ObjectDataSource.Inserting ObjectDataSource.Inserting ObjectDataSource.Inserting ObjectDataSource.Inserting Event

정의

Insert() 작업 전에 발생합니다.Occurs before an Insert() operation.

public:
 event System::Web::UI::WebControls::ObjectDataSourceMethodEventHandler ^ Inserting;
public event System.Web.UI.WebControls.ObjectDataSourceMethodEventHandler Inserting;
member this.Inserting : System.Web.UI.WebControls.ObjectDataSourceMethodEventHandler 
Public Custom Event Inserting As ObjectDataSourceMethodEventHandler 

예제

이 섹션에는 두 코드 예제가 있습니다.This section contains two code examples. 첫 번째 코드 예제에 사용 하는 방법을 보여 줍니다.는 ObjectDataSource 비즈니스 개체를 사용 하 여 개체 및 DetailsView 데이터 삽입을 제어 합니다.The first code example demonstrates how to use an ObjectDataSource object with a business object and a DetailsView control to insert data. 두 번째 코드 예제에서는 첫 번째 코드 예제에 사용 되는 중간 계층 비즈니스 개체의 예제를 제공 합니다.The second code example provides an example of the middle-tier business object that is used in the first code example.

다음 코드 예제에 사용 하는 방법을 보여 줍니다.는 ObjectDataSource 비즈니스 개체를 사용 하 여 컨트롤 및 DetailsView 데이터 삽입을 제어 합니다.The following code example demonstrates how to use an ObjectDataSource control with a business object and a DetailsView control to insert data. 처음에 DetailsView 새 표시 NorthwindEmployee 와 함께 자동으로 생성 된 레코드 삽입 단추입니다.Initially, the DetailsView displays a new NorthwindEmployee record, along with an automatically generated Insert button. 데이터의 필드에 입력 한 후 합니다 DetailsView 컨트롤을 클릭 합니다 삽입 단추입니다.After you enter data into the fields of the DetailsView control, click the Insert button. InsertMethod 속성 삽입 작업을 수행 하는 메서드를 식별 합니다.The InsertMethod property identifies which method performs the insert operation.

이 예제에서는 합니다 UpdateEmployeeInfo 그러나; 메서드는 삽입을 수행 하는 NorthwindEmployee 데이터를 삽입 하려면 매개 변수입니다.In this example, the UpdateEmployeeInfo method is used to perform an insert; however, it requires a NorthwindEmployee parameter to insert the data. 따라서 컬렉션 하는 문자열을 DetailsView 컨트롤 전달 자동으로 충분 하지 않습니다.For this reason, the collection of strings that the DetailsView control passes automatically is not sufficient. NorthwindEmployeeInserting 대리자가는 ObjectDataSourceMethodEventHandler 처리 하는 개체를 Inserting 이벤트 이전 입력된 매개 변수를 조작할 수 있습니다는 Insert 작업 진행 합니다.The NorthwindEmployeeInserting delegate is an ObjectDataSourceMethodEventHandler object that handles the Inserting event and enables you to manipulate the input parameters before the Insert operation proceeds. 때문에 합니다 UpdateEmployeeInfo 메서드를 사용 하려면를 NorthwindEmployee 개체를 매개 변수로 하나 문자열의 컬렉션을 사용 하 여 추가할 합니다 InputParameters 매개 변수 이름을 사용 하 여 컬렉션 (ne) 메서드에 필요한 합니다.Because the UpdateEmployeeInfo method requires a NorthwindEmployee object as a parameter, one is created using the collection of strings and is added to the InputParameters collection using a parameter name (ne) that the method expects. 형식 및 사용에 맞게 설계 되지 않은 메서드를 사용 하 여 데이터 원본으로 기존 중간 계층 개체를 사용 하는 경우에 다음과 같은 단계를 수행할 수는 ObjectDataSource 제어 합니다.You might perform steps like these when using an existing middle-tier object as a data source with types and methods that are not designed specifically for use with the ObjectDataSource control.

