EncryptionPropertyCollection Classe

Definição

Representa uma coleção de classes EncryptionProperty usadas na criptografia de XML.Represents a collection of EncryptionProperty classes used in XML encryption. Essa classe não pode ser herdada.This class cannot be inherited.

public ref class EncryptionPropertyCollection sealed : System::Collections::IList
public sealed class EncryptionPropertyCollection : System.Collections.IList
type EncryptionPropertyCollection = class
    interface IList
    interface ICollection
    interface IEnumerable
Public NotInheritable Class EncryptionPropertyCollection
Implements IList
Herança
EncryptionPropertyCollection
Implementações

Exemplos

O exemplo de código a seguir criptografa e descriptografa um documento XML.The following code example encrypts and decrypts an XML document. Este exemplo de código cria EncryptionProperty um objeto que contém informações personalizadas sobre EncryptedKey o elemento e EncryptionPropertyCollection adiciona o EncryptionProperty objeto à coleção da EncryptedXml classe.This code example creates an EncryptionProperty object that contains custom information about the EncryptedKey element, and adds the EncryptionProperty object to the EncryptionPropertyCollection collection of the EncryptedXml class. Por fim, este exemplo de código exibe informações EncryptionProperty sobre o objeto EncryptionPropertyCollection e a coleção.Finally, this code example displays information about the EncryptionProperty object and the EncryptionPropertyCollection collection.

using System;
using System.Xml;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Security.Cryptography.Xml;

class Program
{
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {

        // Create an XmlDocument object.
        XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();

        // Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
        try
        {
            xmlDoc.PreserveWhitespace = true;
            xmlDoc.Load("test.xml");
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        }

        // Create a new RSA key.  This key will encrypt a symmetric key,
        // which will then be imbedded in the XML document.  
        RSA rsaKey = new RSACryptoServiceProvider();


        try
        {
            // Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Encrypt(xmlDoc, "creditcard", rsaKey, "rsaKey");

            // Inspect the EncryptedKey element.
            InspectElement(xmlDoc);

            // Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Decrypt(xmlDoc, rsaKey, "rsaKey");

        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        }
        finally
        {
            // Clear the RSA key.
            rsaKey.Clear();
        }

    }

    public static void Encrypt(XmlDocument Doc, string ElementToEncrypt, RSA Alg, string KeyName)
    {
        // Check the arguments.  
        if (Doc == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Doc");
        if (ElementToEncrypt == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("ElementToEncrypt");
        if (Alg == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Alg");

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
        // object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////

        XmlElement elementToEncrypt = Doc.GetElementsByTagName(ElementToEncrypt)[0] as XmlElement;

        // Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
        if (elementToEncrypt == null)
        {
            throw new XmlException("The specified element was not found");

        }

        //////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class 
        // and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the 
        // a new random symmetric key.
        //////////////////////////////////////////////////

        // Create a 256 bit Rijndael key.
        RijndaelManaged sessionKey = new RijndaelManaged();
        sessionKey.KeySize = 256;

        EncryptedXml eXml = new EncryptedXml();

        byte[] encryptedElement = eXml.EncryptData(elementToEncrypt, sessionKey, false);

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
        // it with the desired encryption information.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////


        EncryptedData edElement = new EncryptedData();
        edElement.Type = EncryptedXml.XmlEncElementUrl;

        // Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the 
        // receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.

        edElement.EncryptionMethod = new EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES256Url);

        // Encrypt the session key and add it to an EncryptedKey element.
        EncryptedKey ek = new EncryptedKey();

        byte[] encryptedKey = EncryptedXml.EncryptKey(sessionKey.Key, Alg, false);

        ek.CipherData = new CipherData(encryptedKey);

        ek.EncryptionMethod = new EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncRSA15Url);

        // Save some more information about the key using
        // the EncryptionProperty element.  In this example,
        // we will save the value "LibVersion1".  You can save
        // anything you want here.

