ApplicationContext ApplicationContext ApplicationContext ApplicationContext Class

정의

애플리케이션 스레드에 대한 컨텍스트 정보를 지정합니다.Specifies the contextual information about an application thread.

public ref class ApplicationContext : IDisposable
public class ApplicationContext : IDisposable
type ApplicationContext = class
    interface IDisposable
Public Class ApplicationContext
Implements IDisposable
상속
ApplicationContextApplicationContextApplicationContextApplicationContext
구현

예제

다음 코드 예제에서는 두 개의 폼을 표시 하 고 두 형태 모두 닫을 때 애플리케이션을 종료 합니다.The following code example displays two forms and exits the application when both forms are closed. 애플리케이션 시작 및 종료, 경우에 각 폼의 위치가 기억 됩니다.When the application starts and exits, the position of each form is remembered. 이 예제에 사용 하는 방법을 보여 줍니다.는 ApplicationContext, 함께 Application.Run(context) 애플리케이션을 시작 하는 경우 여러 개의 폼을 표시할 메서드.This example demonstrates how to use an ApplicationContext, along with the Application.Run(context) method, to display multiple forms when the application starts.

클래스 MyApplicationContext 에서 상속 ApplicationContext 각 폼 닫혀 있고 둘 경우 현재 스레드를 종료 하는 시기를 추적 하 고 있습니다.The class MyApplicationContext inherits from ApplicationContext and keeps track when each form is closed, and exits the current thread when they both are. 클래스는 사용자에 대 한 각 폼의 위치를 저장합니다.The class stores the positions of each form for the user. 폼 위치 데이터 라는 파일에 저장 됩니다 Appdata.txt 기준 위치에 만든 UserAppDataPath합니다.The form position data is stored in a file titled Appdata.txt that is created in the location determined by UserAppDataPath.

합니다 Main 메서드 호출 Application.Run(context) 지정 된 애플리케이션을 시작 하는 ApplicationContext합니다.The Main method calls Application.Run(context) to start the application, given the ApplicationContext.

#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Drawing.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
using namespace System::ComponentModel;
using namespace System::Text;
using namespace System::IO;

// A simple form that represents a window in our application
public ref class AppForm2: public System::Windows::Forms::Form
{
public:
   AppForm2()
   {
      this->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 300, 300 );
      this->Text = "AppForm2";
   }

};

// A simple form that represents a window in our application
public ref class AppForm1: public System::Windows::Forms::Form
{
public:
   AppForm1()
   {
      this->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 300, 300 );
      this->Text = "AppForm1";
   }

};

// The class that handles the creation of the application windows
ref class MyApplicationContext: public ApplicationContext
{
private:
   int _formCount;
   AppForm1^ _form1;
   AppForm2^ _form2;
   System::Drawing::Rectangle _form1Position;
   System::Drawing::Rectangle _form2Position;
   FileStream^ _userData;

public:

   MyApplicationContext()
   {
      _formCount = 0;
      
      // Handle the ApplicationExit event to know when the application is exiting.
      Application::ApplicationExit += gcnew EventHandler( this, &MyApplicationContext::OnApplicationExit );
      try
      {
         
         // Create a file that the application will store user specific data in.
         _userData = gcnew FileStream( String::Concat( Application::UserAppDataPath, "\\appdata.txt" ),FileMode::OpenOrCreate );
      }
      catch ( IOException^ e ) 
      {
         
         // Inform the user that an error occurred.
         MessageBox::Show( "An error occurred while attempting to show the application. The error is: {0}", dynamic_cast<String^>(e) );
         
         // Exit the current thread instead of showing the windows.
         ExitThread();
      }