경우는 Insert 작업을 수행할로 식별 되는 메서드는 InsertMethod 속성 이라고 합니다.When the Insert operation is performed, the method that is identified by the InsertMethod property is called. 경우는 Insert 개체의 메서드가 매개 변수를 포함 하는 메서드 시그니처를 InsertParameters 컬렉션에 대 한 메서드 시그니처 매개 변수와 일치 하는 이름 가진 매개 변수가 포함 되어야 합니다는 Insert 성공적으로 완료 하는 방법입니다.If the Insert method of the object has a method signature that includes parameters, the InsertParameters collection must contain a parameter with names that match the method signature parameters for the Insert method to complete successfully.

<%@ Register TagPrefix="aspSample" Namespace="Samples.AspNet.CS" Assembly="Samples.AspNet.CS" %>
<%@ Import namespace="Samples.AspNet.CS" %>
<%@ Page language="c#" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">
private void NorthwindEmployeeInserting(object source, ObjectDataSourceMethodEventArgs e)
{
  // The business object expects a custom type. Build it
  // and add it to the parameters collection.
  
  IDictionary paramsFromPage = e.InputParameters;

  NorthwindEmployee ne = new NorthwindEmployee();

  ne.FirstName  = paramsFromPage["FirstName"].ToString();
  ne.LastName   = paramsFromPage["LastName"].ToString();
  ne.Title      = paramsFromPage["Title"].ToString();
  ne.Courtesy   = paramsFromPage["Courtesy"].ToString();
  ne.Supervisor = Int32.Parse(paramsFromPage["Supervisor"].ToString());

  paramsFromPage.Clear();
  paramsFromPage.Add("ne", ne);
}

</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head>
    <title>ObjectDataSource - C# Example</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <form id="Form1" method="post" runat="server">

        <asp:detailsview
          id="DetailsView1"
          runat="server"
          autogenerateinsertbutton="True"
          datasourceid="ObjectDataSource1">
        </asp:detailsview>

        <asp:objectdatasource
          id="ObjectDataSource1"
          runat="server"
          selectmethod="GetEmployee"
          insertmethod="UpdateEmployeeInfo"
          oninserting="NorthwindEmployeeInserting"
          typename="Samples.AspNet.CS.EmployeeLogic"
          >
          <selectparameters>
            <asp:parameter name="anID" defaultvalue="-1" />
          </selectparameters>
        </asp:objectdatasource>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>
<%@ Register TagPrefix="aspSample" Namespace="Samples.AspNet.VB" Assembly="Samples.AspNet.VB" %>
<%@ Import namespace="Samples.AspNet.VB" %>
<%@ Page language="vb" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">
Private Sub NorthwindEmployeeInserting(source As Object, e As ObjectDataSourceMethodEventArgs)

  ' The GridView control passes an array of strings in the parameters
  ' collection because that is the type it knows how to work with.
  ' However, the business object expects a custom type. Build it
  ' and add it to the parameters collection.
  Dim paramsFromPage As IDictionary = e.InputParameters

  Dim ne As New NorthwindEmployee()
  ne.FirstName  = paramsFromPage("FirstName").ToString()
  ne.LastName   = paramsFromPage("LastName").ToString()
  ne.Title      = paramsFromPage("Title").ToString()
  ne.Courtesy   = paramsFromPage("Courtesy").ToString()
  ne.Supervisor = Int32.Parse(paramsFromPage("Supervisor").ToString())
  
  paramsFromPage.Clear()
  paramsFromPage.Add("ne", ne)
End Sub ' NorthwindEmployeeInserting

</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head>
    <title>ObjectDataSource - VB Example</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <form id="Form1" method="post" runat="server">

        <asp:detailsview
          id="DetailsView1"
          runat="server"
          autogenerateinsertbutton="True"
          datasourceid="ObjectDataSource1">
        </asp:detailsview>

        <asp:objectdatasource
          id="ObjectDataSource1"
          runat="server"
          selectmethod="GetEmployee"
          insertmethod="UpdateEmployeeInfo"
          oninserting="NorthwindEmployeeInserting"
          typename="Samples.AspNet.VB.EmployeeLogic" >
          <selectparameters>
            <asp:parameter name="anID" defaultvalue="-1" />
          </selectparameters>
        </asp:objectdatasource>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>

다음 코드 예제에서는 앞의 코드 예제를 사용 하는 중간 계층 비즈니스 개체의 예제를 제공 합니다.The following code example provides an example of a middle-tier business object that the preceding code example uses. 코드 예제에서는 두 개의 기본 클래스로 이루어져 있습니다.The code example consists of two basic classes:

  • EmployeeLogic 비즈니스 논리를 캡슐화 하는 상태 비저장 클래스 클래스.The EmployeeLogic class, which is a stateless class that encapsulates business logic.