        // Create a new "EncryptionProperty" XmlElement object. 
        XmlElement element =  new XmlDocument().CreateElement("EncryptionProperty", EncryptedXml.XmlEncNamespaceUrl);

        // Set the value of the EncryptionProperty" XmlElement object.
        element.InnerText = "LibVersion1";

        // Create the EncryptionProperty object using the XmlElement object. 
        EncryptionProperty encProp = new EncryptionProperty(element);

        // Add the EncryptionProperty object to the EncryptedData object.
        edElement.AddProperty(encProp);

        // Set the KeyInfo element to specify the
        // name of the RSA key.

        // Create a new KeyInfo element.
        edElement.KeyInfo = new KeyInfo();

        // Create a new KeyInfoName element.
        KeyInfoName kin = new KeyInfoName();

        // Specify a name for the key.
        kin.Value = KeyName;

        // Add the KeyInfoName element to the 
        // EncryptedKey object.
        ek.KeyInfo.AddClause(kin);

        // Add the encrypted key to the 
        // EncryptedData object.

        edElement.KeyInfo.AddClause(new KeyInfoEncryptedKey(ek));

        // Add the encrypted element data to the 
        // EncryptedData object.
        edElement.CipherData.CipherValue = encryptedElement;

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
        // object with the EncryptedData element.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////////

        EncryptedXml.ReplaceElement(elementToEncrypt, edElement, false);

    }

    public static void Decrypt(XmlDocument Doc, RSA Alg, string KeyName)
    {
        // Check the arguments.  
        if (Doc == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Doc");
        if (Alg == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Alg");
        if (KeyName == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("KeyName");

        // Create a new EncryptedXml object.
        EncryptedXml exml = new EncryptedXml(Doc);

        // Add a key-name mapping.
        // This method can only decrypt documents
        // that present the specified key name.
        exml.AddKeyNameMapping(KeyName, Alg);

        // Decrypt the element.
        exml.DecryptDocument();

    }

    static void InspectElement(XmlDocument Doc)
    {
        // Get the EncryptedData element from the XMLDocument object.
        XmlElement encryptedData = Doc.GetElementsByTagName("EncryptedData")[0] as XmlElement;

        // Create a new EncryptedData object.
        EncryptedData encData = new EncryptedData();

        // Load the XML from the document to
        // initialize the EncryptedData object.
        encData.LoadXml(encryptedData);

        // Display the properties.
        // Most values are Null by default.

        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedData.CipherData: " + encData.CipherData.GetXml().InnerXml);
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedData.Encoding: " + encData.Encoding);
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedData.EncryptionMethod: " + encData.EncryptionMethod.GetXml().InnerXml);

        EncryptionPropertyCollection encPropCollection = encData.EncryptionProperties;

        Console.WriteLine("Number of elements in the EncryptionPropertyCollection: " + encPropCollection.Count);
        //encPropCollection.

        foreach(EncryptionProperty encProp in encPropCollection)
        {
                Console.WriteLine("EncryptionProperty.ID: " + encProp.Id);
                Console.WriteLine("EncryptionProperty.PropertyElement: " + encProp.PropertyElement.InnerXml);
                Console.WriteLine("EncryptionProperty.Target: " + encProp.Target);
                 
        }

    

        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedData.Id: " + encData.Id);
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedData.KeyInfo: " + encData.KeyInfo.GetXml().InnerXml);
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedData.MimeType: " + encData.MimeType);
    }

}
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Security.Cryptography
Imports System.Security.Cryptography.Xml



Module Program

    Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)

        ' Create an XmlDocument object.
        Dim xmlDoc As New XmlDocument()

        ' Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
        Try
            xmlDoc.PreserveWhitespace = True
            xmlDoc.Load("test.xml")
        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
        End Try

        ' Create a new RSA key.  This key will encrypt a symmetric key,
        ' which will then be imbedded in the XML document.  
        Dim rsaKey As New RSACryptoServiceProvider()