      
      // Create both application forms and handle the Closed event
      // to know when both forms are closed.
      _form1 = gcnew AppForm1;
      _form1->Closed += gcnew EventHandler( this, &MyApplicationContext::OnFormClosed );
      _form1->Closing += gcnew CancelEventHandler( this, &MyApplicationContext::OnFormClosing );
      _formCount++;
      _form2 = gcnew AppForm2;
      _form2->Closed += gcnew EventHandler( this, &MyApplicationContext::OnFormClosed );
      _form2->Closing += gcnew CancelEventHandler( this, &MyApplicationContext::OnFormClosing );
      _formCount++;
      
      // Get the form positions based upon the user specific data.
      if ( ReadFormDataFromFile() )
      {
         
         // If the data was read from the file, set the form
         // positions manually.
         _form1->StartPosition = FormStartPosition::Manual;
         _form2->StartPosition = FormStartPosition::Manual;
         _form1->Bounds = _form1Position;
         _form2->Bounds = _form2Position;
      }

      
      // Show both forms.
      _form1->Show();
      _form2->Show();
   }

   void OnApplicationExit( Object^ /*sender*/, EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      
      // When the application is exiting, write the application data to the
      // user file and close it.
      WriteFormDataToFile();
      try
      {
         
         // Ignore any errors that might occur while closing the file handle.
         _userData->Close();
      }
      catch ( Exception^ ) 
      {
      }

   }

private:

   void OnFormClosing( Object^ sender, CancelEventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      
      // When a form is closing, remember the form position so it
      // can be saved in the user data file.
      if ( dynamic_cast<AppForm1^>(sender) != nullptr )
            _form1Position = (dynamic_cast<Form^>(sender))->Bounds;
      else
      if ( dynamic_cast<AppForm1^>(sender) != nullptr )
            _form2Position = (dynamic_cast<Form^>(sender))->Bounds;
   }

   void OnFormClosed( Object^ /*sender*/, EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      
      // When a form is closed, decrement the count of open forms.
      // When the count gets to 0, exit the app by calling
      // ExitThread().
      _formCount--;
      if ( _formCount == 0 )
      {
         ExitThread();
      }
   }

   bool WriteFormDataToFile()
   {
      
      // Write the form positions to the file.
      UTF8Encoding^ encoding = gcnew UTF8Encoding;
      RectangleConverter^ rectConv = gcnew RectangleConverter;
      String^ form1pos = rectConv->ConvertToString( _form1Position );
      String^ form2pos = rectConv->ConvertToString( _form2Position );
      array<Byte>^dataToWrite = encoding->GetBytes( String::Concat( "~", form1pos, "~", form2pos ) );
      try
      {
         
         // Set the write position to the start of the file and write
         _userData->Seek( 0, SeekOrigin::Begin );
         _userData->Write( dataToWrite, 0, dataToWrite->Length );
         _userData->Flush();
         _userData->SetLength( dataToWrite->Length );
         return true;
      }
      catch ( Exception^ ) 
      {
         
         // An error occurred while attempting to write, return false.
         return false;
      }

   }

   bool ReadFormDataFromFile()
   {
      
      // Read the form positions from the file.
      UTF8Encoding^ encoding = gcnew UTF8Encoding;
      String^ data;
      if ( _userData->Length != 0 )
      {
         array<Byte>^dataToRead = gcnew array<Byte>(_userData->Length);
         try
         {
            
            // Set the read position to the start of the file and read.
            _userData->Seek( 0, SeekOrigin::Begin );
            _userData->Read( dataToRead, 0, dataToRead->Length );
         }
         catch ( IOException^ e ) 
         {
            String^ errorInfo = dynamic_cast<String^>(e);
            
            // An error occurred while attempt to read, return false.
            return false;
         }
         
         // Parse out the data to get the window rectangles
         data = encoding->GetString( dataToRead );
         try
         {
            
            // Convert the String* data to rectangles
            RectangleConverter^ rectConv = gcnew RectangleConverter;
            String^ form1pos = data->Substring( 1, data->IndexOf( "~", 1 ) - 1 );
            _form1Position =  *safe_cast<Rectangle^>(rectConv->ConvertFromString( form1pos ));
            String^ form2pos = data->Substring( data->IndexOf( "~", 1 ) + 1 );
            _form2Position =  *safe_cast<Rectangle^>(rectConv->ConvertFromString( form2pos ));
            return true;
         }
         catch ( Exception^ ) 
         {
            
