Jak animować właściwości przy użyciu scenorysu

Ten przykład pokazuje, jak używać Storyboard do animowania właściwości. Aby animować właściwość przy użyciu Storyboard , Utwórz animację dla każdej właściwości, którą chcesz animować, a także Utwórz, Storyboard aby zawierała animacje.

Typ właściwości określa typ animacji, która ma zostać użyta. Na przykład, aby animować właściwość, która pobiera Double wartości, użyj DoubleAnimation . TargetNameI TargetProperty dołączone właściwości określają obiekt i właściwość, do których zastosowano animację.

Aby rozpocząć scenorys w programie Extensible Application Markup Language (XAML) , należy użyć BeginStoryboard akcji i EventTrigger . EventTriggerRozpoczyna akcję, BeginStoryboard gdy występuje zdarzenie określone za pomocą jego RoutedEvent właściwości. BeginStoryboardAkcja uruchamia Storyboard .

Poniższy przykład używa Storyboard obiektów do animacji dwóch Button kontrolek. Aby zmienić rozmiar pierwszego przycisku, Width jest on animowany. Aby zmienić kolor drugiego przycisku, Color Właściwość SolidColorBrush jest używana do ustawiania Background animowanego przycisku.

Przykład

<!-- StoryboardExample.xaml
     Uses storyboards to animate properties. -->
<Page
  xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
  xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
  WindowTitle="Animate Properties with Storyboards">

  <Border Background="White">
    <StackPanel Margin="30" HorizontalAlignment="Left" MinWidth="500">

      <TextBlock>Storyboard Animation Example</TextBlock>
      
      <!-- The width of this button is animated. -->
      <Button Name="myWidthAnimatedButton"
        Height="30" Width="200" HorizontalAlignment="Left">
        A Button   
        <Button.Triggers>
        
          <!-- Animates the width of the first button 
               from 200 to 300. -->         
          <EventTrigger RoutedEvent="Button.Click">
            <BeginStoryboard>
              <Storyboard>           
                <DoubleAnimation Storyboard.TargetName="myWidthAnimatedButton"
                  Storyboard.TargetProperty="Width"
                  From="200" To="300" Duration="0:0:3" />
              </Storyboard>
            </BeginStoryboard>
          </EventTrigger>
        </Button.Triggers>
      </Button>

      <!-- The color of the brush used to paint this button is animated. -->
      <Button Height="30" Width="200" 
        HorizontalAlignment="Left">Another Button
        <Button.Background>
          <SolidColorBrush x:Name="myAnimatedBrush" Color="Blue" />
        </Button.Background>
        <Button.Triggers>
        
        <!-- Animates the color of the brush used to paint 
             the second button from red to blue . -->             
          <EventTrigger RoutedEvent="Button.Click">    
            <BeginStoryboard>
              <Storyboard>
                <ColorAnimation 
                  Storyboard.TargetName="myAnimatedBrush"
                  Storyboard.TargetProperty="Color"
                  From="Red" To="Blue" Duration="0:0:7" />
              </Storyboard>
            </BeginStoryboard>
          </EventTrigger>
        </Button.Triggers>
      </Button>
    </StackPanel>
  </Border>
</Page>

Uwaga

Chociaż animacje mogą FrameworkElement dotyczyć zarówno obiektu, jak i Control , jak Panel i Freezable obiektu, takiego jak Brush lub Transform , tylko elementy struktury mają Name Właściwość. Aby przypisać nazwę do elementu Freezable, który może być celem animacji, użyj dyrektywy x:Name, jak pokazano w poprzednim przykładzie.

Jeśli używasz kodu, musisz utworzyć NameScope dla a FrameworkElement i zarejestrować nazwy obiektów, które mają być animowane FrameworkElement . Aby uruchomić animacje w kodzie, użyj BeginStoryboard akcji z EventTrigger . Opcjonalnie można użyć programu obsługi zdarzeń i Begin metody Storyboard . Poniższy przykład pokazuje, jak używać Begin metody.

using System;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Media;
using System.Windows.Media.Animation;

namespace Microsoft.Samples.Animation.AnimatingWithStoryboards
{

    // Uses a storyboard to animate the properties
    // of two buttons.
    public class StoryboardExample : Page
    {

        public StoryboardExample()
        {
            // Create a name scope for the page.
            NameScope.SetNameScope(this, new NameScope());

            this.WindowTitle = "Animate Properties using Storyboards";
            StackPanel myStackPanel = new StackPanel();
            myStackPanel.MinWidth = 500;
            myStackPanel.Margin = new Thickness(30);
            myStackPanel.HorizontalAlignment = HorizontalAlignment.Left;
            TextBlock myTextBlock = new TextBlock();
            myTextBlock.Text = "Storyboard Animation Example";
            myStackPanel.Children.Add(myTextBlock);