        Try
            ' Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Encrypt(xmlDoc, "creditcard", rsaKey, "rsaKey")

            ' Inspect the EncryptedKey element.
            InspectElement(xmlDoc)

            ' Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Decrypt(xmlDoc, rsaKey, "rsaKey")

        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
        Finally
            ' Clear the RSA key.
            rsaKey.Clear()
        End Try

    End Sub


    Sub Encrypt(ByVal Doc As XmlDocument, ByVal ElementToEncryptValue As String, ByVal Alg As RSA, ByVal KeyName As String)
        ' Check the arguments.  
        If Doc Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Doc")
        End If
        If ElementToEncryptValue Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("ElementToEncrypt")
        End If
        If Alg Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Alg")
        End If
        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
        ' object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        Dim elementToEncrypt As XmlElement = Doc.GetElementsByTagName(ElementToEncryptValue)(0)

        ' Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
        If elementToEncrypt Is Nothing Then
            Throw New XmlException("The specified element was not found")
        End If

        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class 
        ' and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the 
        ' a new random symmetric key.
        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Create a 256 bit Rijndael key.
        Dim sessionKey As New RijndaelManaged()
        sessionKey.KeySize = 256

        Dim eXml As New EncryptedXml()

        Dim encryptedElement As Byte() = eXml.EncryptData(elementToEncrypt, sessionKey, False)

        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
        ' it with the desired encryption information.
        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''

        Dim edElement As New EncryptedData()
        edElement.Type = EncryptedXml.XmlEncElementUrl

        ' Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the 
        ' receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.
        edElement.EncryptionMethod = New EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES256Url)

        ' Encrypt the session key and add it to an EncryptedKey element.
        Dim ek As New EncryptedKey()

        Dim encryptedKey As Byte() = EncryptedXml.EncryptKey(sessionKey.Key, Alg, False)

        ek.CipherData = New CipherData(encryptedKey)

        ek.EncryptionMethod = New EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncRSA15Url)

        ' Save some more information about the key using
        ' the EncryptionProperty element.  In this example,
        ' we will save the value "LibVersion1".  You can save
        ' anything you want here.
        ' Create a new "EncryptionProperty" XmlElement object. 
        Dim element As XmlElement = New XmlDocument().CreateElement("EncryptionProperty", EncryptedXml.XmlEncNamespaceUrl)

        ' Set the value of the EncryptionProperty" XmlElement object.
        element.InnerText = "LibVersion1"

        ' Create the EncryptionProperty object using the XmlElement object. 
        Dim encProp As New EncryptionProperty(element)

        ' Add the EncryptionProperty object to the EncryptedData object.
        edElement.AddProperty(encProp)

        ' Set the KeyInfo element to specify the
        ' name of the RSA key.
        ' Create a new KeyInfo element.
        edElement.KeyInfo = New KeyInfo()

        ' Create a new KeyInfoName element.
        Dim kin As New KeyInfoName()

        ' Specify a name for the key.
        kin.Value = KeyName

        ' Add the KeyInfoName element to the 
        ' EncryptedKey object.
        ek.KeyInfo.AddClause(kin)

        ' Add the encrypted key to the 
        ' EncryptedData object.
        edElement.KeyInfo.AddClause(New KeyInfoEncryptedKey(ek))

        ' Add the encrypted element data to the 
        ' EncryptedData object.
        edElement.CipherData.CipherValue = encryptedElement

        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        ' Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
        ' object with the EncryptedData element.
        ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
        EncryptedXml.ReplaceElement(elementToEncrypt, edElement, False)

    End Sub


    Sub Decrypt(ByVal Doc As XmlDocument, ByVal Alg As RSA, ByVal KeyName As String)
        ' Check the arguments.  
        If Doc Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Doc")
        End If
        If Alg Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Alg")
        End If
        If KeyName Is Nothing Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("KeyName")
        End If
        ' Create a new EncryptedXml object.
        Dim exml As New EncryptedXml(Doc)