            // Error occurred while attempting to convert the rectangle data.
            // Return false to use default values.
            return false;
         }
      }
      else
      {
         
         // No data in the file, return false to use default values.
         return false;
      }
   }
};

[STAThread]
int main()
{
   
   // Create the MyApplicationContext, that derives from ApplicationContext,
   // that manages when the application should exit.
   MyApplicationContext^ context = gcnew MyApplicationContext;
   
   // Run the application with the specific context. It will exit when
   // all forms are closed.
   Application::Run( context );
}
using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Text;
using System.IO;

namespace MyApplication
{
    // A simple form that represents a window in our application
    public class AppForm2 : System.Windows.Forms.Form
    {
        public AppForm2()
        {
            this.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(300, 300);
            this.Text = "AppForm2";
        }
    }

    // A simple form that represents a window in our application
    public class AppForm1 : System.Windows.Forms.Form
    {
        public AppForm1()
        {
            this.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(300, 300);
            this.Text = "AppForm1";
        }
    }

    // The class that handles the creation of the application windows
    class MyApplicationContext : ApplicationContext
    {

        private int _formCount;
        private AppForm1 _form1;
        private AppForm2 _form2;

        private Rectangle _form1Position;
        private Rectangle _form2Position;

        private FileStream _userData;

        private MyApplicationContext()
        {
            _formCount = 0;

            // Handle the ApplicationExit event to know when the application is exiting.
            Application.ApplicationExit += new EventHandler(this.OnApplicationExit);

            try
            {
                // Create a file that the application will store user specific data in.
                _userData = new FileStream(Application.UserAppDataPath + "\\appdata.txt", FileMode.OpenOrCreate);

            }
            catch (IOException e)
            {
                // Inform the user that an error occurred.
                MessageBox.Show("An error occurred while attempting to show the application." +
                                "The error is:" + e.ToString());

                // Exit the current thread instead of showing the windows.
                ExitThread();
            }

            // Create both application forms and handle the Closed event
            // to know when both forms are closed.
            _form1 = new AppForm1();
            _form1.Closed += new EventHandler(OnFormClosed);
            _form1.Closing += new CancelEventHandler(OnFormClosing);
            _formCount++;

            _form2 = new AppForm2();
            _form2.Closed += new EventHandler(OnFormClosed);
            _form2.Closing += new CancelEventHandler(OnFormClosing);
            _formCount++;

            // Get the form positions based upon the user specific data.
            if (ReadFormDataFromFile())
            {
                // If the data was read from the file, set the form
                // positions manually.
                _form1.StartPosition = FormStartPosition.Manual;
                _form2.StartPosition = FormStartPosition.Manual;

                _form1.Bounds = _form1Position;
                _form2.Bounds = _form2Position;
            }

            // Show both forms.
            _form1.Show();
            _form2.Show();
        }

        private void OnApplicationExit(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            // When the application is exiting, write the application data to the
            // user file and close it.
            WriteFormDataToFile();

            try
            {
                // Ignore any errors that might occur while closing the file handle.
                _userData.Close();
            }
            catch { }
        }

        private void OnFormClosing(object sender, CancelEventArgs e)
        {
            // When a form is closing, remember the form position so it
            // can be saved in the user data file.
            if (sender is AppForm1)
                _form1Position = ((Form)sender).Bounds;
            else if (sender is AppForm2)
                _form2Position = ((Form)sender).Bounds;
        }

        private void OnFormClosed(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            // When a form is closed, decrement the count of open forms.

