GridViewSortEventArgs.SortExpression GridViewSortEventArgs.SortExpression GridViewSortEventArgs.SortExpression GridViewSortEventArgs.SortExpression Property

定義

GridView コントロール内の項目の並べ替えに使用する式を取得または設定します。Gets or sets the expression used to sort the items in the GridView control.

public:
 property System::String ^ SortExpression { System::String ^ get(); void set(System::String ^ value); };
public string SortExpression { get; set; }
member this.SortExpression : string with get, set
Public Property SortExpression As String

プロパティ値

GridView コントロール内の項目の並べ替えに使用する式。The expression used to sort the items in the GridView control.

次の例は、 SortExpressionプロパティを使用して、 GridViewコントロール内のどの列が並べ替えられているかを判断する方法を示しています。The following example demonstrates how to use the SortExpression property to determine which column in a GridView control is being sorted. ユーザーがアドレス列を並べ替えようとすると、並べ替え操作は取り消されます。If the user attempts to sort the address column, the sort operation is canceled.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">
  
  void CustomersGridView_Sorting(Object sender, GridViewSortEventArgs e)
  {
    // Cancel the sorting operation if the user attempts
    // to sort by address.
    if (e.SortExpression == "Address")
    {
      e.Cancel = true;
      Message.Text = "You cannot sort by address.";
      SortInformationLabel.Text = "";
    }
    else
    {
      Message.Text = "";
    }
  }

  void CustomersGridView_Sorted(Object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    // Display the sort expression and sort direction.
    SortInformationLabel.Text = "Sorting by " +
      CustomersGridView.SortExpression.ToString() +
      " in " + CustomersGridView.SortDirection.ToString() +
      " order.";
  }
  
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>GridView Sorting Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>GridView Sorting Example</h3>

      <asp:label id="Message"
        forecolor="Red"
        runat="server"/>
        
      <br/>
        
      <asp:label id="SortInformationLabel"
        forecolor="Navy"
        runat="server"/>
                
      <br/>  

      <asp:gridview id="CustomersGridView" 
        datasourceid="CustomersSource" 
        autogeneratecolumns="true"
        allowpaging="true"
        emptydatatext="No data available." 
        allowsorting="true"
        onsorting="CustomersGridView_Sorting"
        onsorted="CustomersGridView_Sorted"  
        runat="server">
                
      </asp:gridview>
            
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="CustomersSource"
        selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>
        
    </form>
  </body>
</html>


<%@ Page language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">
  
  Sub CustomersGridView_Sorting(sender As Object, e As GridViewSortEventArgs)
  
    ' Cancel the sorting operation if the user attempts
    ' to sort by address.
    If e.SortExpression = "Address" Then
    
      e.Cancel = True
      Message.Text = "You cannot sort by address."
      SortInformationLabel.Text = ""
    
    Else
    
      Message.Text = ""
      
    End If
    
  End Sub

  Sub CustomersGridView_Sorted(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
 
    ' Display the sort expression and sort direction.
    SortInformationLabel.Text = "Sorting by " & _
      CustomersGridView.SortExpression.ToString() & _
      " in " & CustomersGridView.SortDirection.ToString() & _
      " order."
    
  End Sub
    
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>GridView Sorted and Sorting Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>GridView Sorted and Sorting Example</h3>

      <asp:label id="Message"
        forecolor="Red"
        runat="server"/>
        
      <br/>
        
      <asp:label id="SortInformationLabel"
        forecolor="Navy"
        runat="server"/>
                
      <br/>  

      <asp:gridview id="CustomersGridView" 
        datasourceid="CustomersSource" 
        autogeneratecolumns="true"
        allowpaging="true"
        emptydatatext="No data available." 
        allowsorting="true"
        onsorting="CustomersGridView_Sorting"
        onsorted="CustomersGridView_Sorted"  
        runat="server">
                
      </asp:gridview>
            
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="CustomersSource"
        selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>
        
    </form>
  </body>
</html>

注釈

イベントが発生したときに、 SortExpressionプロパティを使用して、並べ替え操作の実行時にコントロールのGridView並べ替えに使用される並べ替え式を決定できます。 SortingWhen the Sorting event is raised, you can use the SortExpression property to determine the sort expression that will be used to sort the GridView control when sort operation is performed. 既定では、 GridViewコントロールは一度に1つの列を並べ替えます。By default, the GridView control sorts a single column at a time. 並べ替え式には、並べ替えるフィールドの名前だけが含まれています。The sort expression simply contains the name of the field to sort. プログラムを使用して、このプロパティをフィールド名のコンマ区切りリストに設定することにより、一度に複数の列を並べ替えることもできます。You can also sort multiple columns at a time by programmatically setting this property to a comma-separated list of field names.

適用対象

こちらもご覧ください