        ' Add a key-name mapping.
        ' This method can only decrypt documents
        ' that present the specified key name.
        exml.AddKeyNameMapping(KeyName, Alg)

        ' Decrypt the element.
        exml.DecryptDocument()

    End Sub


    Sub InspectElement(ByVal Doc As XmlDocument)
        ' Get the EncryptedData element from the XMLDocument object.
        Dim encryptedData As XmlElement = Doc.GetElementsByTagName("EncryptedData")(0)

        ' Create a new EncryptedData object.
        Dim encData As New EncryptedData()

        ' Load the XML from the document to
        ' initialize the EncryptedData object.
        encData.LoadXml(encryptedData)

        ' Display the properties.
        ' Most values are Null by default.
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedData.CipherData: " + encData.CipherData.GetXml().InnerXml)
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedData.Encoding: " + encData.Encoding)
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedData.EncryptionMethod: " + encData.EncryptionMethod.GetXml().InnerXml)

        Dim encPropCollection As EncryptionPropertyCollection = encData.EncryptionProperties

        Console.WriteLine("Number of elements in the EncryptionPropertyCollection: " + encPropCollection.Count.ToString())
        'encPropCollection.
        Dim encProp As EncryptionProperty
        For Each encProp In encPropCollection
            Console.WriteLine("EncryptionProperty.ID: " + encProp.Id)
            Console.WriteLine("EncryptionProperty.PropertyElement: " + encProp.PropertyElement.InnerXml)
            Console.WriteLine("EncryptionProperty.Target: " + encProp.Target)
        Next encProp



        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedData.Id: " + encData.Id)
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedData.KeyInfo: " + encData.KeyInfo.GetXml().InnerXml)
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedData.MimeType: " + encData.MimeType)

    End Sub
End Module

Comentários

A EncryptionProperty classe encapsula o <EncryptionProperty> elemento definido pelo World Wide Web Consortium especificação de processamento e sintaxe de criptografia XML .The EncryptionProperty class encapsulates the <EncryptionProperty> element defined by the World Wide Web Consortium XML Encryption Syntax and Processing specification.

Use a EncryptionProperty classe para fornecer informações adicionais de criptografia relacionadas EncryptedData aos elementos EncryptedKey e.Use the EncryptionProperty class to provide additional encryption information related to the EncryptedData and EncryptedKey elements. Por exemplo, você pode usar essa classe para especificar um carimbo de data/hora.For example, you can use this class to specify a time stamp.

Construtores

EncryptionPropertyCollection()

Inicializa uma nova instância da classe EncryptionPropertyCollection.Initializes a new instance of the EncryptionPropertyCollection class.

Propriedades

Count

Obtém o número de elementos contidos no objeto EncryptionPropertyCollection.Gets the number of elements contained in the EncryptionPropertyCollection object.

IsFixedSize

Obtém um valor que indica se o objeto EncryptionPropertyCollection tem um tamanho fixo.Gets a value that indicates whether the EncryptionPropertyCollection object has a fixed size.

IsReadOnly

Obtém um valor que indica se o objeto EncryptionPropertyCollection é somente leitura.Gets a value that indicates whether the EncryptionPropertyCollection object is read-only.

IsSynchronized

Obtém um valor que indica se o acesso ao objeto EncryptionPropertyCollection é sincronizado (thread-safe).Gets a value that indicates whether access to the EncryptionPropertyCollection object is synchronized (thread safe).

ItemOf[Int32]

Obtém ou define o objeto EncryptionProperty no índice especificado.Gets or sets the EncryptionProperty object at the specified index.

SyncRoot

Obtém um objeto que pode ser usado para sincronizar o acesso ao objeto EncryptionPropertyCollection.Gets an object that can be used to synchronize access to the EncryptionPropertyCollection object.