            // When the count gets to 0, exit the app by calling
            // ExitThread().
            _formCount--;
            if (_formCount == 0)
            {
                ExitThread();
            }
        }

        private bool WriteFormDataToFile()
        {
            // Write the form positions to the file.
            UTF8Encoding encoding = new UTF8Encoding();

            RectangleConverter rectConv = new RectangleConverter();
            string form1pos = rectConv.ConvertToString(_form1Position);
            string form2pos = rectConv.ConvertToString(_form2Position);

            byte[] dataToWrite = encoding.GetBytes("~" + form1pos + "~" + form2pos);

            try
            {
                // Set the write position to the start of the file and write
                _userData.Seek(0, SeekOrigin.Begin);
                _userData.Write(dataToWrite, 0, dataToWrite.Length);
                _userData.Flush();

                _userData.SetLength(dataToWrite.Length);
                return true;

            }
            catch
            {
                // An error occurred while attempting to write, return false.
                return false;
            }

        }

        private bool ReadFormDataFromFile()
        {
            // Read the form positions from the file.
            UTF8Encoding encoding = new UTF8Encoding();
            string data;

            if (_userData.Length != 0)
            {
                byte[] dataToRead = new byte[_userData.Length];

                try
                {
                    // Set the read position to the start of the file and read.
                    _userData.Seek(0, SeekOrigin.Begin);
                    _userData.Read(dataToRead, 0, dataToRead.Length);

                }
                catch (IOException e)
                {
                    string errorInfo = e.ToString();
                    // An error occurred while attempt to read, return false.
                    return false;
                }

                // Parse out the data to get the window rectangles
                data = encoding.GetString(dataToRead);

                try
                {
                    // Convert the string data to rectangles
                    RectangleConverter rectConv = new RectangleConverter();
                    string form1pos = data.Substring(1, data.IndexOf("~", 1) - 1);

                    _form1Position = (Rectangle)rectConv.ConvertFromString(form1pos);

                    string form2pos = data.Substring(data.IndexOf("~", 1) + 1);
                    _form2Position = (Rectangle)rectConv.ConvertFromString(form2pos);

                    return true;

                }
                catch
                {
                    // Error occurred while attempting to convert the rectangle data.
                    // Return false to use default values.
                    return false;
                }

            }
            else
            {
                // No data in the file, return false to use default values.
                return false;
            }
        }

        [STAThread]
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {

            // Create the MyApplicationContext, that derives from ApplicationContext,
            // that manages when the application should exit.

            MyApplicationContext context = new MyApplicationContext();

            // Run the application with the specific context. It will exit when
            // all forms are closed.
            Application.Run(context);

        }
    }
}
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Windows.Forms
Imports System.ComponentModel
Imports System.Text
Imports System.IO

' A simple form that represents a window in our application
Public Class AppForm1
    Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form

    Public Sub New()
        MyBase.New()

        Me.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(300, 300)
        Me.Text = "AppForm1"

    End Sub

End Class

' A simple form that represents a window in our application
Public Class AppForm2
    Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form

    Public Sub New()
        MyBase.New()

        Me.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(300, 300)
        Me.Text = "AppForm2"

    End Sub

End Class

' The class that handles the creation of the application windows
Public Class MyApplicationContext
    Inherits ApplicationContext

    Private _formCount As Integer
    Private _form1 As AppForm1
    Private _form2 As AppForm2

    Private _form1Position As Rectangle
    Private _form2Position As Rectangle

    Private _userData As FileStream

    Public Sub New()
        MyBase.New()
        _formCount = 0

        ' Handle the ApplicationExit event to know when the application is exiting.
        AddHandler Application.ApplicationExit, AddressOf OnApplicationExit

        Try
            ' Create a file that the application will store user specific data in.
            _userData = New FileStream(Application.UserAppDataPath + "\appdata.txt", FileMode.OpenOrCreate)

        Catch e As IOException
            ' Inform the user that an error occurred.
            MessageBox.Show("An error occurred while attempting to show the application." +
                            "The error is:" + e.ToString())

            ' Exit the current thread instead of showing the windows.
            ExitThread()
        End Try

