information about the attribute property used to get and set the argument value. 引数の型と値を取得するには、 CustomAttributeNamedArgument.TypedValueプロパティを使用して構造体をCustomAttributeTypedArgument取得します。To obtain the type and value of the argument, use the CustomAttributeNamedArgument.TypedValue property to obtain a CustomAttributeTypedArgument structure.

引数のCustomAttributeTypedArgument構造体 (名前付きまたは位置指定) がある場合はCustomAttributeTypedArgument.ArgumentType 、プロパティを使用して型CustomAttributeTypedArgument.Valueを取得し、プロパティを使用して値を取得します。When you have a CustomAttributeTypedArgument structure for an argument, whether named or positional, use the CustomAttributeTypedArgument.ArgumentType property to get the type and the CustomAttributeTypedArgument.Value property to get the value.

注意

配列引数の場合、プロパティCustomAttributeTypedArgument.ValueはオブジェクトのCustomAttributeTypedArgumentジェネリックReadOnlyCollection<T>を返します。For an array argument, the CustomAttributeTypedArgument.Value property returns a generic ReadOnlyCollection<T> of CustomAttributeTypedArgument objects. コレクションCustomAttributeTypedArgument内の各オブジェクトは、配列の対応する要素を表します。Each CustomAttributeTypedArgument object in the collection represents the corresponding element of the array.

CustomAttributeDataは、実行コンテキストだけでなく、リフレクションのみのコンテキストでも使用できます。CustomAttributeData can be used in the execution context as well as in the reflection-only context. たとえば、カスタム属性のコードを含むアセンブリが読み込まれないようにすることができます。For example, you might want to avoid loading the assembly that contains the code for a custom attribute. クラスのCustomAttributeData使用方法は、次のようAttribute.GetCustomAttributesなメソッドの使用とは異なります。Using the CustomAttributeData class is different from using methods like Attribute.GetCustomAttributes:

  • CustomAttributeDataプロパティとメソッドは、コンストラクターのセマンティクスではなく、属性インスタンスに対して指定された値のみを提供します。The properties and methods of CustomAttributeData only provide you with the values that were specified for the attribute instance, not the semantics of the constructor. たとえば、属性の文字列引数は、内部的に他の何らかの表現に変換され、正規の形式で返される場合があります。または、実際の属性コードが実行されると、プロパティに副作用が生じる可能性があります。For example, a string argument of an attribute might be converted internally to some other representation, and returned in a canonical form; or a property might have side effects when the actual attribute code is executed.

  • CustomAttributeDataプロパティとメソッドでは、基本クラスから継承されたカスタム属性を取得することはできません。The properties and methods of CustomAttributeData do not allow you to retrieve the custom attributes inherited from base classes.

CustomAttributeDataクラスのインスタンスを作成するにはstatic 、(Shared Visual Basic) GetCustomAttributesファクトリメソッドを使用します。To create instances of the CustomAttributeData class, use the static (Shared in Visual Basic) GetCustomAttributes factory methods.

コンストラクター

CustomAttributeData()

CustomAttributeData クラスの新しいインスタンスを初期化します。Initializes a new instance of the CustomAttributeData class.

プロパティ

AttributeType

属性の型を取得します。Gets the type of the attribute.

Constructor

カスタム属性を初期化したはずのコンストラクターを表す ConstructorInfo オブジェクトを取得します。Gets a ConstructorInfo object that represents the constructor that would have initialized the custom attribute.

ConstructorArguments

CustomAttributeData オブジェクトが表す属性インスタンスに対して指定された位置指定引数のリストを取得します。Gets the list of positional arguments specified for the attribute instance represented by the CustomAttributeData object.

NamedArguments

CustomAttributeData オブジェクトが表す属性インスタンスに対して指定された名前付き引数のリストを取得します。Gets the list of named arguments specified for the attribute instance represented by the CustomAttributeData object.

メソッド

Equals(Object)

このインスタンスが、指定されたオブジェクトと等価であるかどうかを示す値を返します。Returns a value that indicates whether this instance is equal to a specified object.

GetCustomAttributes(Assembly)

ターゲット アセンブリに適用されている属性に関するデータを表す CustomAttributeData オブジェクトのリストを返します。Returns a list of CustomAttributeData objects representing data about the attributes that have been applied to the target assembly.

GetCustomAttributes(MemberInfo)

ターゲット メンバーに適用されている属性に関するデータを表す CustomAttributeData オブジェクトのリストを返します。Returns a list of CustomAttributeData objects representing data about the attributes that have been applied to the target member.

GetCustomAttributes(Module)

ターゲット モジュールに適用されている属性に関するデータを表す CustomAttributeData オブジェクトのリストを戻します。Returns a list of CustomAttributeData objects representing data about the attributes that have been applied to the target module.

GetCustomAttributes(ParameterInfo)

ターゲット パラメーターに適用されている属性に関するデータを表す CustomAttributeData オブジェクトのリストを戻します。Returns a list of CustomAttributeData objects representing data about the attributes that have been applied to the target parameter.

GetHashCode()

特定の型のハッシュ関数として機能します。Serves as a hash function for a particular type.

GetType()

現在のインスタンスの Type を取得します。Gets the Type of the current instance.

(継承元 Object)
MemberwiseClone()

現在の Object の簡易コピーを作成します。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(継承元 Object)
ToString()

カスタム属性の文字列形式を返します。Returns a string representation of the custom attribute.

適用対象

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