Métodos

Add(EncryptionProperty)

Adiciona um objeto EncryptionProperty ao objeto EncryptionPropertyCollection.Adds an EncryptionProperty object to the EncryptionPropertyCollection object.

Clear()

Remove todos os itens do objeto EncryptionPropertyCollection.Removes all items from the EncryptionPropertyCollection object.

Contains(EncryptionProperty)

Determina se um objeto EncryptionPropertyCollection contém um objeto EncryptionProperty específico.Determines whether the EncryptionPropertyCollection object contains a specific EncryptionProperty object.

CopyTo(Array, Int32)

Copia os elementos do objeto EncryptionPropertyCollection em uma matriz, começando em um índice de matriz específico.Copies the elements of the EncryptionPropertyCollection object to an array, starting at a particular array index.

CopyTo(EncryptionProperty[], Int32)

Copia os elementos do objeto EncryptionPropertyCollection em uma matriz de objetos EncryptionProperty, começando em um índice de matriz específico.Copies the elements of the EncryptionPropertyCollection object to an array of EncryptionProperty objects, starting at a particular array index.

Equals(Object)

Determina se o objeto especificado é igual ao objeto atual.Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Herdado de Object)
GetEnumerator()

Retorna um enumerador que itera por meio de um objeto EncryptionPropertyCollection.Returns an enumerator that iterates through an EncryptionPropertyCollection object.

GetHashCode()

Serve como a função de hash padrão.Serves as the default hash function.

(Herdado de Object)
GetType()

Obtém o Type da instância atual.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Herdado de Object)
IndexOf(EncryptionProperty)

Determina o índice de um item específico no objeto EncryptionPropertyCollection.Determines the index of a specific item in the EncryptionPropertyCollection object.

Insert(Int32, EncryptionProperty)

Insere um objeto EncryptionProperty no objeto EncryptionPropertyCollection na posição especificada.Inserts an EncryptionProperty object into the EncryptionPropertyCollection object at the specified position.

Item(Int32)

Retorna o objeto EncryptionProperty no índice especificado.Returns the EncryptionProperty object at the specified index.

MemberwiseClone()

Cria uma cópia superficial do Object atual.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Herdado de Object)
Remove(EncryptionProperty)

Remove a primeira ocorrência de um objeto EncryptionProperty específico do objeto EncryptionPropertyCollection.Removes the first occurrence of a specific EncryptionProperty object from the EncryptionPropertyCollection object.

RemoveAt(Int32)

Remove o objeto EncryptionProperty no índice especificado.Removes the EncryptionProperty object at the specified index.

ToString()

Retorna uma cadeia de caracteres que representa o objeto atual.Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Herdado de Object)

Implantações explícitas de interface

IList.Add(Object)

Adiciona um item ao IList.Adds an item to the IList.

IList.Contains(Object)

Determinará se o IList contiver um valor específico.Determines whether the IList contains a specific value.

IList.IndexOf(Object)

Determina o índice de um item específico em IList.Determines the index of a specific item in the IList.

IList.Insert(Int32, Object)

Insere um item na IList no índice especificado.Inserts an item to the IList at the specified index.

IList.Item[Int32]

Obtém o elemento no índice especificado.Gets the element at the specified index.

IList.Remove(Object)

Remove a primeira ocorrência de um objeto específico do IList.Removes the first occurrence of a specific object from the IList.

Métodos de Extensão

Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable)

Converte os elementos de um IEnumerable para o tipo especificado.Casts the elements of an IEnumerable to the specified type.

OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable)

Filtra os elementos de um IEnumerable com base em um tipo especificado.Filters the elements of an IEnumerable based on a specified type.

AsParallel(IEnumerable)

Habilita a paralelização de uma consulta.Enables parallelization of a query.

AsQueryable(IEnumerable)

Converte um IEnumerable em um IQueryable.Converts an IEnumerable to an IQueryable.

Aplica-se a