        ' Create both application forms and handle the Closed event
        ' to know when both forms are closed.
        _form1 = New AppForm1()
        AddHandler _form1.Closed, AddressOf OnFormClosed
        AddHandler _form1.Closing, AddressOf OnFormClosing
        _formCount = _formCount + 1

        _form2 = New AppForm2()
        AddHandler _form2.Closed, AddressOf OnFormClosed
        AddHandler _form2.Closing, AddressOf OnFormClosing
        _formCount = _formCount + 1

        ' Get the form positions based upon the user specific data.
        If (ReadFormDataFromFile()) Then
            ' If the data was read from the file, set the form
            ' positions manually.
            _form1.StartPosition = FormStartPosition.Manual
            _form2.StartPosition = FormStartPosition.Manual

            _form1.Bounds = _form1Position
            _form2.Bounds = _form2Position
        End If

        ' Show both forms.
        _form1.Show()
        _form2.Show()
    End Sub

    Private Sub OnApplicationExit(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
        ' When the application is exiting, write the application data to the
        ' user file and close it.
        WriteFormDataToFile()

        Try
            ' Ignore any errors that might occur while closing the file handle.
            _userData.Close()
        Catch
        End Try
    End Sub

    Private Sub OnFormClosing(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As CancelEventArgs)
        ' When a form is closing, remember the form position so it
        ' can be saved in the user data file.
        If TypeOf sender Is AppForm1 Then
            _form1Position = CType(sender, Form).Bounds
        ElseIf TypeOf sender Is AppForm2 Then
            _form2Position = CType(sender, Form).Bounds
        End If
    End Sub

    Private Sub OnFormClosed(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
        ' When a form is closed, decrement the count of open forms.

        ' When the count gets to 0, exit the app by calling
        ' ExitThread().
        _formCount = _formCount - 1
        If (_formCount = 0) Then
            ExitThread()
        End If
    End Sub

    Private Function WriteFormDataToFile() As Boolean
        ' Write the form positions to the file.
        Dim encoding As UTF8Encoding = New UTF8Encoding()

        Dim rectConv As RectangleConverter = New RectangleConverter()
        Dim form1pos As String = rectConv.ConvertToString(_form1Position)
        Dim form2pos As String = rectConv.ConvertToString(_form2Position)

        Dim dataToWrite As Byte() = encoding.GetBytes("~" + form1pos + "~" + form2pos)

        Try
            ' Set the write position to the start of the file and write
            _userData.Seek(0, SeekOrigin.Begin)
            _userData.Write(dataToWrite, 0, dataToWrite.Length)
            _userData.Flush()

            _userData.SetLength(dataToWrite.Length)
            Return True

        Catch
            ' An error occurred while attempting to write, return false.
            Return False
        End Try

    End Function

    Private Function ReadFormDataFromFile() As Boolean
        ' Read the form positions from the file.
        Dim encoding As UTF8Encoding = New UTF8Encoding()
        Dim data As String

        If (_userData.Length <> 0) Then
            Dim dataToRead(_userData.Length) As Byte

            Try
                ' Set the read position to the start of the file and read.
                _userData.Seek(0, SeekOrigin.Begin)
                _userData.Read(dataToRead, 0, dataToRead.Length)

            Catch e As IOException
                Dim errorInfo As String = e.ToString()
                ' An error occurred while attempt to read, return false.
                Return False
            End Try

            ' Parse out the data to get the window rectangles
            data = encoding.GetString(dataToRead)

            Try
                ' Convert the string data to rectangles
                Dim rectConv As RectangleConverter = New RectangleConverter()
                Dim form1pos As String = data.Substring(1, data.IndexOf("~", 1) - 1)

                _form1Position = CType(rectConv.ConvertFromString(form1pos), Rectangle)

                Dim form2pos As String = data.Substring(data.IndexOf("~", 1) + 1)
                _form2Position = CType(rectConv.ConvertFromString(form2pos), Rectangle)

                Return True

            Catch
                ' Error occurred while attempting to convert the rectangle data.
                ' Return false to use default values.
                Return False
            End Try

        Else
            ' No data in the file, return false to use default values.
            Return False
        End If
    End Function

End Class

Public Module MyApplication
    Public Sub Main()
        ' Create the MyApplicationContext, that derives from ApplicationContext,
        ' that manages when the application should exit.