  • NorthwindEmployee 클래스를 로드 하 고 데이터 계층에서 데이터를 유지 하는 데 필요한 기본적인 기능만 포함 하는 모델 클래스입니다.The NorthwindEmployee class, which is a model class that contains only the basic functionality that is required to load and persist data from the data tier.

추가 NorthwindDataException 클래스는 편의 위해 제공 됩니다.An additional NorthwindDataException class is provided as a convenience. 전체 작업 예제를 컴파일 및 이러한 클래스를 사용 해야 합니다.For a complete working example, you must compile and use these classes. UpdateEmployeeInfo 메서드 구현 되지 않은 완전히 하지 삽입할 데이터 Northwind Traders 데이터베이스이 예제를 테스트할 때 있도록 합니다.The UpdateEmployeeInfo method is not completely implemented, so you will not insert data into the Northwind Traders database when you experiment with this example.

namespace Samples.AspNet.CS {

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
  //
  // EmployeeLogic is a stateless business object that encapsulates
  // the operations you can perform on a NorthwindEmployee object.
  //
  public class EmployeeLogic {

    // Returns a collection of NorthwindEmployee objects.
    public static ICollection GetAllEmployees () {
      ArrayList al = new ArrayList();

      ConnectionStringSettings cts = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["NorthwindConnection"];

      SqlDataSource sds
        = new SqlDataSource(cts.ConnectionString,
                            "SELECT EmployeeID FROM Employees");
      try {
        IEnumerable IDs = sds.Select(DataSourceSelectArguments.Empty);

        // Iterate through the Enumeration and create a
        // NorthwindEmployee object for each ID.
        IEnumerator enumerator = IDs.GetEnumerator();
        while (enumerator.MoveNext()) {
          // The IEnumerable contains DataRowView objects.
          DataRowView row = enumerator.Current as DataRowView;
          string id = row["EmployeeID"].ToString();
          NorthwindEmployee nwe = new NorthwindEmployee(id);
          // Add the NorthwindEmployee object to the collection.
          al.Add(nwe);
        }
      }
      finally {
        // If anything strange happens, clean up.
        sds.Dispose();
      }

      return al;
    }

    public static NorthwindEmployee GetEmployee(object anID) {
      if (anID.Equals("-1") ||
          anID.Equals(DBNull.Value) ) {
        return new NorthwindEmployee();
      }
      else {
        return new NorthwindEmployee(anID);
      }
    }

    public static void UpdateEmployeeInfo(NorthwindEmployee ne) {
      bool retval = ne.Save();
      if (! retval) { throw new NorthwindDataException("UpdateEmployee failed."); }
    }

    public static void DeleteEmployee(NorthwindEmployee ne) {
      bool retval = ne.Delete();
      if (! retval) { throw new NorthwindDataException("DeleteEmployee failed."); }
    }

    // And so on...
  }

  public class NorthwindEmployee {

    public NorthwindEmployee () {
      ID = DBNull.Value;
      lastName = "";
      firstName = "";
      title="";
      titleOfCourtesy = "";
      reportsTo = -1;
    }

    public NorthwindEmployee (object anID) {
      this.ID = anID;

      SqlConnection conn
        = new SqlConnection (ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["NorthwindConnection"].ConnectionString);
      SqlCommand sc =
        new SqlCommand(" SELECT FirstName,LastName,Title,TitleOfCourtesy,ReportsTo " +
                       " FROM Employees " +
                       " WHERE EmployeeID = @empId",
                       conn);
      // Add the employee ID parameter and set its value.
      sc.Parameters.Add(new SqlParameter("@empId",SqlDbType.Int)).Value = Int32.Parse(anID.ToString());
      SqlDataReader sdr = null;

      try {
        conn.Open();
        sdr = sc.ExecuteReader();