            //
            // Create and animate the first button.
            //

            // Create a button.
            Button myWidthAnimatedButton = new Button();
            myWidthAnimatedButton.Height = 30;
            myWidthAnimatedButton.Width = 200;
            myWidthAnimatedButton.HorizontalAlignment = HorizontalAlignment.Left;
            myWidthAnimatedButton.Content = "A Button";

            // Set the Name of the button so that it can be referred
            // to in the storyboard that's created later.
            // The ID doesn't have to match the variable name;
            // it can be any unique identifier.
            myWidthAnimatedButton.Name = "myWidthAnimatedButton";

            // Register the name with the page to which the button belongs.
            this.RegisterName(myWidthAnimatedButton.Name, myWidthAnimatedButton);

            // Create a DoubleAnimation to animate the width of the button.
            DoubleAnimation myDoubleAnimation = new DoubleAnimation();
            myDoubleAnimation.From = 200;
            myDoubleAnimation.To = 300;
            myDoubleAnimation.Duration = new Duration(TimeSpan.FromMilliseconds(3000));

            // Configure the animation to target the button's Width property.
            Storyboard.SetTargetName(myDoubleAnimation, myWidthAnimatedButton.Name);
            Storyboard.SetTargetProperty(myDoubleAnimation, new PropertyPath(Button.WidthProperty));

            // Create a storyboard to contain the animation.
            Storyboard myWidthAnimatedButtonStoryboard = new Storyboard();
            myWidthAnimatedButtonStoryboard.Children.Add(myDoubleAnimation);

            // Animate the button width when it's clicked.
            myWidthAnimatedButton.Click += delegate(object sender, RoutedEventArgs args)
                {
                    myWidthAnimatedButtonStoryboard.Begin(myWidthAnimatedButton);
                };

            myStackPanel.Children.Add(myWidthAnimatedButton);

            //
            // Create and animate the second button.
            //

            // Create a second button.
            Button myColorAnimatedButton = new Button();
            myColorAnimatedButton.Height = 30;
            myColorAnimatedButton.Width = 200;
            myColorAnimatedButton.HorizontalAlignment = HorizontalAlignment.Left;
            myColorAnimatedButton.Content = "Another Button";

            // Create a SolidColorBrush to paint the button's background.
            SolidColorBrush myBackgroundBrush = new SolidColorBrush();
            myBackgroundBrush.Color = Colors.Blue;

            // Because a Brush isn't a FrameworkElement, it doesn't
            // have a Name property to set. Instead, you just
            // register a name for the SolidColorBrush with
            // the page where it's used.
            this.RegisterName("myAnimatedBrush", myBackgroundBrush);

            // Use the brush to paint the background of the button.
            myColorAnimatedButton.Background = myBackgroundBrush;

            // Create a ColorAnimation to animate the button's background.
            ColorAnimation myColorAnimation = new ColorAnimation();
            myColorAnimation.From = Colors.Red;
            myColorAnimation.To = Colors.Blue;
            myColorAnimation.Duration = new Duration(TimeSpan.FromMilliseconds(7000));

            // Configure the animation to target the brush's Color property.
            Storyboard.SetTargetName(myColorAnimation, "myAnimatedBrush");
            Storyboard.SetTargetProperty(myColorAnimation, new PropertyPath(SolidColorBrush.ColorProperty));

            // Create a storyboard to contain the animation.
            Storyboard myColorAnimatedButtonStoryboard = new Storyboard();
            myColorAnimatedButtonStoryboard.Children.Add(myColorAnimation);

            // Animate the button background color when it's clicked.
            myColorAnimatedButton.Click += delegate(object sender, RoutedEventArgs args)
                {
                    myColorAnimatedButtonStoryboard.Begin(myColorAnimatedButton);
                };

            myStackPanel.Children.Add(myColorAnimatedButton);
            this.Content = myStackPanel;
        }
    }
}
Imports System.Windows
Imports System.Windows.Controls
Imports System.Windows.Media
Imports System.Windows.Media.Animation

Namespace SDKSample


    ' Uses a storyboard to animate the properties
    ' of two buttons.
    Public Class StoryboardExample
        Inherits Page
        
        Private Dim WithEvents myWidthAnimatedButton As Button
        Private Dim WithEvents myColorAnimatedButton As Button        
        Private Dim myWidthAnimatedButtonStoryboard As Storyboard
        Private Dim myColorAnimatedButtonStoryboard As Storyboard
        

        Public Sub New()
            ' Create a name scope for the page.
            NameScope.SetNameScope(Me, New NameScope())