        Dim context As MyApplicationContext = New MyApplicationContext()

        ' Run the application with the specific context. It will exit when
        ' all forms are closed.
        Application.Run(context)
    End Sub
End Module

설명

사용할 수는 ApplicationContext 클래스에서 종료 하는 메시지 루프를 발생 시키는 상황을 다시 정의 합니다.You can use the ApplicationContext class to redefine the circumstances that cause a message loop to exit. 기본적으로 ApplicationContext 를 수신 하는 Closed 애플리케이션에서 이벤트의 주 Form, 다음 스레드의 메시지 루프를 종료 합니다.By default, the ApplicationContext listens to the Closed event on the application's main Form, then exits the thread's message loop.

생성자

ApplicationContext() ApplicationContext() ApplicationContext() ApplicationContext()

컨텍스트를 사용하지 않고 ApplicationContext 클래스의 새 인스턴스를 초기화합니다.Initializes a new instance of the ApplicationContext class with no context.

ApplicationContext(Form) ApplicationContext(Form) ApplicationContext(Form) ApplicationContext(Form)

지정된 ApplicationContext를 사용하여 Form 클래스의 새 인스턴스를 초기화합니다.Initializes a new instance of the ApplicationContext class with the specified Form.

속성

MainForm MainForm MainForm MainForm

컨텍스트로 사용할 Form을 가져오거나 설정합니다.Gets or sets the Form to use as context.

Tag Tag Tag Tag

컨트롤에 대한 데이터가 들어 있는 개체를 가져오거나 설정합니다.Gets or sets an object that contains data about the control.

메서드

Dispose() Dispose() Dispose() Dispose()

ApplicationContext에서 사용하는 모든 리소스를 해제합니다.Releases all resources used by the ApplicationContext.

Dispose(Boolean) Dispose(Boolean) Dispose(Boolean) Dispose(Boolean)

ApplicationContext에서 사용하는 관리되지 않는 리소스를 해제하고, 관리되는 리소스를 선택적으로 해제할 수 있습니다.Releases the unmanaged resources used by the ApplicationContext and optionally releases the managed resources.

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

지정한 개체와 현재 개체가 같은지 여부를 확인합니다.Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
ExitThread() ExitThread() ExitThread() ExitThread()

스레드의 메시지 루프를 종료합니다.Terminates the message loop of the thread.

ExitThreadCore() ExitThreadCore() ExitThreadCore() ExitThreadCore()

스레드의 메시지 루프를 종료합니다.Terminates the message loop of the thread.

Finalize() Finalize() Finalize() Finalize()

가비지 수집에 의해 애플리케이션 컨텍스트가 회수되기 전에 리소스를 해제하고 다른 정리 작업을 수행하려고 합니다.Attempts to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before the application context is reclaimed by garbage collection.

GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

기본 해시 함수로 작동합니다.Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

현재 인스턴스의 Type을 가져옵니다.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

현재 Object의 단순 복사본을 만듭니다.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
OnMainFormClosed(Object, EventArgs) OnMainFormClosed(Object, EventArgs) OnMainFormClosed(Object, EventArgs) OnMainFormClosed(Object, EventArgs)

ExitThreadCore() 이벤트를 발생시키는 ThreadExit를 호출합니다.Calls ExitThreadCore(), which raises the ThreadExit event.

ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

현재 개체를 나타내는 문자열을 반환합니다.Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)

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ThreadExit ThreadExit ThreadExit ThreadExit

ExitThread()를 호출하여 스레드의 메시지 루프를 종료할 때 발생합니다.Occurs when the message loop of the thread should be terminated, by calling ExitThread().

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