        // Only loop once.
        if (sdr != null && sdr.Read()) {
          // The IEnumerable contains DataRowView objects.
          this.firstName        = sdr["FirstName"].ToString();
          this.lastName         = sdr["LastName"].ToString();
          this.title            = sdr["Title"].ToString();
          this.titleOfCourtesy  = sdr["TitleOfCourtesy"].ToString();
          if (! sdr.IsDBNull(4)) {
            this.reportsTo        = sdr.GetInt32(4);
          }
        }
        else {
          throw new NorthwindDataException("Data not loaded for employee id.");
        }
      }
      finally {
        try {
          if (sdr != null) sdr.Close();
          conn.Close();
        }
        catch (SqlException) {
          // Log an event in the Application Event Log.
          throw;
        }
      }
    }

    private object ID;
    public string EmpID {
      get { return ID.ToString();  }
    }

    private string lastName;
    public string LastName {
      get { return lastName; }
      set { lastName = value; }
    }

    private string firstName;
    public string FirstName {
      get { return firstName; }
      set { firstName = value;  }
    }

    public string FullName {
      get { return FirstName + " " + LastName; }
    }

    private string title;
    public String Title {
      get { return title; }
      set { title = value; }
    }

    private string titleOfCourtesy;
    public string Courtesy {
      get { return titleOfCourtesy; }
      set { titleOfCourtesy = value; }
    }

    private int    reportsTo;
    public int Supervisor {
      get { return reportsTo; }
      set { reportsTo = value; }
    }

    public bool Save () {
      // Implement persistence logic.
      return true;
    }

    public bool Delete () {
      // Implement delete logic.
      return true;
    }
  }

  internal class NorthwindDataException: Exception {
    public NorthwindDataException(string msg) : base (msg) { }
  }
}
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Configuration
Imports System.Data
Imports System.Data.SqlClient
Imports System.Web.UI
Imports System.Web.UI.WebControls

Namespace Samples.AspNet.VB

'
' EmployeeLogic is a stateless business object that encapsulates
' the operations you can perform on a NorthwindEmployee object.
'
Public Class EmployeeLogic

   ' Returns a collection of NorthwindEmployee objects.
   Public Shared Function GetAllEmployees() As ICollection

      Dim al As New ArrayList()

      Dim cts As ConnectionStringSettings = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings("NorthwindConnection")

      Dim sds As New SqlDataSource(cts.ConnectionString, "SELECT EmployeeID FROM Employees")

      Try
         Dim IDs As IEnumerable = sds.Select(DataSourceSelectArguments.Empty)

         ' Iterate through the Enumeration and create a
         ' NorthwindEmployee object for each ID.
         Dim enumerator As IEnumerator = IDs.GetEnumerator()
         While enumerator.MoveNext()
            ' The IEnumerable contains DataRowView objects.
            Dim row As DataRowView = CType(enumerator.Current,DataRowView)
            Dim id As String = row("EmployeeID").ToString()
            Dim nwe As New NorthwindEmployee(id)
            ' Add the NorthwindEmployee object to the collection.
            al.Add(nwe)
         End While
      Finally
         ' If anything strange happens, clean up.
         sds.Dispose()
      End Try

      Return al
   End Function 'GetAllEmployees


   Public Shared Function GetEmployee(anID As Object) As NorthwindEmployee
      If anID.Equals("-1") OrElse anID.Equals(DBNull.Value) Then
         Return New NorthwindEmployee()
      Else
         Return New NorthwindEmployee(anID)
      End If
   End Function 'GetEmployee


   Public Shared Sub UpdateEmployeeInfo(ne As NorthwindEmployee)
      Dim retval As Boolean = ne.Save()
      If Not retval Then
         Throw New NorthwindDataException("UpdateEmployee failed.")
      End If
   End Sub

   Public Shared Sub DeleteEmployee(ne As NorthwindEmployee)
      Dim retval As Boolean = ne.Delete()
      If Not retval Then
         Throw New NorthwindDataException("DeleteEmployee failed.")
      End If
   End Sub

   ' And so on...