            Me.WindowTitle = "Animate Properties using Storyboards"
            Dim myStackPanel As New StackPanel()
            myStackPanel.MinWidth = 500
            myStackPanel.Margin = New Thickness(30)
            myStackPanel.HorizontalAlignment = HorizontalAlignment.Left
            Dim myTextBlock As New TextBlock()
            myTextBlock.Text = "Storyboard Animation Example"
            myStackPanel.Children.Add(myTextBlock)

            '
            ' Create and animate the first button.
            '

            ' Create a button.
            myWidthAnimatedButton = New Button()
            myWidthAnimatedButton.Height = 30
            myWidthAnimatedButton.Width = 200
            myWidthAnimatedButton.HorizontalAlignment = HorizontalAlignment.Left
            myWidthAnimatedButton.Content = "A Button"

            ' Set the Name of the button so that it can be referred
            ' to in the storyboard that's created later.
            ' The ID doesn't have to match the variable name;
            ' it can be any unique identifier.
            myWidthAnimatedButton.Name = "myWidthAnimatedButton"

            ' Register the name with the page to which the button belongs.
            Me.RegisterName(myWidthAnimatedButton.Name, myWidthAnimatedButton)

            ' Create a DoubleAnimation to animate the width of the button.
            Dim myDoubleAnimation As New DoubleAnimation()
            myDoubleAnimation.From = 200
            myDoubleAnimation.To = 300
            myDoubleAnimation.Duration = New Duration(TimeSpan.FromMilliseconds(3000))

            ' Configure the animation to target the button's Width property.
            Storyboard.SetTargetName(myDoubleAnimation, myWidthAnimatedButton.Name)
            Storyboard.SetTargetProperty(myDoubleAnimation, New PropertyPath(Button.WidthProperty))

            ' Create a storyboard to contain the animation.
            myWidthAnimatedButtonStoryboard = New Storyboard()
            myWidthAnimatedButtonStoryboard.Children.Add(myDoubleAnimation)

            myStackPanel.Children.Add(myWidthAnimatedButton)

            '
            ' Create and animate the second button.
            '

            ' Create a second button.
            myColorAnimatedButton = New Button()
            myColorAnimatedButton.Height = 30
            myColorAnimatedButton.Width = 200
            myColorAnimatedButton.HorizontalAlignment = HorizontalAlignment.Left
            myColorAnimatedButton.Content = "Another Button"

            ' Create a SolidColorBrush to paint the button's background.
            Dim myBackgroundBrush As New SolidColorBrush()
            myBackgroundBrush.Color = Colors.Blue

            ' Because a Brush isn't a FrameworkElement, it doesn't
            ' have a Name property to set. Instead, you just
            ' register a name for the SolidColorBrush with
            ' the page where it's used.
            Me.RegisterName("myAnimatedBrush", myBackgroundBrush)

            ' Use the brush to paint the background of the button.
            myColorAnimatedButton.Background = myBackgroundBrush

            ' Create a ColorAnimation to animate the button's background.
            Dim myColorAnimation As New ColorAnimation()
            myColorAnimation.From = Colors.Red
            myColorAnimation.To = Colors.Blue
            myColorAnimation.Duration = New Duration(TimeSpan.FromMilliseconds(7000))

            ' Configure the animation to target the brush's Color property.
            Storyboard.SetTargetName(myColorAnimation, "myAnimatedBrush")
            Storyboard.SetTargetProperty(myColorAnimation, New PropertyPath(SolidColorBrush.ColorProperty))

            ' Create a storyboard to contain the animation.
            myColorAnimatedButtonStoryboard = New Storyboard()
            myColorAnimatedButtonStoryboard.Children.Add(myColorAnimation)

            myStackPanel.Children.Add(myColorAnimatedButton)
            Me.Content = myStackPanel

        End Sub
        
        ' Start the animation when the button is clicked.
        Private Sub myWidthAnimatedButton_Loaded(ByVal sender as object, ByVal args as RoutedEventArgs) Handles myWidthAnimatedButton.Click
        
            myWidthAnimatedButtonStoryboard.Begin(myWidthAnimatedButton)
        
        End Sub        
        
        ' Start the animation when the button is clicked.
        Private Sub myColorAnimatedButton_Loaded(ByVal sender as object, ByVal args as RoutedEventArgs) Handles myColorAnimatedButton.Click
        
            myColorAnimatedButtonStoryboard.Begin(myColorAnimatedButton)
        
        End Sub           
        
    End Class
End Namespace

Aby uzyskać więcej informacji na temat animacji i scenorysów, zobacz Omówienie animacji.

Jeśli używasz kodu, nie możesz używać Storyboard obiektów w celu animowania właściwości. Aby uzyskać więcej informacji i przykładów, zobacz Animuj a Property bez używania scenorysu i Animuj Właściwość za pomocą AnimationClock.