End Class


Public Class NorthwindEmployee


   Public Sub New()
      ID = DBNull.Value
      lastName = ""
      firstName = ""
      title = ""
      titleOfCourtesy = ""
      reportsTo = - 1
   End Sub


   Public Sub New(anID As Object)
      Me.ID = anID

      Dim cts As ConnectionStringSettings = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings("NorthwindConnection")

      Dim conn As New SqlConnection(cts.ConnectionString)

      Dim sc As New SqlCommand(" SELECT FirstName,LastName,Title,TitleOfCourtesy,ReportsTo " & _
                               " FROM Employees " & _
                               " WHERE EmployeeID = @empId", conn)

      ' Add the employee ID parameter and set its value.
      sc.Parameters.Add(New SqlParameter("@empId", SqlDbType.Int)).Value = Int32.Parse(anID.ToString())
      Dim sdr As SqlDataReader = Nothing

      Try
         conn.Open()
         sdr = sc.ExecuteReader()

         ' Only loop once.
         If Not (sdr Is Nothing) AndAlso sdr.Read() Then
            ' The IEnumerable contains DataRowView objects.
            Me.aFirstName = sdr("FirstName").ToString()
            Me.aLastName = sdr("LastName").ToString()
            Me.aTitle = sdr("Title").ToString()
            Me.titleOfCourtesy = sdr("TitleOfCourtesy").ToString()
            If Not sdr.IsDBNull(4) Then
               Me.reportsTo = sdr.GetInt32(4)
            End If
         Else
            Throw New NorthwindDataException("Data not loaded for employee id.")
         End If
      Finally
         Try
            If Not (sdr Is Nothing) Then
               sdr.Close()
            End If
            conn.Close()
         Catch se As SqlException
            ' Log an event in the Application Event Log.
            Throw
         End Try
      End Try
   End Sub

   Private ID As Object
   Public ReadOnly Property EmpID() As String
      Get
         Return ID.ToString()
      End Get
   End Property

   Private aLastName As String
   Public Property LastName() As String
      Get
         Return aLastName
      End Get
      Set
         aLastName = value
      End Set
   End Property

   Private aFirstName As String
   Public Property FirstName() As String
      Get
         Return aFirstName
      End Get
      Set
         aFirstName = value
      End Set
   End Property

   Public ReadOnly Property FullName() As String
      Get
         Return FirstName & " " & LastName
      End Get
   End Property

   Private aTitle As String
   Public Property Title() As String
      Get
         Return aTitle
      End Get
      Set
         aTitle = value
      End Set
   End Property

   Private titleOfCourtesy As String
   Public Property Courtesy() As String
      Get
         Return titleOfCourtesy
      End Get
      Set
         titleOfCourtesy = value
      End Set
   End Property

   Private reportsTo As Integer
   Public Property Supervisor() As Integer
      Get
         Return reportsTo
      End Get
      Set
         reportsTo = value
      End Set
   End Property

   Public Function Save() As Boolean

      ' Implement persistence logic.
      Return True

   End Function 'Save


   Public Function Delete() As Boolean

     ' Implement delete logic.
     Return True

   End Function 'Delete
End Class


Friend Class NorthwindDataException
   Inherits Exception

   Public Sub New(msg As String)
      MyBase.New(msg)
   End Sub
End Class

End Namespace

설명

처리를 Inserting 매개 변수의 값을 확인 하거나 전에 매개 변수 값을 변경 하려면 애플리케이션에 관련 된 추가 초기화를 수행 하는 이벤트를 ObjectDataSource 컨트롤이 삽입 작업을 수행 합니다.Handle the Inserting event to perform additional initialization that is specific to your application, to validate the values of parameters, or to change the parameter values before the ObjectDataSource control performs the insert operation. 매개 변수를 사용할 수는 IDictionary 액세스 하는 컬렉션을 InputParameters 속성에 의해 노출 되는 ObjectDataSourceMethodEventArgs 개체입니다.The parameters are available as an IDictionary collection that is accessed by the InputParameters property, which is exposed by the ObjectDataSourceMethodEventArgs object.

이벤트를 처리 하는 방법에 대 한 자세한 내용은 참조 하세요. 이벤트 처리 및 발생합니다.For more information about how to handle events, see Handling and Raising Events.

적용 대상

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